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838

Year 838 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. July 22 – Battle of Dazimon: Caliph Al-Mu'tasim launches a major punitive expedition against the Byzantine Empire, targeting the two major Byzantine fortress cities of central Anatolia, he mobilises a vast army at Tarsus, divided into two main forces. The northern force, under commander Al-Afshin, invades the Armeniac Theme from the region of Melitene, joining up with the forces of the city's emir, Umar al-Aqta; the southern, main force, under Al-Mu'tasim, passes the Cilician Gates into Cappadocia. Emperor Theophilos attacks the Abbasids, inflicting 3,000 casualties, but is heavily defeated by a counter-attack of 10,000 Turkish horse archers. Theophilos and his guard are encircled, manage to break through and escape. August – Siege of Amorium: The Abbasids besiege the Byzantine fortress city of Amorium, protected by 44 towers, according to the contemporary geographer Ibn Khordadbeh. Both besiegers and besieged have many siege engines, for several days both sides exchange missile fire.

However, a Muslim prisoner defects to Al-Mu'tasim, informs him about a place in the wall, badly damaged by heavy rainfall. The Abbasids concentrate their hits on this section, after two days manage to breach the city wall. After two weeks of repeated attacks, the Byzantine defenders surrender; the city is sacked and plundered, 70,000 inhabitants are slaughtered, the survivors are sold as slaves. King Pepin I of Aquitaine dies after a 21-year reign. Emperor Louis the Pious appoints his youngest son Charles the Bald as his successor; the Aquitainian nobility, elects Pepin's son Pepin II as the new Frankish ruler. Battle of Hingston Down: The West Saxons, led by King Egbert of Wessex, defeat a combined force of Cornish and Danish Vikings, at Hingston Down in Cornwall. King Fedelmid mac Crimthainn of Munster calls for a great royal meeting at Cluain-Conaire-Tommain, between himself and King Niall Caille mac Áeda of Uí Néill. Approximate date – The Stone of Destiny, an oblong block of red sandstone, is placed at Scone Palace for the coronation of the first monarchs of Scotland.

A conspiracy is discovered, led by General'Ujayf ibn'Anbasa, to assassinate Al-Mu'tasim while he is campaigning, place his nephew Al-Abbas ibn al-Ma'mun on the throne. A widespread purge of the army follows, which cements the leading role of the Turkish slave-soldiers in the Abbasid military establishment. Babak Khorramdin, an Iranian military leader, is cruelly executed by order of al-Mu'tasim; the Yezidi rise up against the Abbasids. The oldest known mention is made on the Ems River; the Khazars are converted to Judaism. Æthelswith, Anglo-Saxon queen Fujiwara no Takafuji, Japanese nobleman Ubaydallah ibn Abdallah, Muslim governor November 6 – Li Yong, prince of the Tang Dynasty Al-Abbas ibn al-Ma'mun, Muslim prince and general Babak Khorramdin, Iranian leader of the Khurramite uprising against the Abbasid Caliphate Boniface II, margrave of Tuscany Bran mac Fáeláin, king of Leinster Eadhun, bishop of Winchester Frederick of Utrecht, Frisian bishop Pepin I of Aquitaine, king of Aquitaine Ralpacan, king of Tibet Ratimir, duke of Pannonian Croatia'Ujayf ibn'Anbasa, Muslim general Willerich, bishop of Bremen Ziyadat Allah I, Muslim emir

Maasai Mara

Maasai Mara known as Masai Mara, locally as The Mara, is a large game reserve in Narok County, contiguous with the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania. It is named in honor of the Maasai people and their description of the area when looked at from afar: "Mara" means "spotted" in the local Maasai language of Maa, due to the many trees which dot the landscape, it is world-renowned for its exceptional populations of lions, leopards and elephant, the annual migration of wildebeest, Thomson's gazelle and other antelope, to and from the Serengeti every year known as the Great Migration. The Greater Mara Ecosystem encompasses areas known as the Maasai Mara National Reserve, the Mara Triangle, several Maasai Conservancies, including: Koiyaki, Lemek, Ol Chorro Oirowua, Siana, Maji Moto, Naikara, Ol Derkesi, Kerinkani and Kimintet; when it was established in 1961 as a wildlife sanctuary the Mara covered only 520 km2 of the current area, including the Mara Triangle. The area was converted to a game reserve.

The Narok County Council took over management of the reserve at this time. Part of the reserve was given National Reserve status in 1974, the remaining area of 159 km2 was returned to local communities. An additional 162 km2 were removed from the reserve in 1976, the park was reduced to 1,510 km2 in 1984. In 1994, the TransMara County Council was formed in the western part of the reserve, control was divided between the new council and the existing Narok County Council. In May 2001, the not-for-profit Mara Conservancy took over management of the Mara Triangle; the Maasai people make up a community that spans across northern and southern Kenya and northern parts of Tanzania. As pastoralists, the community holds the belief; the Maasai rely off of their lands to sustain their cattle, as well as themselves and their families. Prior to the establishment of the reserve as a protected area for the conservation of wildlife and wilderness, the Maasai were forced to move out of their native lands; the Maasai Mara covers some 1,510 km2 in south-western Kenya.

It is the northernmost section of the Mara-Serengeti ecosystem, which covers some 25,000 km2 in Tanzania and Kenya. It is bounded by the Serengeti Park to the south, the Siria / Oloololo escarpment to the west, Masai pastoral ranches to the north and west. Rainfall in the ecosystem increases markedly along a southeast–northwest gradient, varies in space and time, is markedly bimodal; the Sand, Talek River and Mara River are the major rivers draining the reserve. Shrubs and trees cover hillslopes and hilltops; the terrain of the reserve is open grassland with seasonal riverlets. In the south-east region are clumps of the distinctive acacia tree; the western border is the Esoit Escarpment of the East African Rift, a system of rifts some 5,600 km long, from Ethiopia's Red Sea through Kenya, Tanzania and into Mozambique. Wildlife tends to be most concentrated here, as the swampy ground means that access to water is always good, while tourist disruption is minimal; the easternmost border is 224 kilometres from Nairobi, hence it is the eastern regions which are most visited by tourists.

Altitude: 1,500–2,180 m. Herds of all three species are resident in the reserve. All members of the "Big Five" are found here; the population of black rhinos was numerous until 1960, but it was depleted by poaching in the 1970s and early 1980s, dropping to a low of 15 individuals. Numbers have been increasing, but the population was still only up to an estimated 23 in 1999. Hippopotami and crocodiles are found in large groups in the Talek rivers. Hyenas, cheetahs and bat-eared foxes can be found in the reserve; the plains between the Mara River and the Esoit Siria Escarpment are the best area for game viewing, in particular regarding lion and cheetah. As in the Serengeti, the wildebeest are the dominant inhabitants of the Masai Mara, their numbers are estimated in the millions. Around July of each year, these animals migrate north from the Serengeti plains in search of fresh pasture, return to the south around October; the Great Migration is one of the most impressive natural events worldwide, involving some 1,300,000 wildebeest, 500,000 Thomson's gazelles, 97,000 Topi, 18,000 elands, 200,000 zebras.

Antelopes can be found, including Grant's gazelles, impalas and Coke's hartebeests. The plains are home to the distinctive Masai giraffe; the large roan antelope and the nocturnal bat-eared fox present elsewhere in Kenya, can be seen within the reserve borders. More than 470 species of birds have been identified in the park, many of which are migrants, with 60 species being raptors. Birds that call this area home for at least part of the year include: vultures, marabou storks, secretary birds, crowned cranes, long-crested eagles, African pygmy-falcons and the lilac-breasted roller, the national bird of Kenya. Unlike all other National Parks in Kenya the Maasai Mara is not administered by the Kenya Wildlife Service, but by Narok County government; the more

Women in Uniform

"Women in Uniform" is a 1978 song recorded by the Australian band Skyhooks. It appeared on their fourth album, Guilty Until Proven Insane, was a top 10 single in Australia; the single was released in Australia both in a 7" and 12" format with the non-LP B-sides "Don't Take Yur Lurex To The Laundromat" and "Do The Hook". The international version of the single contained "BBBBBBBBBBBBBBoogie" from the Guilty Until Proven Insane album. Sounds said, "Australian pre-New Wavers succeed far enough. So far, so neat, but the beat is matched only by the girl vocalist and not by any traces of lyrical/tuneful dexterity." Iron Maiden's cover version of the song was the band's third single and their last recorded work with the guitarist Dennis Stratton. It was released on 27 October 1980 in order to promote the second British leg of their Iron Maiden Tour; the song was included on the Australian edition of their second album, Killers, as it was a number eight hit in Australia for Skyhooks in 1978. In 1990, the 12" version was reissued on CD and 12" vinyl as part of The First Ten Years box set, in which it was combined with their following single, "Twilight Zone".

The idea to cover the song was suggested by the band's publishing company, who arranged studio time at Battery Studios with AC/DC producer Tony Platt. Although sceptical at first about recording a song, so different from the band's style, the bass guitarist, Steve Harris, conceded when Platt was hired, surmising that "as he worked with AC/DC and that, I thought,'Oh, you know, fine. He's not gonna pull us in any commercial direction.'" After trying to create their own "heavy" version of the song, to Harris' dismay he found out that Platt, with help from Stratton, had been tampering with the song's mix as he had been briefed by Zomba to "try and get a hit single". As a result, Platt was dismissed and Harris remixed the track himself. Although the intended mix was restored, the band has mentioned their dislike of the single, with Harris vowing "never ever to allow anyone outside to fuck around with our music again"; as a result, its only appearance on CD is as part of The First Ten Years series and a rare 1995 2CD issue of Killers, meaning that the song does not appear remastered.

However, its B-Side, "Invasion", appears remastered on the Best of the'B' Sides compilation. In spite of this, "Women in Uniform" was the basis of the band's first music-video, directed by Doug Smith and filmed at the Rainbow Theatre. Considered an unusual project for a band to undertake in the years before MTV, the filming was Stratton's last contribution for the band; the single's cover has an image of Margaret Thatcher with a Sterling submachine gun, preparing to attack the group's mascot, Eddie, as he walks the streets with two young women. According to the band, the cover was a joke, meant to ask whether her motive was through jealousy or revenge, which managed to cause further controversy as, according to the Liverpool Daily Post, a group of "screaming, banner-carrying feminists" led a demonstration during Iron Maiden's show at Leeds University on 22 November 1980; the song is one of only four Iron Maiden songs to fade out, the others being "Stranger in a Strange Land" from Somewhere in Time, "The Prophecy" from Seventh Son of a Seventh Son, "Kill Me Ce Soir", a cover version of a Golden Earring song, released as the B-side to the Holy Smoke single in 1990.

The German 12" release of the single included a live version of "Drifter" instead of "Invasion" and had a different cover, a cropped version of the band's Iron Maiden album artwork. 7" single12" singleGerman 12" single Paul Di'Annovocals Dave Murrayguitar Dennis Stratton – guitar, backing vocals Steve Harris – bass guitar, backing vocals Clive Burrdrums The Whitlams performed this song at the 1998 ARIA Awards and released a limited edition single the following year, which included "High Ground" and "1999". Paul Di'Anno - who sang for Iron Maiden when they recorded their version - recorded a version for his album, The Classics - The Maiden Years, in 2006

Machel Mata

Machail Mata is a Goddess Durga shrine popularly known as Machail Mata being located in the village Machail, from where it derives its name, in Kishtwar District of Jammu region in India. It may be noted that Goddess Durga is known by the name Kaali or Chandi. Machailmata Sthan as the shrine is popularly known, has a landscape of unblemished beauty with hills and tributaries of the Chenab River. Paddar valley, nearby is famous for its world-famous sapphire mines, is a cool place for hiking and holy hot springs; the area is home to BUDDHISTcommunity and the Thakur community who are serpent worshipers, was merged with Kishtwar tehsil, by Maharaja Ranbir Singh. Thousands of people visit the shrine every year from Jammu region; the pilgrimage happens in the month of August only every year. The idols and pindi form of Chandika are famous for shaking their jewellery of their own without any wind force or any shock and flickering their closed eyes. There are a lot of supernatural happenings that the pilgrims experience and report....

The shrine has a beginning of no recorded history. The goddess appeared in such remote area in "swayambhu" form, she first appeared in the form of fire flame in village Mindhal and in the form of Singhasan Mata at village Chitto. The fire transformed into the form of Pindi; the actual shrine at Machail village is swayambhu which has one pindi and three idols of Mahakali and Mahasaraswati, which are considered to vibrate their jewellery by itself without any air or shock. The idols have their eyes closed in Dhyan mudra. Many pilgrims have experienced idols flicking their eyes; the temple history is entwined with the conquests of Zorawar Singh Kahluria, who in 1834 sought blessings of Machelmata, before crossing the mountains and Suru River, with 5000 men for vanquishing an army of local Botis of Ladakh. He became a faithful devotee after the successful mission; the shrine was visited in 1981 by Thakur Kulveer Singh of Jammu region. From 1987 onwards, Thakur Kulveer SIngh started'Chhadi Yatra' that happens every year and thousands of people visit the shrine every year during'Chhadi Yatra', which starts from Chinote in Bhaderwah to Machail in Paddar.

Machail is a small village at an altitude of 2958m in the utmost scenic Padder Valley of Kishtwar district in Jammu region of J&K. Padder or Gulabgarh is 66 km from Kishtwar. To reach the shrine, lot of travel agents arrange buses from Jammu, Ramnagar, Bhaderwah. One can hire a cab as well, it takes 10 hours by road from Jammu to Gulabgarh, as the distance is 290 km. The Gulabgarh is the base camp. From Gulabgarh, the foot journey starts, 32 km. People take 2 days to reach the shrine by foot. On the way there are many villages; the chaddi takes three days to reach Machel. Many people organizes roadside'langers' on the way to the Gulabgarh. Devotees are welcomed at various villages with them offering free Langars at Gulabgarh, Kundhail, Chishoti and Machail. Government of Jammu & Kashmir arranges basic amenities for the pilgrims; the shrine is inaccessible during the winter months of December and February. Other mean of reaching the shrine is by helicopter from Gulabgarh; the helipad is only 100 meters from the shrine.

But if someone goes by helicopter, he will be missing many scenic beauties of the nature. Helicopter takes at least 7-8min to reach the Mata's darwar. Http://www.jammukashmirnow.com/tourist-pilgrim-destination/index.html http://sites.google.com/site/jaichandidarshanibhawan http://www.machelmata.com YouTube Maa Durga Machelmata Sthan Wiki Map and Directions of the Shrine

Eve and the Fire Horse

Eve and the Fire Horse is a 2005 Canadian film written and directed by Julia Kwan. It won the Special Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival and the Claude Jutra Award for the best feature film by a first-time film director in Canada. Eve, a precocious nine-year-old with an overactive imagination, was born in the Year of the Fire Horse, notorious among Chinese families for producing the most troublesome children. Dinners around Eve’s family table are a raucous affair, where old world propriety and new world audacity mix in measure, but as summer approaches, it seems. When her mother chops down their apple tree — a superstitious omen — bad luck worms its way into their family in unexpected, tragic ways. Forced to grow up too fast, Eve learns to take pleasure in life’s small gifts — like a goldfish she believes to be the reincarnated spirit of her beloved grandmother. Meanwhile, Eve’s older sister Karena is going through changes of her own, exploring a newfound fascination with Christianity. Soon, crucifixes pop up next to the Buddha in the family’s house, Eve must contend with a Sunday school class where her wild imagination is distinctly out of place.

Caught between her sister’s quest for premature sainthood and her own sense of right and wrong, Eve faces the challenges of childhood with fanciful humor and wide-eyed wonder. Along the way, she proves that sometimes the most troublesome children are the ones that touch our hearts most deeply. Eve and the Fire Horse on IMDb Eve and the Fire Horse at AllMovie Eve and the Fire Horse at Rotten Tomatoes Erik Paulsson's Red Storm Site

SS Schenectady

The SS Schenectady was a T2-SE-A1 tanker built during World War II for the United States Maritime Commission. She was the first tanker constructed by the Kaiser Shipbuilding Company shipyard at Swan Island in Portland, Oregon; the keel of the Schenectady was laid on 1 July 1942, the completed hull launched on 24 October, she was declared completed on 31 December, six months after construction began and two and a half months ahead of schedule. On 16 January 1943, she was moored at the fitting dock at Swan Island, in calm weather, shortly after returning from her sea trials. Without warning, with a noise audible for at least a mile, the hull cracked in half, just aft of the superstructure; the cracks reached down the port and starboard sides to the keel, which itself fractured, jackknifing upwards out of the water as the bow and stern sagged to the bottom of the river. Only the bottom plates of the ship held; this was not the first of the war-built merchant fleet to fracture in this way – there had been ten other major incidents, several more would follow – but it was the most prominent.

The cause of the fracture was not understood at the time. Defective welding became the most common explanation for these incidents when investigations uncovered faulty working practices at some yards, but then it could only be identified as the case in under half of all major fracture cases. Research indicated that the failure method was a brittle fracture, caused by low-grade steel; this would become brittle in cold weather, exacerbating any existing faults and becoming much more liable to fracture. She was repaired and entered service in April 1943. Details of her exact service are unclear, but it is known that she sailed from California on June 10, 1944 for service as a fleet oiler. During the next year, she sailed to Australia, the Persian Gulf, New Zealand, the Marshall Islands Curaçao, back through the Panama Canal to the Marshall Islands, the Caroline Islands, the Admiralty Islands and Ulithi, before returning home to San Pedro, arriving on May 20, 1945, she participated in battle engagements at Ulithi.

Following the war, she was transferred to the National Defense Reserve Fleet in July 1946. In 1948, she was sold to the Diodato Tripcovich Shipping Corporation in Trieste, renamed as Diodato Tripcovich, she was scrapped in Genoa in 1962