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858

Year 858 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. Summer – King Louis the German, summoned by the disaffected Frankish nobles, invades the West Frankish Kingdom and secures Aquitaine for his nephew Pepin II. King Charles the Bald flees to Burgundy. Viking raiders, led by Björn Ironside, set fire to the earliest church on the site of Chartres Cathedral. Charles the Bald pays him tribute to save Verberie. January 13 – King Æthelwulf of Wessex dies after an 18-year reign, is succeeded by his eldest son Æthelbald, he marries his father's young widow Judith, becomes sole ruler of Wessex. His brother, Æthelberht, is left to rule the south-east of England. February 13 – King Kenneth I, king of the Scots, dies after a 15-year reign in which he has been crowned at Scone, united the various parts of Scotland with his native Dál Riata, his 46-year-old brother succeeds as king of Alba. October 7 – Emperor Montoku dies after an 8-year reign, he is succeeded by his 8-year-old son Seiwa as the 56th emperor of Japan, with Fujiwara no Yoshifusa governing as regent and great minister of the Council of State.

An enormous flood along the Grand Canal inundates thousands of acres of farmland and kills tens of thousands of people in the North China Plain. April 17 – Pope Benedict III dies after a 3-year reign, in which he has intervened in a political conflict between the sons of Emperor Lothair I, he is succeeded as the 105th pope of Rome. Synod of Quierzy: The bishops remain loyal to Charles the Bald during the invasion of his dominions by Louis the German, they address a conciliatory letter to Louis the German. October 23 – Ignatios I, patriarch of Constantinople, is imprisoned by orders of Emperor Michael III, replaced by the layman Photius I. Al-Battani, Muslim astronomer and mathematician Cele Dabhaill mac Scannal, Irish abbot Gao Jixing, founder of Chinese Jingnan He Gui, general of Later Liang Lady Wu, wife of Qian Liu Liu Xun, general of Later Liang Mansur al-Hallaj, Persian mystic writer Niftawayh, Muslim scholar and grammarian Richard, duke of Burgundy Rudaki, Persian poet Tian Jun, Chinese warlord Zhang Juhan, official of Later Liang January 13 – Æthelwulf, king of Wessex February 13 – Kenneth I, king of Scotland April 17 – Benedict III, pope of the Catholic Church October 7 – Montoku, emperor of Japan Leuthard II, Frankish count Li Shangyin, Chinese official and poet Liu Zhuan, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Theodosius, patriarch of the Church of the East Wei Mo, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty

Squire Park, Seattle

Central District is a district in the city of Seattle, in the U. S. state of Washington. According to the Squire Park Community Council, it is bounded on the south by S. Jackson Street, on the west by 12th Avenue and 12th Avenue S. on the north by E. Union Street, on the east by 23rd Avenue and 23rd Avenue S. placing it within what are thought of as First Hill and the Central District. Its main thoroughfares are Cherry Streets and E. Yesler Way and 14th Avenue. Swedish Medical Center's Cherry Hill campus is located here, Seattle University, a Jesuit University has part of its campus in Squire Park, as the Admissions, some dormitories and Athletics departments are east of 12th Avenue; the official website of Seattle's Squire Park Neighborhood, operated by the Squire Park Community Council

2013 Samsung Securities Cup

The 2013 Samsung Securities Cup was a professional tennis tournament played on hard courts. It was the 14th edition of the men's tournament, part of the 2013 ATP Challenger Tour and the third edition of the women's event, part of the 2013 ITF Women's Circuit, it took place in Seoul, South Korea, on 28 October–3 November 2013. 1 Rankings as of 21 October 2013 The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Chung Hyeon Lee Duck-hee Nam Ji-sung Kim Young-seokThe following player received entry with a Protected Ranking: Daniel KosakowskiThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Sergey Betov Yuichi Ito Toshihide Matsui Yang Tsung-hua 1 Rankings as of 21 October 2013 The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Han Sung-hee Kang Seo-kyung Lee Hwa Yu Min-hwaThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Choi Ji-hee Rika Fujiwara Hong Seung-yeon Jeong Yeong-won Kim Da-hye Kim So-jung Kim Sun-jung Zhu Lin Dušan Lajović def. Julian Reister by Walkover Han Na-lae def.

Kim Da-hye 6–4, 6–4 Marin Draganja / Mate Pavić def. Lee Hsin-han / Peng Hsien-yin 7–5, 6–2 Han Na-lae / Yoo Mi def. Kim Sun-jung / Yu Min-hwa 2–6, 6–3

Robert Stillington

Robert Stillington was Bishop of Bath and Wells and a courtier under Edward IV of England. He twice served as Edward's Lord Chancellor and in 1483, he was instrumental in the accession of Richard III, leading to reprisals against him under Henry VII. Stillington was Archdeacon of Taunton and Archdeacon of Berkshire when he was made Keeper of the Privy Seal from 1460 to 1467. Stillington was selected as Bishop of Bath and Wells on 30 October 1465, was consecrated on 16 March 1466, he was appointed Lord Chancellor on 20 June 1467 and held the office until 29 September 1470, when Henry VI was restored to the throne. After the return of Edward IV, he was reappointed to his former office and held it until 18 June 1473, when Edward dismissed him. In 1478, Stillington spent some weeks in prison as a result of some association with the disgraced George, Duke of Clarence, it has been suggested that he gave Clarence information about the king's prior association with another woman, information that would have put Clarence in a position to claim the throne for himself.

After Edward's death in April 1483, Stillington was a member of the council of the boy-king Edward V. Some time in June, a clergyman, identified as Stillington only by the writings of the French diplomat Philippe de Commines, told Richard, Duke of Gloucester, the Lord Protector, that the marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville had been invalid on the grounds of Edward's earlier marriage to Lady Eleanor Talbot, at which he claimed to have officiated; this led to Elizabeth Woodville's children by Edward IV being declared illegitimate and the Duke of Gloucester ascending the throne as Richard III. After Henry VII defeated Richard III at Bosworth in 1485, he had Stillington imprisoned again. Henry had the bigamy charge against Edward IV reversed, married Edward's daughter, Elizabeth of York; some years after Stillington's second release, he became involved in the plot to place the impostor Lambert Simnel on the throne in 1487. After finding refuge at Oxford University, he was handed over to the king and died in prison.

He was buried in a chapel of his own founding at Wells Cathedral. Fryde, E. B.. Handbook of British Chronology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. Kingsford, Charles Lethbridge. "Stillington, Robert". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 54. London: Smith, Elder & Co

Okovi

Okovi is the fifth studio album by American singer-songwriter Zola Jesus. It was released on September 2017 by Sacred Bones Records; the album was written in Danilova's hometown in Wisconsin, where she retreated after dealing with depression and dark times experienced by her close friends. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 79, based on 25 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Emma Madden of Clash praised the album, saying "the production is masterful; the conviction is assured. Pitchfork's Sasha Geffen said "Okovi showcases the searing, fully-formed music of Nika Danilova, an album of close personal experiences rendered into urgent goth-pop songs as emotional as they are necessary." AllMusic critic Heather Phares called it "a comforting album," further stating: "Okovi is some of Zola Jesus' purest-sounding, most profound music in years." Emily Mackay of The Observer called it "an album to light the way through the darkest hours."Writing for Drowned in Sound, Pieter J Macmillan said "Okovi won't topple Stridulum II as the most essential Zola Jesus record, but it's another excellent record that once again showcases a unique and powerful voice."

Under the Radar's Billy Hamilton described the album as "a emotive and enthralling journey." Lisa Wright of DIY wrote: "Heavy with feeling throughout, it makes for a record that's a tough listen. But for cathartically allowing herself to tackle life's most difficult subjects, you've got to applaud her. Sam Shepherd of MusicOMH stated that "sometimes it sounds bleak, sometimes it sounds glorious, but it's in embracing the full gamut of life experience, as Zola Jesus does here that nothing becomes everything; the shackles might still be on, but this is the sound of an artist reveling in freedom." All tracks are written by Nika Roza Danilova. Credits adapted from the liner notes of Okovi

Concours des villes et villages fleuris

The Concours des villes et villages fleuris is a contest organized annually in France which aims to encourage communes to adopt and implement policies that improve the quality of life of their inhabitants and enhance their attractiveness to visitors through the provision and maintenance of green spaces and the enhancement of their natural environments. Successful communes are awarded the right to display a badge on road signs and in other local promotional material; the competition was created in 1959 by the French state and it is administered by a distinct national committee since 1972. This committee is still linked to the Ministry of Tourism. All the French communes can take part and there are no application fees. There is not any limitation to the number of awarded communes, so they are not in competition between each other; the label comprises four awards: one, three or four flowers, according to the efforts of the municipality. Each award is given according to strict criteria; the "Fleur d'Or" is a special prize awarded to a small number of applicants.

Labelled communes display their flowers on road signs at their entrances. There are some 4,931 awarded cities and villages, they represent a third of all the French communes. 257 of them have four flowers. The Concours des villes et villages fleuris originates in the various horticultural contests that appeared at the beginning of the 20th century; as tourism was growing, competitions were created for train stations and hotels for them to improve their visual quality. The French Touring Club created the first competition dedicated to villages during the 1920s. Called "Concours des villages coquets" it existed until 1939. After the Second World War, the Touring Club created an itinerary of flower-decked roads together with the Horticultural Association and the magazine Rustica; the success of the itinerary led to the creation of the present Concours des villes et villages fleuris in 1959. The competition passed from the French state to a national committee in 1972. Since 1988, its organisation has been the responsibility of the general councils which are the elected assemblies of the departments.

The national comity remains the coordinator on a national level. At the beginning, the competition was about the aesthetics of floral displays. Nowadays, it focuses more on general planning and how it improves the lives of local residents and the experience of visitors. Communes that apply for the label are first selected by their department which transmit the application to the regional council; the latter attributes the lowest awards. The best applications are submitted to the national committee who can attribute the 4 flowers and extra awards. Boards of examiners are formed on departmental and national levels, their members are municipal councilors, municipal clerks, gardeners, landscape architects, tourist office officials and representatives of various associations. The Concours des villes et villages fleuris awards its labels according to strict criteria, they help examiners to evaluate the motivation of the local authorities, the development they expect through plants and green spaces, how they communicate to the public about it, how they respect the environment, so forth.

The evaluation grid comprises a number of questions which can be answered by "non existent", "initiated", "realised" and "confronted". The answer to each question determines a level between four flowers. For instance, a question asks if the locality displays plants all year round; the average of all the answers moderated by the general impression of the examiners determine which label the locality is awarded. The Concours des villes et villages fleuris has initiated a European competition called Entente Florale Europe, it started in 1975 between Great Britain and France and has since expanded to include all members of the European Union and the EFTA. As of 2015, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Hungary, the Republic of Ireland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom are full members of the Entente. During this annual competition, each country submits a candidate locality; the best one is awarded a prize. Britain in Bloom Tourism in France French towns and lands of Art and History Les Plus Beaux Villages de France Website of the competition