85th Regiment of Foot (Royal Volunteers)

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85th Regiment of Foot (Royal Volunteers)
Country Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800)
Branch British Army
Colonel of
the Regiment
Col. John Craufurd

The 85th Regiment of Foot (Royal Volunteers) was a short-lived British Army regiment during the Seven Years' War. It was recruited at Shrewsbury in 1759 as the first full regiment of light infantry in the British Army and originally intended for service in the North American campaign.[1]

It instead formed part of the force that captured and occupied the island of Belle Ile off the French coast, before being sent to Portugal in 1762. The regiment returned home to be disbanded the following year after the Treaty of Paris (1763) as part of a general demobilisation.[2]

The Colonel of the Regiment throughout its life was Colonel John Craufurd, who was afterwards made Colonel of the Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment).


  1. ^ "The 85th Regiment : History 1759 - 1881". Shropshire Regimental Museum. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  2. ^ "85th Regiment of Foot (1759)". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 25 February 2008.