94th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

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94th Infantry Division
94th Infanterie Division Logo 1.svg
ActiveSeptember 1939 – January 1943
March 1943 – April 1945[1]
Country Nazi Germany
BranchArmy
TypeInfantry
SizeDivision
Garrison/HQNaumberg
Bautzen
Zwickau
EngagementsWorld War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
General of the Artillery Georg Pfeiffer

The 94th Infantry Division (German: 94. Infanteriedivision) was a German Army infantry division in World War II.

History[edit]

Formation and the west campaign[edit]

The 94th Infantry Division was raised in September 1939 as part of the fifth wave from men of Military District number 4 (Wehrkreis 4), which comprised Saxony and Thuringia; the division was then sent to the Saarland in December, should the French invade. The division then aided the 6th Army in their border-crossing the following year. Following a fatal car collision in August 1940, General of the Infantry Hellmuth Volkmann was replaced by Major General Georg Pfeiffer.[2]

The east campaign and destruction[edit]

In June 1941, the 94th Division attacked the Soviet Union with a large number of other German divisions. However; until October 1942, the 94th was assigned to the occupied Ukraine. In June 1942, Major General Pfeiffer was promoted to Lieutenant General.[2] During the Case Blue offensive, the division was sent with the 6th Army as a component of LI Corps to capture the industrial Russian city of Stalingrad, which was considered important in crushing Soviet morale.[3] 94th Infantry Division was cut off from supplies and reinforcements outside of Stalingrad, as a Soviet pincer-movement left the 6th Army surrounded.

The commander for the 306th Infantry Lieutenant General Pfeiffer and his staff were flown out on December 11;[4] the remnants of the 94th division surrendered in the last days of January 1943.

Recreation and surrender[edit]

The 94th was recreated later in 1943 and later moved to the Mediterranean, where the Allies opened up a new front in Italy. In Autumn 1944, remnants of the 95th Infantry and 278th Grenadier Divisions were reconstituted as part of the 94th Infantry;[5] the division surrendered on 22 April 1945.[2]

War crimes[edit]

The division has been implicated in the San Polo massacre (Tuscany), on 14 July 1944, when 63 civilians were executed.[6][7]

Order of battle[edit]

Commanders[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "92. Infanterie-Division". Axhishistory.com. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). German Order of Battle: 1st–290th Infantry divisions in World War II. Stoddart.
  3. ^ Antill, Peter (2007). Stalingrad 1942. Osprey Publishing. p. 27.
  4. ^ Forczyk, Robert (2012). Red Christmas: The Tatsinskaya Airfield Raid 1942. Osprey Publishing. p. 20.
  5. ^ Berger, Florian (2011). The Face of Courage: The 98 Men Who Received the Knight's Cross and the Close-Combat Clasp in Gold. Stackpole Books.
  6. ^ "SAN POLO AREZZO 14.07.1944" (in Italian). Atlas of Nazi and Fascist Massacres in Italy. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  7. ^ "94. Infanterie-Division" (in Italian). Atlas of Nazi and Fascist Massacres in Italy. Retrieved 20 September 2018.