1.
0.999...
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In mathematics, the repeating decimal 0. 999… denotes a real number that can be shown to be the number one. In other words, the symbols 0. 999… and 1 represent the same number, more generally, every nonzero terminating decimal has an equal twin representation with infinitely many trailing 9s. The terminating decimal representation is preferred, contributing to the misconception that it is the only representation. The same phenomenon occurs in all other bases or in any representation of the real numbers. The equality of 0. 999… and 1 is closely related to the absence of nonzero infinitesimals in the number system. Some alternative number systems, such as the hyperreals, do contain nonzero infinitesimals, the equality 0. 999… =1 has long been accepted by mathematicians and is part of general mathematical education. Nonetheless, some find it sufficiently counterintuitive that they question or reject it. Such skepticism is common enough that the difficulty of convincing them of the validity of this identity has been the subject of studies in mathematics education. Algebraic proofs showing that 0. 999… represents the number 1 use concepts such as fractions, long division, however, these proofs are not rigorous as they do not include a careful analytic definition of 0. 999…. One reason that infinite decimals are an extension of finite decimals is to represent fractions. Using long division, a division of integers like 1⁄9 becomes a recurring decimal,0. 111…. This decimal yields a quick proof for 0. 999… =1, If 0. 999… is to be consistent, it must equal 9⁄9 =1. 0.333 … =390.888 … =890.999 … =99 =1 When a number in decimal notation is multiplied by 10, the digits do not change but each digit moves one place to the left. Thus 10 ×0. 999… equals 9. 999…, which is 9 greater than the original number, in introductory arithmetic, such proofs help explain why 0. 999… =1 but 0. 333… <0.34. In introductory algebra, the proofs help explain why the method of converting between fractions and repeating decimals works. Once a representation scheme is defined, it can be used to justify the rules of decimal arithmetic used in the above proofs. Moreover, one can demonstrate that the decimals 0. 999… and 1. 000… both represent the same real number, it is built into the definition. Since the question of 0. 999… does not affect the development of mathematics

2.
We are the 99%
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We are the 99% is a political slogan widely used and coined by the Occupy movement. It was the name of a Tumblr blog page launched in late August 2011 and is a variation on the phrase We The 99% from an August 2011 flyer for the NYC General Assembly. A related statistic, the 1%, refers to the top 1% wealthiest people in society that have a share of capital, political influence. The phrase directly refers to the income and wealth inequality in the United States with a concentration of wealth among the top earning 1% and it reflects an opinion that the 99% are paying the price for the mistakes of a tiny minority within the upper class. As of 2009, all households with less than $343,927 belonged to the lower 99% of the United States income distribution. The concept has been criticized as being an old. The slogan has also used in other countries, not just the US. Beginning in 2015, the statistic of the 1% was used often in Bernie Sanderss presidential campaign. Chris credited an August 2011 flyer for the NYC assembly We The 99% for the term, a 2011 Rolling Stone article attributed to anthropologist David Graeber the suggestion that the Occupy movement represented the 99%. In the article Stiglitz spoke of the impact of economic inequality involving 1% of the U. S. Throughout history, this is something that the top 1% eventually do learn and we are the 99% is a political slogan and an implicit economic claim of Occupy protesters. It refers to the concentration of income and wealth since the 1970s among the top 1% of income earners in the United States. It also reflects an opinion that the 99% are paying the price for the mistakes of a minority within the upper class. Between 1979 and 2007, the top earning 1 percent of Americans have seen their after-tax-and-benefit incomes grow by an average of 275%, compared to around 40-60% for the lower 99 percent. Since 1979 the average income for the bottom 90% of households has decreased by $900. This imbalance became further exacerbated by changes making federal income taxes less progressive, from 1992-2007 the top 400 income earners in the U. S. saw their income increase 392% and their average tax rate reduced by 37%. In 2009, the income of the top 1% was $960,000 with a minimum income of $343,927. In 2007 the top 1% had a share of total income than at any time since 1928

3.
99% (Ska-P album)
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99% is the eighth studio album by the Spanish Ska punk band Ska-P. It was released on March 5,2013, the album is the second after the bands re-reunion in 2008. The title is a reference to power and union workers, the album features synthesizer and some influences of jazz music and ballad-esque intros

4.
Grave Dancers Union
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Grave Dancers Union is the sixth studio album by the American alternative rock band Soul Asylum, released in 1992. The album spent 76 weeks on the Billboard music charts and was certified triple-platinum in 1993, during recording of Grave Dancers Union, producer Michael Beinhorn grew dissatisfied with drummer Grant Youngs performance and brought in Sterling Campbell. It was the beginning of the end of Youngs tenure in the band and he and Campbell would each wind up playing on about half the record. Campbell was eventually named the official drummer. The Runaway Train single, released in June 1993, reached five on the Billboard Hot 100. Though the album had sold well to that point, the breakout success of that single was a major factor in the albums eventual multi-platinum sales figures. The cover illustration is by Czech erotic art photographer Jan Saudek, the albums title comes from the line I tried to dance at a funeral, New Orleans style, I joined the Grave Dancers Union, I had to file, from the song Without a Trace. All songs written by Dave Pirner

5.
99 Percent Declaration
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The Occupy Wall Street movement began as an advertised demonstration which posed the question What is our one Demand. Inviting protesters to identify and rally around a particular cause and this led several individuals and groups to propose various demands including the 99 Percent Declaration. The Occupy Philadelphia General Assembly stated that “We do not support the 99% Declaration, its group, its website, its National GA, none of those protesters has ever come forward to verify this. Very early on, the group was fraught with contention among participants, little is known about how the actual voting process was conducted, how many voters or delegates there actually were, or whether the group exists any longer. A national general assembly, the Continental Congress 2.0, was announced in March 2012 and it was organized by the 99% Declaration working group. The Congress drafted and ratified a 21st-century petition for the redress of grievances, the petition was to be publicly presented to the American people and copies were to be served to the United States Congress, Supreme Court and President Barack Obama. The Occupy National Gathering movement was protesting in Philadelphia during the gathering, Occupy to hold national conference in Philly –. Http, //www. the99declaration. org WAS the Official website A Declaration of the 99% A short documentary of the 2012 Philadelphia event by Eliot Hochberg of INDHD. com

6.
Normal distribution
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In probability theory, the normal distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution. Normal distributions are important in statistics and are used in the natural and social sciences to represent real-valued random variables whose distributions are not known. The normal distribution is useful because of the limit theorem. Physical quantities that are expected to be the sum of independent processes often have distributions that are nearly normal. Moreover, many results and methods can be derived analytically in explicit form when the relevant variables are normally distributed, the normal distribution is sometimes informally called the bell curve. However, many other distributions are bell-shaped, the probability density of the normal distribution is, f =12 π σ2 e −22 σ2 Where, μ is mean or expectation of the distribution. σ is standard deviation σ2 is variance A random variable with a Gaussian distribution is said to be distributed and is called a normal deviate. The simplest case of a distribution is known as the standard normal distribution. The factor 1 /2 in the exponent ensures that the distribution has unit variance and this function is symmetric around x =0, where it attains its maximum value 1 /2 π and has inflection points at x = +1 and x = −1. Authors may differ also on which normal distribution should be called the standard one, the probability density must be scaled by 1 / σ so that the integral is still 1. If Z is a normal deviate, then X = Zσ + μ will have a normal distribution with expected value μ. Conversely, if X is a normal deviate, then Z = /σ will have a standard normal distribution. Every normal distribution is the exponential of a function, f = e a x 2 + b x + c where a is negative. In this form, the mean value μ is −b/, for the standard normal distribution, a is −1/2, b is zero, and c is − ln /2. The standard Gaussian distribution is denoted with the Greek letter ϕ. The alternative form of the Greek phi letter, φ, is used quite often. The normal distribution is often denoted by N. Thus when a random variable X is distributed normally with mean μ and variance σ2, some authors advocate using the precision τ as the parameter defining the width of the distribution, instead of the deviation σ or the variance σ2

7.
Mitt Romney presidential campaign, 2012
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Having previously run in the 2008 Republican primaries, this was Romneys second campaign for the presidency. He filed his organization with the Federal Elections Commission as an exploratory committee and he became the partys presumptive nominee with his victory in the Texas primary on May 29,2012. On August 11,2012, in Norfolk, Virginia, Romney announced that Paul Ryan, representative for Wisconsins 1st congressional district, would be his running mate for vice president. On August 30,2012, in Tampa, Florida, Romney formally accepted the Republican Partys nomination at the 2012 Republican National Convention, Romneys campaign came to an end on November 6,2012, upon defeat by incumbent President Barack Obama in the 2012 presidential election. Romney received 60,933,500 votes, or 47. 2% of the votes cast. Had he won, Romney would have been the first Michigan native to serve as president, Ryan would have been the first vice president from Wisconsin. He also had a network of former staff and supporters eager for him to run again. He continued to give speeches and raise funds on behalf of fellow Republicans. Romney declined a job as head of a hedge fund. Romney finished first in the CPAC straw poll in 2009 and second in 2010 and 2011, won the Southern Republican Leadership Conference straw poll in 2010, and won the New Hampshire Straw Poll in 2011. Romney released his 2010 tax return in early January 2012, along with a partial 2011 return which he promised to release in whole upon its completion, during the presidential campaign, he decided not to disclose additional returns citing the matter as a distraction from more important issues. Despite his preparations, Romney remained unconvinced on whether to run again, in December 2010 he asked his immediate family to vote on a 2012 campaign. In the spring of 2011, his wife and political allies persuaded him to change his mind, Romney formally announced his candidacy for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination at an outdoor gathering in Stratham, New Hampshire, on June 2,2011. In his announcement speech, he pledged to make the U. S. economy the focus of his campaign. On May 16,2011, the Romney campaign announced that it had raised $10.25 million in connection with todays call day fundraiser in Nevada and this was hailed in the media as an impressive one day total. Thereafter, however, the Los Angeles Times reported that the amount actually represented pledges gathered earlier and tallied that day, later, it was discovered that Romney had actually raised $2.403 million on May 16, about a quarter of the claimed amount. By the end of June, Romneys campaign raised $18.5 million, representative Ron Paul, who came 2nd in funding amongst Republican candidates. By the end of March 2012, Romney had raised $88 million, far more than his nearest Republican rival, President Barack Obama had raised $197 million, more than twice as much as Romney, and the Obama campaign had nearly 10 times as much cash on hand