U.S. Folgore Caratese A.S.D.
U. S. Folgore Caratese A. S. D. is an Italian association football club, based in Carate Brianza which plays in Serie D group A. The club was founded in 2011 after the merger of U. S. Folgore Verano and U. S. Caratese; the most notable former player of Caratese has been Moreno Torricelli. Folgore Caratese is a satellite team of Novara Calcio; the club serves as a training side for Novara's young talents. The team's colors are blue with white border, it plays at the Stadio XXV Aprile in Carate Brianza, which has a capacity of 3,000. Official Website
Nola is a town and a municipality in the Metropolitan City of Naples, southern Italy. It lies on the plain between Mount Vesuvius and the Apennines, it is traditionally credited as the diocese. Excavations at Nola-Croce del Papa have uncovered extensive evidence of a small village abandoned at the time of the Avellino Eruption in the 17th century BC; this powerful eruption from Mount Vesuvius caused the inhabitants to leave behind a wide range of pottery and other artifacts. The foundations of their buildings are preserved in imprints among the mud left by the eruption. Nola was one of the oldest cities with its most ancient coins bearing the name Nuvlana, it was said to have been founded by the Ausones, who were occupying the city by c. 560 BC. It once vied in luxury with Capua. During the Roman invasion of Naples in 328 BC, Nola was occupied by the Oscans in alliance with the Samnites. Amid the Samnite War, the Romans took the town in 311 BC. Under Roman rule, the city was the site of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd Battles of Nola during Hannibal's invasion of Italy amid the Second Punic War.
On two occasions, it was defended by Marcellus. It fell by treason to the Samnites during the Social War, it was stormed by Spartacus during his failed slave revolt. The emperor Augustus died there on 19 August AD 14, in the same room his father died in 72 years earlier. Augustus and Vespasian settled colonies in the area. In the Roman road network, Nola lay between Lower Nocera on the Via Popilia. A branch road ran from it to Avellino. Though a relative backwater, Nola retained its status as a municipium, its own institutions, the use of the Oscan language, it was divided into pagi, the names of some of which are preserved: Pagus Agrifanus, Lanitanus. The discoveries of the pavement of the ancient city have not been noted with sufficient care to recover most of the plan, but a large number of Grecian vases were made at Nola, using its fine yellow clay and a shining black glaze, they are decorated with red figures. Following the rise of Christianity, it became a bishopric. One bishop, the Christian senator Paulinus, is traditionally credited with the introduction of the use of bells to Christian worship.
His small handbells were subsequently known as nolas for his seat and the larger tower bells as campanas from the surrounding area. Revered as a saint, Paulinus's relics turned the town into a site of Christian pilgrimage. Nola was sacked by Alaric in 410 and by the Vandals under Gaiseric in 453, it was captured by Manfred of Sicily in the 13th century. Under Charles of Anjou, it was held by Guy de Montfort as the County of Nola, it was inherited by his eldest daughter's Orsini husband and held by members of their family. The 1460 Battle of Nola is noteworthy for the clever stratagem by which John, duke of Calabria, defeated Ferdinand, king of Naples, who fled the field with only 20 followers. Ferdinand, was supported by Pope Pius II, the duke of Milan, the Albanian lord Skanderbeg. With his wife Isabella wooing John's major supporters away, the king recovered his domain over the next decade. Nola itself subsequently lost its importance after its repeated destruction by earthquakes in the 15th and 16th centuries.
The nearby Cicala Castle was the birthplace of Giordano Bruno. In 1820, General Pepe's revolution began in Nola; the sculptor Giovanni Merliano was a native of the city. Nola is a suburb of Naples. In the 1990s to the 2000s, a waste management crisis broke out in the city as a result of illegal dumping by the Camorra. Majority of the waste was dumped in the region between Nola and Marigliano, referred to as the "Triangle of Death". A 2004 study by Alfredo Mazza published in The Lancet Oncology revealed that deaths by cancer in the area are much higher than the European average. Although Roman ruins—including an amphitheater and temple to Augustus—survived as long as the 16th century, they were plundered for building material and few signs remain. A few tombs are preserved, results from excavations are displayed at the Archaeological Museum. Other sites include: Nola Cathedral: a Gothic church St Thomas's Old Cathedral Orsini Palace San Biago's, a late-Renaissance church decorated with polychrome marble and 17th-century Neapolitan paintings The local seminary, which preserves the Cippus Abellanus Oscan inscriptions Cicala Castle Giordano Bruno monument Augustus, founder of the Roman Empire, died at Nola 19 August AD 14 St Felix of Nola St Paulinus of Nola, senator and theologian Luigi Tansillo Giovanni Merliano, whose work is well represented in the cathedral Ambrogio Leo, a doctor Nicola Antonio Stigliola, a philosopher Giordano Bruno, who referred to himself as the Nolano and his work as Nolana filosofia Nicola Napolitano, brigand Two fairs are held in Nola: one on 14 June and another on 12 November.
The Festival of the Lilies is held on 22 the Sunday beforehand, honoring St Paulinus. It lasts seven days, til the next Sunday. Eight lilies and a boat are covered with papier-mache from the city's art shops. On the last day of the festival, the huge lilies are carried through the town on residents' shoulders along a route, followed for more than a thousand years; each repre
Gennaro Iezzo is an Italian former football goalkeeper. He is the former manager of Serie D club Sant'Antonio Abate. Iezzo began his career at hometown club Juve Stabia before moving on to play for Scafatese, Nocerina, Calcio Catania and Cagliari, he spent two seasons as the partenopei's number one in Serie C1 and Serie B, helping Napoli earn promotion back into Serie A briefly serving as the club's captain. In 2012, Iezzo resigned as coach of Serie D club Sant'Antonio Abate after getting three consecutive defeats in first three games
San Giorgio a Cremano
San Giorgio a Cremano is a residential town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, in Italy. It is located on the foothills of Mount Vesuvius to the west of the volcano, is six kilometres to the south east of the centre of Naples. Most parts of the municipality command views of Mount Somma and the Bay of Naples. San Giorgio a Cremano was first settled in the 10th and 11th centuries, has since been regularly affected by the eruptions of Mount Vesuvius. Along with Portici, Torre del Greco, Torre Annunziata, San Giorgio a Cremano is one of the five traditional towns that were to be found heading south from Naples on the coastal road along the Bay of Naples. In the 18th century the comune had become a popular tourist resort, attracted wealthier residents and the aristocracy from the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, before going into decline following Italian unification, although primary industries and agriculture have persisted within the comune from its foundation to the modern day. By the 19th century San Giorgio a Cremano had been absorbed by the expanding urban conglomeration of Naples, it is now one of the most densely populated areas in the whole of the European Union.
San Giorgio a Cremano is served by the Circumvesuviana metropolitan railway which connects it with central Naples, is accessible by a number of major roads. A comune of the Somma-Vesuvio National Park, San Giorgio a Cremano is known for hosting a huge number of so-called Ville Vesuviane, built between 18th and 19th centuries century for the nobility of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies; these are a part of the Miglio d'Oro, an urbanistic and artistic complex which in 1997 have been included in the World Biosphere Network list of UNESCO. It is known for having a strong theatre tradition, whose highest representant was the actor and producer Massimo Troisi, one of only seven actors to be posthumously nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in the movie Il Postino. San Giorgio a Cremano is located on the foothills to the west of the Vesuvius. With a total area of 4.11 km2, it is a small, cramped comune which runs in a narrow corridor from the slopes of the volcano down toward the Bay of Naples.
The highest point in the comune is 107 metres above sea level, the lowest point is eight metres above sea level, giving an altimetric difference of 97 metres from the coastward side of the comune to the inland side. The average height within the comune is 56 metres above sea level. San Giorgio is geographically surrounded by major roads on all sides; the coastal road of Corso San Giovanni follows the shoreline to the west of San Giorgio, the Autostrada Napoli-Salerno runs to the north-east of San Giorgio. To the east, San Giorgio a Cremano faces Vesuvius; as the commune climbs uphill from west to east, many houses within San Giorgio have views over the Bay of Naples to the west. The main centre of Naples is located 6 kilometres to the north-west of San Giorgio; the town is bordered by Barra to the north, San Giovanni a Teduccio to the north-west, the Bay of Naples to the west and Portici to the south, San Sebastiano al Vesuvio to the east. Nearby to the south is Ercolano, home to the famous archaeological site of Herculaneum, Pompeii's neighbouring Roman town, destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79CE.
San Giorgio a Cremano, as with the rest of Naples is located at 40°N facing the Bay of Naples on the west side of the Italian peninsula. This location gives the region a typical Mediterranean climate with mild, wet winters caused by the outer edges of polar fronts, warm to hot, dry summers, due to the domination of the subtropical high pressure systems, according to the Köppen classification; the west coast tends to be wetter than the east coast, with the southern'Sirocco' wind bringing higher humidity and precipitation. The proximity of the Bay of Naples sometimes moderates high summer temperatures with off-shore breezes, although temperatures in excess of 30°C are common in summer months, July tends on average, to be the hottest month of the year; the warm temperatures and moderate to low precipitation led to the area's popularity as a tourist resort during the Renaissance and in early modern times. Whilst Mount Vesuvius is susceptible to snow covers in winter that cause the temperature in the commune to drop into the low single digit figures, winters do tend to be quite mild, with sunny days experienced.
The name "San Giorgio a Cremano", is a reference to the reverence with which the residents of the area in the 10th century held for the Vesuvius. The superstitious and devoutly religious locals saw an analogy between the eruptions of Vesuvius, a dragon breathing fire, adopted Saint George as their patron saint, due to the legend of Saint George and the Dragon in which he slays the Dragon; the residents believed by adopting Saint George as their patron saint he would protect them from the'dragon' or the eruptions of Vesuvius. The term "Cremano" is an ancient name for a strip of land between San Giorgio, it derives directly from the Latin word crematum which refers to the earth having been cremated by the lava flows of Vesuvius. Others believe though, that the name refers to Cambrano, a shortening of Cambarus, a Roman landowner of the area in ancient times. Another theory believes it refers to the Latin word "crambe", which means "Cabbage", speculating that cabbage crops may once ha
A.S.D. S.F. Gladiator 1912
Associazione Sportiva Dilettantistica San Felice Gladiator 1912 or Gladiator is an Italian association football club, based in Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Campania. The club plays in Serie D; the club was founded in 1912 as Polisportiva Gladiator. The club has played 4 seasons, from 1984–85 to 1985–86 and from 2001–02 to 2002–03, in Serie C2. In summer 2012 after the acquisition of the sports title of Serie D club Nuvla San Felice, based in Nola, the club was renamed A. S. D. San Felice Gladiator; the team's colours are blue. Serie D: 1983–84, 2000–01
Away colours are a choice of coloured clothing used in team sports. They are required to be worn by one team during a game between teams that would otherwise wear the same colours as each other, or similar colours; this change prevents confusion for officials and spectators. In most sports, it is the visiting or road team that must change – second-choice kits are known as away kits or change kits in British English, road uniforms in American English; some sports leagues mandate that away teams must always wear an alternative kit, while others state that the two teams' colours should not match. In some sports, conventionally the home team has changed its kit. In most cases, a team wears its away kit only when its primary kit would clash with the colours of the home team. However, sometimes teams wear away colours by choice even in a home game. At some clubs, the away kit has become more popular than the home version. Replica home and away kits are available for fans to buy; some teams have produced third-choice kits, or old-fashioned throwback uniforms.
In North American sports, road teams wear a change uniform regardless of a potential colour clash. "Color vs. color" games are a rarity, having been discouraged in the era of black-and-white television. All road uniforms are white in gridiron football and the National Hockey League, while in baseball, visitors wear grey. In the National Basketball Association and NCAA basketball, home uniforms are white or yellow, visiting teams wear the darker colour. Most teams choose to wear their colour jerseys at home, with the road team changing to white in most cases. White road uniforms gained prominence with the rise of television in the 1950s. A "white vs. color" game was easier to follow in black-and-white. According to Phil Hecken, "until the mid 1950′s, not only was color versus color common in the NFL, it was the norm." Long after the advent of colour television, the use of white jerseys has remained in every game. The NFL's current rules require that a team's home jerseys must be "either white or official team color" throughout the season, "and visiting clubs must wear the opposite".
If a team insists on wearing its home uniforms on the road, the NFL Commissioner must judge on whether their uniforms are "of sufficient contrast" with those of their opponents. The road team might instead wear a third jersey, such as the Seattle Seahawks' "Wolf Grey" alternate. According to the Gridiron Uniform Database, the Cleveland Browns wore white for every home game of the 1955 season; the only times they wore brown was for games at Philadelphia and the New York Giants, when the Eagles and Giants chose to wear white. In 1964 the Baltimore Colts, Cleveland Browns, Minnesota Vikings and Los Angeles Rams wore white for their home games according to Tim Brulia's research; the St. Louis Cardinals wore white for several of their home games, as well as the Dallas Cowboys; until 1964 Dallas had worn blue at home, but it was not an official rule that teams should wear their coloured jerseys at home. The use of white jerseys was introduced by general manager Tex Schramm, who wanted fans to see a variety of opponents' jersey colours at home games.
The Cowboys still wear white at home today. White has been worn at home by the Miami Dolphins, Washington Redskins, Philadelphia Eagles, several other NFL teams. Teams in cities with hot climates choose white jerseys at home during the first half of the season, because light colours absorb and retain less heat in sunlight – as such, the Dolphins, who stay white year-round, will use their coloured jerseys for home night games; every current NFL team except the Seattle Seahawks has worn white at home at some time in its history. During the successful Joe Gibbs era, the Washington Redskins chose to wear white at home in the 1980s and 1990s, including the 1982 NFC Championship Game against Dallas. Since 2001 the Redskins have chosen to wear white jerseys and burgundy jerseys equally in their home games, but they still wear white against the Cowboys; when Gibbs returned from 2004 to 2007, they wore white at home exclusively. In 2007, they wore a white throwback jersey; the Dallas Cowboys' blue jersey has been popularly viewed to be "jinxed" because of defeats at Super Bowl V in 1971, in the 1968 divisional playoffs at Cleveland, Don Meredith's final game as a Cowboys player.
Dallas's only victory in a conference championship or Super Bowl wearing the blue jerseys was in the 1978 NFC Championship game at the Los Angeles Rams. Super Bowl rules changed to allow the designated home team to pick their choice of jersey. White was chosen by the Cowboys, the Redskins, the Pittsburgh Steelers, the Denver Broncos, the New England Patriots; the latter three teams wear colours at home, but Pittsburgh had worn white in three road playoff wins, while Denver cited its previous Super Bowl success in white jerseys, while being 0–4 when wearing orange in Super Bowls. Teams playing against Dallas at home wear their white jerseys to try to invoke the "curse", as when the Philadelphia Eagles hosted the Cowboys in the 1980 NFC Championship Game. Teams including the St. Louis Cardinals and New York Giants followed suit in the 1980s, the Carolina Panthers did so from 1995 until 2006, including two playoff games; the Hous
Kit (association football)
In association football, kit is the standard equipment and attire worn by players. The sport's Laws of the Game specify the minimum kit which a player must use, prohibit the use of anything, dangerous to either the player or another participant. Individual competitions may stipulate further restrictions, such as regulating the size of logos displayed on shirts and stating that, in the event of a match between teams with identical or similar colours, the away team must change to different coloured attire. Footballers wear identifying numbers on the backs of their shirts. A team of players wore numbers from 1 to 11, corresponding to their playing positions, but at the professional level this has been superseded by squad numbering, whereby each player in a squad is allocated a fixed number for the duration of a season. Professional clubs usually display players' surnames or nicknames on their shirts, above their squad numbers. Football kit has evolved since the early days of the sport when players wore thick cotton shirts and heavy rigid leather boots.
In the twentieth century, boots became lighter and softer, shorts were worn at a shorter length, advances in clothing manufacture and printing allowed shirts to be made in lighter synthetic fibres with colourful and complex designs. With the rise of advertising in the 20th century, sponsors' logos began to appear on shirts, replica strips were made available for fans to purchase, generating significant amounts of revenue for clubs; the Laws of the Game set out the basic equipment which must be worn by all players in Law 4: The Players' Equipment. Five separate items are specified: shirt, socks and shin pads. Goalkeepers are allowed to wear tracksuit bottoms instead of shorts. While most players wear studded football boots, the Laws do not specify. Shirts must have sleeves, goalkeepers must wear shirts which are distinguishable from all other players and the match officials. Thermal undershorts must be the same colour as the shorts themselves. Shin pads must be covered by the stockings, be made of rubber, plastic or a similar material, "provide a reasonable degree of protection".
The only other restriction on equipment defined in the Laws of the Game is the requirement that a player "must not use equipment or wear anything, dangerous to himself or another player". It is normal for individual competitions to specify that all outfield players on a team must wear the same colours, though the Law states only "The two teams must wear colours that distinguish them from each other and the referee and the assistant referees". In the event of a match between teams who would wear identical or similar colours the away team must change to a different colour; because of this requirement a team's second-choice is referred to as its "away kit" or "away colours", although it is not unknown at international level, for teams to opt to wear their away colours when not required to by a clash of colours, or to wear them at home. The England national team sometimes plays in red shirts when it is not required, as this was the strip worn when the team won the 1966 FIFA World Cup. In some cases both teams have been forced to wear their second choice away kits.
Many professional clubs have a "third kit", ostensibly to be used if both their first-choice and away colours are deemed too similar to those of an opponent. Most professional clubs have retained the same basic colour scheme for several decades, the colours themselves form an integral part of a club's culture. Teams representing countries in international competition wear national colours in common with other sporting teams of the same nation; these are based on the colours of the country's national flag, although there are exceptions—the Italian national team, for example, wear blue as it was the colour of the House of Savoy, the Australian team like most Australian sporting teams wear the Australian National Colours of green and gold, neither of which appear on the flag, the Dutch national team wear orange, the colour of the Dutch Royal House. Shirts are made of a polyester mesh, which does not trap the sweat and body heat in the same way as a shirt made of a natural fibre. Most professional clubs have sponsors' logos on the front of their shirts, which can generate significant levels of income, some offer sponsors the chance to place their logos on the back of their shirts.
Depending on local rules, there may be restrictions on how large these logos may be or on what logos may be displayed. Competitions such as the Premier League may require players to wear patches on their sleeves depicting the logo of the competition. A player's number is printed on the back of the shirt, although international teams also place numbers on the front, professional teams print a player's surname above their number; the captain of each team is required to wear an elasticated armband around the left sleeve to identify them as the captain to the referee and supporters. Most current players wear specialist football boots, which can be made either of