Franklin Center (Chicago)
The Franklin Center is a 60-story supertall skyscraper completed in 1989 as the AT&T Corporate Center to consolidate the central region headquarters of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company. It stands at a height of 1,007 ft and contains 1,700,000 sq ft in the Loop neighborhood of downtown Chicago, it is located two blocks east of the Chicago River and northeast of the Willis Tower with a main address of 227 West Monroe Street and an alternate address of 100 South Franklin Street. In the Loop community area of downtown Chicago; the supertall building is the tallest constructed in Chicago in the last quarter of the 20th century. It is the 13th tallest in the United States, it contains a 350-space garage. Tishman Speyer acquired the property in 2004 and renamed the adjacent USG Building as Franklin Center in 2007 after USG relocated its offices; the name was applied to the entire complex. A 1982 consent decree split the American Telephone & Telegraph Company monopoly into several entities with local service providers becoming part of a Regional Bell Operating Company.
In the decade that followed, AT&T erected new buildings across the country including the AT&T Building in New York City. April 5, 1985, AT&T issued a request for proposals. Stein and Co. the winning realtor, sought Skidmore and Merrill as designers for the purpose of distinguishing a proposal from the nearby Willis Tower. AT&T employees began to occupy the office space April 3, 1989; the building was built under a self-imposed comprehensive minority contracting and affirmative action package that met the city's 1985 30% hiring rule for public sector projects. Chicago mayor Harold Washington's administration had passed an edict that 30% of the work for public sector projects be set aside for minority and women-owned businesses. In a show of support for this rule, Stein & Co. and AT&T adopted the rule for their private development. Designed by Adrian D. Smith of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, the Franklin Center is one of the most famous and recognized buildings in Chicago; the building's form features setbacks at the 30th and 45th floors.
Designed in the postmodern architectural style, it is a granite-clad steel-framed building resting on pile foundations. The structure is characterized by strong vertical lines, spiked roof pinnacles, granite cladding and setbacks; the granite is a deep red color at the base. Above the 5th floor, the lighter rose-beige granite is protected by silk-screened aluminum panels; the building relies on Gothic detailing to showcase verticality. The building's verticality evokes images of 1920s buildings, the sturdiness of the structure is reminiscent of the Chicago Board of Trade Building. In addition to its design, the building relies on its location at the farthest corner from the Willis Tower to set it apart; the Otis elevators are spanned by a series of neo-deco light bands extending wall to wall. The lobby extends through the block, with a giant entrance hall at Monroe Street and a 16-story full-height atrium in the link between the AT&T and USG towers as both towers share a common appearance; the building boasts a mezzanine-level lobby.
The lobbies are among the most lavish in Chicago, they are all decorated with patterned marble floors and walls, gold-leaf oak trim, stylized lighting fixtures. The building features a lobby-level 650-seat restaurant, a 23,000-square-foot retail concourse on two levels, a 170-car 24-hour parking facility on the lower two levels; the building lobby extends all the way through the block to connect with the USG Building and an atrium links the two structures. As with other downtown buildings, the tower's setbacks and spires are accented by colored lights at night; the building's managers were praised for dimming their lights during bird migrations, reducing bird mortality 80%. The USG Corporation developed the 35-story 1,100,000-square-foot structure known as the USG Building as its corporate headquarters building adjacent to and connected to the AT&T Corporate Center in 1992. Located at 125 South Franklin Street, the same developers and design teams were chosen, the two buildings were built jointly as a block-long complex on an 85,000-square-foot site.
They share a 16-story atrium which houses a grand arcade and serves as a common base to the two separate towers. When USG Corporation moved to a new facility in 2007, the building was renamed Franklin Center. Positioned near the southwest corner of the Loop, the building is near two elevated stations of the Chicago'L'; the Quincy station is one block to the south and the Washington and Wells station is located two blocks to the north, both on Wells Street. Union Station stands three blocks to the west on Jackson Boulevard, providing terminal service for Amtrak and select service for Metra. Additional Metra service is provided at the LaSalle Street Station, four blocks to the south and Ogilvie Transportation Center station four blocks to the north-west. A. T. Kearney Citigroup Credit Agricole Credit Suisse Eris Exchange FTI Consulting General American Transportation Corporation Guggenheim Partners McDermott Will & Emery John Crane Group Robert W. Baird & Co; the Cambridge Group TGG Group West Monroe Partners William Blair & Company Zekelman Industries 1990 - Award of Excellence for Urban Development, from the Chicago Chapter of the National Association of Industrial and Office Properties 1992 - Best New Building, from the Chicago civic group Friends of Downtown 1997 - Most Valuable Property National Top Ten, from The Wall Street Journal 1998 - Prix d'Excellence, Office
Booz Allen Hamilton
Booz Allen Hamilton Holding Corporation is the parent of Booz Allen Hamilton Inc. an American management and information technology consulting firm, headquartered in McLean, Virginia, in Greater Washington, D. C. with 80 other offices around the globe. The company's stated core business is to provide consulting and engineering services to public and private sector organizations and nonprofits; the company, to become Booz Allen was founded in 1914, in Evanston, when Northwestern University graduate Edwin G. Booz founded the Business Research Service; the service was based on Booz's theory that companies would be more successful if they could call on someone outside their own organizations for expert, impartial advice. Booz's service attracted a number of clients, such as Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, Chicago's Union Stockyards and Transit Company, the Canadian Pacific Railway. During the following three decades, the company went through a number of name changes and business models, becoming a partnership called Booz, Allen & Hamilton in 1936, before Fry's departure in 1942 left it as Booz Allen Hamilton.
In general, the post-war era saw a shift in the company's client pool, with many contracts coming from governmental institutions and different branches of the Armed Forces. Edwin G. Booz died in 1951; the company received its first international contract two years in 1953, to help reorganize land-ownership records for the newly established Philippine government. The partnership was dissolved in 1962 and the company was registered as a private corporation. In 1998, Booz Allen Hamilton developed a strategy for the IRS to reshuffle its 100,000 employees into units focused on particular taxpayer categories. Bloomberg named it "the world's most profitable spy organization". According to an Information Week piece from 2002, Booz Allen had "more than one thousand former intelligence officers on its staff". According to its own website, the company "employs more than 10,000 TS/SCI cleared personnel". In 2010, Booz Allen went public with an initial public offering of 14,000,000 shares at $17 per share.
In 2012, Booz Allen purchased the Defense Systems Engineering & Support division of ARINC, adding 1,000 new employees to its roster. In 2014, Booz Allen acquired Epidemico. In 2015, Booz Allen acquired the software development division of the Charleston, S. C. technology firm SPARC. In 2017, Booz Allen acquired eGov Holdings. Booz Allen has been credited with developing several business concepts. In 1957, Sam Johnson, great grandson of the S. C. Johnson & Son founder, Booz Allen's Conrad Jones published How to Organize for New Products which discussed theories on product life-cycle management. In 1958, Gordon Pehrson, deputy director of U. S. Navy Special Projects Office, Bill Pocock of Booz Allen Hamilton developed the Program Evaluation and Review Technique. In 1982, Booz Allen's Keith Oliver coined the term "supply chain management". In 2013, Booz Allen's Mark Herman, Stephanie Rivera, Steven Mills, Michael Kim published the Field Guide to Data Science. A second edition was published in 2015. In 2017, Booz Allen's Josh Sullivan and Angela Zutavern published The Mathematical Corporation.
In 2006 at the request of the Article 29 Working Party the American Civil Liberties Union and Privacy International investigated the U. S. government's SWIFT surveillance program and Booz Allen's role therein. The ACLU and PI filed a memo at the end of their investigation which called into question the ethics and legality of a government contractor acting as auditors of a government program, when that contractor is involved with those same agencies on other contracts; the basic statement was. Beyond that, the implication was made that Booz Allen may be complicit in a program that may be deemed illegal by the European Commission. A June 28, 2007 article in The Washington Post related how a United States Department of Homeland Security contract with Booz Allen increased from $2 million to more than $70 million through two no-bid contracts, one occurring after the DHS's legal office had advised DHS not to continue the contract until after a review. A Government Accountability Office report on the contract characterized it as not well-planned and lacking any measure for assuring valuable work to be completed.
According to the article, In a rush to meet congressional mandates to establish the information analysis and infrastructure protection offices, agency officials waived rules designed to protect taxpayer money. As the project progressed, the department became so dependent on Booz Allen that it lost the flexibility for a time to seek out other contractors or hire federal employees who might do the job for less. Elaine C. Duke, the department's chief procurement officer, acknowledged the problems with the Booz Allen contract, but Duke said. She defended a decision to issue a second no-bid contract in 2005 as necessary to keep an essential intelligence operation running until a competition could be held. On July 11, 2011 the group Anonymous, as part of its Operation AntiSec, hacked into Booz Allen servers, extracting e-mails and non-salted passwords from the U. S. military. This information and a complete dump of the database were placed in a file shared on The Pirate Bay. Despite Anonymous' claims that 90,000 emails were released, the Associated Press counted only 67,000 unique emails, of which only 53,000 were military addresses.
The remainder of the addresses came from educational institutions and defense contractors. Anonymous said that it accessed four gigabytes of Booz Allen source code and delet
PricewaterhouseCoopers is a multinational professional services network headquartered in London, United Kingdom. PwC ranks as the largest professional services firm in the world after Deloitte, is one of the Big Four auditors, along with Deloitte, EY and KPMG. PwC is a network of firms in 721 locations, with 250,930 people; as of 2015, 22% of the workforce worked in Asia, 26% in North America and the Caribbean and 32% in Western Europe. The company's global revenues were $37.7 billion in FY 2017, of which $16 billion was generated by its Assurance practice, $9.46 billion by its Tax practice and $12.25 billion by its Advisory practice. PwC provides services to 420 out of 500 Fortune 500 companies; the firm was formed in 1998 by a merger between Lybrand and Price Waterhouse. Both firms had histories dating back to the 19th century; the trading name was shortened to PwC in September 2010 as part of a rebranding effort. As of 2017, PwC is the 5th-largest owned company in the United States; the firm was created in 1998 when Lybrand merged with Price Waterhouse.
In 1854 William Cooper founded an accountancy practice in London, which became Cooper Brothers seven years when his three brothers joined. In 1898, Robert H. Montgomery, William M. Lybrand, Adam A. Ross Jr. and his brother T. Edward Ross formed Lybrand, Ross Brothers and Montgomery in the United States. In 1957 Cooper Brothers. In 1973 the three member firms in the UK, US and Canada changed their names to Lybrand. In 1980 Coopers & Lybrand expanded its expertise in insolvency by acquiring Cork Gully, a leading firm in that field in the UK. In 1990 in certain countries including the UK, Coopers & Lybrand merged with Deloitte Haskins & Sells to become Coopers & Lybrand Deloitte: in 1992 they reverted to Coopers & Lybrand. Samuel Lowell Price, an accountant, founded an accountancy practice in London in 1849. In 1865 Price went into partnership with William Hopkins Edwin Waterhouse. Holyland left shortly afterwards to work alone in accountancy and the firm was known from 1874 as Price, Waterhouse & Co.
The original partnership agreement, signed by Price and Waterhouse could be found in Southwark Towers, one of PwC's important legacy offices. By the late 19th century, Price Waterhouse had gained significant recognition as an accounting firm; as a result of growing trade between the United Kingdom and the United States, Price Waterhouse opened an office in New York in 1890, the American firm itself soon expanded rapidly. The original British firm opened an office in Liverpool in 1904 and elsewhere in the United Kingdom and worldwide, each time establishing a separate partnership in each country: the worldwide practice of PW was therefore a federation of collaborating firms that had grown organically rather than being the result of an international merger. In a further effort to take advantage of economies of scale, PW and Arthur Andersen discussed a merger in 1989 but the negotiations failed because of conflicts of interest such as Andersen's strong commercial links with IBM and PW's audit of IBM as well as the radically different cultures of the two firms.
It was said by those involved with the failed merger that at the end of the discussion, the partners at the table realized they had different views of business, the potential merger was scrapped. In 1998, Price Waterhouse merged with Lybrand to form PricewaterhouseCoopers. After the merger the firm had a large professional consulting branch, as did other major accountancy firms, generating much of its fees. Management Consulting Services was the fastest growing and most profitable area of the practice, though it was cyclical; the major cause for growth in the 1990s was the implementation of complex integrated ERP systems for multi-national companies. PwC came under increasing pressure to avoid conflicts of interests by not providing some consulting services financial systems design and implementation, to its audit clients. Since it audited a large proportion of the world's largest companies, this was beginning to limit its consulting market; these conflicts increased as additional services including outsourcing of IT and back office operations were developed.
For these reasons, in 2000, Ernst & Young was the first of the Big Four to sell its consulting services, to Capgemini. The fallout from the Enron and other financial auditing scandals led to the passage of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act limiting interaction between management consulting and auditing services. PwC Consulting began to conduct business under its own name rather than as the MCS division of PricewaterhouseCoopers. PwC therefore planned to capitalize on MCS's rapid growth through its sale to Hewlett Packard but negotiations broke down in 2000. In 2000, PwC acquired Canada's largest SAP consulting partner Omnilogic Systems. In March 2002 Arthur Andersen, LLP affiliates in Hong Kong and China completed talks to join PricewaterhouseCoopers, China. PwC announced in May 2002 that its consulting activities would be spun off as an independent entity and hired an outside CEO to run the global firm. An outside consultancy, Wolff Olins, was hired to create a brand image for the new entity, called "Monday".
The firm's CEO, Greg Brenneman described the unusual name as "a real word, recognizable and the right fit for a company that works hard to deliver results." These plans were soon revised, however. In October 2002, PwC sold
Aon plc is a British global professional services company headquartered in London that provides risk and health consulting. Aon has 500 offices worldwide, serving 120 countries with 50,000 employees. In 2011, Aon was ranked as the largest insurance broker in the world based on revenue. Aon was the principal partner and global shirt sponsor of the Premier League team Manchester United F. C. from 2010 until 2014. Aon was created in 1982 when the Ryan Insurance Group merged with the Combined Insurance Company of America. In 1987, that company was renamed Aon, a Gaelic word meaning "one". W. Clement Stone's mother bought a small Detroit insurance agency, in 1918 brought her son into the business. Mr. Stone sold low-cost, low-benefit accident insurance and issuing policies on-site; the next year he founded the Combined Registry Co.. As the Great Depression began, Stone reduced improved training. Forced by his son's respiratory illness to winter in the South, Stone moved to Texas. In 1939 he bought American Casualty Insurance Co. of Texas.
It was consolidated with other purchases as the Combined Insurance Co. of America in 1947. The company continued through the 1960s, continuing to sell health and accident policies. In the 1970s, Combined expanded overseas despite being hit hard by the recession. In 1982, after 10 years of stagnation under Clement Stone Jr. the elder Stone 79, resumed control until the completion of a merger with Ryan Insurance Co. allowed him to transfer control to Patrick Ryan. Ryan, the son of a Ford dealer in Wisconsin, had started his company as an auto credit insurer in 1964. In 1976, the company bought the insurance brokerage units of the Esmark conglomerate. Ryan added more upscale insurance products, he trimmed staff and took other cost-cutting measures, in 1987 he changed Combined's name to Aon. In 1992, he bought Dutch insurance broker Hudig-Langeveldt. In 1995, the company sold its remaining direct life insurance holdings to General Electric to focus on consulting; the following year, it began offering hostile takeover insurance policies to small and mid-sized companies.
Aon built a global presence through purchases. In 1997, it bought The Minet Group, as well as insurance brokerage Alexander & Alexander Services, Inc. in a deal that made Aon the largest insurance broker worldwide. The firm made no US buys in 1998, but doubled its employee base with purchases including Spain's largest retail insurance broker, Gil y Carvajal, the formation of Aon Korea, the first non-Korean firm of its kind to be licensed there. Responding to industry demands, Aon announced its new fee disclosure policy in 1999, the company reorganised to focus on buying personal line insurance firms and to integrate its acquisitions; that year it bought Nikols Sedgwick Group, an Italian insurance firm, formed RiskAttack, a risk analysis and financial management concern aimed at technology companies. The cost of integrating its numerous purchases, hammered profits in 1999. Despite its troubles, in 2000 Aon bought Reliance Group's accident and health insurance business, as well as Actuarial Sciences Associates, a compensation and employee benefits consulting company.
In that year, the company decided to cut 6% of its workforce as part of a restructuring effort. In 2003, the company saw revenues increase because of rate hikes in the insurance industry; that year, Endurance Specialty, a Bermuda-based underwriting operation that Aon helped to establish in November 2001 along with other investors, went public. The next year Aon sold most of its holdings in Endurance. In late 2007, Aon announced the divestiture of its underwriting business. With this move, the firm sold off its two major underwriting subsidiaries: Combined Insurance Company of America and Sterling Life Insurance Company; the low margin and capital-intensive nature of the underwriting industry was the primary reason for the firm's decision to divest. Upon completion of the move, Aon turned its attention to expanding its broking and consulting capabilities; this growth strategy manifested in November 2008 when Aon announced it had acquired reinsurance intermediary and capital advisor Benfield Group Limited for $1.75 billion.
The acquisition amplified the firm's broking capabilities, positioning Aon one of the largest players in the reinsurance brokerage industry. In 2010, Aon made its most significant acquisition to date with the purchase of Hewitt Associates for $4.9 billion. Aside from drastically boosting Aon's human resources consulting capacity and entering the firm into the business process outsourcing industry, the move added 23,000 colleagues and more than $3 billion in revenue. In January 2012, Aon announced. In 10 February 2017, Aon announced that it is selling its employee benefits outsourcing business to private equity firm The Blackstone Group for US$4.8 billion Aon's New York offices were on the 92nd and 98th–105th floors of the South Tower of the World Trade Center at the time of the 11 September 2001 terrorist attack. When the North Tower was struck at 8:46 a.m. many executives began evacuating their employees from the upper floors of the South Tower. The evacuation of Aon's offices, ordered by Eric Eisenberg, was carried out as 924 of the estimated 1,100 Aon employees present at the time managed to evacuate the building before United Airlines Flight 175 struck it twenty stories below them at 9:03 a.m.
However, many were influenced to stay by security guards and security announcements, or did not exit the building in time
PA Consulting Group
PA Consulting Group is a consultancy specialising in management consulting and innovation. It has clients in both the private and public sector including local and national Governments and the defence sector, it has offices in Europe, the Nordics, the United States, the Persian Gulf and Asia Pacific and operates as a held company, with 51% of shares owned by The Carlyle Group, of which 10% is owned by outside private shareholders, the remaining 49% owned by employees. Staff can buy shares during an annual share-trading period. PA was founded in 1943 as Personnel Administration by three Englishmen: Ernest E. Butten, Tom H. Kirkham and Dr David Seymour. Britain's war effort created great demand for munitions and goods, which had to be produced by a unskilled workforce. Butten and his colleagues formed Personnel Administration Limited to provide advice to industry as to how to improve the productivity of their workers. Like the other three firms that dominated consulting in the 1940s,'50s and'60s, PA was an offshoot of the pre-war Bedaux Company.
Bedaux in turn had been developed based on'scientific management' theories of Frederick Winslow Taylor and Frank Gilbreth. Butten sought to take the mechanistic and task-orientated concepts of scientific management and add a human dimension to them; the chief idea, along the lines of Douglas McGregor's'Theory Y', was that by involving the worker in the process of change and a suitable form of ownership, greater gains could be made both by the worker and the organisation. PA's first assignment was to train housewives to assemble the tail gun section for the Avro Lancaster bombers, as part of Britain's policy of bringing women into the factories in order to free up male workers for the armed forces. By 1964, the company had dropped the name Personnel Administration and was known as PA Consulting Group. PA expanded over the next 20 years, by 1970 it was one of the world’s largest management consulting firms by headcount. PA had expanded geographically along the lines of the Commonwealth, with its operation in Australia providing about a third of the firm's revenue.
In the 1960s PA diversified its business by developing the use of the'newspaper box' advertisement for recruitment. Butten retired from PA in 1970, having earlier sold his 100% shareholding in PA to the Butten Trust in 1958; the Trust was intended as a long term guardian of PA's fortunes and an assurance that the company would be'owned by the employees'. PA's position in the industry deteriorated drastically over the following quarter century, as competitors such as McKinsey and the newer strategy consulting firms redefined the concept of management consulting. While there were occasional years with strong revenues, the company was never profitable; the only strong area of business during this period was PA's work advising companies on potential applications of technology to business issues. Arising out of this success, major technology centres were built in Melbourn, UK and Princeton, USA. Towards the end of the 80s, after an upsurge in the industry, PA's management decided it wished to take the firm public.
The Butten Trust, after an application to the courts in the UK, agreed to give 15% of its shares to its employees, as part of a long-term plan to float. However, the company suffered in the subsequent consulting industry downturn of 1989 to 1992 and, by the end of that downturn, PA was bankrupt, with some £30 million of debt, significant annual losses and a rapid outflow of staff. Between 1991 and 1994, PA reduced its workforce by half. In 1992, Jon Moynihan was appointed as chief executive of PA, with a remit to turn the company around. With a new strategy, aggressive cost-cutting, an industry upturn, the turnaround succeeded, in 1995, PA made record profits. Jeremy Asher became group CEO in 1998, during his three-year tenure, PA grew from about 2,500 staff to just under 4,000; the firm expanded in the United States through the acquisition of Hagler Bailly Inc. in 2000 for around $96 million in cash. PA revenues suffered during the consulting recession of 2001-2004, but saw a significant recovery between 2004-2006, which helped it to increase its focus on ventures and 50% of PA's return to its main shareholder over the years 2002-2006 came from non-consulting activities.
This included the sale of a number of subsidiaries including UbiNetics, Volume Product Technology, Meridica. By 2005, the company was ranked 8th in the Sunday Times' list of Britain's biggest mid-market private firms. In 2008, PA suffered a high-profile loss of a USB data stick containing Home Office information on prisoners that led to the Home Office cancelling the firm’s contract; this loss followed a string of other high-profile data losses by other UK government contractors, prompting the Home Office to review its contracts. PA continues to work for a range of private sector clients. Government figures released in 2010 showed that the company was the second largest beneficiary of UK Government contracts to consulting firms, receiving £11million over the first year the coalition was in office, it has gained publicity for its work on analysing. Other work includes its annual survey of opinion in higher education, ongoing technological innovations including a new type of round kitchen towel.
On 31 December 2013, Jon Moynihan retired as executive chairman, was replaced by Marcus Agius, the former chairman of Barclays Bank. In March 2014 the company launched a new visual identity and redesigned website. In March 2014, Health Select Committee member Sarah Wollaston MP questioned PA
Atos is a European IT services corporation with its headquarters in Bezons and offices worldwide. It specialises in hi-tech transactional services, unified communications, big data and cybersecurity services. Atos operates worldwide under the brands Atos, Atos Consulting, Atos Healthcare, Atos Worldgrid, Canopy and Worldline; the company was formed in 1997 through a merger of two French IT companies. V. in 2000 to become Atos Origin. It subsequently acquired KPMG Consulting in 2002 and SchlumbergerSema in 2004. In 2010 Atos Origin announced the buyout of Siemens IT Solutions and Services and finalized the acquisition in July 2011. Afterwards, the company name reverted to Atos. In April 2018, Atos partnered with Google Cloud to help offer secure artificial intelligence solutions. In 1996, Origin B. V. was created after a merger of the Dutch company BSO and the Philips C&P division, while a year in 1997, Atos was created following a merger of the French companies Axime and Sligos. In 2001, Atos Origin sold its Nordic operations to WM-data.
In 2002, it made a major acquisition by buying KPMG Consulting in the United Kingdom and in the Netherlands. In 2004, it acquired SchlumbergerSema, the IT service division of Schlumberger and took over the infrastructure division of ITELLIUM, a subsidiary of KarstadtQuelle. At the same time, the company created a new subsidiary, Atos Worldline, the renaming of its consulting activities as Atos Consulting. In 2004, Atos Origin Australia, originating from Philips, was sold to Fujitsu. In 2005, Atos Origin sold its activities in the Nordic region, which had become part of the company with the acquisition of Sema Group, to WM-data while in 2006, Atos Origin sold its operations in the Middle East to local management. In October 2007, Philippe Germond replaced longtime CEO Bernard Bourigeaud. Two shareholders, the hedge funds Centaurus Capital and Pardus Capital, tried to gain control over the company via the supervisory board. In November 2008, the boardroom battle came to an end when Thierry Breton replaced Philippe Germond as chairman and CEO.
In August 2010 Atos Origin acquired Indian payment company Venture Infotek. In December 2010 Atos Origin agreed to acquire the IT Solutions and Services subsidiary of Siemens for €850 million; as part of the transaction, Siemens agreed to take a 15% stake in the enlarged Atos, to be held for a minimum of five years. The company dropped the "Origin" suffix of its name in July 2011 after completing its acquisition of the Siemens unit. In November 2011 Atos and software services provider Ufida International Holdings formed the joint venture Yunano; the two companies invested €5.7 million. Atos has 70 percent and UFIDA has 30 percent; the joint venture has its HQ in a suburb of Paris. In 2012 Atos announced; the CEO is Philippe Llorens. In 2011 Atos introduced a Zero Email initiative, banning email as a form of internal communications, except for use with customers and prospects; as part of the initiative, Atos acquired the French software company blueKiwi in early 2012, rolling out their ZEN social networking software across its organisation.
In August 2014 Atos announced that it had acquired a controlling stake in Bull SA through a tender offer launched in May. Atos announced plans in October 2014 to buy out or squeeze out the remaining share and bondholders of Bull. On 19 December 2014 Atos announced the acquisition of Xerox's IT Outsourcing business for US$1,050,000,000, tripling the size of the North American business; the unit contains 9,800 employees and operates in 45 countries. The transaction closed on 30 June 2015. Atos activities are organized in four divisions: Infrastructure & Data Management: Datacenter management, service desk and unified communications. Positioned as a vendor of holistic digital transformation, Atos builds on four pillars within its Digital Transformation Factory: Cloud_computing: implementation and management of private and hybrid clouds. Digital Workplace: digital end-user support and unified communications services and products derived from the Unify acquisition. In September 2017, Atos has been recognized by Everest Group as a global leader - the only European one - for workplace services, consisting of mobility and security services in as-a-service mode, service desk and unified communications.
SAP HANA: implementation and management of integrated enterprise resource planning software SAP HANA. Atos Codex: end-to-end analytics suite including business analytics and predictive analytics solutions. After the Xerox ITO acquisition, North America has become Atos's largest business unit. According to a National Audit Office report on the government's four biggest suppliers, Atos earned £700 million in revenue from the public sector in the UK in 2012. Atos holds £3 billion worth of UK government contracts providing services to a wide range of organizations including NHS Scotland, Home Office, Welsh Government, the Ministry of Defence, Transport for Greater Manchester, the BBC and a multimillion outsourcing contract to NS&I. In the United Kingdom, from 1998 - 2015 the company was at the centre of a controversy over the management of contracts by their healthcare division of the Work Capability Assessment for the Department for Work and Pensions. In January 2017, Atos secured a five-year contract as key IT partner of the Western Australian state government.
Extendable for an additional five
Electronic Data Systems
Electronic Data Systems was an American multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Plano, Texas. Electronic Data Systems was founded in 1962 by H. Ross Perot, a graduate of the United States Naval Academy and a successful IBM salesman who firsthand observed how inefficiently IBM's customers were using their expensive systems. Somewhat to IBM's chagrin, since the company sold as many computers as possible, Perot made a fortune changing this. An early success was in matching the unused computer time at Southwestern Life Insurance Company with the computing needs of expanding Collins Radio, both located in Dallas, Texas. Perot knew the inside details of both companies. In its early years, EDS was a pioneer in facilities management as well as beginning to service banks and provide early support for both Medicaid and Medicare in its home state of Texas. Leading the effort internally was Morton H. Meyerson, who joined the company in 1966 as the company's 54th employee.
In 1967, he proposed the business model that became known as "outsourcing" and which led to exponential growth for EDS. In the 1970s, EDS expanded into more insurance services and credit unions, by 1975 revenue topped $100 million and the company began bidding for work internationally. In 1978 EDS expanded into financial markets with the arrival of automated teller machines, electronic funds transfers and real-time point-of-sale terminals. Meyerson was named president in 1979, at which point EDS had revenue of $270 million, was free of debt, had 8,000 employees. In the 1980s, they expanded into travel services supporting payment services between travel agents and airlines represented by the Air Transport Association of America and provided large scale contracts for the US military. In 1984, the company was acquired by General Motors for $2.5 billion, with EDS becoming a wholly owned subsidiary of GM. Meyerson remained president and in 1985, the company had a presence in 21 countries with 40,000 employees.
Meyerson retired in 1987. During his years of executive leadership, EDS revenue grew to $4 billion a year, the company grew to 45,000 employees. By the end of the decade, revenue was $5 billion. In the 1990s, in addition to its existing markets, EDS was entering the telecommunications industry and was providing IT systems in many foreign countries, they were providing information systems for global sporting events including the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 1998 FIFA World Cup. In 1994, they signed what was at the time the largest information technology contract with Xerox for $3.2 billion and bought the New Zealand banking processing company Databank Systems. In 1995 they purchased A. T. Kearney, the world's 4th largest private management consulting firm. In 1996, they relisted on the New York Stock Exchange. Before the turn of the century they took part in over 1,300 Year 2000 projects. In 2000, EDS launched a new logo with an award-winning Super Bowl commercial about herding cats.
Post-2000, they continued to sign long term, billion dollar contracts with organizations such as Bank of America, American Airlines, General Motors, Kraft Foods and the United States Navy. In 2006 they sold A. T. Kearney in a management buyout. On May 13, 2008, Hewlett-Packard Co. confirmed that it had reached a deal with EDS to acquire the company for $13.9 billion. The deal was completed on August 26, 2008. EDS became an HP business unit and was temporarily renamed "EDS, an HP company". Ronald A. Rittenmeyer, EDS Chairman, CEO, remained at the helm and reported to HP CEO Mark Hurd until his retirement. In December 2008, HP announced; as of 2008, EDS employed 139,000 people in 64 countries, the largest locations being the United States and the UK. It was ranked as one of the largest service companies on the Fortune 500 list with around 2,000 clients; as of 23 September 2009, EDS began going to market as HP Enterprise Services, a name change which came one year after HP announced the acquisition of EDS, and, a critical milestone as the integration of EDS into HP neared completion.
On April 3, 2017, Hewlett Packard Enterprise Services merged with Computer Sciences Corporation to form DXC Technology. Retaining significant operations from Plano and many aspects of EDS. On June 1, 2018, DXC spun off the U. S. public services sector of the business through a Reverse Morris Trust, combining with Vencore and KeyPoint Government Solutions to create a new independent and publicly traded government contractor, Perspecta. In 2006, EDS sold their management consulting subsidiary company, A. T. Kearney, in a management buyout and retained interests in five related companies: ExcellerateHRO, which offers human resources outsourcing services jointly owned by Towers Perrin Injazat Data Systems, a joint venture between EDS and Mubadala Development Company of Abu Dhabi, its purpose is to provide IT and business process outsourcing services in the United Arab Emirates and Oman to the government and gas, financial services, transportation and healthcare sectors SOLCORP, which provided software and consulting services for the life insurance and wealth management industry EDS Consumer Loan Services, which supports consumer loans in the United States MphasiS,operating from Bangalore, India, is an applications development and business processing and infrastructure outsourcing company.
MphasiS was merged with EDS India Unit to become MphasiS, an HP Company with about 33,000 employees. MphasiS operated as an independent subsidiary with its own board and was listed on Indian markets as MphasiS Lim