George Harris, 4th Baron Harris
Colonel George Robert Canning Harris, 4th Baron Harris, GCSI, GCIE, CB, TD, ADC, generally known as Lord Harris, was a British colonial administrator. He was an English amateur cricketer, mainly active from 1870 to 1889 and he had a political career from 1885 to 1900 and was for much of his life a highly influential figure in cricket administration through the offices he held with Marylebone Cricket Club. He appeared in 224 first-class matches, including four Test matches and he scored 9,990 runs in first-class cricket with a highest score of 176 among eleven centuries and held 190 catches. He took 75 wickets with a best analysis of five for 57, Harris was born in St Anns and died in Throwley, Kent. Initially called The Honourable George Harris, he was the son of George Harris and he was educated at Eton College, where he was captain of the cricket team in 1870, and went up to Christ Church, Oxford. He had made his first-class debut for Kent in August 1870, in 1871, Harris captained Kent for the first time, in succession to South Norton, and led the team when available until 1889.
He inherited the Harris barony following the death of his father on 23 November 1872 and this team included W. G. Grace with whom Harris formed a close friendship. After he left Oxford, Harris became actively involved in administration when elected Kents club president for 1875. He was the secretary from 1875 to 1880 and retained long-term committee membership. Harris played in four Tests between January 1879 and August 1884, all as captain and he led the English cricket team in Australia and New Zealand in 1878–79 and was a central figure in the events of 8 February 1879 when a crowd riot erupted at a match in Sydney. From 1885 to 1900, Harris had a career in politics, on his return from India, Harris was elected president of MCC for 1895. He was closely associated with Lord Hawke, whom many considered to be Harris disciple, Harris had very strong principles based on a profound respect for the Laws of cricket which he defended utterly. He was especially keen to impose rules about illegal bowling actions and, in county cricket, Harris was a controversial figure, revered by crickets MCC-based establishment and heavily criticised elsewhere.
The Honourable George Harris was born in St Anns, Trinidad on 3 February 1851 when his father, George Harris, Harris barely knew his mother who died when he was two years old. In 1854, the moved to Madras when his father was posted to the governorship there. Harris senior retired in March 1859 and returned to England where he involved with Kent County Cricket Club as a committee member and, in 1870. He died in November 1872, whereupon Harris junior succeeded to the barony as 4th Baron Harris and he was already a first-class cricketer by and was henceforward universally known in the sport as Lord Harris. In 1864, at the age of 13, Harris was sent to Eton College to further his education and his first important cricket match was the 1868 Eton versus Harrow fixture at Lords, when he was seventeen, he scored 23 and 6
Middlesex County Cricket Club
Middlesex County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the county of Middlesex. Middlesex teams formed by earlier organisations since the early 18th century always had senior status and so the county club is rated accordingly from inception, the club plays most of its home games at Lords Cricket Ground in St Johns Wood, which is owned by Marylebone Cricket Club. The club plays some games around the county at the Uxbridge Cricket Club Ground. Until October 2014, the club played limited overs cricket as the Middlesex Panthers, however, on 24 October 2014, the club announced that they would use the name Middlesex County Cricket Club in all forms of the sport, with immediate effect. Limited-overs kit colours are blue and pink quarters and from 2007. Middlesex CCC has a school based in Finchley, the Middlesex Academy. Early references to the game in London or Middlesex are often interchangeable, History of cricket to 1696 and History of cricket 1697 -1725 The first definite mention of cricket in London or Middlesex dates from 1680.
It is a reference to the two umpires and strongly suggests that the double wicket form of the game was already well known in London. The earliest known match in Middlesex took place at Lambs Conduit Fields in Holborn on 3 July 1707 involving teams from London and Croydon, in 1718, the first reference is found to White Conduit Fields in Islington, which became a very famous London venue. The earliest known reference to a team called Middlesex is on 5 August 1728 when it played London Cricket Club in the fields behind the Woolpack, in Islington, near Sadlers Wells and this was the earliest known first-class match involving a Middlesex team. The club was founded on 15 December 1863 at a meeting in the London Tavern. Formal constitution took place on 2 February 1864, Middlesex CCC played its initial first-class match versus Sussex CCC at Islington on 6 &7 June 1864. In the same season, the club was a contender for the title of Champion County, Middlesex played at Lillie Bridge Grounds from 1869 before leaving in 1872 due to the poor quality of the turf.
The club nearly folded at this time, a vote for continuing being won 7–6 and they played at Princes Cricket Ground from 1872 to 1876, and began using Lords Cricket Ground in 1877. The Club has produced several noted players, particularly the great batsmen Patsy Hendren, Bill Edrich, Bill Edrich scored 1,000 runs before the end of May in 1938. He needed just 15 innings, with 4 centuries, and every run was scored at Lords, don Bradman gave him the chance to score the 10 runs he needed in the Australian tour match with Middlesex by declaring his teams innings early. Middlesex won the County Championship in 1947 thanks to the run scoring of Compton
England cricket team
The England cricket team is the team that represents England and Wales in international cricket. Since 1 January 1997 it has been governed by the England and Wales Cricket Board and Australia were the first teams to play a Test match, and these two countries together with South Africa formed the Imperial Cricket Conference on 15 June 1909. England and Australia played the first One Day International on 5 January 1971, Englands first Twenty20 International was played on 13 June 2005, once more against Australia. As of 9 March 2017, England has played 983 Test matches, winning 351, the team has won The Ashes on 32 occasions, the same number as their opponents Australia. England has played 683 ODIs, winning 332, and its record in major ODI tournaments includes finishing as runners-up in three Cricket World Cups, and in two ICC Champions Trophys, England has played 89 T20Is, winning 43. They won the ICC World Twenty20 in 2010, and were runners-up in 2016, England are currently ranked fourth in Tests, fifth in ODIs and fifth in T20Is by the ICC.
England currently holds the record for the highest ever ODI total of 444, such matches were repeated on numerous occasions for the best part of a century. In 1846 William Clarke formed the All-England Eleven and this team would eventually compete against a United All-England Eleven with annual matches occurring between 1847 and 1856. These matches were arguably the most important contest of the English season if judged by the quality of the players, the first overseas tour occurred in September 1859 with England touring North America. This team had six players from the All-England Eleven, six from the United All-England Eleven and was captained by George Parr, with the outbreak of the American Civil War, attention turned elsewhere. English tourists visited Australia in 1861-62 with this first tour organised as a venture by Messrs Spiers and Pond. Most matches played during tours prior to 1877 were against odds and this first Australian tour were mostly against odds of at least 18/11. The tour was so successful that George Parr led a tour in 1863–64.
James Lillywhite led a subsequent England team which sailed on the P&O steamship Poonah on 21 September 1876 and they would play a combined Australian XI, for once on even terms of 11 a side. The match, starting on 15 March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground came to be regarded as the inaugural Test match, the combined Australian XI won this Test match by 45 runs with Charles Bannerman of Australia scoring the first Test century. At the time, the match was promoted as James Lillywhites XI v Combined Victoria, the teams played a return match on the same ground at Easter,1877, when Lillywhites team avenged their loss with a victory by four wickets. The first Test match on English soil occurred in 1880 with England victorious, – The body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia. As a result of loss the tour of 1882–83 was dubbed by England captain Ivo Bligh as the quest to regain the ashes
Great Waltham — known as Church End — is a village and a parish in the Chelmsford District, in the county of Essex. It has a guildhall called Great Waltham Guildhall and it is a few miles away from the city of Chelmsford. There is a house called Langleys which has existed for over 300 years and is surrounded by a deer park. The parish consists of the village of Ford End, and five hamlets – Howe Street, Littley Green, North End, Broads Green, Great Waltham is on Walthambury Brook. It has a school, a post office, two churches and a few pubs. It used to have a bakery, a garage and a fire station. The village of Little Waltham is located about a mile away, http, //www. greatwaltham. org. uk/ http, //www. geograph. org. uk/photo/147321 The Hundred Parishes Listed buildings in Great Waltham Media related to Great Waltham at Wikimedia Commons
Clare College, Cambridge
Clare College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. The college was founded in 1326 as University Hall, making it the second-oldest surviving college of the University after Peterhouse and it was refounded in 1338 as Clare Hall by an endowment from Elizabeth de Clare. Clare is famous for its choir and for its gardens on the Backs. The current Master is Anthony Grabiner, Baron Grabiner, a British barrister, Clare is consistently one of the most popular Cambridge colleges amongst prospective applicants. As of 2016, it had an endowment of over £106m, the college was founded in 1326 by the universitys Chancellor, Richard Badew, and was originally named University Hall. Providing maintenance for only two fellows, it hit financial hardship. In 1338, the college was refounded as Clare Hall by an endowment from Elizabeth de Clare, a granddaughter of Edward I, the college was known as Clare Hall until 1856, when it changed its name to Clare College. Clares Old Court, a Grade I listed building, frames Kings College Chapel as the border of one of the most celebrated architectural vistas in England.
It was built between 1638 and 1715, with an interruption for the English Civil War. The colleges chapel was built in 1763 and designed by Sir James Burrough and its altarpiece is Annunciation by Cipriani. Clare has a bridge over the river which is the oldest of Cambridges current bridges. Fourteen stone balls decorate it, one of which has a missing section, a more likely explanation is that a wedge of stone cemented into the ball as part of a repair job became loose and fell out into the river. Clares bridge connects Old Court to Memorial Court, which was designed by Giles Gilbert Scott, a new court, Lerner Court, was opened in January 2008 and was designed by architects van Heyningen and Haward. Clare is known as a liberal and progressive college, in 1972 it became one of the three male Cambridge colleges that led the way in admitting female undergraduates. Clare continues in tradition and has won praise for the transparency of its admissions process. Clare is known as one of the most musical colleges in Cambridge and its choir has performed all over the world.
Many Clare students play instruments, and the music society, Clare College Music Society, is well known. Like most Cambridge colleges, Clare allows students to have a piano in their college rooms, as well as popular jazz and comedy nights, Clare is renowned for Clare Ents, a student night held every Friday in term time
Westminster is an area of central London within the City of Westminster, part of the West End, on the north bank of the River Thames. Historically the area lay within St Margarets parish, City & Liberty of Westminster and it has been the home of the permanent institutions of Englands government continuously since about 1200 and is now the seat of British government. In a government context, Westminster often refers to the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the closest tube stations are Westminster, St Jamess Park on the Jubilee and District lines. Within the area is Westminster School, a public school which grew out of the Abbey. Bounding Westminster to the north is Green Park, a Royal Park of London, the area has a substantial resident population, indeed most of its listed buildings are residential. A proportion of residents are people of limited means, living in council, large Victorian homes and barracks exist nearer to Buckingham Palace. The name describes an area no more than 1 mile from Westminster Abbey, the settlement grew up around the palace and abbey, as a service area for them.
The need for a church, St Margarets Westminster for the servants of the palace. It became larger and in the Georgian period became connected through urban development with the City along the Strand. It did not become a local government unit until created as a civil parish. Indeed, the Cathedral and diocesan status of the church lasted only from 1539 to 1556, as such it is first known to have had two Members of Parliament in 1545 as a new Parliamentary Borough, centuries after the City of London and Southwark were enfranchised. The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built, the abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England from that of Harold Godwinson onwards. From about 1200, near the abbey, the Palace of Westminster became the royal residence, marked by the transfer of royal treasury. Later the palace housed the developing Parliament and Englands law courts, thus London developed two focal points, the City of London and Westminster.
The monarchs moved to St James Palace and the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east, the main law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice. The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster in Middlesex, the ancient parish was St Margaret, after 1727 this became the civil parish of St Margaret and St John, the latter a new church required for the increasing population. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by —, until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John, which was based at Westminster City Hall in Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, included St Martin in the Fields, Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions had jurisdiction
Kent County Cricket Club
Kent County Cricket Club is one of the eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the county of Kent. The club was first founded in 1842 but teams representing the county have played cricket since the early 18th century. Kent have competed in the County Championship since the start of the competition in 1890 and have played in every top-level domestic cricket competition in England. The clubs limited overs team is called the Kent Spitfires after the Supermarine Spitfire, the club plays most of its home matches at the St Lawrence Ground in Canterbury, which hosts Canterbury Cricket Week, the oldest cricket festival in England. It plays home matches at the County Cricket Ground, Beckenham. Kent field a team in the Womens County Championship. The team has won the Championship a record seven times, most recently in 2016, and it has traditionally played matches at the Polo Farm in Canterbury, but as of 2016 has moved to be based mainly at Beckenham.
Kent, jointly with Sussex, is believed to be the birthplace of cricket and it is widely held that cricket was invented by children living on the Weald in Saxon or Norman times. The games earliest tentative reference, re creag in 1300, relates to Newenden in Kent, the first definite mention of cricket in Kent concerned a match at Chevening c.1611 between teams from the Weald and the Downs. This is the worlds earliest known organised match, Cricket became established in Kent during the 17th century and the earliest village matches took place before the English Civil War. It is believed that the earliest county teams were formed in the aftermath of the Restoration in 1660, in 1705, West of Kent played Chatham at Malling. The first recorded inter-county match took place in 1709 between Kent and Surrey, Kent had strong teams throughout the 18th century, often challenging All-England. The county had several famous patrons including Lord John Sackville, his son John Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset, in the latter half of the 18th century and Surrey were the only counties that could realistically challenge the power of Hambledon.
In the 1822 MCC versus Kent match at Lord’s, John Willes of Kent opened the bowling and was no-balled for using a roundarm action, Willes promptly withdrew from the match and refused to play again in any important fixture. His action proved the catalyst for the so-called roundarm revolution, in 1837 Kent was unofficially proclaimed the champion county and had the most successful team through most of the 1840s. Mainstays of the Kent team in those years included Alfred Mynn, Fuller Pilch, Nicholas Wanostrocht aka Felix, Ned Wenman and William Hillyer. On 6 August 1842, the formation of the original Kent County Cricket Club took place in Canterbury when the Beverley Club was reconstituted as the Kent Cricket Club, the new Kent club played its initial first-class match against All-England at White Hart Field in Bromley on 25–27 August 1842
London Stock Exchange
The London Stock Exchange is a stock exchange located in the City of London in the United Kingdom. As of December 2014, the Exchange had a capitalisation of US$6.06 trillion. The Exchange was founded in 1801 and its current premises are situated in Paternoster Square close to St Pauls Cathedral in the City of London, the Exchange is part of the London Stock Exchange Group. London Stock Exchange is one of the world’s oldest stock exchanges, London Stock Exchange Group was created in October 2007 when London Stock Exchange merged with Milan Stock Exchange, Borsa Italiana. The Royal Exchange had been founded by English financier Thomas Gresham on the model of the Antwerp Bourse and it was opened by Elizabeth I of England in 1571. During the 17th century, stockbrokers were not allowed in the Royal Exchange due to their rude manners and they had to operate from other establishments in the vicinity, notably Jonathans Coffee-House. At that coffee house, a broker named John Casting started listing the prices of a few commodities, exchange rates and certain key provisions such as salt, originally, this was not a daily list and was only published a few days of the week.
This list and activity was moved to Garraway’s coffee house. Public auctions during this period were conducted for the duration that a length of tallow candle could burn, as stocks grew, with new companies joining to raise capital, the royal court raised some monies. These are the earliest evidence of organised trading in securities in London. After Greshams Royal Exchange building was destroyed in the Great Fire of London, it was rebuilt and this was a move away from coffee houses and a step towards the modern model of stock exchange. The Royal Exchange not only housed brokers but merchants and merchandise and this was the birth of a regulated stock market, which had teething problems in the shape of unlicensed brokers. In order to regulate these, Parliament brought out an act in 1697 that levied heavy penalties and it set a fixed number of brokers, which was increased as the size of the trade grew. The street in which they were now dealing was known as Exchange Alley, Parliament tried to regulate this and ban the unofficial traders from the Change streets.
Traders became weary of bubbles when companies rose quickly and fell, after the Seven Years War, trade at Jonathans coffee house boomed again. In 1773, together with 150 other brokers, formed a club and opened a new and this now had a set entrance fee, through which traders could enter the stock room and trade securities. It was, not a location for trading. Fraud was rife during these times and in order to such dealings
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library, the National Library of France joined the project on October 5,2007. The project transitions to a service of the OCLC on April 4,2012, the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together, a VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary see and see records from the original records, and refers to the original authority records. The data are available online and are available for research and data exchange. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol, the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAFs clustering algorithm is run every month, as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records
Uppingham School is a co-educational independent school situated in the small market town of Uppingham in Rutland, England. The school was founded in 1584 by Robert Johnson, the Archdeacon of Leicester who established Oakham School, the Reverend Edward Thring was perhaps the schools best-known headmaster. His changes to the curriculum were adopted in other English public schools. John Wolfenden, headmaster from 1934–1944, was notable for chairing the Wolfenden Committee whose report recommending the decriminalisation of homosexuality, was published in 1957, the current Director of Music is Stephen Williams. In 1584 Uppingham School was founded with a hospital, or almshouse, the original 1584 Schoolroom in Uppingham churchyard is still owned by the school and is a Grade I listed building. The original hospital building is now incorporated in the School Library, the first recorded Uppingham schoolboy was Henry Ferne from York, who was Chaplain to Charles I. Another prominent early schoolboy was the Jesuit Anthony Turner, one of the martyrs of the Popish Plot, in the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries Uppingham remained a small school of 30–60 pupils, with two staff.
Despite its small size, pupils then, regularly gained places and scholarships to Oxford, during that period, various features of life in the School developed which are still in evidence today. Uppingham became a boarding school, with all pupils having individual studies. This pattern was established around 1800, and some of original studies still survive. The first recorded school play was performed in 1794 and Uppingham has a thriving theatre, the main recreation in the 19th century was cricket – the first recorded cricket match, described in the school magazine, was in 1815 – and the game still thrives at Uppingham. In 1846 the Institution of School Praepostors, or Prefects, was established, the Praepostors are universally called Pollies around the school. Edward Thring transformed the School from a small, high-quality local grammar school into a large, well-known public school, in Borth the school took over the disused Cambrian Hotel and a number of boarding houses, for a period of 14 months.
The move was successful in saving the school from a serious epidemic, the move to Borth is commemorated in an annual service, held in the school chapel. Thring won national and transatlantic reputation as a thinker and writer on education. At a time when Maths and Classics dominated the curriculum he encouraged many ‘extra’ subjects, German, History, Art and Music. In particular Thring was a pioneer in his introduction of Music into the system of education. He opened the first gymnasium in an English school, the forerunner of the present Sports Hall and he commissioned a number of impressive buildings, notably the Chapel designed by the famous Gothic Revival architect G. E. Street
Frederick Morley was a professional cricketer who was reckoned to be the fastest bowler in England during his prime. During a 13-year career for Nottinghamshire and England he took 1,274 wickets at an average of 13.73 and he toured Australia in 1882/3 as part of the Honourable Ivo Blighs side that aimed to recover the Ashes. However, he was hampered by an injury to his rib that he picked up when the ship was involved in a collision in the harbour at Colombo. Official reports deemed the incident an unfortunate incidence of chance, however, soon surfaced regarding the supposed accidental nature of the collision, with some historians postulating malicious sabotage from rival cricket teams. After sustaining injuries, his subsequent bowling performances were poor and he never recovered from his injuries. Alienated from his family due to his deteriorating health and subsequent inability to bring in income. He died of congestion and dropsy in September 1884 at the age of 33 and he was interred with a cricket ball placed in his left hand.
He was married to Hannah, a seamstress, and they had at least three children, Sarah and Allen and his name was registered at birth as Frederic Morley. Cricinfo article on Fred Morley Brief profile of Frederick Morley by Don Ambrose CricketArchive page on Fred Morley Altham, a History of Cricket, Volume 1
In the sport of cricket, the wicket is one of the two sets of three stumps and two bails at either end of the pitch. The wicket is guarded by a batsman who, with his bat, the origin of the word is from wicket gate, a small gate. Historically, cricket wickets had only two stumps and one bail and looked like a gate, the third stump was introduced in 1775. Through metonymic usage, the dismissal of a batsman is the taking of a wicket, and the cricket pitch is sometimes called the wicket. The size and shape of the wicket has changed several times during the last 300 years and its dimensions and placing is now determined by Law 8 in the Laws of Cricket, Law 8, the wicket consists of three wooden stumps that are 28 inches tall. The stumps are placed along the crease with equal distances between each stump. They are positioned so they are 9 inches wide, two wooden bails are placed in shallow grooves on top of the stumps. The bails must not project more than 0.5 inches above the stumps, there are specified lengths for the barrel and spigots of the bail.
There are different specifications for the wickets and bails for junior cricket, the umpires may dispense with the bails if conditions are unfit. Further details on the specifications of the wickets are contained in Appendix A to the laws, losing a wicket refers to a batsman getting out. If dismissed by a bowler, the bowler is said to have taken his wicket, the number of wickets taken is the primary measure of a bowlers ability. For a batsman to be dismissed by being bowled, run out, stumped or hit wicket, what this means is defined by Law 28 of the Laws of cricket. Crickets wicket is put down if a bail is removed from the top of the stumps, or a stump is struck out of the grounds by the ball, the strikers bat, the strikers person. The wicket is put down if a fielder pulls a stump out of the ground in the same manner. If one bail is off, removing the remaining bail or striking or pulling any of the three out of the ground is sufficient to put the wicket down. A fielder may remake the wicket, if necessary, in order to put it down to have an opportunity of running out a batsman.
The sequence of time over which two particular batsmen bat together, a partnership, is referred to as a specifically numbered wicket when discriminating it from other partnerships in the innings. The first partnership is from the start of the innings until one of the first two batsmen gets out, the second wicket partnership is from when the third batsman gets in until a second batsman gets out