The A130 is a major road in England linking Little Waltham, near Chelmsford, the county town of Essex, with Canvey Island in the south of that county. It is a primary route for most of its length, only losing that status south of the A13 junction at Sadlers Farm roundabout as it nears its terminus on Canvey Island, it was a much longer cross-country route. The present route can be divided into three main sections, plus an overlap with the A12; the road now starts near the village of Little Waltham at a roundabout with the A131, which heads north-east to Braintree, the B1008, a former A130 alignment heading south into northern Chelmsford, north towards Great Dunmow. Either side of this junction, the B1008/A130 route is quite recent, named Essex Regiment Way, at the Chelmsford end, the A130 intersects with the other routes into northern Chelmsford, the A1016 and A138, the latter junction merging with the junction between the A130 and the A12 Chelmsford Bypass, a dual carriageway. Here, the A12 multiplexes/overlaps with the A130 for a few miles round the eastern edge of Chelmsford.
The second section starts a few miles to the south. The A1114 road is the old road heading back into town, but the A130 road reappears heading south away from the Chelmsford area as a new dual carriageway opened as as 2002; this is a "secret motorway" classified as A-road. It extends for 6 miles as far as a junction with the A132 near Wickford, whilst a newer section south of there continues the route as a standard dual carriageway as far as a junction with a spur connecting to the old road and the A127 Southend Arterial Road a few miles west of Southend-on-Sea; the new road here more or less follows the same path as the World War II GHQ Line hence the many pillboxes visible alongside the carriageway between the Howe Green and the A132 junctions. An older section of dual carriageway extends as far south as the A13 at the Sadlers Hall Farm, a roundabout near Benfleet; as with the A13 from London, the primary route section of the A130 ends here too. South of the Sadlers Farm roundabout, the final leg of the A130 continues as a non-primary single-carriageway route into Canvey Island on the River Thames.
Canvey Way is a causeway connecting "mainland" with island, connects with the older road through the island, the B1014. On the island itself, a final short stretch of dual carriageway leads to the built-up area where the road turns east and becomes single, before meeting the B1014 again at a one-way system in the central area, incorporating the High Street; the A130 was a much longer route. It started on the old A10 just south of Cambridge at Trumpington, ended on the A129 near Rayleigh; when the M11 Cambridge Western Bypass section was built in the early 1980s, the A10 through Cambridge was reclassified as A1309, whilst the A130 was truncated as far south as Great Dunmow on the A120, due east of London Stansted Airport. The section between Trumpington and Stump Cross became A1301, whilst the section between there and Great Dunmow became an extension of the B184; the A11 was reclassified to minor A-roads and B-roads at this time. In early 2008, the section between Great Dunmow and Little Waltham was declassified to become an extension of the B1008, itself a product of earlier re-routing.
During the mid-1980s, the A12 Chelmsford Bypass opened and this led to the A130 multiplexing with the former for a few miles to the north and east of Chelmsford. In more recent times, a new road between the village of Howe Green and the Chelmsford suburb of Springfield, Essex Regiment Way, directs traffic away from the northern suburbs; the original A130 through the villages north of Chelmsford and the town itself followed what is now an unclassified road B1008, a short section of A1016, A1060 and A1114 to the southeast, the latter two forming sections of the same dual carriageway, incorporating a tidal flow flyover at Army & Navy Roundabout. At the southern end, the route was extended as far as the A13 by the 1970s, onto Canvey Island via the Canvey Way causeway; the dual carriageway section between Chelmsford and the A127 was replaced by a new road in 2002-3. The older road is now unclassified through the village of Rettendon, A1245 between the A132 and A127 junctions. In early summer 2016, work was undertaken on the stretch between Rettendon and Howe Green to turn the existing hard shoulders into 3rd lanes, as the traffic volume had reached 50,000 vehicles per day.
The resurfacing and re-marking of the hard shoulders needed to turn them into 3rd lanes was completed, but problems were discovered in the crash barriers and subsequently the strength of the embankments supporting the road. The new lanes were coned off, the road left at 2 lanes in each direction with no hard shoulder; as of 18 April 2018, the southbound lane has been re-opened whilst work continues on the northbound side. Roads x 10 entry on the SABRE website South East England road photos
The A158 road is a major tourist route that heads from Lincoln in the west to Skegness on the east coast. The road is located in the county of Lincolnshire and is single carriageway for its entirety; the road is 41 miles long. The road gets quite congested with holiday traffic during the summer; the road begins outside Lincoln as part of the by-pass at the A46. Roundabout with Nettleham Road; the road does not enter the borough of Lincoln, begins in the parish of Nettleham in West Lindsey. Before the Lincoln Bypass was built in the mid-1980s, the A158 went along Wragby Road. Earlier the A158 followed the northern end of Canwick Road, the former B1188, over Pelham Bridge since its opening in 1958, along South Park Avenue, built in 1958, to meet the former A46 at St Catherine's; this was parallel to the former western section B1190. The A15 at the time followed the west of Lincoln town centre along Silver Street, it heads south-east for 1 mile before reaching a roundabout where the A15 joins from the centre of Lincoln.
From here the route heads north-east through the village of North Greetwell along a former Roman road, where it is the parish boundary between Nettleham to the north and Greetwell to the south and Reepham Sudbrooke and Reepham. It passes Sudbrooke to the south, where there is a crossroads, with the main road for Sudbrooke to the left, Star Energy's Welton Gathering Centre for the Welton oilfield; the Cherry Tree Cafe is at the junction. It passes to the south of Sudbrooke Park, crosses the Lincoln to Grimsby railway in the parish of Barlings, next to the Oriental Express Restaurant. At Langworth there is a crossroads for Scothern, to the left, Barlings, to the right, passes St Hugh's church and The George at Langworth, it crosses the Barlings Eau at Langworth Bridge and there is a left turn for Stainton by Langworth, a right turn for Newball, the Woodside Wildlife and Falconry Park. Further on in the parish of Stainton by Langworth, near Rand Wood, the B1399 heads north-east while the A158 changes direction and heads east to Wragby.
In Bullington it passes Bullington Hall and in Rand, it passes Brown Cow Farm, there is a left turn for Rand and Rand Farm Park. The Rand Group construction company was based there until October 2009 when it went into administration, it is the parish boundary between Rand, to the north, Goltho, to the south, passes Goltho Gardens, with a teashop. Approaching Wragby it enters East Lindsey. Here it crosses the B1202 at traffic lights near the Turnor Arms forks with the A157 which heads through the Lincolnshire Wolds to Louth; the A157 followed the A158's current route to Lincoln, the A158's western terminus was at Wragby before the 1940s. It passes the parish church of All Saints, crosses the former Louth to Bardney Line. From here the route gets quite twisty heads south-east around the south end of the Wolds, it crosses Stainfield Back at Langton Bridge, passes through Langton by Wragby, where there is a left turn on a bend for Panton a right turn on a bend for Chambers Farm Wood, part of the Lincolnshire Limewoods nature reserve.
At Hatton Bridge, it is the parish boundary between Langton by Wragby, to the west and Hatton, to the east. There are crossroads for Hatton, to the left, another crossroads at the New Midge Inn, where the road becomes the parish boundary with Minting to the south. At Baumber the B1225 joins from the north as the A158 continues towards in a more southerly direction towards the town of Horncastle; the B1190 and B1191 both join just outside Horncastle where the road crosses the A153. After leaving Horncastle the route heads east with the B1195 heading off 2.6 miles to Spilsby. Further on the road passes through the village of Hagworthingham; the road reaches a roundabout with the A16 at Partney. Both roads now bypass it; the construction of this bypass was preceded by a significant archaeological investigation. The A158 continues east until reaching another roundabout with the A1028 which provides a short cut from the A16 further north; the B1196 heads up to Alford from here. The A158 becomes dual-carriageway for 1 mile from here until becoming single again through Gunby.
The road joins with the newly opened Burgh Bypass, before reaching Skegness where it terminates at a junction with the A52. SABRE Roads
Loughton is a town and civil parish in the Epping Forest District of Essex and, for statistical purposes, part of the metropolitan area of London and the Greater London Urban Area. It is located between 11 and 13 miles north east of Charing Cross in London, south of the M25 and west of the M11 motorway and has boundaries with Chingford, Waltham Abbey, Theydon Bois and Buckhurst Hill. Loughton includes three conservation areas and there are 56 listed buildings in the town, together with a further 50 that are locally listed; the parish of Loughton covers an area of about 3,724 acres, of which over 1,300 acres are part of Epping Forest. The ancient parish contained over 3,900 acres, but in 1996 some parts of the south of the old parish were transferred to Buckhurst Hill parish, other small portions to Chigwell and Theydon Bois. At the time of the 2001 census Loughton had a population of 30,340, at the 2011 Census, 31,106, it is the most populous civil parish in the Epping Forest district, within Essex it is the second most populous civil parish and the second largest in the area.
The earliest structure in Loughton is Loughton Camp, an Iron Age earth fort in Epping Forest dating from around 500 BC. Hidden by dense undergrowth for centuries it was rediscovered in 1872; the first references to the site of modern-day Loughton date from the Anglo-Saxon period when it was known as Lukintune. The earliest written evidence of this settlement is in the charter of Edward the Confessor in 1062 which granted various estates, including Tippedene and Alwartune, to Harold Godwinson following his re-founding of Waltham Abbey. Following the Norman conquest, the town is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, with the name Lochintuna; the settlement remained a small village until the early 17th century when the high road was extended north through the forest. The road became the main route from London to Cambridge and East Anglia, Loughton grew into an important stop with coaching inns; the most significant of the great houses of this period, built as country retreats for wealthy City merchants and courtiers, was Loughton Hall, owned by Mary Tudor two months before she became Queen Mary of England in 1553, by the Wroth family from 1578 to 1738.
Sir Robert Wroth and his wife Lady Mary Wroth entertained many of the great literary figures of the time, including Ben Jonson, at the house. It was rebuilt in 1878 by Revd. J. W. Maitland, whose family held the manor for much of the 19th century, it is a grade II listed building. Loughton's growth since Domesday has been at the expense of the forest. Expansion towards the River Roding was arrested owing to the flooding marshy meadows, encroachments into the forest to the north and west of the village were possible. Loughton landlords and villagers both exploited the forest waste, but the trickle of forest destruction threatened to turn into a flood in the 19th century after royalty had lost interest in protecting the woodland as a hunting reserve; as the forest disappeared and landowners began enclosing more of it for private use, many began to express concern at the loss of such a significant natural resource and common land. Some Loughton villagers defied landowners to practice their ancient right to lop wood—a series of court cases, including one brought by the Loughton labourer Thomas Willingale, was needed before the City of London Corporation took legal action against the landowners' enclosures, resulting in the Epping Forest Act of 1878 which preserved the forest for use by the public.
The arrival of the railway spurred on the town's development. The railway first came to Loughton in 1856 when the Eastern Counties Railway, opened a branch line via Woodford. In 1948 the line was electrified and transferred to London Transport to become part of the Central line on the London Underground; the arrival of the railway provided visitors from London with a convenient means of reaching Epping Forest and thus transforming it into the "East Enders' Playground". The Ragged School Union began organising visits to the forest for parties of poor East End children in 1891 paid for by the Pearsons Fresh Air Fund. Loughton artist Octavius Dixie Deacon depicted many scenes of the town including some of its residents during the late Victorian period; as the Great Eastern Railway Company did not offer workmen's fares, the town's development was of a middle-class character. Much of the housing in Loughton was built in the Victorian and Edwardian eras, with significant expansion in the 1930s. Loughton was a fashionable place for artistic and scientific residents in Victorian and Edwardian times, a number of prominent residents were renowned socialists and social reformers.
In the north-east is a post-war development being one of the London County Council's country estates. Built with the express purpose of co-locating industrial and residential properties to facilitate supported re-location of London families affected by war damage within the Capital. Located within Debden's industrial estate is the former printing works of the Bank of England; the headquarters of greeting card company Clinton Cards and construction firm Higgins Group are located within the Debden Industrial Estate. In 2008, electronics firm Amshold announced their intention to move the group's headquarters to Loughton from Brentwood, they moved to a site in Langston Road.
A10 road (England)
The A10 is a major road in England. Its southern end is at London Bridge in the London Borough of Southwark, its northern end is the Norfolk port town of King's Lynn. From London to Royston it chiefly follows the line of Roman Ermine Street. Within the City of London, the route of the A10 comprises King William Street, Gracechurch Street and Norton Folgate, it becomes Shoreditch High Street, Kingsland Road, Kingsland High Street and Stoke Newington Road. It runs through Stoke Newington as Stoke Newington High Street and becomes Stamford Hill, through Stamford Hill until Tottenham. In July 2013, the Tottenham Hale gyratory was removed and the A10 now follows the route of Tottenham High Road in both directions. North of Tottenham, the A10 leaves its historical route of Tottenham High Road/Hertford Road to join the Great Cambridge Road via Bruce Grove and The Roundway; the Roundway is the southern end of a long dual carriageway section of the A10, which extends to just south of Buntingford. This dual carriageway section bisects the London Borough of Enfield, skirting the Enfield fringes of Enfield Town before crossing the M25 motorway at junction 25, near Waltham Cross.
Until the late 1970s, the Great Cambridge Road passed through the towns of Broxbourne and Ware – along what is now the A1170 road. Since an all-purpose road from Cheshunt by-passes these towns; the Kingsmead Viaduct takes the A10 high over the Lea Valley between Hertford and Ware and the Hertford East Branch Line railway. North of Ware, a further by-pass scheme was opened in late 2004, taking the A10 around the Hertfordshire villages of Wadesmill, High Cross, Collier's End; the bypass would have opened sooner, but the lime-stabilised subsoil heaved and cracks opened up in the road surface. A substantial portion of the road surface had to be relaid. Further north, there is another section of 1970s dual carriageway road between Puckeridge and Buntingford, the contract for, awarded to Meres Construction Ltd in April 1972. Buntingford was by-passed in the 1980s, however this is only single carriageway. From Buntingford, the road runs through the villages of Chipping and Reed, before reaching the edge of Hertfordshire in the market town of Royston.
Once in Cambridgeshire, the topography changes from undulating hills to flat agricultural and fenlands, round the villages of Melbourn and Foxton, through Harston and up to the M11 motorway at junction 11, near Cambridge. A10 traffic is signposted to travel north on the M11, skirting round the top of Cambridge on the A14; the original A10 went through the heart of the city, past the major colleges along King's Parade, before turning north-east at Midsummer Common. The A10 reappears to the north of Cambridge at the Milton Interchange of the A14 and heads north, bypassing Ely and Downham Market before reaching the coast at King's Lynn in Norfolk, its northern section runs along the valley of the River Great Ouse. Where the A10 bisects Cheshunt as an urban dual carriageway, it is prone to traffic congestion, in particular because of the many junctions with local roads. In the early 1990s properties beside the road were compulsorily purchased for a relief scheme that involved sinking the road below ground level through Cheshunt and converting the original alignment to single carriageway for local access.
However, in the wake of protests against a similar scheme in Wanstead, this was dropped and the road remains a dual carriageway, with surrounding houses having been sold back to private buyers. Society for All British Road Enthusiasts entry for the A10 Road to Nowhere – A10
The A145 is an A road in the English county of Suffolk. It runs from the town of Beccles, close to the border with Norfolk, to the village of Blythburgh where it joins the A12 road, it is around 11 miles in length and single carriageway throughout. The A145 runs through the town of Beccles before passing through a rural area on its route to the A12 at Blythburgh. Beginning as George Westwood Way, the A145 has its northernmost point at the roundabout with the A146 road on the northern edge of Beccles just within The Broads, it runs southwards for around 800 metres through industrial and retail areas before turning west to become Station Road at a mini roundabout adjacent to Beccles railway station. The road passes around the edge of Beccles town centre, splitting into two branches at a crossroads, it becomes part of the Beccles one way system: the northward branch runs along London Road and Hungate before turning at Beccles Public Hall to become Market Street. The roads are reunited at the crossroads of Peddars Lane and London Road to the south of Beccles town centre.
Traffic lights control the flow of traffic here, with the B1062 St Mary's Road running west towards Bungay. South of this point the road is known throughout its route as London Road and runs in a north-south direction. Before the building of the Beccles northern bypass in the 1980s, the A145 began at the junction of London Road and Blyburgate, with the roads through the town centre being designated as the A146. After passing Beccles cemetery and the Butcher's Arms public house, the road is crossed by Regional Cycle Routes 30 and 31; the road crosses the East Suffolk railway line at a level crossing before running alongside a plastics factory on the southern edge of the town. A Type 22 pillbox can be found alongside the level crossing, built during World War II as part of British anti-invasion preparations. To the south of Beccles the A145 becomes a rural route. A southern relief road for Beccles is due to be opened in 2018 and will run from a roundabout just south of the town towards Ellough where it will connect the A145 to an industrial area before joining the A146 at North Cove.
The new road will become the route of the A145 and the current route through the town will be redesigned as a'B' road once the southern bypass is opened. The A145 runs through the parishes of Weston, Willingham St Mary and Shadingfield to the south of the town. In Weston it passes the former Duke of Marlborough public house and close to the Grade II* listed Weston Hall, built in the late 16th century for John Rede, the 12th century parish church of St Peter which can be seen from the road at the junction with Church Lane. A small section of Willingham St Mary follows before the route reaches Shadingfield where it passes the Shadingfield Fox public house, the village hall and a water tower; the village extends for around 1 mile. South of Shadingfield the A145 passes through the parish of Brampton with Stoven; the village of Brampton is dispersed across a wide area either side of the road. At Brampton crossroads it passes the former Dog public house which closed in 1999 and is now a guesthouse.
The crossroads were the site of the original Brampton Primary School and a post office, both of which are now private residences. A cast iron milestone stands at the crossroads alongside the village sign. Dating from 1822, the milestone was restored in 2010 before being replaced, it indicates that Beccles is 5 miles to the north, Great Yarmouth 19 miles and Norwich 23 miles and that the crossroads are 104 miles from London. A number of similar milestones can be seen along the road in this section. From the crossroads Station Road to the west leads to Brampton railway station, some 2 miles away, whilst Southwold Road runs eastward, passing Brampton Primary School before heading towards Stoven and Wangford; the A145 passes the Grade I listed Brampton church, dedicated to St Peter and with a 15th-century tower, before turning and reaching a junction with the B1124 Halesworth road. It continues into the parish of Sotherton, passing the former Cross Bows Inn alongside the road, into Wangford with Henham where it passes along the western edge of Henham Park, the site of the Latitude festival, a major music and arts festival held annually in July, the Grand Henham Steam Rally, held in September.
The park was the site of Henham Hall a Tudor house dating from the early 16th century. The original building burned down in 1773 and was replaced with a Georgian mansion in 1790; this was pulled down in 1953. An archaeological dig of the site featured in the Time Team television programme in January 2013; the road runs into the parish of Blythburgh where a junction with the B1123 at Bulcamp leads towards Halesworth. The Battle of Bulcamp occurred here in 653 or 654 AD between the forces of Anna of East Anglia and Penda of Mercia. Anna, the King of East Anglia, was killed along with his son Jurmin. Both are believed to have been buried at Blythburgh Priory; the main A12 road is reached at the southern end of the A145, around 0.4 miles north of the village of Blythburgh, at a junction overlooking the estuary of the River Blyth. The A145 is straight and has no record of significant safety issues, it has been rated as medium or low–medium risk in European Road Assessment Programme surveys. There were 8 fatalities associated with road traffic accidents along its length between 1999 and 2010.
Accidents have occurred at Henham Park
The A19 is a major road in England running parallel to and east of the A1 road, although the two roads meet at the northern end of the A19, the two roads met at the southern end of the A19 in Doncaster but the old route of the A1 was changed to the A638. From Sunderland northwards, the route was the A108. In the past the route was known as the East of Snaith-York-Thirsk-Stockton-on-Tees-Sunderland Trunk Road. Most traffic joins the A19, heading for Teesside, from the A168 at Dishforth Interchange; the southern end of the A19 starts at the St Mary's Roundabout with the A630 Church Way and A638 just to the north of Doncaster itself near to the parish church. It leaves the A638 at the next roundabout as Bentley Road, winds its way over the East Coast Main Line, which it follows through Selby and York, through the suburb of Bentley passing the Shell Bentley Service Station, St Peter's church and the Druid's Arms and out into the countryside to the north of the urban area, it passes the Pavilion exhibition centre.
Much of the course of the southern section of the A19 runs through the old Yorkshire coalfield, with evidence of old slag-heaps and colliery buildings. It passes through the primary school, it passes through a former mining village. It goes through Owston, passing the Owston Park Lodge. Here it passes the Askern Hotel, Red Lion Hotel and Askern Service Station and goes over a level crossing. There is a boating lake, St Peter's church and a greyhound stadium. There is a left turn for Norton. There are some long straights north of here, the surrounds are flat as the road heads towards the M62, it enters North Yorkshire and the district of Selby where it crosses the River Went near Walden Stubbs. There are some crossroads at Balne Moor, it passes through Whitley Thorpe and Whitley and the George & Dragon, it meets the M62 at junction 34. From the M62, the village of Eggborough has been bypassed in recent years, with the new road travelling from this roundabout to near the power station to the right.
Close by is Whitley Bridge and the A19 meets the A645 at a roundabout and its previous alignment to the north of the village, before travelling through Chapel Haddlesey where it crosses the River Aire and the small village of Burn, west of the former RAF Burn, where it crosses the Selby Canal before Brayton, it joins the A63. The £44m six mile A63 Selby bypass, to the south of the town opened on 11 June 2004. Before this happened, all the traffic, headed straight towards the centre of Selby, over a level-crossing and on to a busy traffic-light junction with the A63 from Leeds; the A19 took the major of the concurrency through the town centre, whilst crossing the old toll bridge and heading on north towards York. The road is still the A19 through Selby, but the bypass is the A63. However, north-bound traffic follows the A63; the £5m 5-mile Riccall and Barlby bypass opened in October 1987. This provided better junctions with the A63 and A163; the A63 and A19 meet at a roundabout near a large pickle factory.
It heads towards Riccall. Where the road leaves the old railway, the Trans Pennine Trail follows along the old track. At Escrick, it enters the Vale of York, passes the BP York Road Garage, the Parsonage Hotel and the church of St Helen. Next is Deighton, passing the White Swan Inn it heads towards Crockey Hill, it meets the A64 near the headquarters of Persimmon plc. The York Northern By-Pass as the A1237 is a substitute for the A19 through York – this road is poorly engineered and has frequent roundabouts; the A19 still goes through York, beginning with the Fulford Interchange with the A64 close to a shopping centre Fulford, meeting the B1222 and passing St Oswald's church. It passes through Clifton and Rawcliffe. North of York, the road passes the Riverside Farm pub goes through Skelton as Shipton Road passing the Blacksmith's Arms and Ramada York Hotel, it re-enters North Yorkshire and the district of Hambleton and goes straight through the middle of Shipton by Beningbrough as Main Street, to the annoyance of many residents.
It passes Dawnay Arms and the Holy Evangelists church. Leaving the village it passes a garage on the left. There goes through Tollerton Forest. Heading northward the section between York and Thirsk was not helped much by the opening of the £5m 3-mile Easingwold Bypass in November 1994, as the road remained single carriageway, starting at a roundabout. There is a left turn for Raskelf; the residents of Thormanby look forward to their village being bypassed. Here it passes the Black Bull pub. There is the small dwelling of Birdforth with a roadside cafe and crossroads for Hutton Sessay and Carlton Husthwaite, it goes across Pudding Pie Hill. It meets the A168 from the south, the old route through Thirsk is now the A170 the A61; the bypass meets the A168 at a junction near South Kilvington. North of Thirsk, the A19 takes over from the A168 as the link from the A1 to Teesside and becomes a fast dual carriageway with grade separated interchanges; the five-mile £4.4 million Thirsk By-pass was opened on 5 September 1972 by Robin Turton, Baron Tranmire, the local MP, with a flypast by f