This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Division of||American Broadcasting Company (ABC)|
|Founded||June 15, 1945|
|Slogan||See the Whole Picture|
Everyday More Americans Choose ABC News, America's #1 News Source.
ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company. Its flagship program is the daily evening newscast ABC World News Tonight with David Muir; other programs include morning news-talk show Good Morning America, newsmagazine series Nightline, Primetime and 20/20, and Sunday morning political affairs program This Week with George Stephanopoulos.
- 1 History
- 2 Association with ESPN
- 3 Programming
- 4 Other services
- 5 Personnel
- 6 International broadcasts
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
ABC began news broadcasts early in its independent existence as a radio network after the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ordered NBC to spin off the former NBC Blue Network into an independent company in 1943. The split (which NBC conducted voluntarily in the event that its appeal to have the ruling overturned was denied) was enforced to expand competition in radio broadcasting in the United States as the industry had only a few companies such as NBC and CBS that dominated the radio market, and in particular, was intended to prevent the limited competition from dominating news and political broadcasting and projecting narrow points of view. Television broadcasting was suspended, however, during World War II.
Regular television news broadcasts on ABC began soon after the network signed on its initial owned-and-operated television station (WJZ-TV, now WABC-TV) and production center in New York City in August 1948. ABC news broadcasts have continued as the television network expanded nationwide, a process that took many years beginning with its launch in 1948. However, from the 1950s through the early 1970s, ABC News' programs (as was the case with the television network in general during that period) consistently ranked third in viewership behind news programs on CBS and NBC. Until the 1970s, the ABC television network had fewer affiliate stations, as well as a weaker prime-time programming slate to be able to truly support the network's news operations in comparison to the two larger networks, each of which had established their radio news operations during the 1930s.
Under Roone Arledge
Only after Roone Arledge, the president of ABC Sports at the time, was appointed as president of ABC News in 1977, at a time when the network's prime-time entertainment programs were achieving stronger ratings and drawing in higher advertising revenue and profits to the ABC corporation overall, was ABC able to invest the resources to make it a major source of news content. Arledge, known for experimenting with the broadcast "model", created many of ABC News' most popular and enduring programs, including 20/20, World News Tonight, This Week, Nightline and Primetime Live.
ABC News' longtime slogan, "More Americans get their news from ABC News than from any other source" (introduced in the late 1980s), was a claim referring to the number of people who watch, listen to and read ABC News content on television, radio and (eventually) the Internet, and not necessarily to the telecasts alone.
In June 1998, ABC News (which owned an 80% stake in the service), Nine Network and ITN sold their respective interests in Worldwide Television News to the Associated Press. Additionally, ABC News signed a multi-year content deal with AP for its affiliate video service Associated Press Television News (APTV) while providing material from ABC's news video service ABC News One to APTV.
Around 2015, ABC News began experimenting with podcasts and added a audio channel to its app. On March 28, 2018, the company began its first daily podcast, Start Here. Paula Faris launched a podcast on November 13, 2018 with three episodes of Journeys of Faith.
Association with ESPN
ESPN, a sports-news organization with several cable and satellite television channels – and also majority owned by ABC parent company The Walt Disney Company – provides sports bulletins and video footage for some of ABC News' programs, especially the network's overnight news programs; America This Morning features a segment of sports highlights provided by the overnight anchors of ESPN's flagship sports news program SportsCenter.
Current ABC News programs
- 20/20 (June 6, 1978 – present)
- ABC World News Tonight (July 10, 1978 – present)
- America This Morning (July 5, 1982 – present)
- Good Morning America (November 3, 1975 – present)
- GMA Day (September 10, 2018 - present)
- Nightline (March 24, 1980 – present)
- This Week (November 15, 1981 – present)
- The View (August 11, 1997 – present)
- What Would You Do? (formerly Primetime: What Would You Do?) (February 26, 2008 – present)
- World News Now (January 6, 1992 – present)
- 10% Happier (2015–present)
- Real Biz with Rebecca Jarvis (2014–present)
- 10% Happier with Dan Harris (March 11, 2016–present)
- 20/20 (November 4, 2017–present)
- Everybody's Got Something (September 19, 2016–present)
- Journeys of Faith (November 13, 2018- present) ten episodes with 3 premiere episodes
- A Killing on The Cape (October 25, 2017–present)
- Motivated (June 26, 2017–present)
- A Murder on Orchard Street (October 3, 2017–present)
- Nightline (November 30, 2017–present)
- No Limits with Rebecca Jarvis (January 9, 2017–present)
- Perspective (November 9, 2017–present)
- Popcorn with Peter Travers (August 26, 2016–present)
- Powerhouse Politics (February 19, 2016–present)
- This Week with George Stephanopoulos (November 12, 2017–present)
- Uncomfortable (March 21, 2017–present)
- World News This Week (November 3, 2017–present)
- World News Tonight with David Muir (December 1, 2017–present)
- Start Here (March 28, 2018 – present) a twenty-minute audio cast hosted by Brad Mielke
Former ABC News programs
- AM America (January 6 – October 31, 1975)
- Business World (1987-1990)
- Good Afternoon America (July 9 – September 7, 2012)
- World News This Morning (1982-2006)
- 20/20 Downtown (October 1999 – 2001)
- Day One (March 7, 1993 – 1995)
- Our World (September 25, 1986 – May 28, 1987)
- Primetime (August 3, 1989 – May 18, 2012)
- Primetime Thursday (2000–2002)
- Turning Point (March 9, 1994 – June 17, 1999)
- College News Conference (1952 – November 1960)
- Issues and Answers (November 1960 – November 1981)
ABC News Radio
ABC News Radio is the radio service of ABC News, a division of the ABC Television Network in the United States. Formerly known as ABC Radio News, ABC News Radio feeds through Skyview Networks with newscasts on the hour to its affiliates. ABC News Radio is the largest commercial radio news organization in the US.
ABCNews.com launched on May 15, 1997 by ABC News Internet Ventures, a joint venture between Starwave Corporation and ABC formed in April 1997. Starwave had owned and operated ESPNet SportsZone (later known as ESPN.com) since 1995, which licensed the ESPN brand and video clips from ABC's corporate sister ESPN Inc. Disney wanted more control of their Internet properties, which meant ABCNews.com was operated as a joint venture with ABC News having editorial control. Disney had also bought a minority stake in Starwave before the launch of ABCNews.com and would later buy the company outright.
The website initially had a dedicated staff of about 30. In addition to articles, it featured short video clips and audio from the start, delivered using RealAudio and RealVideo technology. Some content was also available via America Online. In 2011, ABC News and Yahoo News announced a strategic partnership to share ABC's online reporting on Yahoo's website; the deal expanded in 2015 to include the Disney/ABC Television Group.
FiveThirtyEight, sometimes referred to as 538, is a website that focuses on opinion poll analysis, politics, economics, and sports blogging. The website, which takes its name from the number of electors in the United States electoral college, was founded on March 7, 2008, as a polling aggregation website with a blog created by analyst Nate Silver. In August 2010, the blog became a licensed feature of The New York Times online. It was renamed FiveThirtyEight: Nate Silver's Political Calculus. In July 2013, ESPN announced that it would become the owner of the FiveThirtyEight brand and site, and Silver was appointed as editor-in-chief. The ESPN-owned FiveThirtyEight began publication on March 17, 2014. In April 2018, ABC News acquired the site from ESPN. In the ESPN/ABC News era, the FiveThirtyEight blog has covered a broad spectrum of subjects including politics, sports, science, economics, and popular culture.
ABC News Live
In 2018, ABC News introduced a streaming media service called ABC News Live, available through Roku and the news division's other streaming methods. Content from the broadcasts is used as well as original content produced for the service.
Satellite News Channel
Satellite News Channel was a joint venture between ABC News and Group W that started on June 21, 1982 as a satellite-delivered cable television network. SNC used footage from ABC News and seven Washington, D.C.-based crews, in addition to stories from other overseas networks to provide a rotating newscast every 20 minutes. However, this channel had difficulty getting clearance from cable systems, so ABC News and Group W decided to sell it to its competitor, CNN (a subsidiary of Time Warner's Turner Broadcasting System). CNN ceased Satellite News Channel's operations on October 27, 1983. SNC was either replaced by CNN or CNN2 on most cable systems. Group W eventually shut down seven years later, in 1999. Following Satellite News Channel's discontinuation, ABC News did not return to the 24-hour cable news world until 22 years later, in 2004, when they launched ABC News Now, whose launch indicated that Satellite News Channel was ABC News' first attempt in the 24-hour cable news world.
ABC News Now
ABC News Now was a 24-hour cable news network that was launched on July 26, 2004 as a digital subchannel by ABC News, being the company's second attempt in the 24-hour cable news world after Satellite News Channel. It was offered via digital television, broadband and streaming video at ABCNews.com and on mobile phones. It delivered breaking news, headline news each half hour, and wide range of entertainment and lifestyle programming. The channel was available in the United States and Europe. Its Talk Back feature allowed viewers to voice their own input through the submission of videos and personal thoughts on controversial issues and current topics. It was shut down as a digital subchannel when Live Well Network was launched. ABC News Now was replaced on cable providers with Fusion on October 28, 2013.
Fusion is a digital cable and satellite network that is owned & operated by Fusion Media Group, LLC, which was a joint venture between ABC News and Univision Communications. ABC and Univision formally announced its launch on May 2, 2012. Launched on October 28, 2013, Fusion features a mix of traditional news and investigative programs along with satirical content aimed at English-speaking Hispanic and Latino American adults between the ages of 18 and 34. Fusion was ABC News' third attempt in the 24-hour cable news world after Satellite News Channel in 1982 and ABC News Now (which it replaced) in 2004. In December 2015, it was reported that Disney was in talks to sell its stake in Fusion to Univision. The split was complete on April 21, 2016.
Correspondents and reporters
- Dan Abrams – chief legal analyst (2011–present)
- Kristen Soltis Anderson – political contributor
- Dr. Jennifer Ashton – chief health and medical editor; chief medical correspondent (2012–present)
- Jim Avila – senior national correspondent (2000–present)
- Adrienne Bankert – correspondent; POP news anchor, Good Morning America Weekend
- Gio Benitez – correspondent; host, Nightline on Fusion (2013–present)
- Abbie Boudreau – Good Morning America and Nightline correspondent (2010–present)
- Howard Bragman – contributor (2010–present)
- Mary Bruce - senior congressional correspondent
- Juju Chang – co-anchor, Nightline (1996–present)
- Chris Christie – contributor (2018–present)
- Chris Connelly – contributor, Good Morning America and 20/20 (2001–present)
- Linsey Davis - correspondent (2007–present)
- John Donvan – Washington correspondent (1982-1985; 1988–present)
- Matthew Dowd – political contributor; special correspondent (2007–present)
- Paula Faris – correspondent(2012–present)
- Kendis Gibson – co-anchor, World News Now and America This Morning; correspondent (2013–present)
- Marci Gonzalez – correspondent (2013–present)
- Matt Gutman – chief national correspondent (2008–present)
- Sara Haines – co-host, GMA Day; correspondent (2013–present)
- Dan Harris – co-anchor, Good Morning America Weekend and Nightline; correspondent; host, 10% Happier (2000–present)
- Lama Hasan – London correspondent (2003–present)
- T. J. Holmes – correspondent (2014–present)
- Sunny Hostin – senior legal correspondent; co-host, ABC's The View (2016–present)
- Linzie Janis – correspondent (2013–present)
- Rebecca Jarvis – chief business, technology and economics correspondent; host, Real Biz with Rebecca Jarvis (2013–present)
- Whit Johnson – co-anchor, Good Morning America Weekend; correspondent
- Jonathan Karl – chief Washington correspondent; chief White House correspondent (2003–present)
- Aaron Katersky – correspondent
- David Kerley – senior transportation correspondent (2004–present)
- Zachary Kiesch – correspondent
- Tom Llamas – weekend anchor, ABC World News Tonight; chief national affairs correspondent (2014–present)
- James Longman – foreign correspondent (2017–present)
- Diane Macedo – co-anchor, World News Now and America This Morning; correspondent (2016–present)
- Rob Marciano – weather anchor, Good Morning America Weekend Edition; senior meteorologist (2014–present)
- Meghan McCain - correspondent; co-host ABC's The View (2017–present)
- Marcus Moore (journalist) – correspondent
- Terry Moran – chief foreign correspondent (1997–present)
- Kenneth Moton – correspondent
- David Muir – anchor and managing editor, ABC World News Tonight; co-anchor, 20/20 (2003–present)
- Steve Osunsami – Atlanta-based correspondent (1997–present)
- Tara Palmeri – correspondent
- Ian Pannell – senior foreign correspondent
- Eva Pilgrim – co-anchor, Good Morning America Weekend; correspondent
- Byron Pitts – co-anchor, Nightline; chief national correspondent (2013–present)
- John Quiñones – anchor, What Would You Do? (1982–present)
- Martha Raddatz – co-anchor, This Week; chief global affairs correspondent (1999–present)
- Erielle Reshef – correspondent
- Amy Robach – co-anchor, 20/20; reporter, Good Morning America (2012–present)
- Cokie Roberts – contributor, This Week (1988–present)
- Deborah Roberts – correspondent, 20/20 (1995–present)
- Robin Roberts – co-anchor, Good Morning America; host, Everybody's Got Something (2002–present)
- Clayton Sandell – Denver correspondent
- Diane Sawyer – anchor (1989–present)
- Jay Schadler – correspondent (1982–present)
- Mara Schiavocampo – correspondent; host, Motivated (2014–present)
- Nate Silver – special correspondent; founder and editor in chief of FiveThirtyEight
- Rachel Smith – entertainment and features correspondent
- Lara Spencer – co-anchor, Good Morning America (1999-2004; 2011–present)
- George Stephanopoulos – chief anchor; co-anchor, Good Morning America; anchor, This Week (1999–present)
- Alex Stone – Los Angeles correspondent, ABC News Radio (2004–present)
- Michael Strahan – co-anchor, Good Morning America; co-host, GMA Day (2014–present)
- Pierre Thomas – chief justice correspondent
- Cecilia Vega – senior Washington correspondent (2011–present)
- Kayna Whitworth – Los Angeles-based correspondent (2015–present)
- Bob Woodruff – military correspondent
- Becky Worley – consumer correspondent; technology contributor (2005–present)
- David Wright – correspondent
- Ginger Zee – weather anchor, Good Morning America; chief meteorologist (2011–present)
- Dave Zinczenko – nutrition and wellness editor (2013–present)
('+' symbol indicates person deceased)
- Sharyn Alfonsi (2008-2012; now at CBS News)
- Christiane Amanpour (2010-2012; now at CNN)
- Jack Anderson (1975-1984)+
- Roone Arledge (1977-1998)+
- Ashleigh Banfield (1991-1993; now at HLN)
- Rona Barrett (1975-1980; now running the Rona Barrett Foundation)
- Martin Bashir (2005-2010; later at MSNBC; now at BBC News)
- Willow Bay (1994-1998; later at CNN, MSNBC & NBC News; now dean at USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism in Los Angeles)
- Steve Bell (1967-1986; later at KYW-TV in Philadelphia; now retired from journalism)
- Jules Bergman (1953-1987)+
- Dr. Richard E. Besser (2009-2017)
- Bill Beutel (1962-1975)+
- Erma Bombeck (1975-1986)+
- Donna Brazile
- David Brinkley (1981-1996)+
- David Brooks
- Aaron Brown (1992-2001; later at CNN)
- Hal Bruno (1978-1999)+
- Chris Bury (1982-2007)
- Andrea Canning (2004-2012; now at NBC News, correspondent for Dateline)
- Marysol Castro (2004-2010; later at CBS News; then at ESPN; now PA announcer for New York Mets baseball at Citi Field)
- Sam Champion (2006-2013; later at The Weather Channel)
- Leo Cherne+
- Julia Child+
- Liz Cho (now at WABC-TV in New York City)
- Spencer Christian (1986-1998; now at KGO-TV in San Francisco)
- Connie Chung (1998-2001; later at CNN; later at MSNBC)
- Ron Claiborne (1986-2018)
- Bob Clark+
- John Coleman+
- Ron Cochran+
- Pat Collins (later at WWOR-TV; now retired)
- Ann Compton (retired)
- Anderson Cooper (now at CNN)
- Katie Couric (2011-2014; now at Yahoo! News)
- Mort Crim (late 1960s-early 1970s; later at WDIV-TV in Detroit; retired from journalism)
- Chris Cuomo (early 2000s-2009); now at CNN)
- Don Dahler (1999-2001; later at WCBS-TV in New York City; now at CBS News)
- John Daly (1953-1960)+
- Morton Dean (1988-2002; retired)
- Arnold Diaz (1995-2003; later at WCBS-TV in New York City; later at WNYW in New York City, now at WPIX in New York City)
- Greg Dobbs
- Sam Donaldson (1967-2013; now retired)
- Bill Downs (1963-1978)+
- Hugh Downs (1978-1999; now retired from journalism)
- Nancy Dussault
- Jed Duvall (retired from journalism)
- Stephanie Edwards
- Josh Elliott (later at CBSN)
- Lisa Fletcher (now at WJLA-TV in Washington, D.C.)
- Jack Ford (1999-2002; now at CBS News as chief legal analyst)
- Marshall Frady+
- Charles Gibson (1978-2009; now retired from journalism)
- Richard Gizbert (now at Al Jazeera English)
- Don Goddard+
- Bianna Golodryga (later at Yahoo! News; now jointly on CBS News and CNN)
- Bill Greenwood (retired)
- Roger Grimsby+
- David Hartman
- Brandi "B.M." Hitt (now at KABC-TV in Los Angeles)
- John Hockenberry (now host of the public-radio newscast The Takeaway)
- Lisa Howard+
- Brit Hume (now at Fox News Channel)
- Tom Jarriel (retired)
- Peter Jennings (1964-2005)+
- Dr. Timothy Johnson
- Herb Kaplow+
- Neal Karlinsky (now at Amazon)
- Dana King (retired)
- Christianne Klein
- Dan Kloeffler
- Jeffrey Kofman
- Ted Koppel (1966-2005; now at CBS News Sunday Morning)
- Robert Krulwich (now at NPR, also co-host of Radiolab)
- Bill Lawrence+
- Elisabeth Leamy (now contributor for The Dr. Oz Show)
- Joan Lunden
- John MacVane+
- Michel Martin (now at NPR, weekend host of All Things Considered)
- Cynthia McFadden (now at NBC News)
- Lisa McRee (now at KTTV in Los Angeles)
- John McWethy+
- Jeanne Meserve
- Antonio Mora
- Edward P. Morgan+
- Ben Mulroney
- Heather Nauert (now Spokesperson for the United States Department of State)
- Amna Nawaz (now with PBS NewsHour)
- Rob Nelson (now at WABC-TV in New York City)
- Kevin Newman (now at CTV News)
- Reena Ninan (now at CBS News)
- Bill O'Reilly
- Ryan Owens
- Jesse Palmer (now with DailyMailTV)
- Tony Perkins (now at WTTG in Washington, D.C.)
- Indra Petersons (last at NBC News)
- Steven Portnoy
- Vic Ratner
- Harry Reasoner+
- Frank Reynolds+
- Bill Ritter (now at WABC-TV in New York City)
- Geraldo Rivera (now at Fox News Channel)
- Tanya Rivero (now at CBSN)
- Max Robinson (1978-1983; later at WMAQ-TV in Chicago+
- Brian Ross
- Louis Rukeyser+
- Pierre Salinger+
- Marlene Sanders+
- Forrest Sawyer
- John Scali+
- John Schriffen
- Mike Schneider (now at NJTV)
- Lara Setrakian
- Bill Shadel+
- Claire Shipman
- Lewis Shollenberger+
- Joel Siegel+
- Carole Simpson
- Howard K. Smith+
- Kate Snow (now at NBC News)
- Dr. Nancy Snyderman
- Betsy Stark
- John Stossel (now at Fox Business Network and Fox News Channel)
- Kathleen Sullivan
- John Cameron Swayze+
- Jake Tapper (now at CNN)
- Elizabeth Vargas (1996-2018)
- Chris Wallace (now at Fox News Channel and host of Fox News Sunday)
- Barbara Walters (retired from journalism, remains with ABC News as a contributor)
- Bill Weir (now at CNN)
- John Yang (now correspondent; PBS NewsHour)
- Bob Young+
- Paula Zahn (now at Investigation Discovery)
- Jeff Zeleny (now at CNN)
In Australia, Sky News Australia airs daily broadcasts of World News Tonight (at 10:30 a.m.) and Nightline (at 1:30 a.m.) as well as weekly airings of 20/20 (on Wednesdays at 1:30 p.m., with an extended version at 2:00 p.m. on Sundays) and occasionally Primetime (at 1:30 p.m. on Thursdays, with extended edition at 2:00 p.m. on Saturdays). Coincidentally, that country's public broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, operates its own unrelated news division that is also named ABC News. The U.S. ABC News maintains a content sharing agreement with the Nine Network, which also broadcasts GMA domestically in the early morning before its own breakfast program.
In New Zealand, ABC World News was broadcast daily at 5:10 p.m. and at again at 11:35 p.m. As with the BBC in the U.K., TVNZ 7 (owned by Television New Zealand) aired the program commercial-free, until the channel ceased operations on June 30, 2012.
- Bill Carter; Brooks Barnes (March 24, 2014). "ABC News President to Be Top Disney TV Executive". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- Alyssa Bernstein (April 10, 2014). "James Goldston Named President of ABC News". ABC News. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- Thomas P. Swift (January 9, 1942). "Red and Blue Networks of NBC To Be Split; WJZ May Be Sold". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
- "ESPN Classic – Arledge brought modern innovations to TV sports". Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- "ABC News, Disney Online and ESPN.com Providing Extensive Line-Up of Podcast Content via the New iTunes Podcast Directory". The Walt Disney Company. June 28, 2005. Archived from the original on June 21, 2009. Retrieved December 20, 2009.
- "A.P. Buys Worldwide Television News". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. June 3, 1998. Retrieved October 30, 2014.
- Steinberg, Brian (March 22, 2018). "ABC News Will Launch Daily 'Start Here' Podcast". Variety. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- Steinberg, Brian (November 8, 2018). "Paula Faris to Launch Podcast on Faith for ABC News". Variety. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- Steinberg, Brian (September 6, 2018). "Michael Strahan, Sara Haines Will Carry 'GMA' From Morning to Afternoon". Variety. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
- "Listings – TheFutonCritic.com – The Web's Best Television Resource". Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- ABC News takes on the Net, Cnet, May 15, 1997
- ABC News – Bugs and All – Arrives on the Web, Wired, May 15, 1997
- A Barometer for New Media: ABC News Begins Online Service, The New York Times Cybertimes, May 12, 1997
- IQ News: That’s A Wrap: Disney Completes Starwave Purchase, Ad Week, May 4, 1998
- ABC News Digital Turns 18: What Happened When We Started a Website, ABCNews.com, May 15, 2015
- ABC News Internet Ventures, Starwave, and Progressive Networks Team Up to Deliver RealAudio and RealVideo Content for ABCNEWS.com, 15 May 1997, Progressive Networks
- Stelter, Brian. "ABC and Yahoo expand partnership". CNNMoney. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- Silver, Nate (August 7, 2008). "Frequently Asked Questions". FiveThirtyEight.com. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Nate Silver joins ESPN in multifaceted role". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on July 25, 2013.
- News, A. B. C. (2018-04-17). "FiveThirtyEight joins ABC News". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- Baumgartner, Jeff (2018-04-30). "ABC News Moves on 24/7 Streaming Network". Broadcasting & Cable: 16.
- News, ABC. "ABC News". Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- "ABC, Univision teaming on News Network". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media. May 7, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "ABC and Univision Announce New Cable Network 'Fusion' Will Launch Later in 2013". ABC News. February 11, 2013.
- "Subscribe to read". Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- James, Meg. "Walt Disney Co.'s ABC sells its Fusion stake to Univision, exits joint venture". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- "Source: Chris Christie to join ABC News as contributor". Politico. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
- News, ABC. "ABC News Real Biz with Rebecca Jarvis". ABC News. Retrieved 2016-10-21.