The Sunbeam Silver Bullet was the last attempt at the land speed record by Sunbeam of Wolverhampton. It was built in 1929 for Kaye Don. Powered by two supercharged engines of 24 litres each, it looked impressive but failed to achieve any records. Sunbeam's 1927 200 mph land speed record won with the Sunbeam 1000HP had been broken by 1929, the company decided to build a car capable of reaching 250 mph so as to recover it. Only aero engines offered enough power to do this, such a car would provide a test bed for developing a new generation of Sunbeam aero-engines. Sunbeam decided to develop a new aero engine of 2,000 hp, the car would be powered by two of them; this new engine was a water-cooled V-12 with a 50° angle between the banks. Ideal balance favours an angle of 60°, but this choice made the engine narrower overall. Cylinder bore was 140 mm and stroke was 130 mm, for a capacity of 24.02 litres. This oversquare geometry was a first for Sunbeam, but encouraged a high-revving and thus more powerful engine.
The engines were supercharged. This was common aero engine practice of the time, in both the Napier Lion and the Rolls-Royce R-type, but again was a first for Sunbeam; when installed in the record-attempt car the engines had an unusual cooling system using melting ice rather than a radiator. This avoided the drag of an open radiator, but could only cool for as long as the ice lasted, it was a workable system for land speed records, used by the contemporary Golden Arrow and more by the JCB Dieselmax. Silver Bullet had an 11.5-cubic-foot ice tank, filled with 5.5 hundredweight of ice before each run, a one-gallon mixing tank in the nose. Photographs of the car are rare; these show it outside Delaney & Sons. Garage, a popular location for racing in this era; some show close-ups, including the innovative rear aerofoil that could be adjusted to generate downforce. Rare Movietone News footage on YouTube shows the car outside the Sunbeam factory in Wolverhampton, England with a crowd of Sunbeam workers.
Kaye Don arrives driving the Sunbeam V12 racing and land speed record car "Sunbeam Tiger". He is met by Louis Coatalen, Sunbeam's Managing Director and Chief Engineer who describes the effort to make the car. Don describes the planned attempt on the Land Speed Record at Daytona Beach on Florida Type: 12-cylinder liquid-cooled 50° vee piston aircraft engine Bore: 140 mm Stroke: 130 mm Displacement: 24.01 litre Designer: Louis Coatalen Supercharger: centrifugal single-impeller at 17,000 rpm Cooling system: water from melting ice Power output: 2,000 hp 4,000 hp for the car Competition for the land speed record between Segrave's Golden Arrow and Malcolm Campbell's new Blue Bird was fierce, so the car was built working around the clock in shifts. This left little time for thorough static testing of the engines, made worse as only two engines were built and so the only engines available for testing were the race engines themselves. Silver Bullet first appeared in public on 21 February 1930. Following the other teams, the first record attempt was to be made on Daytona Beach, in Florida, with Kaye Don driving.
The car arrived at Daytona on 8 Louis Coatalen himself on 16th. The record attempts went poorly though, with engine reliability problems and the car proving difficult to control; the fastest speed attained was 186 mph, well below Sunbeam's own record of three years earlier. After the team returned home, further attempts were made to improve the car with testing on Pendine Sands. Sunbeam aircraft engines had never recovered from the financial effects of the end of the Great War. Coupled with the Depression of the 1930s, Sunbeam could not afford a competition program of this scale. Although other UK car companies did well in this period, Sunbeam did not and went into receivership in 1935; the Silver Bullet was sold to a Southport hotelier and garage owner. He tested the car on Southport beach, scene of Segrave's earlier success with the Sunbeam Tiger, but couldn't solve its problems and the car was scrapped. In 1996 a redevelopment of the former works site of Star cars, in St. John's, Wolverhampton into a new Retail Park saw a themed set of public art features referencing the Sunbeam Land speed record attempts.
A bronze relief panel tribute to the Silver Bullet car was depicted in a bas relief, attempting the speed record with reference to Kaye Don as the driver. The whole series of artworks around the Retail site were a design collaboration of artist Steve Field and the sculptor John McKenna A. R. B. S and rendered in 1930's Art Deco manner, they showed other Sunbeam Record attempts and reference the historical industrial car making heritage of Wolverhampton. "Speeding Back To Yesterday", January 1931, Popular Mechanics Brew, Alec. Sunbeam Aero engines. Shrewsbury. Pp. 126–128. ISBN 1 84037 023 8
Oberheim Electronics is a manufacturer of audio synthesizers and a variety of other electronic musical instruments. Founded in 1969 by Tom Oberheim. A manufacturer of electronic effects devices, an ARP Instruments dealer, Oberheim went on to create several ground-breaking products in the early days of synthesizers and electronic music including the DS-2 and the Synthesizer Expansion Module. Oberheim's Two-voice TVS-1, Four-voice FVS-1 in 1975, Eight-voice in 1977, were among the first commercially available polyphonic synthesizers. Configurations were based on the SEM; the Two-voice synthesizer included a two channel voltage controlled sequencer, the Four-voice and Eight-voice machines included a rudimentary Programmer, capable of recalling sound settings. Oberheim's synths like the OB-X and OB-Xa abandoned the bulky SEMs in favor of individual or compact voice cards, common cabinetry and power supplies. Oberheim continued to make synthesizers until the late 1980s. Other notable Oberheim synthesizers include the OB-1, the OB-8, the Xpander, the Matrix-6, the Matrix-12, the Matrix-1000 marketed after the acquisition by Gibson.
Oberheim's DMX drum machine, a staple of early hip-hop music, lent its name to the Producer Davy DMX, electro musician DMX Krew, is still used in dancehall reggae music. Both Marcus Ryle and Michel Doidic worked for Oberheim as instrument designers before helping develop the ADAT multitrack digital tape recorder for Alesis, moving on to found Line 6 together. Oberheim went bankrupt and was acquired in 1985 by a group of lawyers who changed the name to Oberheim ECC. Tom was creatively still at the helm, although he left the company within a couple of years to start a new venture called Marion Systems. After a second bankruptcy in early 1988, Gibson Guitar Corporation, a larger musical instrument manufacturer, acquired Oberheim. Gibson, at the direction of Keith McMillen produced the Oberheim OB-Mx in collaboration with D. N. "Lynx" Crowe and Don Buchla. Gibson had split from its parent company, Norlin, in 1986. Norlin handled distribution for Moog Music; the trademark was licensed to Viscount International, an Italian digital-organ producer.
Viscount developed in a few years various instruments that were innovative for the time and are still in demand: the digital synth Oberheim OB*12, the guitar DSP GM-1000 with lots of effects, the MC series of master keyboards, the OB32, a portable and inexpensive imitation of the popular Hammond series of organs. In 2009, Tom Oberheim announced that he was manufacturing a new version of his classic analog SEM. In 2011–2012, Tom Oberheim announced a four-voice SEM called "Son Of 4 Voice", as well as an updated version of the classic Two-Voice known as the Two-Voice Pro; the "Son Of 4 Voice" known as SO4V, the Two Voice Pro started shipping in 2014. At the NAMM show of January 2016, Tom Oberheim announced the Dave Smith Instruments OB6, a collaboration with Dave Smith which resulted in Tom Oberheim's first voltage-controlled multi-voiced polyphonic synth since the mid-1980s. In July 2019, JC Curleigh, CEO of Gibson, returned the Oberheim Electronics brand and IP back to Tom Oberheim as "a gesture of goodwill to the musical instrument industry."
Tom Oberheim E-mu Systems Gibson Guitar Corporation Viscount Oberheim Abbey Synthesizer Discussion Forum Oberheim Zone at SynthZone.com Oberheim overview at SynthSale Viscount Italy main site TomOberheim.com The new Oberheim site Tom Oberheim NAMM Oral History Interview
Paulo Luiz Beraldo Santos known as Paulinho, is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Náutico. A forward, he can appear as a winger or an attacking midfielder. Born in Guarulhos, São Paulo, Paulinho joined hometown club AA Flamengo's youth setup in 2006, after starting it out at amateurs Vasco da Gama de Vila Galvão. In 2008, after impressing with the first team, he was linked to a move to São Paulo, but it did not materialize. In 2009, after failed trials at Corinthians, Paulinho moved to XV de Piracicaba. With the club he experienced two promotions, was the top scorer of 2011 Copa Paulista. On 13 July 2012, Paulinho was loaned to PFC Ludogorets Razgrad for six months. Four days however, he left the club after alleging'personal reasons'. On 7 May 2013, after impressing in the year's Campeonato Paulista, Paulinho signed for Série A side Flamengo along with XV teammate Diego Silva, he made his Série A debut on 26 May, coming on as a late substitute for Gabriel in a 0–0 away draw against Santos. Paulinho scored his first top flight goal on 14 July 2013, netting the game's only in an away success at fierce rivals Vasco da Gama.
He finished the season with 33 appearances and four goals, overtaking Marcelo Moreno as a first-choice along with Hernane. On 7 April 2014, Paulinho signed a new four-year deal with Fla, who paid R$1 million fee for 60% of his federative rights, he continued to appear until September, when he suffered a knee injury which took him out of action for six months. On 13 September 2015, during his 100th match for Flamengo, Paulinho scored the first goal through a spectacular volley in a 3–1 away success over Chapecoense. On 4 January 2016 Paulinho moved in a one-year loan deal, he made his debut for the club late in the month, starting in a 1–1 home draw against São Bernardo. Paulinho scored his first goals for Peixe on 31 March 2016, netting a brace in a 4–1 home routing of Ferroviária. However, after the arrivals of Jean Mota, Jonathan Copete and Emiliano Vecchio, he fell through the pecking order and only appeared rarely. On 18 January 2017 Paulinho signed on loan with Vitória until the end of the season, but was released in July, after appearing rarely.
On 16 August 2017 Paulinho signed on loan with Guarani until the end of the season. As of 3 September 2018 Flamengo-SPCampeonato Paulista Série A3: 2008FlamengoCopa do Brasil: 2013 Campeonato Carioca: 2014SantosCampeonato Paulista: 2016VitóriaCampeonato Baiano: 2017 Copa Paulista Top Scorer: 2011 Flamengo official profile Paulinho at Soccerway
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Osaka is an archdiocese located in the city of Osaka in Japan. March 20, 1888: Established as Apostolic Vicariate of Central Japan from the Apostolic Vicariate of Southern Japan June 15, 1891: Promoted as Diocese of Osaka June 24, 1969: Promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of Osaka Archbishops of Osaka Cardinal Thomas Aquinas Manyō Maeda Archbishop Leo Jun Ikenaga, S. J. Archbishop Paul Hisao Yasuda Cardinal Paul Yoshigoro Taguchi Bishops of Osaka 大阪 Cardinal Paul Yoshigoro Taguchi Bishop Jean-Baptiste Castanier, M. E. P. Bishop Jules-Auguste Chatron, M. E. P. Bishop Henri-Caprais Vasselon, M. E. P. Bishop Félix-Nicolas-Joseph Midon, M. E. P. Vicars Apostolic of Central Japan Bishop Félix-Nicolas-Joseph Midon, M. E. P. Hiroshima 広島 Kyoto 京都 Nagoya 名古屋 Takamatsu 高松 Roman Catholicism in Japan GCatholic.org Catholic Hierarchy Diocese website Archidiocese of Osaka
Minsk Automobile Plant, is a state-run automotive manufacturer association in Belarus, one of the largest in Eastern Europe. After a decision by the Soviet Industrial command in August 1944, the plant was begun as the Second World War ended; the first MAZ model, the MAZ-200, entered production in 1949. This truck used General Motors-designed two-stroke engines and was a continuation of a truck developed by the Yaroslavl Motor Plant, who built the engines. On, YaMZ's own original engines were developed and implemented in the MAZ-500 series, first shown in 1955, but only reaching full series production in 1965. Not only the plant itself, but the entire living infrastructure were built in a short time. Apartment buildings, medical clinics, cinemas etc. were built in close proximity to the MAZ plant, providing plant workers with local necessities. On many of the construction sites German prisoners of war were working together with Belarusian construction workers; the majority of these buildings are still in service today.
It manufactures heavy-duty trucks, trolleybuses, road tractors and semi-trailers for semi-trailer trucks, cranes. MAZ was, is, the world's largest manufacturer of TELs for many of the world's mobile ballistic missiles, from the proliferated MAZ-543 used to carry and launch the Scud B through to the recent Topol M's impressive 8-axle TEL. At the end of Soviet times, MAZ was the largest manufacturer of heavy trucks in the Soviet Union, the only one for some truck categories. After the Soviet Union dissolved, MAZ production was reduced as has happened with many enterprises in the ultra-industrialized Belarus, oriented on the needs of a big country; the mentioned production of public transport vehicles was a result of following diversification of the company. The association consists of the MAZ plant proper, located in Minsk, the main enterprise of the association, as well as several secondary enterprises: РУП «БААЗ» РУП «ОЗАА» РУА «КЗТШ» РУП «Літмаш», ПРУП «ДЭМЗ» РУП «СтройМАЗтрест» At some points of its history, MAZ was "united" with another heavy automobile company - BELAZ located in Minsk area.
In 1991, a division specialising in heavy wheeled military vehicles was spun off into a separate business, MZKT. Among other recent products, MAZ city buses are operating throughout Belarus, as well as in Russia, Poland, Romania and Estonia. In Serbia, working in cooperation with a local-based company BIK, a production of gas-powered buses named BIK-203 has been agreed, which are based on the platform of MAZ-203 model; these buses have been delivered at several Serbian towns to be in use in public transportation companies. In 1997, together with MAN, a joint Belarusian-German company JSC MAZ-MAN, was set up, which by 1998 had established full-scale production of heavy vehicles, using the F90 MAN cabs introduced 1986 and replaced in 1994. Production of truck cabs involves huge, expensive tools, making this kind of recycling an existing design attractive. While production of tractors for international trade with 4x2 and 6x4 chassis layouts was a stated goal, development of exhaust gas regulations within the EU turned this into illusion.
Based on the MAZ-MAN they have produced concrete mixers, fueling vehicles, flatbed trucks, dump trucks, front-end loaders etc. Production of the Belarusian-German company demonstrated the advantage of technology created by combining the abilities and experience of auto makers of two countries. Compared to European models in the same class and quality range, MAZ-MAN products are on average 30% cheaper. 98% of MAZ-MAN comply with Euro-3, while sale to the EU would require Euro-5 at least, Euro-6 by 2014. In 2004, the joint venture made 272 vehicles, 45% higher than 2003. At the same time in 2003, output in comparison with 2002 increased by 50%. 28 November 2005 MAZ-MAN sold 1000 of the first MAZ-MAN tractor to customers. MAZ-101 MAZ-103 Omnibus MAZ-103T Trolleybus MAZ-104 MAZ-105 articulated MAZ-107 three axle MAZ-152 city bus MAZ-163 MAZ-171 Airport bus MAZ-203 Omnibus MAZ-205 MAZ-206 Omnibus MAZ-207 MAZ-215 MAZ-226 MAZ-231 MAZ-241 MAZ-251 MAZ-256 Omnibus MAZ-535/MAZ-537 - The MAZ-535 and the heavier version MAZ-537 were developed in the early 1960s and built to transport rockets and tanks of various types.
MAZ-543 - The MAZ-543 was designed for the transport of medium-and long-range missiles and has the same specifications as the MAZ-537. The MAZ-543 is best known as mobile missile launch pad of Scud missiles. In addition, there are various modifications of the vehicle, such as the MAZ-547 as a mobile launch pad for SS-20 missiles or the MAZ-7917 as a launch pad of Topol intercontinental missile. MAZ-7904 - The MAZ-7904 is the largest wheeled vehicle, designed for military purposes in the USSR; the prototype was designed in 1982 as a support vehicle for intercontinental ballistic missiles, but never went into production. The vehicle was found in 2007 in a hangar at Baikonur. MAZ-7907 - The MAZ-7907 is a 12-axled 24 wheel vehicle for transport of ICBMs, designed in 1985, of which two prototypes were produced. At least one seems to have been used after the collapse of the USSR for transportation of bridge parts and ships. Their