Application Configuration Access Protocol
The Application Configuration Access Protocol is a protocol for storing and synchronizing general configuration and preference data. It was developed so that IMAP clients can access address books, user options, other data on a central server and be kept in synch across all clients. Two International ACAP Conferences were held, one in Pittsburgh, PA, USA, in 1997, the other at Qualcomm Incorporated, San Diego, CA, USA, in February 1998. ACAP grew to encompass several other areas, including bookmark management for web browsers—it's a roaming protocol for Internet applications. ACAP is in use by at least four clients and three servers to varying degrees, but it has never achieved the popularity of Lightweight Directory Access Protocol or SyncML, it is a deceptively simple protocol, but the combination of three key features, hierarchical data, fine-grained access control, "contexts" or saved searches with notification, has caused serious problems for server implementors. Unlike LDAP, ACAP was designed for frequent writes, disconnected mode access, so on.
It handles data inheritance, sometimes known as stacking, which provides easy creation of defaults. The IETF ACAP Working Group ceased activity in April 2004, having released two RFCs, RFC 2244 and RFC 2245. Kolab LDAP iCalendar WebDAV CalDAV IMSP SyncML. CMU smlacapdTemplate:URI Scheme This article is based on material taken from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing prior to 1 November 2008 and incorporated under the "relicensing" terms of the GFDL, version 1.3 or later
Annapurna Conservation Area
Annapurna Conservation Area is Nepal's largest protected area covering 7,629 km2 in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas. It ranges in altitude from 790 m to the peak of Annapurna I at 8,091 m; the conservation area stretches across Manang, Kaski and Lamjung Districts. Annapurna Conservation Area encompasses Annapurna Sanctuary and is known for several trekking routes including Annapurna Circuit; the Annapurna Conservation Area was established in 1985 and gazetted in 1992. It is managed by the National Trust for Nature Conservation. Two climatic regions within a span of 120 km and an altitude of 1,000 to 8,000 m are distinguished. Rainfall in the southern part of the Annapurnas is higher than in the rain shadow to the north of the peaks. Annual precipitation is highest during the Asian monsoon between June and September ranging from 5,032 mm on the southern slopes at 2,950 m altitude to 1,099 mm in rain shadow areas at 2,760 m altitude. Snow accumulates between 2,000 and 3,000 m. In the winter of 1999–2000, areas above 3,000 m were snow-covered until end of March, until May above 4,400 m.
At this altitude, winter air temperatures range from −4.65 to −6.06 °C. BirdLife International. "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Annapurna Conservation Area". Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Nepal: Annapurna Conservation Area
Association for Community Affiliated Plans
The Association for Community Affiliated Plans is a national trade association representing 60 Medicaid-focused health plans in 29 states. Headquartered in Washington, D. C. ACAP advocates on behalf of its community-affiliated member health plans operating throughout the United States. ACAP's advocacy work focuses on representing publicly sponsored programs and health care providers who serve vulnerable populations. ACAP promotes universal access to quality and cost-efficient care. ACAP members are nonprofit plans that serve the safety net. Collectively, ACAP plans serve more than 20 million enrollees, over 50 percent of individuals enrolled in Medicaid-focused health plans. In the 1980s, as Medicaid managed care expanded across the county, safety net providers, such as Community Health Centers and public hospitals, feared that managed care would reduce reimbursements for Medicaid-eligible services, making it more difficult for them to provide care to the un- and under-insured, result in a loss of Medicaid volume, as beneficiaries would choose to see other providers once given a choice.
In response to these concerns, community health centers in at least 16 states banded together to establish their own managed care organizations. CHCs were the only sponsors, but in other cases, they joined with hospitals or other safety net providers to sponsor a health plan; these organizations were established to support both the financial viability of the CHCs and other sponsors, as well as to support the mission of care for the underserved. In 2000, seventeen CHC-affiliated plans came together with the help of the US Health Resources and Services Administration to form the Association for Health Center Affiliated Health Plans. In May 2001, the Board hired Meg Murray as its executive director; that year, the AHCAHP Board met in Portland, Oregon to develop a strategic plan to guide the work of the association over the next two years. AHCAHP’s vision, as developed during that meeting, was to improve the health of medically underserved populations through the development, survival and growth of CHC-affiliated health plans.
In October 2003, the Board agreed to expand full membership to like-minded, community-affiliated health plans that served a majority of members from public insurance programs and shared the same outlook as the existing AHCAHP plans. The name change to the Association for Community Affiliated Plans reflected the new mission and membership. In 2007, ACAP worked with its member plans to expand their mission to include work on Medicare Special Needs Plans Arizona: University of Arizona Health Plans California: Alameda Alliance for Health, CalOptima, CenCal Health, Central California Alliance for Health, Community Health Group, Contra Costa Health Plan, Gold Coast Health Plan, Health Plan of San Joaquin, Health Plan of San Mateo, Inland Empire Health Plan, Kern Family Health Care, L. A. Care Health Plan, Partnership HealthPlan of California, Santa Clara Family Health Plan, San Francisco Health Plan Colorado: Denver Health Connecticut: Community Health Network of Connecticut DC: Health Care Services for Children with Special Needs Florida: Community Care Plan, Prestige Health Choice Hawaii: AlohaCare Illinois: CountyCare Indiana: CareSource, MDwise Kentucky: CareSource, Passport Health Plan Maryland: Maryland Community Health System, Priority Partners Massachusetts: Boston Medical Center HealthNet Plan, Commonwealth Care Alliance Minnesota: Hennepin Health New Hampshire: Well Sense Health Plan New Jersey: Horizon NJ Health New York: Affinity Health Plan, Amida Care, Elderplan & Homefirst, Nascentia Health, VillageCareMAX, VNSNY CHOICE Health Plans, YourCare Health Plan Ohio: CareSource Oregon: CareOregon Pennsylvania: AmeriHealth Caritas Pennsylvania, Gateway Health Plan, Geisinger Health Plan, Health Partners Plans, UPMC for You Rhode Island: Neighborhood Health Plan of Rhode Island Texas: Children's Medical Center Health Plan, Community Health Choice, Cook Children's Health Plan, Driscoll Health Plan, El Paso First Health Plans, Texas Children's Health Plan Virginia: Virginia Premier Health Plan Washington: Community Health Plan of Washington Wisconsin: Children's Community Health Plan, My Choice Family Care Official website