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AD 100

AD 100 was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. In the Roman Empire, it was sometimes referred to as year 853 ab urbe condita, i.e. 853 years since the founding of Rome in 753 B. C; the denomination AD 100 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Emperor Trajan and Sextus Julius Frontinus become Roman Consuls. Bricks become the primary building material in the Roman Empire. Pliny the Younger advances giving his panegyric on Trajan in the process; the Roman Army reaches 300,000 soldiers. Titus Avidius Quietus' rule as governor of Roman Britain ends. Timgad, a Roman colonial town in North Africa is founded by Trajan. Trajan creates a policy intended to restore the former economic supremacy of Italy; the future emperor, marries Vibia Sabina. Lions became. Paper is used starting around this year; the Kingdom of Himyarite is conquered by the Hadramaut. The Hopewell tradition begins in.

Teotihuacan, at the center of Mexico, reaches a population of 50,000. The Moche civilization emerges, starts building a society in present-day Peru. In China, the wheelbarrow makes its first appearance. Main hall, Markets of Trajan, Rome, is made. Appearance of the first Christian dogma and formulas regarding morality; the Gospel of John is believed to have been written around this date. The compilation of the Kama sutra begins in India; the Temple of the God of Medicine is built in China. The Fourth Buddhist Council is convened c. this year. Justin Martyr, Christian apologist Marcus Cornelius Fronto, Roman grammarian and advocate Ptolemy, Greek Astrologer, Astronomer and Mathametician Agrippa II of Judea Apollonius of Tyana, Greek philosopher Josephus, Jewish historian John the Apostle of Jesus Christ Wang Chong, Chinese philosopher

Caeleb Dressel

Caeleb Remel Dressel is an American freestyle and butterfly swimmer who specializes in the sprint events. He won seven gold medals at the 2017 World Aquatics Championships in Budapest and a record eight medals, including six gold, at the 2019 World Aquatics Championships in Gwangju. Dressel is a two-time Olympic gold medalist and holds the world record in the 100 meter butterfly. Dressel holds the American records in 50-meter and 100-meter freestyle and in 50-meter and 100-meter butterfly, he holds the short course records in 50-yard and 100-yard freestyle events, the 100-yard butterfly, the 200-yard individual medley, in the 100-yard breaststroke. Dressel was born on August 16, 1996 in Green Cove Springs, the son of Christina and Michael Dressel, he is the third of four children. Dressel attended Clay High School in Green Cove Springs, but trained with the Bolles School Sharks in Jacksonville, he was a collegiate swimmer at the University of Florida starting in 2014, graduated in 2018. At the 2012 United States Olympic Trials, Dressel was the youngest male swimmer at 15 and placed 145th in the 50-meter freestyle and tied for 152nd in the 100-meter freestyle.

At the 2013 FINA World Junior Swimming Championships in Dubai, Dressel won six medals, including a gold medal in the 100 meter freestyle, breaking the Championships record. At the 2013 Speedo Winter Junior National Championships, Dressel became the youngest swimmer in history to break the 19 second barrier in the 50 yard freestyle, swimming an 18.94 to lead off his club team's relay. During his freshman year at the University of Florida, he won the 2015 NCAA title in the 50 yard freestyle. At the senior 2015 National Championships in San Antonio, he won two individual titles, in the 50 meter and the 100 meter freestyle, his winning time of 21.53 in the 50 meter freestyle ranked 4th in the world for 2015. At the 2016 Men's NCAA Division I Championships, he broke the American and US Open records in the 50-yard freestyle with a time of 18.20 and the 100-yard freestyle with 40.46. At the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Dressel won his first gold medal in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay. In the final, he swam the lead-off leg in 48.10, was followed by teammates Michael Phelps, Ryan Held, Nathan Adrian.

The American team recorded a time of 3:09.92. In the 100-meter freestyle, Dressel finished sixth in the final with a time of 48.02. Dressel swam in the heats of the 4×100-meter medley relay, earned his second gold medal when the USA finished first in the finals, he recorded a freestyle split of 47.74 in the heats. At the 2017 NCAA Division I Championships, he broke the American and US Open records in the 100-yard butterfly and the 100-yard freestyle with times of 43.58 and 40.00, respectively. He tied his 50 freestyle record with an 18.20, the same as the preceding year. At the 2017 World Aquatics Championships in Budapest, Dressel won seven gold medals and set numerous American records. Dressel was named the male swimmer of the meet, he became the second swimmer to win seven gold medals at a single World Championships, after Michael Phelps in 2007. On the first day of competition, July 23, Dressel set the American record in the 50 meter butterfly with a time of 22.76, topping the semifinals. That evening in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay, Dressel set the American record in the 100 meter freestyle with a time of 47.26 in the leadoff leg.

Combined with Townley Haas, Blake Pieroni, Nathan Adrian, the American team won gold with a time of 3:10.06, earning him his first gold of the Championships. On day two, Dressel finished fourth in the 50 meter butterfly final with a time of 22.89, missing a medal by 0.05 seconds. On day four, Dressel took part in the 4×100 meter mixed medley relay, swimming the butterfly leg and splitting a 49.92. Along with teammates Matt Grevers, Lilly King, Simone Manuel, the American team won gold in a new world record time of 3:38.56. That time broke the record set earlier in the day by Ryan Murphy, Kevin Cordes, Kelsi Worrell, Mallory Comerford. On day five, Dressel re-set the 100-meter freestyle American record with a 47.17 in the 100 meter freestyle final, en route to winning gold by a margin of 0.70 seconds over silver medalist and teammate Nathan Adrian. On day seven, Dressel became the first swimmer to win three gold medals on a single day, he won the 50 meter freestyle in 21.15, a new world textile best time.

Half an hour he won the 100 meter butterfly in 49.86, again a new world textile best and 0.04 seconds above the world record held by Michael Phelps. The third gold medal came in the 4×100 meter mixed freestyle relay, where he led off in 47.22. Dressel and teammates Adrian and Manuel broke the world record for this relay with a time of 3:19.60. On the eighth and last day of competition, Dressel won his 7th gold in the 4×100-meter medley relay. Swimming the butterfly leg, Dressel recorded a time of 49.76 and the American team of Matt Grevers, Kevin Cordes, Nathan Adrian won with a time of 3:27.91. At the 2018 NCAA Division I Men's Swimming and Diving Championships, Dressel won all three of his individual races, won his first relay national title. On day 2 of the competition, March 22, 2018, Dressel broke the American and US Open records in the 50 yard freestyle thrice, he first swam an 18.11 in the individual preliminaries race in the morning session. He improved upon that record in the evening leading off The University of Florida's national championship winning relay with a 17.81 spl


A schanze is, according to the specialist terminology of German fortification construction, an independent fieldwork, used in the construction of temporary field fortifications. The word is German and has no direct English equivalent, although the word sconce is derived from Dutch schans, cognate to the German word. In everyday German speech, however, it is commonplace to refer to permanent fortifications as schanzen, because in many places in times of war, fieldworks that were only temporarily thrown up were turned into permanent fortifications; the word Schanze derives from the fact that, during sieges in the Late Middle Ages, temporary defensive positions had been built out of gabions, known in German as Schanzkörbe. Such schanzen often consisted of earthen ramparts; as a result, in the 16th century, the verb schanzen became associated with earthworks of all kinds. In modern German military use, schanzen is still used to mean the construction of smaller earthworks of fire trenches. From this derived usage comes the phrase sich verschanzen, "to entrench oneself" in yet another derivative sense.

As a rule a schanze is an independent fortified work. To block a valley or a pass, however, a line of adjacent schanzen could be erected, not infrequently connected by a low rampart and ditch. In this case it is referred to as a verschanzte Linie – a fortified line of schanzen. If such a defensive line enclosed an area on all sides, it was described as a verschanztes Lager – a fortified position, it was not uncommon in the 17th and 18th centuries for weaker armies to construct such works in order to protect themselves from a stronger foe. During sieges fortified lines of schanzen were used as lines of contravallation or circumvallation. Depending on the layout, a distinction is made between "open" and "closed" schanzen; the closed type are further divided into redoubts, that only have outward-facing angles, "star schanzen" with alternating inward and outward facing corners. In open schanzen, which may take the shape of a flèche, half-redoubt, hornwork or more complex designs, the gorge is open, i.e. the side where the army was encamped or on which their own defences lay, was unfortified.

There is a extensive system of schanzen in the Black Forest, elements of which have survived. See Baroque fortifications in the Black Forest. Baroque schanzen Sconce Schanze in Meyers Konversations-Lexikon 4th edn. 1888 ff. Vol. 14, p. 403 Replica of a hexagonal redoubt at 1:1 scale with a link to the construction diary


Alaska is a state located in the northwest extremity of the North American West Coast, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. An exclave of the U. S. it borders the Canadian province of British Columbia and territory of Yukon to the east and southeast has a maritime border with Russia's Chukotka Autonomous Okrug to the west. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas of the Arctic Ocean, while the Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. Alaska is the largest U. S. state by the seventh largest subnational division in the world. It is the third least populous and the most sparsely populated state, but by far the continent's most populous territory located north of the 60th parallel, with an estimated population of 738,432 as 2015—more than quadruple the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area; the state capital of Juneau is the second largest city in the United States by area, comprising more territory than the states of Rhode Island and Delaware.

Alaska was occupied by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. The state is considered the entry point for the settlement of North America by way of the Bering land bridge; the Russians were the first non-native people to settle the area beginning in the 18th century establishing the colony of Alaska that spanned most of the current state. The expense and difficulty of maintaining this distant possession prompted its sale to the U. S. in 1867 for $7.2 million, or two cents per acre. The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912, it was admitted as the 49th state of the U. S. on January 3, 1959. While it has one of the smallest state economies in the country, Alaska's per capita income is among the highest, owing to a diversified economy dominated by fishing, natural gas, oil, all of which it has in abundance. United States armed forces bases and tourism are a significant part of the economy.

Alaska's indigenous population is proportionally the highest of any U. S. state, at over 15 percent. Close to two dozen native languages are spoken, Alaskan Natives exercise considerable influence in local and state politics; the name "Alaska" was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the Alaska Peninsula. It was derived from an Aleut-language idiom, it means object to which the action of the sea is directed. Alaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States and has the most easterly longitude in the United States because the Aleutian Islands extend into the Eastern Hemisphere. Alaska is the only non-contiguous U. S. state on continental North America. It is technically part of the continental U. S. but is sometimes not included in colloquial use. S. called "the Lower 48". The capital city, Juneau, is situated on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system; the state is bordered by Canada's Yukon and British Columbia to the east, the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, Chukchi Sea to the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north.

Alaska's territorial waters touch Russia's territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island and Alaskan Little Diomede Island are only 3 miles apart. Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U. S. states combined. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by total area. At 663,268 square miles it is more than twice the size of Texas and—counting territorial waters—larger than Texas and Montana combined. There are no defined borders demarcating the various regions of Alaska, but there are six accepted regions: The most populous region of Alaska, containing Anchorage, the Matanuska-Susitna Valley and the Kenai Peninsula. Rural unpopulated areas south of the Alaska Range and west of the Wrangell Mountains fall within the definition of South Central, as do the Prince William Sound area and the communities of Cordova and Valdez. Referred to as the Panhandle or Inside Passage, this is the region of Alaska closest to the rest of the United States; as such, this was where most of the initial non-indigenous settlement occurred in the years following the Alaska Purchase.

The region is dominated by the Alexander Archipelago as well as the Tongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States. It contains the state capital Juneau, the former capital Sitka, Ketchikan, at one time Alaska's largest city; the Alaska Marine Highway provides a vital surface transportation link throughout the area, as only three communities enjoy direct connections to the contiguous North American road system. Designated in 1963; the Interior is the largest region of Alaska. Fairbanks is the only large city in the region. Denali National Park and Preserve is located here. Denali is the highest mountain in North America. Southwest Alaska is a sparsely inhabited region stretching some 500 miles inland from the Bering Sea. Most of the population lives along the

Married Love (Upstairs, Downstairs)

"Married Love" was the third episode of the second series of the British television series, Downstairs. The episode is set in 1908. Regular castJean Marsh John Alderton Nicola Pagett Rachel Gurney Guest castCharles Gray Ian Ogilvy Dorothy Frere Brian Osborne James Woolley Peter Myers Tony Aitken Edward Harvey The impulsive Elizabeth defies her parents and marries a poet, Lawrence Kirbridge, but he turns out to have no interest in sex and arranges for his publisher to make love to Elizabeth, a child is conceived In Winter 1908, she becomes involved with a group of socialist poets, upsets her parents by inviting them to tea, she under the influence of one member, Evelyn Larkin, accrues a bill of over £4 on shoes for street children refuses to pay for them. Her father intervenes, pays for the shoes. After one argument with her parents, she runs away from home to stay with her friend Henrietta Winchmore, is only discovered after Rose is forced to tell Hudson where Elizabeth is staying, her father visits, shortly after and fellow poet Lawrence Kirbridge have tea at Eaton Place.

While Elizabeth is reluctant to marry, the head housemaid and friend Rose, persuades her it is the right thing to do. She and Lawrence Kirbridge, the Cambridge-educated maternal grandson of a Dorset baronet, marry in June 1909, they take their honeymoon in Vienna, set up home in Greenwich. The marriage is an unhappy affair from the start, Lawrence does not wish to consummate the relationship, he angrily asks his valet Thomas if he thinks he is homosexual. Lawrence'arranges' for his publisher, the much older Sir Edwin Partridge, to make love to Elizabeth at a soiree the couple hosts. During Christmas 1909, Elizabeth informs her parents; the family solicitor, Sir Geoffrey Dillon, prepares for an annulment of the marriage on the grounds it has not been consummated. However, after an examination by a physician, it is discovered that Elizabeth is 3–4 months pregnant and she is forced by her father to divulge the identity of the father. In order to avoid a scandal, Lawrence is sent abroad with an allowance, the Greenwich house is sold.

Elizabeth Kirbridge gives birth to a daughter, Lucy Elizabeth, in a London nursing home. To avoid scandal and since Lawrence is the legal father, he is asked to attend the baby's christening. Following the ceremony, he is never heard from again. Elizabeth, lacking maternal feelings, is indifferent to the baby and content to have Lucy be brought up in the nursery by Sarah and the servants

Let's Tap

Let's Tap is a video game developed by Yuji Naka's studio Prope and published by Sega for the Wii console. Along with Let's Catch, Let's Tap was the first game from Prope to be announced. Owners of Let's Tap can unlock content in Let's Catch; the game was released as five individual applications for iOS. Let's Tap consists of a number of minigames that requires the player to tap a flat surface with their hands to play; the game requires the player to set the Wii Remote face-side down on a flat, stable surface, with the accelerometer picking up their vibrations as they tap the surface to move an on-screen character in a race, inflate a balloon, create ripples in a pool of water or paint swirls on a canvas. In a video released by Sega the player is shown resting the Wii Remote on an empty box used to package the Wii console. In Japan and Europe Sega released the game with two foldout cardboard boxes that players are able to use as a tapping surface, but these are not included in the North American package.

The game features the following minigames: Tap Runner: Up to four players compete in a side scrolling race along an obstacle course where they must jump over chasms, climb up ramps and edge along tightropes, in addition to completing mini challenges such as inflating a balloon the fastest. The game is controlled with the speed of taps, with rhythmic tapping making the player jog, faster taps to run and a hard tap to jump. Rhythm Tap: Players tap in time to a moving timeline of musical beats. Silent Blocks: Players must pull away blocks that make up an unstable tower by tapping. A puzzle mode variation sees players making stacks of three or more matching colored blocks in order to make them disappear. Bubble Voyager: Players control a character through a maze of floating mines, collecting stars along the way; the minigame features a multiplayer battle mode for up to four players. Visualizer: A freeform mode where players use taps to create imagery such as fireworks bursting over a futuristic cityscape, paint splattering on a canvas, ripples of water across a pond.

Let's Tap has received favorable reviews from critics, garnering a Metascore of 70 at Metacritic. Eurogamer praised the innovative control method and the well-designed minigames, calling it "one of the few worthwhile and interesting mini-game compilations in existence". N-Europe called it "very original and conceptually ambitious", praising its accessible control scheme and multiplayer modes. Let's Tap official website Let's Tap at IGN Let's Tap at Giant Bomb