In telecommunications, a Geographical Operations System combines the integration of data with geographic mapping ability in a consolidated process for telecommunications companies. The process can be defined as, "...the marriage that integrating Geographic Information Systems and Operational Support Systems entails..." in a telecommunications company. The goal of a GOS is to open the spreading of information among employees of a company by providing equal access to geographic representation and database information about customers and equipment to ensure the deliverance of services. A Geographical Operations System is meant to provide all employees, from database managers to field technicians and customer service representatives, with equal access to information in order to enhance services and respond to problems. A GOS is adopted by telecommunications companies to combine maps of the company's service area with database information about the company's customers and equipment. GOS software relies on a central repository for critical data to foster better communication between the various branches of a telecom.
GOS software may offer companies a means to achieve technological convergence in their marketed products. Open Database Connectivity is utilized to create a discernible pathway for retrieving information from GOS software for a range of employees that may not be familiar with database protocols; the software creates a channel within a company for experts to share information on the various aspects of the telecommunications company, thus opening the spread of information and increasing efficiency for employees. The increasing pressures of competition and expansion in the telecommunications market have driven many vendors in the field to reassess internal organization and cooperation. Technological innovation has introduced greater capacity and capabilities in the telecommunications market, but added complexity for many companies, as they attempt to develop commercial offerings with an ever-growing list of products and services. A Geographical Operations Systems meshes the importance of Geographical Information Systems – which provides the ability to store data in a geographically-correct map – with the reliance of telecommunications companies on Operational Support Systems as a way to categorize and maintain customer and equipment records.
The Geographical Operations System simplifies interoperability in a telecommunications company by converging resources that may be stored in different programming languages from across the company into a single software program to be utilized by customer satisfaction representatives, equipment technicians, telecommunications engineers, the accounting department, among others. Information is made general and uniform throughout a company to allow independent employees to carry out tasks without seeking out the expertise and time of coworkers. Flournoy, Chuck, “Tearing Down the Walls: Using Data Integration to Rethink Telecom Operations Management”, Rural Telecommunications magazine
Year 754 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 754 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. July 28 – Pope Stephen II re-consecrates Pepin III as king of the Franks, at the Basilica of Saint-Denis outside Paris, bestowing upon him the additional title of Patricius of the Romans; this marks the first recorded crowning of a civil ruler by a pope. Pepin assumes the role of ordained protector of the Catholic Church. July – Stephen II anoints Pepin's sons and Carloman, consecrating them as patricians. At Quierzy he proclaims the Carolingian Dynasty holy, appeals for help against the Lombards; the Frankish nobles give their consent to a campaign in Lombardy. Summer – The Franks under Pepin III invade Italy, defeat the Lombards under King Aistulf, in the Susa Valley, he enforces the terms, including cession of the Exarchate of Ravenna to Rome. The oldest document mentioning the city of Ferrara is from this year.
June 10 – Caliph as-Saffah dies of smallpox after a 4-year reign. He is succeeded as ruler of the Abbasid Caliphate. November – Abdallah ibn Ali, governor of Syria and uncle of as-Saffah, launches a claim for the caliphate, but is defeated by forces loyal to al-Mansur, under Abu Muslim, at Nisibis. Jianzhen, Chinese Buddhist monk, arrives in Nara, where he is welcomed by former emperor Shōmu and empress Kōmyō. During his visit Jianzhen introduces sugar to the Japanese court, using it to mask the flavors of foul-tasting herbal tea. A Tang census shows; the capital of Chang'an has a population of 2 million and more than 25 other cities have well over 500,000 citizens. February – Council of Hieria: Emperor Constantine V summons a Christian council in the palace of Hieria in Constantinople; the council, under the presidency of Bishop Theodosius of Ephesus, supports the policy of Iconoclasm and condemning the use of religious images in the Byzantine Empire. Constantine increases the persecution of the monasteries.
June 5 – Boniface, Anglo-Saxon missionary, is killed by a band of pagans at Dokkum in Frisia, while reading the Scriptures to Christian converts. He is buried in the Abbey of Fulda, entrusted to his Bavarian disciple Sturm. Hildegard of the Vinzgau, Frankish queen and wife of Charlemange Li Fan, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty June 5 Boniface, Anglo-Saxon missionary Eoban, bishop of Utrecht June 10 – Abul Abbas al-Saffah, Muslim caliph August 17 – Carloman mayor of the palace of Austrasia and brother of Pepin III Ansemund, Visigothic count Burchard, bishop of Würzburg Childeric III, king of the Franks Cui Hao, Chinese poet Hiltrud, duchess regent of Bavaria Li Linfu, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Rhodri Molwynog, king of Gwynedd