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AD 58

AD 58 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Messalla; the denomination AD 58 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Emperor Nero and Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus become Roman consuls; the friendship between Nero and Marcus Salvius Otho ends when they both fall in love with Poppea Sabina, Otho is sent to Lusitania as governor. Roman-Parthian War: Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo, commander in the East, launches his Armenian offensive against Parthia, he leads a Roman army through the mountainous country of Armenia, against the fortress at Volandum, to the southwest of Artaxata. After a siege of eight hours Corbulo takes the city. Corbulo marches to Artaxata crossing the Aras River; the city opens its gates to Corbulo. When he takes the 250-year-old Armenian capital, Corbulo gives the residents a few hours to collect their valuables and burns the city to the ground.

The Ficus Ruminalis begins to die. In Thuringia conflict between two Germanic tribes erupts over access to water. Gnaeus Julius Agricola, 18 years old, is serving as a military tribune in Britain under Gaius Suetonius Paulinus and is attached to Legio II Augusta. Emperor Ming of Han introduces Buddhism in the western Indus Valley. In China, sacrifices to Confucius are ordered in all government schools. Start of Yongping era of the Chinese Han Dynasty; the apostle Paul returns to Jerusalem with the money he has collected to give the Christian community there. However, he is accused of defiling the temple, is arrested and imprisoned in Caesarea, he invokes his Roman citizenship and is sent to Rome to be judged. Paul writes his Epistle to the Romans. Juvenal, Roman poet Xu Shen, Chinese politician and writer Deng Yu, Chinese general of Han Dynasty Geng Yan, Chinese general of the Han Dynasty Pharasmanes I, Roman client king of Iberia Rhadamistus, Roman client king of Armenia

Battle of Lima Site 85

The Battle of Lima Site 85 called Battle of Phou Pha Thi, was fought as part of a military campaign waged during the Vietnam War and Laotian Civil War by the North Vietnamese army and the Pathet Lao, against airmen of the United States Air Force's 1st Combat Evaluation Group, elements of the Royal Lao Army, Royal Thai Border Patrol Police, the Central Intelligence Agency-led Hmong Clandestine Army. The battle was fought on Phou Pha Thi mountain in Houaphanh Province, Laos, on 10 March 1968, derives its name from the mountaintop where it was fought or from the designation of a 700 feet landing strip in the valley below, was the largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members during the Vietnam War. During the Vietnam War and the Laotian Civil War, Phou Pha Thi mountain was an important strategic outpost which had served both sides at various stages of the conflict. In 1966, the United States Ambassador to Laos approved a plan by the United States Air Force to construct a TACAN site atop Phou Pha Thi.

In 1967 the site was upgraded with the air-transportable all-weather AN/TSQ-81 radar bombing control system. This enabled American aircraft to bomb North Vietnam and Laos at night, in all types of weather, an operation code-named Commando Club. Despite US efforts to maintain the secrecy of the installation, which included "sheep-dipping" of the airmen involved, US operations at the facility did not escape the attention of the North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao forces. Toward the end of 1967, North Vietnamese units increased the tempo of their operations around Phou Pha Thi, by 1968 several attacks were launched against Lima Site 85. In the final assault on 10 March 1968, elements of the VPA 41st Special Forces Battalion attacked the facility, with support from the VPA 766th Regiment and one Pathet Lao battalion; the Hmong and Thai forces defending the facility were overwhelmed by the combined North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao forces. Phou Pha Thi is a remote mountain in Houaphanh Province, northeastern Laos.

The mountain, about 1,700 meters high, is located within the former Royal Lao Army's Military Region 2, about 24 kilometers from the border of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and 48 kilometers away from Sam Neua, the Pathet Lao capital. For the local Hmong and Yeo tribes that lived in the area, Phou Pha Thi was a place of religious significance, they believed it was inhabited by spirits possessing supernatural powers to exercise control over their lives. The United States Air Force saw Phou Pha Thi as an ideal location for installing a radar navigation system to assist US pilots in their bombing campaigns in North Vietnam, along the Ho Chi Minh Trail inside Laos. Laos was a neutral country according to the International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos signed on 23 July 1962. Therefore, the US was prohibited from conducting military operations in the kingdom. Activities undertaken by the USAF in Laos had to be approved by the US Ambassador to Laos William H. Sullivan; when the plan to install a navigation system on Phou Pha Thi Mountain was proposed, Sullivan opposed it as he thought that Laotian Prime Minister Prince Souvanna Phouma would not allow his country to be involved in an aerial offensive against North Vietnam.

Souvanna Phouma did permit the installation, on the condition that it not be manned by US military personnel. In August 1966, the USAF installed a TACAN System, an autonomous radio transmitter that provided pilots and navigators with distance and bearing relative to the station on Phou Pha Thi. In 1967, under the code name Heavy Green, the facility was upgraded with the TSQ-81, which could direct and control attacking jet fighters and bombers to their targets and provide them with precise bomb release points, it began operating in late November 1967 as Operation Commando Club. To operate the equipment within the limitations imposed by the Laotian Prime Minister, USAF personnel assigned to work at the installation had to sign paperwork that temporarily released them from military service, to work in the guise of civilian technicians from Lockheed — the process is euphemistically called "sheep-dipping." In reality, they operated as members of the USAF Circuit Rider teams from the 1st Mobile Communications Group based at Udorn Royal Thai Air Force Base who rotated to the site every seven days.

Personnel working at the TACAN site were supplied by weekly flights of the 20th Special Operations Squadron, based at Udorn RTAFB in northeastern Thailand operating under the code name Operation Pony Express, using Lima Site 85, the 700 meters airstrip constructed by the Central Intelligence Agency in the valley below. Hmong General Vang Pao, who spearheaded the allied war effort against North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao forces in Military Region 2, was entrusted with the task of guarding the facility using the Hmong Clandestine Army alongside CIA-funded Thai Border Patrol Police forces. Though substantial resources were invested to maintain the facility, the USAF command doubted Vang Pao's ability to defend the installation. Accordingly, all equipment had explosives attached so that if the site was overrun, it could be destroyed. By late 1967, Lima Site 85's radar directed 55% of all bombing operations against North Vietnam; as USAF ground controllers were able to guide attacking aircraft against North Vietnamese targets in all types of weather, installation of the TSQ-81 radar system on Phou Pha Thi was considered to have been successful during the final months of 1967.

Yet a top-secret after-action report credited Commando Club with guiding the following sorties: At the same time, Comm

Dukes Research Natural Area

The Dukes Research Natural Area is a 233-acre tract of northern hardwood forest located within the 5,000-acre Upper Peninsula Experimental Forest, a unit of the Hiawatha National Forest in the Upper Peninsula of the U. S. state of Michigan. The Dukes Research Natural Area was listed in 1974 as a National Natural Landmark by the U. S. Department of the Interior; the National Park Service describes the Upper Peninsula Experimental Forest as "an undisturbed white cedar and mixed conifer swamp containing old-growth hardwood stands." The Dukes Research Natural Area consists of several hardwood stands that grow on higher, well-drained elevations within the swamp tract. The U. S. Forest Service describes the Natural Area as an example of "well-stocked, mature northern hardwood forests that have been undisturbed for over 90 years." Prior to 1920, the ecology of the Upper Peninsula was extensively altered by logging. The USFS notes the presence of black ash, yellow birch, American elm, eastern hemlock, red maple, sugar maple in the National Natural Landmark.

The Upper Peninsula Experimental Forest and its Dukes Research Natural Area are located on M-94 near the extreme eastern edge of Marquette County. They are located 10 miles west of Chatham; the 233-acre Dukes Research Natural Area serves as a control plot for the experimental forest. Logging continues in the experimental forest; the presence of mature stands in the Natural Area of several of the tree species enumerated, including black ash, American elm, eastern hemlock, are of special significance because of damage done to these species of trees in other parts of their historic ranges by parasitical invasive species

When Moonshine and Dynamite Collide

When Moonshine and Dynamite Collide is the 6th studio album from Jackyl and is Jackyl's first studio album in 8 years since Relentless' from 2002. When Moonshine and Dynamite Collide features a cover of Janis Joplin's "Mercedes Benz", a lyrically reworked cover of "Just Like A Negro" by the funk rock band Mother's Finest; the album contains a studio version of "Deeper in Darkness" which first appeared in a live version on their live album Night of the Living Dead from 1996. "Loads of Fun" - 3:27 "I Can't Stop" - 3:21 "She's Not a Drug" - 3:39 "My Moonshine Kicks Your Cocaine's Ass" - 3:25 "Get Mad at It" - 2:58 "The Overflow of Love" - 3:20 "When Moonshine and Dynamite Collide" - 4:26 "Just Like a Negro" - 3:51 "Deeper in Darkness" - 4:20 "Freight Train" - 2:53 "Mercedes Benz" - 1:38 "Full Throttle" - 3:19 Due to Jackyl's southern-redneck reputation, the band has come under fire on blogs and message boards all over the internet for their cover of "Just Like a Negro", calling the band racist.

The song was released by the funk rock band Mother's Finest, with whom the members of Jackyl are good friends. The vocals on the cover version have been reworked into a song about unity and the black roots in rock’n’roll music. During an interview with Kansas City's the Johnny Dare Morning Show on July 19, 2010, Jesse James Dupree released that Darryl "D. M. C." McDaniels had contacted the band about teaming together to re-work "Just Like a Negro" on which he would contribute vocals. Being a close personal friend of radio host and shock jock Johnny Dare, Dupree allowed 98.9 The Rock to debut the re-worked version of the song, which feature both newly recorded vocals by Dupree and McDaniels. McDaniels, not a stranger to teaming with rock groups makes reference to 20 years ago singing with Jay and Joe; this is referring to Run-D. M. C.'s collaboration with rock legends Aerosmith on the rap rock classic" Walk This Way". Dupree stated that this version of "Just Like a Negro" was released to iTunes on August 24, 2010

Vettaikaaran (2009 film)

Vettaikaaran is a 2009 Indian Tamil-language action film directed by debutant B. Babusivan and produced by AVM Productions; the film stars Vijay and Anushka in the lead roles while Srihari, Salim Ghouse, Sayaji Shinde and Ravi Shankar played supporting roles. Gopinath handled cinematography; this was Vijay's first film with AVM Productions. The film was one of the highest grossing Tamil films of 2009; the film collected ₹70 crore at the domestic box office alone in 2009. The film has collected $1,399,911 at the overseas box office in 2009 summing up a total gross of ₹80 crore worldwide; the story is a tale of unexpected events in the life of auto rickshaw driver due to conspiracy by a crime boss. Ravi, a youth from Thoothukudi, aspires to become a policeman like his role model, Chennai-based Encounter Specialist DCP Devaraj IPS. After completing the twelfth standard on his fifth attempt, he joins a college in Chennai and earns a living by driving an auto rickshaw. During the course, he meets an information technology professional Susheela and falls in love with her instantly.

Although Susheela rejects Ravi's advances at first, Ravi gets help from her grandmother, succeeds in winning Susheela's heart. Meanwhile, the entire district is ruled and Devaraj has been relieved from Police duty, without anyone's notice. Don Chella, a local rowdy and a deep womaniser, meets Ravi's friend Uma in a public place, where she is taking donations for some cause, develops an infatuation with her body; when Uma asks Chella to contribute money, he willingly donates, but violates her modesty by placing the money between her breasts. Chella abducts all of Uma's father's vehicles, blackmails them to send Uma to him for one day in exchange for all vehicles. Uma's father is about to send her out of town to their village. Ravi learns out what had happened to Uma, he comes to her defense and beats up Chella, hospitalizing him, his troubles start from there as Chella's father, the most powerful and prime don named Vedanayagam, with the help of his right-hand man, a corrupt police officer ACP Kattabomman, begin to create havoc in Ravi's life.

Ravi is expelled from his college. Only Susheela and Ravi's friend Valayapathi are willing to help him. Susheela goes to Devaraj and pleads with him to help Ravi, but Devaraj refuses to help as his entire family was murdered by Vedanayagam, he himself was blinded by Vedanayagam because he had taken action against him and his gang. However, with the help of his henchmen, he saves Ravi from being killed in a fake encounter led by Kattabomman. Ravi visits Devaraj and knows the truth about him. Without a way into the society, Ravi visits Vedanayagam himself. Vedanayagam gives Ravi a tour of his whole life history, he tells Ravi. He orders a driver of his illegal spirit factory about to smuggle his illicit liquor to drop Ravi on the way, but Ravi abducts the vehicle en route. Ravi visits Kattabomman, he blackmails Kattabomman into registering a case against Vedhanayagam for smuggling liquor, as he has kidnapped Kattabomman's second wife. Ravi takes help from a local rich businessmen and clears some cases against him.

Ravi kills the terrorist whose encounter he was to be killed, by using Kattabomman's gun. It is at this stage, that Ravi takes on a new persona called "Police" Ravi to clean up the illegal activities of Vedanayagam and instill hope in the public, something that Devaraj was unable to do, he removes ruins Vedanayagam's future plans. Chella awakens from his coma, pressurizes Kattabomman to kill Ravi; when Kattabomman fails to do so, Chella sleeps with Kattabomman's second wife and kicks Kattabomman out, reforming him. Due to Ravi's increasing power, Vedanayagam kills Ravi's close friend Sugu; this prompts Ravi to kill Chella in revenge. Vedanayagam decides soon after to become the Home Minister to prevent Ravi from targeting him and his activities. Vedanayagam bribes and blackmails the Chief Minister and gets himself to be soon appointed as the Home Minister, he bombs his own meeting and blames it all on Ravi. Ravi's supporters are attacked, Ravi decides to face Vedanayagam alone. Ravi arrives at the Vedanayagam's Tea Stall, where Vedanayagam is about to leave for the ceremony and fights his henchmen.

As Ravi plans to kill the soon-to-be Home Minister Vedanayagam, the police arrive to arrest him. However, Ravi sees Devaraj in the crowd and shouts Vedanayagam's location to him just as he is being arrested, allowing Devaraj to assassinate Vedanayagam taking his revenge. In the end, Devaraj is reinstated into the police force as a trainer and offers to make Ravi a police officer, as he can nominate him as his heir. However, Ravi refuses, stating that he has found the police officer within himself and, all he needs to succeed in life. During the filming of Kuruvi, directed by S. Dharani, B. Babusivan wrote the dialogues. Sivan was prompted to begin his maiden directorial venture with Vijay in the lead role, he was chosen as the director for the next feature film to be produced AVM Productions. The project was titled as Police Ravi but in August 2008 it was re-titled as Vettaikkaaran, taken from the Vettaikaaran starring M. G. Ramachandran. Vettaikaran was formally launched the next month; the film's director Babusivan, producer

Nintendo DS Lite

The Nintendo DS Lite is a dual-screen handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. It is a slimmer and more lightweight redesign of the original Nintendo DS, it was announced on January 26, 2006, more than a month before its initial release in Japan on March 2, 2006 due to overwhelming demand for the original model. It has been released in Australia, North America, New Zealand and defined regions in South America, the Middle East, East Asia; as of March 31, 2014, shipments of the DS Lite have reached 93.86 million units worldwide, according to Nintendo. A larger model of the DS Lite was an unreleased alternative to the DS Lite, it was ready for mass production, but Nintendo decided against its release as sales of the DS Lite were still strong. Instead Nintendo released a "DSi XL" version of that console a year later; this larger DS Lite featured an increased screen size of 3.8 inches and lacked the wide viewing angle of the DSi XL. The Nintendo DS Lite was released on March 2, 2006 in Japan, with the suggested retail price of ¥16,800, but due to lack of supply and excessive demand of Nintendo DS systems at retail price following the Nintendo DS Lite's launch in Japan, many Asian electronics distributors raised the retail price of the redesigned handheld console to ¥23,300.

On some Japanese auction sites it was being offered for prices as high as ¥40,000. Though Nintendo managed to release 550,000 units in March 2006, the DS Lite was sold out soon after its launch; the shortage was supposed to be eased after Nintendo released 700,000 Nintendo DS Lites during April 2006. This shortage would last for most of 2006 and 2007 with retailers all around the country having permanent ads apologizing for the shortage and announcing the ignorance of when a restock would arrive; when the product arrived, it would sell out within days. Since restocking was erratic, looking for the product involved several visits to different retailers, most of the time without finding the product; this was still the case in Japan as of April 25, 2007, with stores turning away potential customers every day and selling out quickly. The Nintendo DS Lite was released in Australia on June 1, 2006 for A$199.95. It came with a demo for Dr. Kawashima's Brain Training: How Old Is Your Brain? As of mid 2009, the device sold for A$188.00.

The Nintendo DS Lite was released on June 11, 2006, for US$129.99 in the United States, CA$149.99 in Canada. There have been various reports of North American Target, Wal-Mart and Meijer stores having sold Nintendo DS Lite units as early as May 30, 2006, breaking the official launch date. On June 12, 2006, GameSpot reported that North American Nintendo DS Lites had sold out at major online retailers, as well as several brick-and-mortar stores. On June 13, 2006, Nintendo announced that 136,500 units were sold in two days since the DS Lite went on sale in North America, seemed to be on pace to the 500,000 sold by the original Nintendo DS in its first ten days. Shortly after its launch, the DS Lite was sold out at major US retailers; the Nintendo DS Lite was released in Europe on June 23, 2006, for £99.99 in the UK, €149.99 in the Eurozone. In Finland and Sweden, the DS Lite was released on June 2006, due to Midsummer. In just 10 days, Nintendo announced. On June 12, 2006, Chinese media organization Sina.com reported that a container intended for shipment to Europe was stolen, which contained HK$18 million worth of goods, including black Nintendo DS Lites and games.

GamesIndustry.biz reported that Nintendo had indeed confirmed that "A number of White DS Lite made for the UK market were stolen in Hong Kong." Nintendo opened its latest subsidiary, Nintendo of Korea, led by Mineo Kouda, on July 20, 2006. The DS Lite is the first console to be released in South Korea by the subsidiary, being released on January 18, 2007 for ₩150,000. Popular Korean actor Jang Dong-gun and Ahn Sung-ki had been enlisted to help promote the console. Nintendo Korea stated that they have sold more than one million units in the first year of sale with around 1.4 million sold as of April 2008. The Nintendo DS Lite is compatible with regular DS games; the DS Lite has the Game Boy slot on bottom. It has a microphone and dual screens. Capable of receiving Wi-Fi signals from other systems in the Nintendo DS and 3DS families, Nintendo Wii systems, Wi-Fi access points. WEP encrypted and unencrypted networks are supported. WPA encryption is not supported. Dozens of colors and limited editions were released.

Size: 73.9 millimeters tall, 133 millimeters 21.5 millimeters deep. Top Screen: A backlit, 3.12-inch, transmissive TFT color LCD with 256x192-pixel resolution and.24mm dot pitch, capable of displaying a total of 262,144 colors. Touch Screen: Same specifications as top screen, but with a transparent analog touch screen. Wireless Communication: IEEE 802.11. Controls: Touch screen, embedded microphone for voice recognition, A/B/X/Y face buttons, directional control pad, L/R shoulder pads and Select dimples, Power slider; the stylus is 1 cm longer and 2 mm thicker than the stylus of the original Nintendo DS. Input/Output: Ports for both Nintendo DS game cards and Game Boy Advance Game Paks, termin