AD 62 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Afinius; the denomination AD 62 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Emperor Nero marries to Poppaea Sabina, ex-wife of Marcus Salvius Otho. After the death of Burrus and the disgrace of Seneca, Nero is free from their influence and becomes a megalomaniacal artist fascinated by Hellenism and the Orient. Tigellinus becomes Nero's counselor, his rule is abusive. Nero completes the Baths of Nero in Rome. A great earthquake damages cities including Pompeii; the Parthians lay siege to Tigranocerta. The city is garrisoned by the Romans; the assault fails and king Vologases I retreats. Instead, he makes preparations to invade Syria. Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo strengthens the fortifications on the Euphrates frontier, he builds a strong flotilla of ships equipped with catapults and a wooden bridge across the river, which allows him to establish a foothold on the Parthian shore.
Lucius Caesennius Paetus advances towards Tigranocerta, but by lack of supplies he makes camp for the winter in the fortress at Rhandeia in northwestern Armenia. Vologases I leads the Parthian army in a full-scale assault on the Euphrates, Legio X Fretensis and men of the other two legions defending the eastern bank of the river, fighting off a desperate attack. Battle of Rhandeia: The Roman army is defeated by the Parthians under king Tiridates I. Paetus withdraws his disheveled army to Syria. A violent storm destroys 200 ships anchored at Portus. Lucan writes a history of the conflict between Julius Pompey; the making of Still Life, a detail of a wall painting from Herculaneum, begins. It is now kept at Museo Nazionale in Naples. Paul of Tarsus is imprisoned in Rome. June 8 – Claudia Octavia, wife of Nero November 24 – Aulus Persius Flaccus, Roman poet Faustus Cornelius Sulla Felix, Roman consul Gaius Rubellius Plautus, cousin of Nero James the Just, brother of Jesus Lucius Caecilius Iucundus, Roman banker from Pompeii Sextus Afranius Burrus, Roman prefect and friend of Seneca
Science Olympiad is an American team competition in which students compete in 23 events pertaining to various scientific disciplines, including earth science, chemistry and engineering. Over 7,800 middle school and high school teams from 50 U. S. states compete each year. U. S. territories do not compete. There are multiple levels of competition: invitational, regional and national. Invitational tournaments, run by high schools and universities, are unofficial tournaments and serve as practice for regional and state competitions. Teams that excel at regional competitions advance to the state level. Winners receive several kinds of awards, including medals and plaques, as well as scholarships; the program for elementary-age students is less consistent. Schools have flexibility to implement the program to meet their needs; some communities host competitive elementary tournaments. Science Olympiad is not associated with the International Science Olympiads, a group of science competitions with their own rules and objectives.
The first recorded Science Olympiad was held on Saturday, November 23, 1974 at St. Andrews Presbyterian College in Laurinburg, North Carolina. Dr. Barnes and Dr. David Wetmore were the originators of this event. Fifteen schools from North and South Carolina participated in this event, it was a day-long affair, with competitions and demonstrations for high school students in the areas of biology and physics. There were four event periods during this day and each event period had one fun event, one demonstration, one serious event. An article by David Wetmore was published in the Journal of Chemical Education in January 1978 documenting the success of recruiting students through Science Olympiad. St. Andrews Presbyterian College continues to host a Science Olympiad tournament to this day. Mr. John C. "Jack" Cairns was a teacher at Dover High School in Delaware when he learned about the Science Olympiad tournament in North Carolina. He shared this information with the Delaware State Science Supervisor.
Mr. Cairns was appointed to a steering committee to organize the first Science Olympiad in Delaware which took place at Delaware State University in the Spring of 1977. A write-up in The Science Teacher of December 1977 caught the attention of Gerard Putz, who proposed that the program be expanded throughout the United States. After competition tests in Michigan at the Lawrence Institute of Technology and Oakland University in 1983 and 1984, Putz and Delaware director John Cairns took their plan for a national competition to the National Science Teachers Conference in Boston; the first National Tournament was attended by representatives of 17 states, held at Michigan State University in 1985. Since the program has expanded with 60 teams present in each division at the National Tournament. In 2012, a Global Ambassador Team from Japan was invited to attend the national tournament at the University of Central Florida. Japan continues to send a team, as of the 2017 National Tournament. There are three divisions in the hierarchy of Science Olympiad: Division A for elementary school Division B for middle school Division C for high school However, the national tournament and state and regional tournaments are only for divisions B and C.
Division A teams have separate interscholastic tournaments, apart from the more common intra-school competitions. Note that 6th and 9th graders have the option of competing in either of the two divisions in which they meet the grade requirements and are part of the competing school. A middle school may, only use up to 5 members who have graduated to the next school if they are in 9th grade or lower. Students in grades lower than the division in which the school competes in may be on the team. Teams are restricted to five 9th graders for division B and seven 12th graders for division C. Students may not participate on multiple teams, e.g. a 9th grader on both a high school and middle school team would not be allowed. In Divisions B and C, teams may compete in up to twenty-three main events, which occur over a single day. Events fall into five main categories: Life and Social Science, Earth & Space Science, Physical Science & Chemistry, Technology & Engineering, Inquiry & Nature of Science, they are either hands-on, or engineering-based.
Knowledge-based events have two participants taking a test and/or mathematically analyzing data. Examples of such events are Anatomy and Physiology and Remote Sensing. Hands-on events consist of two participants performing experiments or interacting with physical objects to achieve a certain goal; some examples are Forensics, Experimental Design, Hovercraft. Engineering-based events have a team of two to three participants, they are to construct a device following a specific event's parameters and test the device against others. Examples include Battery Buggy and Mission Possible; the majority of events allow two team members. If one member is u
Tregear is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Tregear is 46 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Blacktown and is part of the Greater Western Sydney region. Tregear has owned housing, Department of Housing homes and a small shopping centre. At the 2011 census, Tregear had 3,916 people listing Tregear as their usual residence. There were more women than men, more than 10% were indigenous and 30% were born overseas; the land area amounts to 163 hectares. Tregear was the name of a homestead built in the area which at one stage was owned by John King-Lethbridge, son of Robert Copland Lethbridge and Mary King, it was named after the Lethbridge family's estate in England. The land was held by Lethbridge family until 1942 when it was taken over by the RAAF and sold in 1951. Tregear has a small shopping centre which consists of an IGA supermarket, post office, butcher, take-away shop and a doctor. There is a small car park with a public pay phone as well.
It is a 10-minute drive from Westfield Mount Druitt Shopping Centre. There are only two sets of traffic lights in Tregear. There are 3 GP offices in Tregear. Tregear has a local public primary school and a preschool, a church. Tregear Reserve covers a vast span of the suburb and allows off-leash dog-walking
Gwilym Gwent born William Aubrey Williams, was a Welsh composer. William Aubrey Williams was born at Tredegar in 1834; as a boy he sang in a choir with his uncle, trained as a blacksmith. He won prizes for two compositions at the Aberystwyth eisteddfod in 1865. Williams emigrated to America with his wife Cecilia Williams in 1872; as a blacksmith at Nottingham Colliery, he wrote scores in chalk on any available surface, including the sides of coal cars, earning the nickname "Mozart of the Mines." Although he was in America, he continued to win awards at eisteddfod. His best-known compositions include "Yr Haf", "Y Gwanwyn", "Y Clychau", all songs for glee choirs. Williams led the first brass band in Pennsylvania, he edited a collection of Welsh hymns with Thomas Jenkins. He died in 1891, age 56, his funeral drew more than 5000 mourners. Four years sufficient funds were raised from the community for a monument to his memory, unveiled at Hollenback Cemetery in Wilkes-Barre, with music for the occasion provided by Clara Novello Davies and the Royal Welsh Ladies' Choir touring America.
In 1934, a gathering of 500 Welsh-Americans in Wilkes-Barre, including his three daughters, marked the centennial of Gwilym Gwent's birth. Judge Arthur H. James spoke on the occasion: "Gwilym Gwent spread joy and music among the hearts of his people, he gathered neither wealth nor power, but received his reward by interpreting in music the beauties he saw around him. He left a sweetness that half a century still finds un-dimmed." Gwilym Gwent at Find a Grave
Alexandre Felske Tadayuki Yokochi is a former Portuguese swimmer and a current professor of mechanical engineering at the Baylor University. Born in Lisbon, Yokochi was a breaststroke swimmer who broke many Portuguese swimming records. One of his most famous achievements was when he broke both the 100 m and 200 m, he competed in many international competitions such as the European Championships and Olympics whilst representing S. L. Benfica, his 100 m and 200 m records remain unbeaten in the Iberian Peninsula. He was trained by his father, Shintaro Yokochi, the head coach of S. L. Benfica and as well of the Portugal national team. Yokochi now resides in USA as a teacher in Baylor University. Yokochi received an M. S. in 1992 from Southern Illinois University Carbondale under the direction of Prof. Conrad C. Hickley and his Ph. D. from Texas A&M University in 1997 under the direction of F. Albert Cotton. After the completion of his degree, he joined the chemistry faculty at Oregon State University where he was a research professor working in the area of chemical crystallography.
From 2004-2017 he was a professor in the School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering at Oregon State University. Since 2017, he has been with the School of Engineering & Computer Science at Baylor University as a professor in the Mechanical Engineering department. Yokochi's current research focuses on problems encompassing advanced functional materials and energy problems including the development of nanocomposite materials, the thermochemical production of hydrogen, the storage of renewable energy using flow batteries, the development of methodology to avoid biofouling on devices deployed in the ocean. European Vice Champion Olympics Finalist 7th and 9th and a B Final Champion Latin Champion World Championship Finalist Record Breaker of the Iberian Peninsula Olympic Medal Nobre Guedes University of Kobe Vice Champion Portuguese National Champion EEC European Champions Clubs Cup: 1990
Alan Hovhaness was an American composer. He was one of the most prolific 20th-century composers, with his official catalog comprising 67 numbered symphonies and 434 opus numbers; the true tally is well over 500 surviving works since many opus numbers comprise two or more distinct works. The Boston Globe music critic Richard Buell wrote: "Although he has been stereotyped as a self-consciously Armenian composer, his output assimilates the music of many cultures. What may be most American about all of it is the way it turns its materials into a kind of exoticism; the atmosphere is hushed, mystical, nostalgic." He was born as Alan Vaness Chakmakjian in Somerville, Massachusetts, to Haroutioun Hovanes Chakmakjian and Madeleine Scott. When he was five, his family moved from Somerville to Massachusetts. A Hovhaness family neighbor said his mother had insisted on moving from Somerville because of discrimination against Armenians there. After her death, he began to use the surname "Hovaness" in honor of his paternal grandfather, changed it to "Hovhaness" around 1944.
He stated the name change from the original Chakmakjian reflected the desire to simplify his name because "nobody pronounced it right". However, Hovhaness' daughter Jean Nandi has written in her book Unconventional Wisdom, "My father's name at the time of my birth was'Hovaness', pronounced with accent on the first syllable, his original name was'Chakmakjian', but in the 1930s he wanted to get rid of the Armenian connection and so changed his name to an Americanized version of his middle name. Some years deciding to re-establish his Armenian ties, he changed the spelling to'Hovhaness', accent on the second syllable. Hovhaness was interested in music from a early age. At the age of four, he wrote his first composition, a cantata in the early Italian style inspired by a song of Franz Schubert, his family was concerned about his late-night composing and about the financial future he could have as an artist. He decided for a short time to pursue astronomy, another of his early loves; the fascination of astronomy remained with him through his entire life and composing career, with many works titled after various planets and stars.
Hovhaness's parents soon supported their son's precocious composing, set up his first piano lessons with a neighborhood teacher. Hovhaness continued his piano studies with Adelaide Proctor and Heinrich Gebhard. By age 14 he decided to devote himself to composition. Among his early musical experiences were Baptist hymns and recordings of Gomidas Vartabed, an eminent Armenian composer, he composed two operas during his teenage years which were performed at Arlington High School, composer Roger Sessions took an interest in his music during this time. Following his graduation from high school in 1929, he studied with Leo Rich Lewis at Tufts and under Frederick Converse at the New England Conservatory of Music. In 1932, he won the Conservatory's Samuel Endicott prize for composition with his Sunset Symphony. In July 1934, Hovhaness traveled with his first wife, Martha Mott Davis, to Finland to meet Jean Sibelius, whose music he had admired since childhood; the two continued to correspond for the next twenty years.
In 1935, Hovhaness named his daughter and only child from his first marriage Jean Christina Hovhaness after Jean Christian Sibelius, her godfather and Hovhaness's friend for three decades. In 1936, Hovhaness attended a performance in Boston by the Indian dance troupe of Uday Shankar, which inspired his lifelong interest in the music of India. During the 1930s, he worked in Franklin D. Roosevelt's Federal Music Project. During the 1930s and 1940s, Hovhaness famously destroyed many of his early works, he claimed that he had burned at least 1000 different pieces, a process that took at least two weeks. In an interview with Richard Howard, he stated that the decision was based on Sessions' criticism of his works of that period, that he wanted to make a new start in composition. Hovhaness became interested in Armenian culture and music in 1940 as organist for the St. James Armenian Apostolic Church in Watertown, remaining in this position for about ten years. In 1942, he won a scholarship at Tanglewood to study in Czech composer Bohuslav Martinů's master class.
During a seminar in composition, while a recording of Hovhaness's first symphony was being played, Aaron Copland talked loudly in Spanish to Latin-American composers in the room. Angered and distraught by this experience, he left Tanglewood early, abandoning his scholarship and again destroying a number of his works in the aftermath of that major disappointment; the next year he devoted himself to Armenian subject matter, in particular using modes distinctive to Armenian music, continued in this vein for several years, achieving some renown and the support of other musicians, including radical experimentalist composer John Cage and choreographer Martha Graham, all the while continuing as church organist. Beginning in the mid-1940s, Hovhaness and two artist friends, Hyman Bloom and Hermon di Giovann