SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

AD 79

AD 79 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Vespasianus; the denomination AD 79 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. Vespasianus Augustus and Titus Caesar Vespasianus become Roman Consuls. June 23 – Vespasian dies of fever from diarrhea. Titus succeeds his father as Roman emperor. Titus' Jewish mistress, comes to join him in Rome, but he exiles her to please the Senate. August 24 – Eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79: Mount Vesuvius erupts, destroying Pompeii, Herculaneum and Oplontis; the Roman navy based at Misenum, commanded by Pliny the Elder, evacuates refugees, but he dies after inhaling volcanic fumes. Roman conquest of Britain: Gnaeus Julius Agricola campaigns in Britain: Chester is founded as a castrum or Roman fort with the name Deva Victrix; the fortress is built by Legio II Adiutrix and contains barracks, military baths and headquarters.

Mamucium is founded as a frontier fort and settlement in the North West of England, a distance to the north of Chester. Agricola is resisted by the natives. A commission of scholars canonizes the text of works of his school. Emperor He of Han, Chinese ruler Ma Rong, Chinese Han dynasty government official and Confucian scholar June 23 – Vespasian, Roman emperor August 16 – Empress Ma, Chinese empress August 25 Pliny the Elder, Roman writer and scientist Drusilla, daughter of Herod, died in the eruption of Vesuvius along with her son Agrippa. Caesius Bassus, Roman poet Tiberius Claudius Balbilus, Roman politician and astrologer

2006 Kerrick Sports Sedan Series

The 2006 Kerrick Sports Sedan Series was an Australian motor racing competition, recognised by Confederation of Australian Motor Sport as a National Series. It was the third National Series for Sports Sedans to be contested in Australia following the discontinuation of the Australian Sports Sedan Championship at the end of 2003 and was the first to carry the "Kerrick Sports Sedan Series" name; the following cars were eligible to compete in the series: Class SS: Cars complying with CAMS regulations for Group 3D Sports Sedans Class TS: Trans Am Cars complying with Australian regulations for North American Trans-Am competition Class TNZ: TraNZam cars complying with TRG of New Zealand regulations Class TA: Australian Transzam cars complying with class TA regulationsThe series was won by Dean Randle driving a Saab 9-3 Aero. The series was contested over five rounds. Series points were awarded in each race as per the following table: In addition, 2 points were awarded for first place in the qualifying classification.

Gallery, www.sportssedans.com.au, as archived at web.archive.org

Kapa

Kapa is a fabric made by native Hawaiians from the bast fibres of certain species of trees and shrubs in the orders Rosales and Malvales. It differs in the methods used in its creation. Kapa is based on the creative combination of linear elements that cross and converge to form squares, triangles and diagonal forms, giving a feeling of boldness and directness. Kapa was used for clothing like the malo worn by men as a loincloth and the pāʻū worn by women as a wraparound. Kapa was used for kīhei used over the shoulders. Other uses for kapa depended on a person's place in ancient Hawaiian society. Kapa moe were reserved for the aliʻi or chiefly caste, while kapa robes were used by kāhuna or priestly caste. Kapa was used as banners where leis were hung from it and images of their gods were printed on it. Cultural anthropologists over the course of the 20th century identified techniques in the creation of kapa that are unique to the Hawaiian Islands. Wauke was the preferred source of bast fibres for kapa, but it was made from ʻulu, ōpuhe, maʻaloa, māmaki, ʻākala, ʻākalakala, hau.

In the 18th century, pieces of kapa were made of grooving or ribbing. It is done by pushing the dampened cloth into the grooves of a special board; the wauke tree is soaked in water. It is laid on a kua kūkū and beaten with a hōhoa. After the first phase of beating, the kapa is transferred to a sacred house to be beaten a second time, but in a religious manner; each kapa manufacturer used an ʻiʻe kūkū, a beater with four flat sides that were each carved differently. Another way to carve the kapa is by starting on the four-sided affairs, with the coarsest grooves on one side used first in breaking down the bast, or wet bark; the beating continued using two sides with finer grooves. Lastly, finishing touches were accomplished with the remaining smooth side of the beater; the carvings left an impression in the cloth, hers alone. After the European discovery of the Hawaiian Islands, Western traders travelled to Hawaiʻi for kapa; the process of making kapa was done by women. Young girls would learn by helping their mothers, over time doing the majority of the work, when older could make kapa by themselves.

Tapa cloth, similar fabric made elsewhere in Polynesia Arkinstall, Patricia Lorraine. A study of bark cloth from Hawaii, Samoa and Fiji: an exploration of the regional development of distinctive styles of bark cloth and its relationship to other cultural factors. Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University. Brigham, William Tufts. Ka hana kapa, the making of bark cloth in Hawaii. Honolulu, Hawaii: Bishop Museum Press. Kaeppler, Adrienne Lois; the Fabrics of Hawaii. Leigh-on-Sea, England: F. Lewis. ISBN 9780853170365. Cook-Foster Collection at Georg-August University in Göttingen, Germany Kapa Connection Hawaiian Kapa Making Hawaiian Kapa History Contemporary Hawaiian Kapa "Kapa: Fabric of a Culture" Article about the art of kapa making and kapa master Pua Van Dorpe by Rita Goldman. Maui No Ka'Oi Magazine Vol.12, No.1 "Kapa: More to Learn" Pua Van Dorpe's kapa collection honoring 11 Maui chiefs. Maui No Ka'Oi Magazine Vol.12, No.1