Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax, also AFC Ajax, Ajax Amsterdam or simply Ajax, is a Dutch professional football club based in Amsterdam. Historically, Ajax is the most successful club in the Netherlands, Ajax is historically one of the most successful clubs in the world, according to the IFFHS, Ajax were the seventh-most successful European club of the 20th century. The club is one of the five teams that has earned the right to keep the European Cup and to wear a multiple-winner badge, in 1972, they completed the continental treble by winning the Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, and the European Cup. It also won the first organized UEFA Super Cup in 1972 against Glasgow Rangers, Ajax is also one of three teams to win the continental treble and the Intercontinental Cup in the same season/calendar year, This was achieved in the 1971–72 season. Ajax, Juventus, Bayern Munich, and Chelsea are the four clubs to have won all three major UEFA club competitions. They have also won the Intercontinental Cup twice, the 1991–92 UEFA Cup, as well as the Karl Rappan Cup, Ajax plays at the Amsterdam Arena, which opened in 1996. They previously played at De Meer Stadion and the Amsterdam Olympic Stadium, Ajax was founded in Amsterdam on 18 March 1900. The club achieved promotion to the highest level of Dutch football in 1911 and had its first major success in 1917, winning the KNVB Beker, the following season, Ajax became national champion for the first time. The club defended its title in 1918–19, becoming the team to achieve an unbeaten season in the Netherlands Football League Championship. Throughout the 1920s, Ajax was a regional power, winning the Eerste Klasse West division in 1921,1927 and 1928. This changed in the 1930s, with the winning five national championships. In 1956, the first season of the Netherlands new professional league, the team were again Eredivisie champions in 1960 and won a third KNVB Cup in 1961. A year earlier, Johan Cruyff, who would go on to become the greatest Dutch footballer of all time, between them, Michels and Cruyff led Ajax through the most successful period in its history, winning seven Eredivisie titles, four KNVB Cups and three European Cups. Ajax won the Dutch championship in 1966,1967, and 1968, during the 1966–67 season, Ajax scored a record 122 goals in an Eredivisie season and also won the KNVB Cup to achieve its first league and cup double. In 1969–70, Ajax won a fourth Dutch league championship and second league and cup double in five seasons, winning 27 out of 34 league games, after this success, Michels departed to become manager of Barcelona and was replaced by the Romanian Ștefan Kovács. In Kovács first season, Ajax completed a treble of the European Cup, the Eredivisie, in 1973, Michels Barcelona broke the world transfer record to bring Cruyff to Catalonia. Kovács also departed to become manager of the France national team, in 1976–77, Ajax won its first domestic championship in four seasons and recorded a double of the Eredivisie and KNVB Cup two years later. The early 1980s saw the return of Johan Cruyff to the club, as well as the emergence of young players Marco van Basten, the team won back-to-back Eredivisie titles in 1982 and 1983, with all three playing a significant role in the latter
FIFA (video game series)
FIFA, also known as FIFA Football or FIFA Soccer, is a series of association football video games or football simulator, released annually by Electronic Arts under the EA Sports label. When the series began in late 1993, it was notable for being the first to have a licence from FIFA. The latest installments in the series contain many exclusively-licensed leagues including leagues and teams from around the world, in addition, internationally popular clubs from around the world, including some teams from Greece and South Africa, without those nations entire leagues. As of FIFA17, Marco Reus of Borussia Dortmund, is the face of the franchise, appearing on the front cover of the series and in promotional campaigns and he replaced Lionel Messi, who appeared on four straight covers from FIFA13 to FIFA16. As of 2011, the FIFA franchise has been localised into 18 languages, the series has sold more than 100 million copies worldwide, making it the best-selling sports video game franchise in the world, and one of the best-selling video game franchises. Also, FIFA12 holds the record for the fastest selling game ever with over 3.2 million games sold. The franchises latest release is FIFA17, released on September 27,2016 in North America and it is available for multiple gaming systems, including the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One, among others. While FIFA95 did not add other than the ability to play with club teams. FIFA97 improved on this with polygonal models for players and added an indoor soccer mode and this version featured much improved graphics, a complete World Cup with qualifying rounds and refined gameplay. Months later, World Cup 98, was EAs first officially-licensed tournament game, FIFA games have been met with some minor criticism, such as improvements each game features over its predecessor. As the console market is expanding, FIFA is being challenged directly by other such as Konamis Pro Evolution Soccer series. Both FIFA and Pro Evolution Soccer have a following but FIFA sales is rising as much as 23 percent year-on-year. In 2010, the FIFA series had sold over 100 million copies, making it the sports video game franchise in the world. With FIFA12 selling 3.2 million copies in the first week after its September 27 North American debut in 2011, in 2012, EA Sports signed Lionel Messi to the FIFA franchise, luring him away from the competitor Pro Evolution Soccer. Messis likeness was then placed on the cover of FIFA Street. In 2013, the Spanish professional womens footballer Vero Boquete started a petition on Change. org, the petition attracted 20,000 signatures in 24 hours. FIFA16, released on 25 September 2015, included female national teams, tagline, FIFA International Soccer has it all. This greatly hyped football title broke with traditional 16-bit era games by presenting an isometric view rather than the more usual top-down view, side view and it only includes national teams, and real player names are not used
AFC Ajax N.V.
AFC Ajax NV is mostly known as a Football club. Since 17 May 1998 the club is registered as a Naamloze Vennootschap listed on the stock exchange Euronext Amsterdam, as a company the club strives to make a profit through ticket sales, as well as through income accumulated by competing in National, Continental as well as Global football. Half of the revenue is generated through club merchandise, advertising, Ajax is the only Dutch club with an initial public offering. Several members of Ajax Board of Commissioners have a background in trade. For example, former treasurer of the club Arie van Os was a stockbroker from Amsterdam. Only a limited amount of the shares in AFC Ajax NV are publicly traded on the Stock Market, the Vereniging AFC Ajax retain 73% of the shares. The following majority share holders are Insurance company Delta Lloyd Group with 9. 95%, in 1900, Floris Stempel, Carel Reeser and Johan Dade founded the Amsterdamsche Football Club Ajax in Amsterdam. In 1911, Ajax moved into its first stadium Het Houten Stadion playing to the max capacity of 15,000, the funding for the stadium came from Wim Eggerman, a local businessman, and president of the club at the time. In 1934, Ajax relocated to a new stadium De Meer Stadion, the stadium was designed and funded by Architect and Ajax Commissioner Jordanus Roodenburgh, who had designed and completed the first stadium for Ajax as well. Ajax also played their International fixtures at the Olympic Stadium in Amsterdam to a capacity of 64,000. In 1964, Jaap van Praag was made the new chairman of the club, the period during his tenure is widely considered Ajax most glorious, with the club winning the intercontinental title, as well as the continental title three years in a row from 1971–1973. In 1989, Michael van Praag, the son of Jaap, became the new chairman of Ajax, the club won the UEFA Cup in 1992 and the UEFA Champions League in 1995, winning the Intercontinental Cup once more the same year under his guidance. In 1996, construction was completed of a new soccer specific stadium, AFC AJax NV own 13% of the new stadium, which includes a training facility Sportpark De Toekomst, itself with a capacity of 5,000. The remaining proprietorship of the stadium is held by the Government of Amsterdam, in 1998, AFC Ajax NV was created as the club registered as a Naamloze vennootschap company and were listed on the stock exchange Euronext Amsterdam on May 17 of that year. The remaining shares of the club were divvied between the Comitis family and the minority share holders the Efstathiou family, in 2000, AFC Ajax NV acquired 72, 5% of the shares of Belgian club Germinal Beerschot with whom Ajax had formed a parternship a year earlier. In 2003, AFC Ajax NV sold all of its shares in Germinal Beerschot back to Belgian businessman Jos Verhaegen for the price of €1. Ajax also sold their shares of Ashanti Gold SC back to Ashanti Goldfields, in 2011, AFC Ajax NV opened the Ajax Hellas Youth Academy in Greece, in conjunction with George Kazianis and All Star Consultancy forming the first Ajax youth academy outside the Netherlands. Together they opened a total of 15 youth teams in Greece, AFC Ajax manufacture and market their products worldwide.1 million
Euronext NV is a European stock exchange seated in Amsterdam, Brussels, London, Lisbon and Paris. In addition to cash and derivatives markets, the Euronext group provides listing market data, market solutions, custody and its total product offering includes equities, exchange-traded funds, warrants and certificates, bonds, derivatives, commodities and indices. As of 2017, Euronext was the largest in continental Europe with 1,300 issuers representing a €3 trillion market capitalization, Euronext merged with NYSE Group, Inc. on April 4,2007 to form NYSE Euronext. On November 13,2013 Intercontinental Exchange, completed acquisition of NYSE Euronext, in June 2014 Euronext completed an initial public offering making it a standalone company again. In December 2001, Euronext acquired the shares of the London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange, in 2002 the group merged with the Portuguese stock exchange Bolsa de Valores de Lisboa e Porto, renamed Euronext Lisbon. In 2001, Euronext became a company itself after completing its Initial Public Offering. Despite this, NYSE Group and Euronext penned an agreement, subject to shareholder vote. The initial regulatory response by SEC chief Christopher Cox was positive, the new firm, tentatively dubbed NYSE Euronext, would be headquartered in New York City, with European operations and its trading platform run out of Paris. In addition, the two hoped to add Borsa Italiana into the grouping. Deutsche Börse dropped out of the bidding for Euronext on 15 November 2006, a run-up of NYSE Groups stock price in late 2006 made the offering far more attractive to Euronexts shareholders. On 19 December 2006, Euronext shareholders approved the transaction with 98. 2% of the vote, only 1. 8% voted in favour of the Deutsche Börse offer. Jean-François Théodore, the Chief Executive Officer of Euronext, stated that expected the transaction to close within three or four months. Some of the agencies with jurisdiction over the merger had already given approval. NYSE Group shareholders gave their approval on 20 December 2006, the merger was completed on 4 April 2007, forming NYSE Euronext. In 2008 and 2009 Deutsche Börse made two attempts to merge with NYSE Euronext. Both attempts did not enter into advanced steps of merger, in 2011, Deutsche Börse and NYSE Euronext confirmed that they were in advanced merger talks. Such a merger would create the largest exchange in history, the deal was approved by shareholders of NYSE Euronext on July 7,2011, and Deutsche Börse on July 15,2011 and won the antitrust approved by the US regulators on December 22,2011. Deutsche Börse unsuccessfully appealed this decision, in 2012, Euronext announced the creation of Euronext London to offer listing facilities in the UK
Edwin van der Sar
Edwin van der Sar OON is a former professional Dutch footballer who played as a goalkeeper. During his career he has played for Ajax, Juventus, Fulham and he is the most capped player in the Netherlands national teams history. He currently works as director at Ajax. He came out of retirement to play for Dutch amateur team VV Noordwijk and he started his senior career at Ajax and is considered to be a member of a golden generation of players at the club. He remained there for nine years before moving to Italian club Juventus and then to England, first to Fulham, Van der Sar also won the UEFA Cup with Ajax in 1992. Van der Sar is the second most decorated goalkeeper of all time and one of the most successful ever, having won 25 major trophies in his career, mainly at Ajax. Throughout a long and successful career, Van der Sar achieved, in the 2008–09 season he set the world league clean sheet record by not conceding a single goal for 1,311 minutes. Along with being the most capped player for the Netherlands national team, with 130 caps, he is also the oldest player to win the Premier League, at 40 years and 205 days old. Van der Sar has won individual awards, including Best European Goalkeeper in 1995 and 2009. He is considered, by critics and fellow players, as one of the greatest goalkeepers of all time, born in Voorhout, Van der Sar began his career at his hometown club, Foreholte, and then VV Noordwijk. At a relatively late age, he was brought to the attention of Louis van Gaal, even though he joined late he went into the reserve team and bided his time before getting his first-team call-up by Louis van Gaal. He enjoyed a long and successful stint in their side, winning the 1991–92 UEFA Cup. He was in goal for Ajax in the 1996 UEFA Champions League Final and he made a total of 226 appearances for Ajax and scored a penalty for Ajax to complete a 9–1 victory over De Graafschap in the 1997–98 season. In his first full season as Ajax No.1 he won the Dutch Football Goalkeeper of the Year and he made his debut for The Old Lady in the 1–1 draw with Reggina at the Stadio Delle Alpi. He became the first non-Italian to keep goal for the Turin club and he was the first-choice goalkeeper during his first two seasons in Italy, making 66 Serie A appearances as Juventus finished runners-up in the league twice under Carlo Ancelotti. On the final day of the 1999–2000 season, Juventus lost to Perugia Calcio, the following season, Van der Sar helped Juventus finish 2 points behind eventual champions A. S. Unwilling to remain as second-choice behind Buffon, Van der Sar made it clear he wished to move on two years in Serie A. On 1 August 2001, Van der Sar opted to play in England and joined newly promoted Fulham in a move worth £7.1 million
Jong Ajax, also referred to as Ajax II or Ajax 2 are the reserve team of Ajax, based in Amsterdam, and competing in the Dutch Eerste Divisie. Jong Ajax is the team of AFC Ajax. Since 1992 Jong Ajax have competed in the Beloften Eredivisie, competing against other teams such as Jong PSV. They have won the Beloften Eredivisie title a record eight times, by winning the Beloften Eredivisie title, Jong Ajax were able to qualify for the actual KNVB Cup, even advancing to the semi-finals on three occasions. The 2013–14 season marked the Jupiler League debut of the AFC Ajax reserves squad Jong Ajax, previously playing in the Beloften Eredivisie players were allowed to move around freely between the reserve team and the first team during the course of the season. This is no longer the case as Jong Ajax now registers and fields a separate squad from that of Ajax first team for the Eerste Divisie and their home matches are played at Sportpark De Toekomst, except for the occasional match in the Amsterdam Arena. Furthermore the team is not eligible for promotion to the Eredivisie or to participate in the KNVB Cup. Ajax reserve squad Jong Ajax left the Beloften Eredivisie in 2013, having held a 21 year tenure in the reserves league, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
AFC Ajax (amateurs)
AFC Ajax Amateurs or Ajax Zaterdag is a Dutch amateur football club and the amateur team of the professional club AFC Ajax from Amsterdam. They compete in the Saturday Hoofdklasse since 2015–16, playing their matches at the Sportpark De Toekomst training grounds. AFC Ajax Amateurs, better known as Ajax Zaterdag is a Dutch amateur football club founded 18 March 1900. It is the team of the professional club AFC Ajax from Amsterdam. The team was promoted from the Eerste Klasse to the Hoofdklasse ahead of the 2011–12 season, the team has won the Eerste Klasse title twice, as well as the *KNVB District Cup West I on two occasions as well. After one season the team finished 14th and relegated back to the Hoofdklasse, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Ajax Cape Town F.C.
Ajax Cape Town is a South African football club based in the Parow suburb of the city of Cape Town that plays in the Premier Soccer League. Dutch Eredivisie club AFC Ajax is the parent club and acts as the majority shareholder, Ajax Cape Town was formed in 1999 via the amalgamation of two Cape Town-based teams, Seven Stars and Cape Town Spurs, as AFC Ajax expanded their worldwide talent-feeder network to South Africa. Ajax, nicknamed Urban Warriors, played their first official game against Kaizer Chiefs in the Iwisa Charity Spectacular on 17 July 1999, Ajax caused an upset when they beat Chiefs 1–0 with Sam Pam, the Ajax Cape Town captain, scoring the winning goal. Since coming into existence, Ajax has never won the title with their highest finish being runners-up in 2003–04, 2007-08. Ajax managed to win the Rothmans Cup in 2000, the Nedbank Cup in 2007, in January 2007 Ajax CT managed to beat AFC Ajax 3–1 in a friendly game held in Cape Town. The next friendly, played in Amsterdam, ended in a 3–2 win for AFC Ajax in July 2009. Over the years several Ajax CT players have made the step to the club, among them Steven Pienaar in 2002, Daylon Claasen in 2009, Eyong Enoh in 2008. In July 2013, it was announced that the Comitis brothers, in September 2015, Ajax won the 2015 MTN8 tournament edging Kaizer Chiefs 1–0 in the final. Since the inception of the club, Ajax Cape Town have imported the AFC Ajax philosophy, since then the Ajax Cape Town Community Scheme has been implemented in more than 120 schools across the Western Cape as far as the Cape Winelands, reaching more than 8,000 children. In the beginning Ajax CT played their games at Athlone Stadium. The latter is a 51,900 capacity venue, which was first built in 1888, essentially being a rugby stadium, it was a home they shared with clubs Santos and Vasco da Gama, as well as rugby teams Stormers and Western Province. Athlone Stadium was home to the Santos and has a capacity of 30,000, the stadium located in Athlone, Cape Town was also host to some of Ajax CT early home matches as well. Moving to the Green Point Stadium, an 18,000 seat multi-purpose stadium in the Green Point area of Cape Town, the stadium was eventually demolished in 2007 to make way for the new Cape Town Stadium for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. On 3 August 2011 a contract extension of three years was negotiated with the stadium, which will see Ajax CT playing their games there until 2014. The first match played at the new stadium was a Cape Town derby between Ajax CT and Santos on 23 January 2010 as part of the inauguration of the stadium. Ajax Cape Town also has a training facility called Ikamva located in Parow. It serves as the grounds for the senior squad, as well as for the Ajax Cape Town Youth Development Academy. It has hosted a number of foreign clubs among them German Bundesliga club VfB Stuttgart during their midseason camp in 2014 as well as Viking FK from Norway, total amount of points for CAF Coefficient,17
Most commonly, eSports take the form of organized, multiplayer video game competitions, particularly between professional players. The most common video game genres associated with eSports are real-time strategy, fighting, first-person shooter, the genre of fighting games and arcade game fighters have also been popular in amateur tournaments, although the fighting game community has often distanced themselves from the eSports label. Other games with significant earnings include Smite, StarCraft II, Call of Duty, Heroes of the Storm, Hearthstone, in 2013, it was estimated that approximately 71.5 million people worldwide watched eSports. The increasing availability of online streaming platforms, particularly Twitch. tv, has become central to the growth. Demographically, Major League Gaming has reported viewership that is approximately 85% male and 15% female, despite this, several female personalities within eSports are hopeful about the increasing presence of female gamers. South Korea has several established eSports organizations, which have licensed pro gamers since the year 2000, recognition of eSports competitions outside South Korea has come somewhat slower. Along with South Korea, most competitions take place in Europe, North America, despite its large video game market, eSports in Japan is relatively underdeveloped, which has been attributed largely to its broad anti-gambling laws. The global eSports market generated US$325 million of revenue in 2015 and is expected to make $493 million in 2016, the earliest known video game competition took place on 19 October 1972 at Stanford University for the game Spacewar. In the summer of 1980, Walter Day founded a high score record keeping organization called Twin Galaxies, the team was involved in competitions, such as running the Video Game Masters Tournament for Guinness World Records and sponsoring the North American Video Game Challenge tournament. During the 1970s and 1980s, video players and tournaments begun being featured in popular websites and magazines including Life. A video game tournament was included as part of TV show Thats Incredible. and tournaments were also featured as part of the plot of various films, in the 1990s, many games benefited from increasing internet connectivity, especially PC games. For example, the 1988 game Netrek was an Internet game for up to 16 players, Netrek was the third Internet game, the first Internet game to use metaservers to locate open game servers, and the first to have persistent user information. In 1993 it was credited by Wired Magazine as the first online sports game, large eSports tournaments in the 1990s include the 1990 Nintendo World Championships, which toured across the United States, and held its finals at Universal Studios Hollywood in California. Nintendo held a 2nd World Championships in 1994 for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System called the Nintendo PowerFest 94, there were 132 finalists that played in the finals in San Diego, California. Mike Iarossi took home 1st prize, blockbuster Video also ran their own World Game Championships in the early 1990s, co-hosted by GamePro magazine. Citizens from the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, Games from the 1994 championships included NBA Jam and Virtua Racing. Television shows featuring eSports during this period included the British shows GamesMaster, the Australian gameshow A*mazing, which would show two children competing in various Nintendo games in order to win points. Tournaments established in the late 1990s include the Cyberathlete Professional League, QuakeCon, PC games played at the CPL included the Counter-Strike series, Quake series, and Warcraft