Singapore the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%; the country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founder Lee Kuan Yew. In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the British East India Company. After the company's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan, it gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining Malaysia along with other former British territories, but separated two years over ideological differences, becoming a sovereign nation in 1965.
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce. Singapore is a global hub for education, finance, human capital, logistics, technology, tourism and transport; the city ranks in numerous international rankings, has been recognised as the most "technology-ready" nation, top International-meetings city, city with "best investment potential", world's smartest city, world's safest country, second-most competitive country, third least-corrupt country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, the second-busiest container port. The Economist has ranked Singapore as the most expensive city to live in, since 2013, it is identified as a tax haven. Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, one of 11 worldwide. Globally, the Port of Singapore and Changi Airport have held the titles of leading "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" for consecutive years, while Singapore Airlines is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
Singapore ranks 9th on the UN Human Development Index with the 3rd highest GDP per capita. It is placed in key social indicators: education, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing. Although income inequality is high, 90% of homes are owner-occupied. According to the Democracy Index, the country is described as a "flawed democracy"; the city-state is home to 5.6 million residents, 39% of whom are foreign nationals, including permanent residents. There are four official languages: English, Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, its cultural diversity is reflected in major festivals. Pew Research has found. Multiracialism has been enshrined in its constitution since independence, continues to shape national policies in education, politics, among others. Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government; the People's Action Party has won every election since self-government began in 1959. As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, Singapore is the host of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and events.
It is a member of the East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth of Nations. The English name of Singapore is an anglicisation of the native Malay name for the country, in turn derived from Sanskrit, hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols. However, it is unlikely that lions lived on the island. There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name is established; the central island has been called Pulau Ujong as far back as the third century CE "island at the end" in Malay. Singapore is referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts since independence, the Little Red Dot for how the island-nation is depicted on many maps of the world and Asia, as a red dot. Singapore is referred to as the "Switzerland of Asia" in 2017 due to its neutrality on international and regional issues; the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy identified a place called Sabana in the general area in the second century, the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung.
This was itself a transliteration from the Malay name "Pulau Ujong", or "island at the end". The Nagarakretagama, a Javanese epic poem written in 1365, referred to a settlement on the island called Tumasik. In 1299, according to the Malay Annals, the Kingdom of Singapura was founded on the island by Sang Nila Utama. Although the historicity
Indonesia national football team
The Indonesia national football team is an association football team that represents Indonesia. The team is controlled by the Football Association of Indonesia and is a member of the Asian Football Confederation. Prior to the declaration of independence in 1945, the team competed as the Dutch East Indies national football team. Under this name, Indonesia was the first Asian team to participate in the FIFA World Cup, at which time the team qualified for the 1938 FIFA World Cup tournament in France; the Indonesian team was eliminated by the Hungary national team in the first round and has not qualified for the World Cup since this defeat. The team's only Olympics appearance was in the 1956 Games in Melbourne, where they held the Soviet Union national team, the eventual gold medalists, to a goalless draw, but lost 0–4 in the replay match. Indonesian national team qualified for the AFC Asian Cup on four occasions, but have never progressed beyond the group stage. Indonesia's best performance in Asia was at the 1958 Asian Games in Tokyo, when it achieved the bronze medal.
The team has reached the AFF Championship final ties on five occasions, but has never won the tournament. Their local rivals are Malaysia and Singapore; the early matches, involving sides from the Dutch East Indies, were organised by the Nederlandsch Indische Voetbal Bond, or its successor, the Nederlandsch Indische Voetbal Unie. The matches that were run prior to the nation's independence in 1945 are not recognised by the PSSI; the first recorded football match that involved a team from the Dutch East Indies was a contest against a Singapore national team on 28 March 1921. The match was played in Batavia and Indonesia won with a final score of 1–0; this was followed by matches against an Australian XI in August 1928 and a team from Shanghai two years later. In 1934, a team from Java represented the Dutch East Indies in the Far Eastern Games, played in Manila, Philippines. Despite defeating the Japan national team, 7–1, in its first match, the next two matches ended in defeats resulting in a second-place tournament finish for the Java national team.
Although not recognised by PSSI, these matches are treated by the World Football Elo ratings as the first matches involving the Indonesian national side. The Dutch East Indies were the first Asian team to participate in the FIFA World Cup, when the team qualified for the 1938 tournament after its opponent, withdrew from the qualification heats; the 6–0 loss to eventual finalists, the Hungary football team, in the first round of the tournament in Reims, remains the nation's only appearance in the World Cup. This team is the only team in FIFA World Cup history who played only one match in all competitions, while all other teams played three matches at least. After the Second World War, followed by the Indonesian National Revolution, the highlight of the football history of independent Indonesia occurred at the 1956 Olympics in Melbourne, Australia; the team forced the Soviet Union national football team to a nil-all draw, but lost 0–4 in the replay match, The Soviet Union was successful in attaining the gold medal.
This remains the country's only appearance in the Olympics. In 1958, the team tasted its first World Cup action as Indonesia in the qualifying rounds; the team defeated China in the first round, but subsequently refused to play its next opponents, the Israel national team, for political reasons. The team subsequently suffered a ban from the FIFA World Cup that lasted from 1958 to 1970 resulting from its political situation. Shortly after, the Indonesian team won the bronze medal at the 1958 Asian Games in Japan. Indonesia beat 4 -- 1, in the third-place match; the team drew, 2–2, with the East Germany national team in a friendly match. During this period, the Indonesian team lifted the Merdeka Tournament trophy in victory in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on three occasions. Indonesia were champions of the 1968 King's Cup in Bangkok, Thailand. Indonesia returned to World Cup qualification competition in 1974. During the 1978 qualification heats, the Indonesian team only won a single match, out of four matches, against host team, Singapore.
Four years in 1982, Indonesia recorded two victories in qualifying matches, against the Chinese Taipei national team and the Australia national team. The 1986 FIFA World Cup qualification round saw a better performance for Indonesia, as the nation's team advanced from the first round with four wins, one draw and one loss finishing at the top of its group. However, the South Korean national team emerged victorious over the Indonesians in the second round; the team reached the semi-final of the 1986 Asian Games after beating the United Arab Emirates national team in the quarter-finals. The Indonesian team lost to the Kuwait national football team, 5–0, in the bronze medal match. A milestone during this era was the gold medal victory at the Southeast Asian Games in both 1987 and 1991. In 1987, the Indonesians beat the Malaysian national football team, 1–0. In the 1990 qualification, the Indonesian team lost in the first round, with only one win against Hong Kong, three draws and two defeats. The
2012 AFF Championship
The 2012 AFF Championship, sponsored by Suzuki and known as the 2012 AFF Suzuki Cup, was the 9th edition of the AFF Championship, the football championship of Southeast Asia. It was co-hosted by Malaysia and Thailand and took place from 24 November to 22 December 2012. Singapore became the first side to win the AFF Championship four times, beating Thailand 3–2 on aggregate in the finals. Singapore coach Radojko Avramović became the most successful coach in tournament history, adding to his wins in 2004 and 2007. On 17 December 2010, the Philippine Football Federation declared their interest to host the 2012 AFF Championship. However, with no other reported interest and following the meeting of the AFF Council on 19 February 2011, Malaysia and Thailand were announced as hosts of the preliminary round. There were two main venues; the secondary venues. The Supachalasai Stadium replaced the Muang Thong Stadium as the alternative venue for the final match day in Group A on 27 November, after itself had been replaced by the Muang Thong Stadium on 17 October.
If Thailand reached the semifinals and finals, their home games were played at the Supachalasai Stadium as the Rajamangala was hosting the 2012 Race of Champions. Philippines and Singapore hosted games due to making the knockout stages; the Philippines hosted at the Rizal Memorial Stadium in Manila, the first time an AFF Championship game was held in the Philippines and Singapore hosted at the Jalan Besar Stadium. Qualification took place from 5 to 13 October 2012, it involved. All teams played in a round-robin tournament format with the top two teams qualifying for the tournament proper. Six teams have qualified directly to the finals; the draw for the tournament as well as the qualification tournament took place on the afternoon of 11 July 2012 at the Golden Tulip Hotel in Bangkok. The teams that qualified via the qualifying stages were not yet determined at the time of the draw; the eight finalists were divided into four pots of two teams each based on team rankings. Ranking in each group shall be determine as follows: Greater number of points obtained in all the group matches.
If two or more teams are equal on the basis on the above three criteria, the place shall be determined as follows: Result of the direct match between the teams concerned. All matches. Times listed are UTC+7. All matches. Times listed are UTC+8. First Leg Second Leg Singapore won 1–0 on aggregate. Thailand won 3–1 on aggregate. First Leg Second Leg Singapore won 3–2 on aggregate. In the final tournament, a player was suspended for the subsequent match in the competition for either getting red card or accumulating two yellow cards in two different matches. • Player who get a card during the semifinals and final doesn't include here. 5 goals Teerasil Dangda4 goals Shahril Ishak3 goals 2 goals Keoviengphet Liththideth1 goal Own goal Nguyễn Gia Từ This table shows all team performance. AFF Suzuki Cup official website ASEAN Football Federation official website
Suzuki Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu. Suzuki manufactures automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, all-terrain vehicles, outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines. In 2016, Suzuki was the eleventh biggest automaker by production worldwide. Suzuki has over 45,000 employees and has 35 production facilities in 23 countries, 133 distributors in 192 countries; the worldwide sales volume of automobiles is the world's tenth largest, while domestic sales volume is the third largest in the country. Suzuki’s domestic motorcycle sales volume is the third largest in Japan. In 1909, Michio Suzuki founded the Suzuki Loom Works in the small seacoast village of Hamamatsu, Japan. Business boomed. In 1929, Michio Suzuki invented a new type of weaving machine, exported overseas; the company's first 30 years focused on the production of these machines. Despite the success of his looms, Suzuki believed that his company would benefit from diversification and he began to look at other products.
Based on consumer demand, he decided that building a small car would be the most practical new venture. The project began in 1937, within two years Suzuki had completed several compact prototype cars; these first Suzuki motor vehicles were powered by a then-innovative, liquid-cooled, four-stroke, four-cylinder engine. It had a cast aluminum crankcase and gearbox and generated 13 horsepower from a displacement of less than 800cc. With the onset of World War II, production plans for Suzuki's new vehicles were halted when the government declared civilian passenger cars a "non-essential commodity." At the conclusion of the war, Suzuki went back to producing looms. Loom production was given a boost when the U. S. government approved the shipping of cotton to Japan. Suzuki's fortunes brightened, but the joy was short-lived as the cotton market collapsed in 1951. Faced with this colossal challenge, Suzuki returned to the production of motor vehicles. After the war, the Japanese had a great need for reliable personal transportation.
A number of firms began offering "clip-on" gas-powered engines that could be attached to the typical bicycle. Suzuki's first two-wheeled vehicle was a bicycle fitted with a motor called, the "Power Free." Designed to be inexpensive and simple to build and maintain, the 1952 Power Free had a 36 cc, one horsepower, two-stroke engine. The new double-sprocket gear system enabled the rider to either pedal with the engine assisting, pedal without engine assist, or disconnect the pedals and run on engine power alone; the patent office of the new democratic government granted Suzuki a financial subsidy to continue research in motorcycle engineering. By 1954, Suzuki was producing 6,000 motorcycles per month and had changed its name to Suzuki Motor Co. Ltd. Following the success of its first motorcycles, Suzuki created an more successful automobile: the 1955 Suzuki Suzulight; the Suzulight sold with front-wheel drive, four-wheel independent suspension and rack-and-pinion steering, which were not common on cars until three decades later.
Volkswagen held a 19.9% non-controlling shareholding in Suzuki between 2009 and 2015. An international arbitration court ordered Volkswagen to sell the stake back to Suzuki. Suzuki paid $3.8bn to complete the stock buy-back in September 2015. The company was founded by Michio Suzuki. Michio Suzuki was intent on making better, more user-friendly looms and, for 30 years his focus was on the development of these machines. Michio's desire to diversify into automotive products was interrupted by World War II. Before it began building four-stroke engines, Suzuki Motor Corp. was known for its two-stroke engines. After the war, Suzuki made a two-stroke motorized bicycle, but the company would be known for Hayabusa and GSX-R motorcycles, for the QuadRunner, for dominating racetracks around the world. After producing its first car in 1955 the company didn't have an automobile division until 1961. Today Suzuki is among the world's largest automakers, a major brand name in important markets, including Japan and India, but no longer sells cars in North America.
1909: Michio Suzuki founds Suzuki Loom Works founded in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. 1920: incorporated, capitalized at ¥500,000 as Suzuki Loom Manufacturing Co. with Michio Suzuki as president. 1937: Suzuki begins a project to diversify into manufacturing small cars. Within two years several innovative prototypes are completed, but the government declares civilian passenger cars a "non-essential commodity" at the onset of World War II, thwarting production plans. 1940: Takatsuka Plant is built in Kami-mura, Hamana-gun, Japan. 1945: Plants close due to severe war damage. Company offices move to the Takatsuka Plant site. 1947: Head office moves to the present address. 1949: Company lists on the Tokyo and Nagoya Stock Exchanges. 1950: Company has financial crisis due to labor difficulties. 1952: "Power Free" motorized bicycle marketed. 1953: Introduction of Diamond Free 60cc, 2-cycle motorized bicycle, displacement subsequently increases to 70cc. 1954: Company name changed to Suzuki Motor Co. Ltd. 1955: Introduction of Colleda COX 125cc 4-stroke single-cylinder, Colleda ST 125cc, two-stroke single-cylinder motorcycles.
Suzulight front wheel dri
2018 AFF Championship
The 2018 AFF Championship was the 12th edition of the AFF Championship, the football championship of nations affiliated to the ASEAN Football Federation, the 6th under the name AFF Suzuki Cup. The final tournament ran from 8 November and ended on 15 December 2018. Through the agreement between AFF and East Asian Football Federation, the winner of the tournament will qualify for the AFF–EAFF Champions Trophy. Thailand had been the defending champions, but lost to Malaysia in the semi-finals. Vietnam won the tournament by a 3–2 victory in the two-legged final against Malaysia to secure their second title, subsequently qualified to meet 2017 EAFF E-1 Football Championship winner of South Korea in the 2019 AFF–EAFF Champions Trophy. In March 2016, it was reported that the AFF was mulling over changes to the tournament format due to the failure to attract big crowds for matches not involving the host nation, it was confirmed by the AFF that starting with the 2018 edition, a new format would be applied.
The nine highest ranked teams would automatically qualify with the 10th and 11th ranked teams playing in a two-legged qualifier. The 10 teams would be split in two groups of five and play a round robin system with each team playing two home and two away fixtures. A draw will be made to determine where the teams play while the format of the knockout round would remain unchanged. Nine teams were automatically qualified in the AFF Championship final tournament. Based on the 2016 AFF Championship ranking and Timor Leste played in a home and away play offs, conducted on 1 and 8 September 2018 with the latter securing qualification. Australia, a member since 2013, did not enter the tournament; the draw for the tournament was held on 2 May 2018 at Hotel Mulia in Jakarta, Indonesia with the pot placements followed each teams progress in the previous two editions. At the time of the draw the identity of the national team that secured qualification was still to be determined; each team were allowed a preliminary squad of 50 players.
A final squad of 23 players must be registered one day before the first match of the tournament. The following referees were chosen for the competition. There are one venue for each participating countries in the tournament with each countries get two group matches played in their home stadium. Before the tournament being held, both the Football Association of Indonesia and Myanmar Football Federation have requested AFF to allow their two home matches to be held in two different stadiums in different cities; the Vietnam Football Federation asked AFF to move their final group match against Cambodia to Hàng Đẫy Stadium as the match date is coincides with the opening ceremony of the Vietnam National Games that will be held in Mỹ Đình National Stadium by which the request was accepted through the AFF meeting in Phnom Penh, Cambodia on 13 September. East Timor will play their designated "home" match against Thailand at the Rajamangala Stadium in Bangkok, while their home tie against the Philippines will be played at the Kuala Lumpur Stadium in Malaysia due to the incomplete floodlighting of the Dili Municipal Stadium.
TiebreakersRanking in each group shall be determined as follows: Greater number of points obtained in all the group matches. If two or more teams are equal on the basis on the above three criteria, the place shall be determined as follows: Result of the direct match between the teams concerned. First Leg Second Leg 2–2 on aggregate, Malaysia won on away goals. Vietnam won 4–2 on aggregate. First Leg Second Leg Vietnam won 3–2 on aggregate; the best XI team was a squad consisting of the eleven most impressive players at the tournament. There were 80 goals scored for an average of 3.08 goals per match. 8 goals 5 goals 4 goals 3 goals 2 goals 1 goal 1 own goal Source: AFF In the final tournament, a player was suspended for the subsequent match in the competition for either getting red card or accumulating two yellow cards in two different matches. • Player who get a card during the semifinals and final doesn't include here. This table will show the ranking of teams throughout the tournament. New tournament visuals, including a logo, for the AFF Championship was unveiled for the 2018 edition during the official draw held on 2 May 2018.
The ASEAN Football Federation cooperated with Lagardère Sports for the tournament's branding. Five attributes were identified. Elements combined to form the logo are a beating heart, a goalpost and raised hands by a fan, meant to signify "pride, football and passion". In addition a colour scheme was developed for the branding; the colours devised are magenta, cyan and blue. The official ball for AFF Suzuki Cup 2018 is the Primero Mundo X Star, sponsored by Grand Sport Group; the Vietnam Football Federation was fined VNĐ220 million by the ASEAN Football Federation for failing to send any Vietnamese players to attend the press conference before the opening match against Laos on 8 November in Vientiane, with a warning that the penalty will be heavier if it happens again. Under AFF rules, any head coach and a starting player from each team must show up at the pre-match press conference one day prior to the match. During the encounter between Myanmar and Vietnam in Group A in Yangon, the Vietnamese side was dissatisfied over the controversial decision made by Qatari referee Khamis Al-Marri after two
Penalty shoot-out (association football)
A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining which team is awarded victory in an association football match that cannot end in a draw, when the score is tied after the regulation playing time as well as extra time have expired. In a penalty shoot-out, each team takes turns shooting at goal from the penalty mark, with the goal only defended by the opposing team's goalkeeper; each team has five shots. Shoot-outs finish as soon. If scores are level after five pairs of shots, the shootout progresses into additional "sudden-death" rounds. Balls kicked into the goal during a shoot-out do not count as goals for the individual kickers or the team, are tallied separately from the goals scored during normal play. Although the procedure for each individual kick in the shoot-out resembles that of a penalty kick, there are some differences. Most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked; the penalty shoot-out is one of the three methods of breaking a draw that are approved by the Laws of the Game.
A shoot-out is used only after one or more of the other methods fail to produce a winner. The method of breaking a draw for a specific match is determined beforehand by the match organizing body. In most professional level competitions, two 15-minute extra time periods are played if the score is tied at the end of regulation time, a shoot-out is held if the score is still tied after the extra time periods. Although employed in football since the 1970s, penalty shoot-outs are disliked by many followers of the game, due to their perceived reliance on luck rather than skill and their dependence on individual duels between opposing players, arguably not in keeping with football as a team sport. Conversely, some believe the pressure and unpredictability involved makes it one of the most thrilling finales to any sport. During a shoot-out and players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the centre circle; the kicking team's goalkeeper stands at the intersection of the goal line and the line marking the penalty area near one of the assistant referees.
Goals scored during the shoot-out are not added to the goalscoring records of the players involved. A draw is a common result in football. Shoot-outs are only used in competitions that require a match-winner at the end of the game – this is predominantly in knockout "cup" ties, as opposed to round-robin "leagues". Extra time has been played first, but this is not necessary. Exceptionally, a shoot-out after a league or round-robin match may be provided for; this provision appears for occasions where opposing teams in a final-day match finish the group with identical records, which can result in an immediate shoot-out. This happened in Group A of the 2003 UEFA Women's Under-19 Championship; this rule is a recent innovation, for example did not apply in Group F of the 1990 World Cup, where the Republic of Ireland and the Netherlands were separated by drawing of lots after finishing their final-day match in a draw. Several leagues, such as the J. League, have experimented with penalty shoot-outs following a drawn league match, with the winner being awarded an extra point.
In the United States and Canada, Major League Soccer also had a shoot-out following the end of full-time during league matches, although these shoot-outs differed from standard penalty shoot-outs. A team that loses a penalty shoot-out is eliminated from the tournament but it does not count as a defeat, while the winning team in the shoot-out advances but does not get a match victory. For instance, the Netherlands are considered to have concluded the 2014 FIFA World Cup undefeated, despite being eliminated at the semi-final stage; the following is a summary of the procedure for kicks from the penalty mark. The procedure is specified in Law 10 of the IFAB's Laws of the Game document; the referee tosses a coin to decide the goal. The choice of goal by the coin toss winner may only be changed by the referee for safety reasons or if the goal or playing surface becomes unusable; the referee tosses the coin a second time to determine. All players other than the kicker and the goalkeepers must remain in the pitch's centre circle.
Each kick will be taken in the general manner of a penalty kick. Each kick will be taken from the penalty mark, 12 yards from the goal line and equidistant from each touch line, with the goal defended only by the opposing goalkeeper; the goalkeeper must remain between the goal posts on his goal line until the ball has been kicked, although he can jump in place, wave his arms, move side to side along the goal line or otherwise try to distract the shooter. Each team is responsible for selecting from the eligible players the order in which they will take the kicks; each kicker can kick the ball only once. Once kicked, the kicker may not play the ball again; the decision on a rekick is at the referee's discretion. No other player on either team, other than the designated kicker and goalkeeper
Heineken Asia Pacific
Heineken Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Breweries is an Asian brewery company founded as Malayan Breweries Limited in 1931, in a joint venture between Heineken International and Fraser and Neave, it was renamed Asia Pacific Breweries in 1989 and given its present name after merging with Heineken Asia Pacific in 2013. It controls 45 breweries in 19 countries in the Asia Pacific region, selling over 50 beer brands and variants, it is wholly owned by parent company Heineken International. In 1931, Fraser & Neave formed a joint venture with Holland’s Heineken to venture into the brewing business; the brewery, Malayan Breweries Limited produced Tiger Beer, acquired Archipelago Brewery, which produced Anchor Beer. In 1990, Malayan Breweries changed its name to Asia Pacific Breweries. In 2004, APB acquired 90% of DB Breweries. In 2010, APB acquired PT Multi Bintang Indonesia from Heineken International BVIn August 2012, Fraser & Neave accepted an offer from Heineken to acquire its stake in APB for US$4.1 billion.
Shareholders approved the deal during the extraordinary general meeting held on September 28, 2012. In 2013, APB merged with Heineken Asia Pacific and was renamed Heineken Asia Pacific to reflect its role as Heineken's regional hub; the company’s main brands include Tiger Beer, Baron’s Strong Brew, Bintang Beer, DB Bitters, Tui, ABC Extra Stout and Archipelago Brewery Company range of beers. It brews Heineken under a license from its parent company. Launched in 1932, Tiger beer became Singapore's first locally brewed beer, it is a 5% abv bottled pale lager. APB's flagship brand, it is available in more than 60 countries worldwide; the flagship brand has performed well. At the 2011 World Quality Selections, organized by Monde Selection, the brand won a Gold Quality award. According to Brand Finance’s Top 100 Singapore brands 2012 Report, Tiger is amongst Singapore’s top 10 most valuable brands; the "It's Time for a Tiger" slogan for Tiger Beer has run for decades since its inception in the 1930s.
The writer Anthony Burgess named his first novel Time for a Tiger after the advertising slogan. The beer was popular in the Malaya of the 1950s. Burgess reveals in his autobiography that, when his Time for a Tiger was published, he asked the manufacturer Fraser and Neave, for a complimentary clock with the Tiger beer slogan; the brewery declined to offer any other free gift to him. But, fourteen years when Burgess was more famous, it relented. In 1970, the company offered Burgess the privilege to consume any of their beers free of charge while in Singapore. However, in his own words Burgess wrote in response: "But it was too late, I had become wholly a gin man." The beer was seen in the 2002 movie The Transporter with Jason Statham. Crates of Tiger appeared in the 2008 film Tropic Thunder. In the 2001 Hong Kong action thriller The Accidental Spy it's the preferred beer of Buck Yuen who orders it by name in a bar and has an empty bottle of Tiger by his bed in the next scene as he wakes up from a dream.
In the movie The Odd Angry Shot about the Australian Special Air Service during the Viet Nam war, Tiger is considered the beer of choice among American and Aussie troops. Tiger is seen as a favourite among British troops during the Malayan emergency in the film The Virgin Soldiers. "What time is it? It's Tiger time." Here Heineken Lager Beer is another flagship product of APB. It is a 5% abv pale lager, first made in 1868 and brews under a license from its parent company. Bintang Beer, is a 4.7% abv Pilsner brewed by APB's subsidiary PT Multi Bintang Indonesia in Indonesia. Tui, is a 4% abv pale lager brewed by APB's subsidiary DB Breweries in New Zealand. Asia Pacific Breweries opened the first mass production brewery on Hainan Island in the capital city of Haikou in 1997; the new brewery produced Tiger Beer and the now discontinued budget ‘Aoke’ but focused on Anchor Beer. For a decade Anchor Beer was the dominant beer on Hainan Island. From 2007 realizing the potential revenues from the booming tourist industry in Hainan, the Tsingtao Beer Company made successful efforts to reduce Anchor’s monopoly and as of 2014 outside of the capital Haikou, most small shops stock Tsingtao.
As of 2014 there are several unique Anchor Beer types available only in Hainan. These include: Anchor Red Crown 4.4%, Anchor Lite 4.0%, Anchor ‘Classic’ 4.0%, Anchor Ice 4.0% and Anchor 97 4.0%. In addition to the Anchor Beer family the brewery in Haikou produces Heineken and two versions of ‘Hainan Beer’. One a 3.2% budget version and the other a 4.0% ‘premium’ version with a bright blue logo tailored for tourists and the growing number of international resorts. In late 2015 the company launched'Anchor Radler' in Hainan Island. A light 1.8% beer mixed with lemon. Sold in 300ml bottles the target market appears to be trendy clubs and afternoon drinkers; the logo is the same as the Radler logo used on Bintang Radler, which comes in 300ml bottles only. While APB supports responsible drinking through their ‘drink-savvy’ campaign, a popular pastime of expatriates living in Hainan is to take part in the ‘APB Challenge’. Founded by longtime Hainan expatriate James Farquhar, the first APB challenge took place following a'Hash House Harrier' event in Sanya on June 22, 2009.
APB Hainan produces 5 types of Anchor Beer, 2 types of Tiger Beer, 2 types of Hainan Beer and Heineken, totaling 10 different beers. Only two are available in cans, only some in 330 ml bottles but all in 600 or 550 ml "big" bot