The first of the AFI 100 Years... series of cinematic milestones, AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies is a list of the 100 best American movies, as determined by the American Film Institute from a poll of more than 1,500 artists and leaders in the film industry who chose from a list of 400 nominated movies. The 100-best list was unveiled in 1998. A 145-minute presentation of the 100 films aired on CBS on June 16, 1998. A 460-minute version aired as a 10-part series on TNT, narrated by James Woods and hosted by American talents as follows: Against the Grain episode was hosted by Richard Gere. Against the Law episode was hosted by Richard Gere. Family Portraits episode was hosted by Sally Field. In Search of... episode was hosted by Jodie Foster. Love Crazy episode was hosted by Sally Field. War & Peace episode was hosted by Richard Gere; the Wilder Shores of Love episode was hosted by Sally Field. The Antiheroes episode was hosted by Jodie Foster. Out of Control episode was hosted by Richard Gere. Fantastic Flights episode was hosted by Jodie Foster.
Another version of the same 460-minute program was produced by Monique De Villiers and John Heyman from A World Production company to British television and market featuring different interviews and each segment being hosted by British talents in the following order: Michael Caine hosted and narrated episode "Against the Grain" Ray Winstone hosted and narrated "Beyond the Law" Emily Watson hosted and narrated "Family Portraits" Richard Harris hosted and narrated "In Search of..." Joely Richardson hosted and narrated episode "Love Crazy" Jeremy Irons hosted and narrated episode "War and Peace" Liam Neeson hosted and narrated episode "The Wilder Shores of Love" Judi Dench hosted and narrated episode "The Anti-Heroes" Jude Law hosted and narrated episode "Out of Control" Helena Bonham Carter hosted and narrated "Fantastic Flights" An updated version of the list, billed as a 10th Anniversary edition, aired on CBS on June 20, 2007, was hosted by Morgan Freeman. Films were judged according to the following criteria.
Feature length: Narrative format, at least 60 minutes long. American film: English language, with significant creative and/or financial production elements from the United States. Critical recognition: Formal commendation in print. Major award winner: Recognition from competitive events including awards from organizations in the film community and major film festivals. Popularity over time: Including figures for box office adjusted for inflation, television broadcasts and syndication, home video sales and rentals. Historical significance: A film's mark on the history of the moving image through technical innovation, visionary narrative devices or other groundbreaking achievements. Cultural impact: A film's mark on American society in matters of style and substance. Twenty-three films from the original top 100 films list were removed in 2007: Four films released between 1996 and 2006 were added: The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Saving Private Ryan Titanic The Sixth Sense Nineteen films made before 1996 were added: As with awards, the list of those who vote and the final vote tally are not released to the public, nor the criteria for how the 400 nominated films have been selected.
On June 26, 1998, the Chicago Reader published an article by film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum which offers a detailed response to the movies in the AFI list, as well as criticism of the AFI's appropriation of British films, such as Lawrence of Arabia and The Third Man. Rosenbaum produced an alternative list of 100 American movies that he felt had been overlooked by the AFI. Rosenbaum chose to present this alternative list alphabetically since to rank them according to merit would be "tantamount to ranking oranges over apples or declaring cherries superior to grapes." The AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list includes five titles from Rosenbaum's list, the accompanying promotional poster lists the titles in alphabetical order. BFI Top 100 British films Films considered the greatest AFI 100 Years...100 Movies AFI 100 Years...100 Movies List of the 400 nominated movies List of the 400 nominated movies Filmsite.org article Montreal Mirror editorial SFM Entertainment page on the special.
RabbitEars is a website dedicated to providing information on over-the-air digital television in the United States, its territories and protectorates, border areas of Canada and Mexico. Aside from listing network affiliations and technical data, notations of stations carrying Descriptive Video Service, TVGOS, UpdateTV, Mobile DTV, MediaFLO are now covered on the site. RabbitEars maintains a spreadsheet of current television stations. RabbitEars. Info has been cited by The New York Times, The Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, the Columbus Dispatch, the Gotham Gazette for news stories, the Electric Pi Journal, CEOutlook, Sony's eSupport, Crutchfield websites for additional technical information, WCCB-TV,WOLO-TV, WGHP television stations in relation to the digital television transition. RabbitEars was developed as a replacement for 100000watts.com, a website started around 1998 by Chip Kelley. 100000watts started as a listing of every TV station in the US and grew in scope to include AM and FM radio information as well.
However, all information on that site, including technical data from the U. S. Federal Communications Commission, was hand-entered, Kelley no longer had the time to dedicate to the website. Planning to shut the site down, Clear Channel/M Street Publications stepped in and purchased it in late 2002, after which it became subscription-only, it was at that time. After the digital television transition started in 2008, RabbitEars began tracking digital subchannels, Digital Transition Reports, Analog Termination Requests made to the FCC; these pages were attached to an incomplete design that Ericson had begun to implement in 2004, but that had never been finished due to lack of coding knowledge. As the transition-related pages in particular received attention, corrections were sent to add to and correct the incomplete data, kept on the rest of the site, a notice was posted asking for additional assistance. On March 14, 2008, Bruce Myers joined the effort by creating an updated website design, on April 14, 2008 RabbitEars launched in its current form.
Because of these circumstances, while the web address was registered in 2004, the 2008 date is considered to be the beginning of the organization. RabbitEars maintains a spreadsheet of DTV channels that includes information about stations such as their locations, call signs, network affiliations, channel, ERP, HAAT, more for full-service DTV stations; the spreadsheet was hosted on AVSForum by Mike Mahan, better known as "Falcon_77", was integrated into the RabbitEars project on July 29, 2008. RabbitEars tracks stations that use Descriptive Video Service, TVGOS, UpdateTV, Mobile TV, individual datacasts provided by local television stations in addition to providing lists of television station ownership, network affiliations, some other miscellaneous information, it covered the digital television transition extensively, maintains a history of the transition. Provided is continuing documentation of stations requesting different channels, as well as stations having problems with VHF transmission.
At the end of October 2009, the site added listings for Qualcomm's MediaFLO service, which has since gone defunct. In December 2009, the site added listings for high powered transmitters Echostar would be using to launch its own mobile video service, it is believed that the high-powered transmitters MediaFLO and Echostar use could result in overloading of preamplifiers used to boost television signals, that these lists could help mitigate those concerns. The RabbitEars Area Designation System Ranks were put together in 2008 in order to provide for a market ranking system without utilizing the proprietary Designated Market Area data, a registered service mark of Nielsen Media Research; the READS Ranks are based on OTA signal coverage of American channels and do not take any demographic data into account. For that reason, border Canadian markets, such as Toronto and Montreal, are included in the list, but rank close to the bottom of the list; the READS list has been made available for use by anyone who wants to use them, with the only condition being that the ranks are not modified and still listed with the name "READS".
Referrals RabbitEars home page READS Ranks
Alexandra Kjuregej Argunova, better known by her folk singer name, Kjuregej, is a painter, actor and stage and costume designer. She is from the Sakha Republic and was born in Siberia, but has lived and worked in Iceland for several decades. Alexandra Argunova was born in Yakutia. In 1961–66, she studied theatre in Moscow at GITIS, now the Russian Academy of Theatre Arts, earning a B. A. In 1993–94 she studied at the oldest academy of art in Spain, Escola Massana de Barcelona, earning a diploma. In 1966, she emigrated to Iceland and the same year married Magnús Jónsson, an artist. Since 1970 she has, among other activities, worked in theatres in Iceland and Denmark, worked as a costumer and designer, acted in and directed amateur theatre, taught children and adolescents, worked as an art therapist at a psychiatric hospital and emerged as the folk singer Kjuregej. In 2011 she released a CD titled Lævirkinn, with thirteen songs recorded in 2009–11 plus three recorded in 1972 by Icelandic National Broadcasting, in which she performed with guitarist Gunnar H. Jónsson.
Most she sings in some in Russian and some in Icelandic. The recording received a special jury recognition award at the 2012 Icelandic Music Awards. In 2013, she returned to Russia to perform with Icelandic musicians, she has held many exhibitions of her artwork in recent years, including at the Ásmundasal, La Cultural Matadepera gallery in Spain, Bjutejdjak gallery in Russia, MÍR and the headquarters of the Association of Icelandic Artists, the Fljótdalshérað Cultural Foundation list án landamæra, Reykjavík Town Hall, appeared in numerous group shows including two outside Iceland, at the Moscow International House and the National Museum of Sakha-Yakutia, Russia. In an exhibition review in Morgunblaðið in 2004, Ragna Sigurðardóttir praised her figurative works, "not least those influenced by her origins" and called the "power and joy" that went into their creation inspirational. Works by her are to be found in many public places, such as her sculpture Hjálpaðu mér að fljúga in the grounds of the Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine Section of the Landspítali hospital in Reykjavík.
Seeking to build closer ties between Sakha and Iceland, Kjuregej opened a Yakut house and culture centre in Iceland in the late 2000s. Súsana Svavarsdóttir wrote a biography of Kjuregej, titled Hættuleg kona, her relationship with her husband was the subject of a 2008 documentary by Yuri Salnikov, Магнус и Кюрегей. Súsanna Svavarsdóttir. Hættuleg kona: Kjuregej Alexandra Argunova. Reykjavík: Iðunn, 2000. ISBN 9789979104063
Aoba Shrine is the memorial shrine of Date Masamune, located in Aoba-ku, Miyagi Prefecture, near the site of the former Aoba Castle. The shrine was built in 1873 by petition of former retainers of the Date clan of former Sendai Domain to enshrine the deified spirit of Date Masamune under the name of Takefuruhiko-no-mikoto; this was in accordance with a practice which began in the Bakumatsu period and continued into the early Meiji period of establishing a shrine to the founders of the daimyō clan which ruled each feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. Under the State Shinto ranking system, the shrine was designated as a prefectural shrine; the current Honden dates from 1927. The torii gate was damaged in tsunami, its current chief priest is Katakura Shigenobu, the 16th hereditary chieftain of the Katakura clan, who served as castellans of Shirakawa Castle under the Date clan. Official website Pictures of Aoba Jinja
Elgeseter Bridge is a bridge in the city and municipality of Trondheim in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the European route E6 highway which passes over the Nidelva river and connects Prinsens street in the Midtbyen area of Trondheim with Elgeseter street in the Elgeseter area of Trondheim in the south; the Trondheim city council decided on 17 March 1949. Elgeseter bridge was opened in 1951 after a construction period of 2 years; the main entryway into Trondheim for hundreds of years has been at Elgeseter. It was on this bridge that the battle between the birkebeiners and the baglers took place in 1199. Two years after the city was destroyed by fire in 1681, the Old Town Bridge was built; until the Elgeseter Bridge was the only connection across the Nidelva. The bridge has been reconstructed many times. In the 16th century it was for a period called "Gårdsbroen" and "Kanikke bro". After the Old Town Bridge was completed, the bridge to Elgeseter fell to decay, collapsed. In 1863 a wooden railway bridge was constructed at that location for the Trondhjem-Størenbanen railway line to Trondheim.
This bridge was called "Kongsgårds bro". The railway bridge was converted into a roadway bridge in 1885, after the train station was relocated to Brattøra. List of bridges in Norway List of bridges in Norway by length
Patrick Neeson Lynch was an Irish-born clergyman of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Charleston from 1857 until his death in 1882. Patrick Lynch's birthplace is sometimes mistakenly attributed to Clones, County Monaghan but he was born in the County Fermanagh portion of the Parish of Clones, most in the townland of Kibberidogue where his family had settled in the mid to late 17th century, his parents were Eleanor Lynch. Her father disapproved of the marriage and disinherited Eleanor. In 1819, he and his parents came to the United States, where they settled in Cheraw, South Carolina, where like their neighbors, they too owned slaves. Lynch was one of fourteen children. One of his sisters became a Carmelite nun in Baltimore, another became an Ursuline, he studied at the diocesan Seminary of St. John the Baptist went to the Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide in Rome, where he graduated with a Doctor of Divinity degree, he was ordained to the priesthood in Charleston in 1840 and served at the Cathedral of Saint John and Saint Finbar in Charleston.
He was for a time editor of the United States Catholic Miscellany, founded by Bishop John England. Bishop Reynolds appointed Lynch pastor of St. Mary's vicar-general. Upon the death of Bishop Reynolds I 1855, Lynch became administrator of the diocese, succeeded him as bishop, he was consecrated as bishop in March 1858. Lynch was the third bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charleston which at the time covered North Carolina, South Carolina, the Bahamas and Bermuda, it was subdivided leaving the Diocess of Charleston to cover only the state of South Carolina. A disastrous fire in December 1861 destroyed the Cathedral of Saint John and Saint Finbar, the bishop's residence, other valuable property, together with the diocesan library; the subsequent bombardment of the city for nearly two years during the Civil War wrought further damage, closed most of the churches, depleted and impoverished the congregations. On February 20, 1864 he was named by President Jefferson Davis of the Confederate States of America to be its delegate to the Holy See.
Pope Pius IX, as had his predecessors, condemned chattel slavery. Despite Bishop Lynch's mission, an earlier mission by A. Dudley Mann, the Vatican never recognized the Confederacy, the Pope received Bishop Lynch only in his ecclesiastical capacity. During his visit the Pope suggested that "something might be done looking to an improvement in position or state, to a gradual preparation for their freedom at a future opportune time." General Sherman's occupation of Columbia was marked by the burning of St. Mary's College, the Sisters' Home, the Ursuline Convent. After the war, he stood in the midst of ruins, among a destitute and dejected people, with a diocesan debt of over $200,000 pressing upon him, he at once began to collect funds throughout the country for the immediate needs of his diocese and to liquidate its indebtedness. Lynch attended the First Vatican Council in 1869-1870. Bishop Lynch was a granduncle of pioneering US Naval aviator Patrick N. L. Bellinger; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed..
"Charleston". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Corr, Seán. "Bishop Patrick Lynch of Charleston and his visit to Roslea in 1864." Clogher Record, vol. 20, no. 2, 2010, pp. 359–372. Https://www.jstor.org/stable/41224139. Heisser, David C. R. and Stephen J. White Sr. Patrick N. Lynch, 1817-1882: Third Catholic Bishop of Charleston 271 pp. Madden, Richard C.. Catholics in South Carolina: A Record. University of America Press. ISBN 978-0-8191-4458-4