Transparent (TV series)
Transparent is an American comedy-drama web television series created by Jill Soloway for Amazon Studios that debuted on February 6, 2014. The story revolves around a Los Angeles family and their lives following the discovery that the person they knew as their father Mort is a trans woman. Transparent's first season premiered in full on September 26, 2014, the second season on December 11, 2015, third season on September 23, 2016, the fourth season on September 21, 2017. Amazon picked up the series for a fourth season ahead of the premiere of the third; the fourth season premiered on September 22, 2017. Shortly before the premiere, Amazon renewed the series for a final season. At the 72nd Golden Globe Awards, the show won the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy, while Jeffrey Tambor won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Television Series – Musical or Comedy and the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series; this is the first show produced by Amazon Studios to win a major award and the first show produced by a streaming media service to win a Golden Globe for Best Series.
The series began airing on Sundance TV starting August 9, 2017. On November 19, 2017, Tambor hinted that he was leaving the show, announcing "I don't see how I can return to Transparent", after two sexual harassment allegations were made against him, he was fired from Transparent on February 15, 2018. Tambor's character Maura will be killed off in the final season. Jeffrey Tambor as Maura Pfefferman, a retired college professor of political science at UCLA who opens up to her family about always identifying as a woman. Amy Landecker as Sarah Pfefferman, the oldest sibling, she has two children. She leaves her husband for Tammy, a woman, she is the most accepting of her father's transition. Kelsey Reinhardt portrays Sarah as a teenager. Jay Duplass as the middle sibling. A successful music producer who has troubled relationships with women, he seems to have a hard time accepting his father's transition at first. Dalton Rich portrays Josh as a teenager. Gaby Hoffmann as Ali Pfefferman, the youngest sibling.
She has a tendency to be immature for her age. Hoffmann plays Maura's mother Rose in flashbacks. Emily Robinson portrays the younger version of both characters. Judith Light as Shelly Pfefferman, Maura's ex-wife and the mother of Sarah and Ali, she has been aware of Maura's desire to express her inner femininity for years. Kathryn Hahn as Rabbi Raquel Fein Josh's ex-fiancée and rabbi at the Pfeffermans' synagogue. Soloway felt inspired to create Transparent, they created the pilot for Amazon.com, which became available for free streaming and download on February 6, 2014 as part of Amazon's second pilot season. Amazon Studios picked up the pilot for Transparent in 2014, ordering a ten-episode season. Tambor had portrayed transvestite judge Alan Wachtel on the police procedural television show Hill Street Blues in the 1980s. Soloway wrote Hoffmann's role after seeing her performance on Season 3 of Louis C. K.'s show Louie. Transparent premiered all ten episodes in late September 2014. In Canada, where Amazon's video streaming service was not available, the series premiered on the Shomi platform on January 23, 2015.
The series depicts several Jewish characters and deals with spiritually and culturally Jewish themes. Jill Soloway, the series' primary creator, is Jewish and uses Rabbi Susan Goldberg of Wilshire Boulevard Temple as a consultant for the show, they seek advice from Rabbi Amichai Lau-Lavie of New York, describing him as "a God-optional patriarchy-toppling Jewish modern mind. There’s a mandate among religious and spiritual thinkers to be thinking about the binary, the gendered, the feminist, the goddess, Amichai reminds me of that every day." The focus is on the Jewish experience as viewed through the dual prisms of Reform Judaism and Jewish cultural identity. Soloway has said that they hope to use the series to explore ideas of gender identity through a "wounded father being replaced by a blossoming femininity" and that they pictured Tambor as Maura when writing the character. Soloway, the writers, the cast developed and rehearsed both seasons with consulting producer Joan Scheckel at Joan Scheckel Filmmaking Labs.
As part of the making of the show, Soloway enacted a "transfirmative action program", whereby transgender applicants are hired in preference to cisgender ones. As of August 2014, over eighty transgender people have worked on the show, including Zackary Drucker and Rhys Ernst who are transgender consultants and co-producers. In 2014, Our Lady J was chosen as the first transgender person to be a writer for the show. All the bathrooms on set are gender-neutral; the original pilot made available in February 2014 was reshot after the series was approved. On November 19, 2017, Tambor quit. On Rotten Tomatoes, the first season holds an approval rating of 98% based on 59 reviews, with an average rating of 8.83/10. The site's consensus reads: "As much about a change in television as it is about personal change, Transparent raises the bar for programming with sophistication and sincere dedication to the human journey and all." On Metacritic, the first season received an average rating of 91 out of 100, based on 28 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".
Alan Sepinwall from HitFix named Transparent the best new show of the Fall 2014 season and Amazon's "most impressive volley yet"
The Disaster Artist (film)
The Disaster Artist is a 2017 American biographical comedy film produced and directed by James Franco. Written by Scott Neustadter and Michael H. Weber, the film is an adaptation of Greg Sestero and Tom Bissell's 2013 non-fiction book of the same name, chronicles the unlikely friendship between budding actors Tommy Wiseau and Sestero, which results in the production of Wiseau's 2003 film The Room considered one of the worst films made; the film stars brothers James and Dave Franco as Wiseau and Sestero alongside a supporting cast featuring Seth Rogen, Alison Brie, Ari Graynor, Josh Hutcherson, Jacki Weaver. Principal photography began on December 8, 2015. A work-in-progress cut of the film premiered at South by Southwest on March 12, 2017. Distributed by A24 in the United States and Warner Bros. in international markets, The Disaster Artist began a limited release on December 1, 2017, before opening wide on December 8, 2017. It received positive reviews from critics, with James Franco's portrayal of Wiseau as well as the film's humor and screenplay receiving praise, was chosen by the National Board of Review as one of the top ten films of 2017.
At the 75th Golden Globe Awards, James Franco won the award for Best Actor -- Comedy. Franco received a nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role at the 24th Screen Actors Guild Awards, the film earned a nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay at the 90th Academy Awards. San Francisco, 1998: 19-year-old Greg Sestero meets Tommy Wiseau in acting classes with Jean Shelton after Tommy gives a protracted and bizarre performance of a scene from A Streetcar Named Desire. Greg is impressed by Tommy's fearlessness and the two become friends. On Tommy's suggestion, they move to Los Angeles to pursue acting careers. Sestero discovers that Wiseau can afford apartments in both San Francisco and Los Angeles, but Wiseau will not discuss his personal life or the source of his wealth. Greg signs with talent agent Iris Burton and attends auditions, while Tommy is rejected by agencies, acting teachers, casting directors and producers. Greg begins dating Amber, whom he meets at her job at a nightclub, Tommy grows jealous.
As Greg's auditions dry up, he shares his frustrations with Tommy, who decides to make a movie for them to star in. Tommy writes a screenplay titled The Room, a melodrama about a love triangle between banker Johnny, his fiancée Lisa and his best friend Mark. Greg reluctantly accepts the role of a line producer credit, they rent out a production house. The employees introduce Tommy to Raphael Smadja and Sandy Schklair, who work as his cinematographer and script supervisor respectively. Production starts smoothly, he forgets his lines, arrives late, refuses to supply his crew with basic needs such as drinking water, causing actress Carolyn Minnott to faint. During preparation for a sex scene, Tommy humiliates actress Juliette Danielle by pointing out her acne to the crew. Having filmed extensive behind-the-scenes footage, Tommy reveals that he knows everybody hates him and believes that nobody, including Greg, supports his vision. Greg and Amber run into Malcolm in the Middle star Bryan Cranston, who invites Greg to fill in for a small part in a Malcolm episode.
The part requires a beard. On the last day of shooting, Greg accuses Tommy of being selfish and duplicitous throughout their friendship and questions his real age and origins, thus the two getting into a fight before Greg storms off set. Eight months Amber and Greg have split up and Greg is working in theatre. Tommy invites Greg to the premiere of The Room; the film begins, with Tommy's awful performance, terrible script and poor filmmaking techniques apparent. The audience reacts first with horror laughter, at the film. Tommy bursts into tears and walks out, but Greg comforts him, telling him they have delighted the audience. With renewed optimism, Tommy returns to the theater as the film ends and takes credit for his "comedic" movie. Inviting Greg onstage to thank him, the pair receive a standing ovation. Real-life clips of Wiseau and Sestero attending screenings of The Room play, title cards explain that the film made $1,800 against its reported $6 million budget during its initial release, but it has since become a profitable cult film.
Wiseau and Sestero remain the best of friends, Wiseau's age, past life, source of income remain a mystery. Scenes from The Room are compared side-by-side with reenactments of the scenes performed by The Disaster Artist's cast. In a post-credits scene, Tommy has a verbal exchange with Henry, a partygoer with a similar accent and mannerisms who offers to hang out, but he refuses. Dave Franco as Greg Sestero, the line producer and actor who portrays Mark in The Room James Franco as Tommy Wiseau, the writer, producer, executive producer and actor who portrays Johnny in The Room Seth Rogen as Sandy Schklair, the script
NFL Films is a company devoted to producing commercials, television programs, feature films, documentaries for and about the National Football League, as well as other unrelated major events and awards shows. Founded as Blair Motion Pictures by Ed Sabol in 1962, run by his son Steve Sabol until his death, it is owned by the NFL and produces most of its videotaped content except its live game coverage, handled separately by the individual networks. NFL Films is based in New Jersey. Founder Ed Sabol was a World War II veteran who worked selling topcoats after returning to the United States. In his spare time, he used a motion picture camera, received as a wedding gift, to record his son Steve’s high school football games. Inspired by his own work, Sabol founded a small film company called Blair Motion Pictures, named after his daughter Blair. Sabol won the bidding for the rights to film the 1962 NFL championship game for $5,000, double the bid for the 1961 championship game; the film of that game impressed NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle, who asked the owners of the NFL to agree to buy out Sabol's company.
Although the owners rejected Rozelle's proposal in 1964, they agreed a year and renamed Sabol's company NFL Films. He received $20,000 in seed money from each of the league's 14 owners, in return would shoot all NFL games and produce a highlight film for each team; as part of the AFL–NFL merger, NFL Films began covering the American Football League in 1968 under a newly established "AFL Films" division, the regular NFL Films crew wearing separate jackets to appease AFL loyalists. On August 6, 2011, Ed Sabol was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame as a major contributor to the National Football League. Ed Sabol died on February 9, 2015, at his home in Arizona. Much has been made of the Films style. Salon.com television critic Matt Zoller Seitz has called NFL Films "the greatest in-house P. R. machine in pro sports history... an outfit that could make a tedius stalemate seem as momentous as the battle for the Alamo."NFL Films productions follow certain patterns. Film is used, one camera is dedicated to slow motion shots, microphones are present on the sidelines and near the field to pick up both the sounds of the games as well as the talk on the sidelines, narrators with deep, baritone voices are preferred.
Narrators have been from the Philadelphia metropolitan area, with well-known announcers such as Jefferson Kaye, Harry Kalas, John Facenda, Andy Musser, Jack Whitaker, William Woodson, current announcer Scott Graham all having narrated NFL Films presentations at various points in time. J. K. Simmons was tapped to narrate the company's one-hour recap of the 16-0 regular season of the 2007 New England Patriots, while actor Burt Lancaster was tabbed for narrations during 1969. Burl Ives narrated the 1971 Washington Redskins highlight film. Team-specific films such as year-in-review films have been narrated by broadcasters or personalities involved with the team in question. Examples include the 1985, 2000 and 2001 Oakland Raiders season reviews being narrated by actor and former Raiders player Carl Weathers. Former Giant Frank Gifford periodically narrated New York Giants season reviews until his death in 2015, ex-Giants teammate Pat Summerall narrated highlight films for many teams until his death in 2013.
New England Patriots play-by-play announcer Gil Santos narrated the year-in-review films of the 1974, 1976, 1978 seasons, New Orleans Saints films from their inception in 1967 through 1979 were narrated by Don Criqui, who called Saints games for the NFL on CBS in the team's early years, radio announcers Al Wester and Wayne Mack. The style has been called tight on the spiral, a reference to the frequently-used slow-motion shot of the spinning football as it travels from the quarterback's hand to the receiver; this shot consists of showing the quarterback throwing the football the camera zooming in to focus on the spinning ball as the ball starts to descend, the camera zooms out, showing the end result of the ball traveling into the receiver's hands. NFL Films dubs sound bites of local radio broadcasts over key plays, because radio announcers are more enthusiastic about their home teams than are network television broadcasters. In addition, NFL Films uses multiple camera angles; the company's films employ muscular orchestral scores from a wide variety of musicians, notably Sam Spence, Johnny Pearson Frank Rothman, Ralph Dollimore, Udi Harpaz, Malcolm Lockyer, Jan Stoeckart, Peter Reno, Paul Lewis, Prameela Tomashek, Dave Robidoux and Tom Hedden.
The company's use of KPM Musichouse tracks notably included Syd Dale. The company makes prolific use of footage of players and coaches in the locker room after the game. With these techniques NFL Films turns football games into events that mimic ballet and epic battle stories. Among the company's most famous creations is the poem and accompanying music cue "The Autumn Wind", which have become official themes for the Oakland Raiders. One of NFL Films' most popular series is Hard
NCIS (TV series)
NCIS is an American action police procedural television series, revolving around a fictional team of special agents from the Naval Criminal Investigative Service. The concept and characters were introduced in two episodes of the CBS series JAG; the show, a spin-off from JAG, premiered on September 23, 2003, on CBS. To date it has aired fifteen full seasons and has gone into broadcast syndication on the USA Network. Donald P. Bellisario and Don McGill are co-creators and executive producers of the premiere member of the NCIS franchise, it is the second-longest-running scripted, non-animated U. S. primetime TV series airing, surpassed only by Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, is the 7th-longest-running scripted U. S. primetime TV series overall. NCIS was referred to as Navy NCIS during season one. In season six, a two-part episode led to NCIS: Los Angeles. A two-part episode during the eleventh season led to NCIS: New Orleans. While slow in the ratings cracking the Top 30 in the first two seasons, the third season showed progress ranking in the top 20, by its sixth season, it became a top five hit, having remained there since.
In 2011, NCIS was voted America's favorite television show in an online Harris Poll. The series finished its tenth season as the most-watched television series in the U. S. during the 2012–13 TV season. On April 11, 2019, NCIS was renewed for a seventeenth season, Diona Reasonover joined the main cast in season sixteen, following the departures of Duane Henry and Pauley Perrette. NCIS follows a fictional team of Naval Criminal Investigative Service Major Case Response Team special agents based at the Washington, D. C. field office in Washington Navy Yard. In real life, the field office is based at the nearby Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling while the Navy Yard is home to the museum and several military commands within the Department of the Navy, it is described by the actors and producers as being distinguished by its comedic elements, ensemble acting, character-driven plots. The NCIS is the primary law enforcement and counterintelligence arm of the United States Department of the Navy, which includes the United States Marine Corps.
NCIS investigates all major criminal offenses —for example, crimes punishable under the Uniform Code of Military Justice by confinement of more than one year—within the Department of the Navy. Whenever a crime is committed involving Navy or Marine personnel, the Washington-based Major Case Response Team — an elite arm of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service — spearheads the investigation; the team, led by laconic investigator Leroy Jethro Gibbs, has included Caitlin Todd, Anthony DiNozzo, Timothy McGee, Ziva David, Eleanor Bishop, Alexandra Quinn, Nicholas Torres. Over the course of the series, they are further assisted by allies both foreign and domestic, including Medical Examiners Dr. Donald Mallard, Dr. Jimmy Palmer, forensic specialists Abby Sciuto and Kasie Hines, British intelligence officer Clayton Reeves, operational psychologist and senior special agent Dr. Jacqueline Sloane, successive NCIS Directors Jennifer Shepard and Leon Vance. Mark Harmon as Leroy Jethro Gibbs Sasha Alexander as Caitlin Todd Michael Weatherly as Anthony DiNozzo Pauley Perrette as Abby Sciuto David McCallum as Dr. Donald "Ducky" Mallard Sean Murray as Timothy McGee Cote de Pablo as Ziva David Lauren Holly as Jenny Shepard Rocky Carroll as Leon Vance Brian Dietzen as Dr Jimmy Palmer Emily Wickersham as Eleanor Bishop Wilmer Valderrama as Nicholas Torres Jennifer Esposito as Alexandra Quinn Duane Henry as Clayton Reeves Maria Bello as Dr. Jacqueline Sloane Diona Reasonover as Kasie Hines Prior to the launch of the first season, advertisements on CBS identified the show as "Naval CIS".
By the time of the launch of the first episode, NCIS was airing under the name Navy NCIS, the name it held for the entire first season. Since the "N" in NCIS stands for "Naval", the name "Navy NCIS" was redundant; the decision to use this name was made by CBS, over the objections of Bellisario, to: Attract new viewers, who might not know the NCIS abbreviation Distinguish between NCIS and the themed and spelled CBS series CSI and its spinoffs. From the season-two episode "Lt. Jane Doe" onwards, the series began showing two-second-long black-and-white clips; these clips are shown at the beginning of every segment depicting the last two seconds of that segment, a segment being the five or six portions of the show meant to be separated by commercials. In the season-three premiere, "Kill Ari", a freeze-frame shot was used with the end of most episodes turned into a freeze frame, as well, it was reported in May 2007 that Do
Game of Thrones
Game of Thrones is an American fantasy drama television series created by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss, it is an adaptation of A Song of Ice and Fire, George R. R. Martin's series of fantasy novels, the first of, A Game of Thrones; the show is filmed in Belfast and elsewhere in Northern Ireland, Croatia, Malta, Scotland and the United States. The series premiered on HBO in the United States on April 17, 2011, will conclude with its eighth season, which will premiere on April 14, 2019. Set on the fictional continents of Westeros and Essos, Game of Thrones has several plots and a large ensemble cast, but follows three story arcs; the first arc is about the Iron Throne of the Seven Kingdoms, follows a web of alliances and conflicts among the noble dynasties either vying to claim the throne or fighting for independence from it. The second story arc focuses on the last descendant of the realm's deposed ruling dynasty, exiled and is plotting a return to the throne; the third story arc follows the Night's Watch, a long-standing brotherhood charged with defending the realm against the ancient threats of the fierce peoples and legendary creatures that lie far north of The Wall, an impending winter that threatens the realm.
Game of Thrones has attracted record viewership on HBO and has a broad, international fan base. It has been acclaimed by critics for its acting, complex characters, story and production values, although its frequent use of nudity and violence has been criticized; the series has received 47 Primetime Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Drama Series in 2015, 2016, 2018, more than any other primetime scripted television series. Its other awards and nominations include three Hugo Awards for Best Dramatic Presentation, a 2011 Peabody Award, five nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Drama. Of the ensemble cast, Peter Dinklage has won three Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series and the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film for his performance as Tyrion Lannister. Lena Headey, Emilia Clarke, Kit Harington, Maisie Williams, Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Diana Rigg, Max von Sydow have received Primetime Emmy Award nominations for their performances.
Game of Thrones is based on the storylines of A Song of Ice and Fire, set in the fictional Seven Kingdoms of Westeros and the continent of Essos. The series chronicles the violent dynastic struggles among the realm's noble families for the Iron Throne, while other families fight for independence from it, it opens with additional threats in the icy North and Essos in the east. Showrunner David Benioff jokingly suggested "The Sopranos in Middle-earth" as Game of Thrones' tagline, referring to its intrigue-filled plot and dark tone in a fantasy setting of magic and dragons. In a 2012 study, out of 40 recent TV drama shows, Game of Thrones ranked second in deaths per episode, averaging 14 deaths; the series is praised for what is perceived as a sort of medieval realism. George R. R. Martin set out to make the story feel more like historical fiction than contemporary fantasy, with less emphasis on magic and sorcery and more on battles, political intrigue, the characters, believing that magic should be used moderately in the epic fantasy genre.
Martin has stated that "the true horrors of human history derive not from orcs and Dark Lords, but from ourselves."A common theme in the fantasy genre is the battle between good and evil, which Martin says does not mirror the real world. Just like people's capacity for good and for evil in real life, Martin explores the questions of redemption and character change; the series allows the audience to view different characters from their perspective, unlike in many other fantasies, thus the supposed villains can provide their side of the story. Benioff said, "George brought a measure of harsh realism to high fantasy, he introduced gray tones into a black-and-white universe."In early seasons, under the influence of the A Song of Ice and Fire books, main characters were killed off, this was credited with developing tension among viewers. In seasons, critics pointed out that certain characters had developed "plot armor" to survive in unlikely circumstances, attributed this to Game of Thrones deviating from the novels to become more of a traditional television series.
The series reflects the substantial death rates in war. Although the first season follows the events of the first novel seasons have made significant changes. According to David Benioff, the series is "about adapting the series as a whole and following the map George laid out for us and hitting the major milestones, but not each of the stops along the way"; the novels and their adaptations base aspects of their settings and plot on events in European history. Most of Westeros is reminiscent of high medieval Europe, from lands and cultures, to the palace intrigue, feudal system and knightly tournaments. A principal inspiration for the novels is the English Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York, reflected in Martin's houses of Lannister and Stark; the scheming Cersei Lannister evokes Isabella, the "she-wolf of France". Holland further proposes that other historical antecedents of series elements include Hadrian's Wall, the Roman Empire, the legend of Atlantis, Byzantine Greek fire, Icelandi
"Band Geeks" is an episode of the American animated television series SpongeBob SquarePants. It is the second part of the 15th episode of the second season, the second half of the 35th episode overall, it aired on Nickelodeon in the United States on September 7, 2001. It was written by C. H. Greenblatt, Aaron Springer, Merriwether Williams, the animation was directed by Frank Weiss. Springer served as storyboard director, Greenblatt served as storyboard artist; the song "Sweet Victory" by David Glen Eisley was featured in the episode and was released on the album SpongeBob SquarePants: The Yellow Album in 2005. In this episode, Squidward tells a lie, claiming that he has a marching band, after his high school rival Squilliam Fancyson brags about being a successful bandleader. Squilliam offers to let his band cover for him at the Bubble Bowl, a sporting event. Squidward realizes he does not have a band, he recruits various citizens of Bikini Bottom to play in his band, but they perform in rehearsal, which makes Squidward quit.
SpongeBob, gets the band together and they give the performance of their lives. At the Bubble Bowl, Squidward is successful in front of his rival; the episode received critical acclaim, with praise being directed towards its humor, Squidward's portrayal, the uplifting ending. "Band Geeks" received a nomination and won at the 2002 Golden Reel Awards for Best Sound Editing in Television – Animation. Squidward gets a call from his former high school classmate, Squilliam Fancyson, successful and has succeeded in everything in which Squidward has failed, such as music. Squilliam reveals to Squidward that he has become the leader of a band and that they are supposed to play at the Bubble Bowl, but he will be busy at that time and will not be able to attend. Squilliam derisively suggests that Squidward's band should substitute for his at the Bubble Bowl, believing that Squidward does not have one. However, Squidward defiantly insists that he does have a band to impress Squilliam and accepts the offer.
He assembles a large marching band composed of various Bikini Bottom residents, including SpongeBob, Mrs. Puff, Sandy and Mr. Krabs. During their one week of training, the band performs poorly and fails to improve at all. Patrick and Sandy get into a brawl when Patrick kicks Sandy and, as a result, Sandy shoves him up a trombone. On the second day, while practicing a march, two flag twirlers are killed when they spin the flags too fast, causing them to fly into the air and crash into a blimp. On the third day, Squidward checks on Plankton's harmonica solo, but Plankton becomes exhausted and collapses from running back and forth between the holes, since the harmonica is bigger than he is. On the last day of practice, Squidward says. However, they break the windows from playing too loudly, mess up Squidward’s face, Squidward changes the plan of playing loud to playing quiet; the band members start insulting each other, get into a huge brawl. A grieving Squidward expresses his disappointment in all of them and goes home in distress over his failure.
However, SpongeBob convinces the other band members to go through with the performance for Squidward's sake, he takes command of their training. On the day of the concert, when Squilliam shows up in order to see Squidward fail, Squidward claims that his band died in a marching accident. However, Squidward's band shows up and he is forced to go through with the performance, they enter a large glass dome complete with human fans. Squidward turns his head away from the band before they begin, assuming that the performance will be a disaster, but the band is tremendously successful, playing a rock ballad titled "Sweet Victory". Squilliam enters a state of shock and faints, leaving Squidward to celebrate as he leaps into the air. "Band Geeks" was directed by Aaron Springer, was written by Springer, C. H. Greenblatt, Merriwether Williams. Frank Weiss served as animation director, Greenblatt worked as storyboard artist; the episode aired on Nickelodeon in the United States on September 7, 2001, with a TV-Y7 parental rating.
The writers started to work for "Band Geeks" with the idea of a rival. Williams said, "We always wanted to do a rival show, I think we tried to do a rival show for SpongeBob, it wasn't working. So we came up with the idea of a rival for Squidward and, in some ways it's Squidward's story, SpongeBob and Patrick are just kind of around." The idea of having a band was unspecified. Williams remarked, "I forget, in band. I was not in a band. I think Steve Hillenburg was in a band, too."When storyboard artist Greenblatt, with the writers, was storyboarding "Band Geeks", they thought of "a big number" at the end, where everyone would rally together for Squidward. Greenblatt said, "The story outline called for making it a great marching band sequence, it helps to have the music ahead of time to board to, so we started searching around." The writers were able to find music. The writers listened to various marching band tunes. Greenblatt said, "and the more we heard, it didn't seem funny that the finale was just them playing marching band music well."However, David Glen Eisley's song "Sweet Victory" stood out from the other tracks in the library.
Greenblatt said "It was different than what we were looking for, but it was so amazing that we knew we had to use it. So we boarded
Zomba Group of Companies
The Zomba Group of Companies was a music group and division, owned by and operated under Sony Music Entertainment. The division was renamed to Jive Label Group in 2009 and was placed under the RCA/Jive Label Group umbrella. In 2011, the RCA/Jive Label Group was split in half. Multiple Jive Label Group artists were moved to Epic Records while others stayed with Jive as it moved under the RCA Music Group. In October 2011 Jive Records was shut down and their artists were moved to RCA Records. Founded independently in the mid-seventies by Clive Calder and Ralph Simon, the group has had interests in music release, production, equipment rental, recording studios, artist management. Though the financial structure and annual revenue of Zomba during the company's independent period was only known to CEO Clive Calder, Zomba was regarded as the most successful of the independent music companies; the group is best known for its role in developing some of the most popular forms of music, such as hip-hop in the 1980s, the teen pop/boy band phenomenon in the late 1990s through their first record label Jive, though they have had substantial activities in both the Christian and gospel music field.
Calder and Simon both served as CEOs until 1990 when Calder bought out Simon's share and ran the company himself until 2002. In 2002, BMG purchased the company and subsequently restructured the labels under the umbrella company Zomba Label Group, the most public face of the company; the label group served as a parent for many different labels including Jive, Volcano and LaFace. Today, the only Zomba labels that still in operation are So So Def Recordings, Music for Nations and Christian focused music labels. Big part of the Zomba labels were absorbed into RCA Records and Epic Records, as well Legacy Recordings, Sony's division for catalogue reissues. In late 1971, Clive Calder and Ralph Simon began their two-decade partnership in forming businesses in record production and promotion, music publishing, artist management and concert promotion in South Africa; because of the market in South Africa, there was a need to branch out into various aspects of the business, instead of just focusing on one aspect of the industry.
"You couldn't do just one thing. It was too small," explained David Gresham, CEO of David Gresham Record Company. "This is not a country. A No. 1 record is a 10,000 unit seller. That only pays the rent for a month or two." While mandatory in South Africa, this early style of music company would be adapted to other markets throughout the companies history, would become a staple of Calder's managing legacy. Early companies formed by Calder and Simon were Clive Calder Productions. CCP was distributed by EMI Records South Africa who purchased the company in 1972. Although Calder has no stake in it now, it still exists as a wholly owned subsidiary of EMI, specializing in the recording and marketing of domestic artists. Calder's relationship with EMI began when he had been an A&R Manager at EMI South Africa for eighteen months. There he had signed some big groups for the time such as Freedom's Children and the Otis Waygood Blues Band. During this time, Calder was a bassist in a few bands, he formed the Four Dukes and the In Crowd with EMI artist Peter Vee, whom he produced.
Calder paired Lee with a young producer named Mutt Lange,who at the time had produced for David Gresham and David Gresham Records local hit "Sunday Monday Tuesday" by Jessica Jones on Gresham's Nitty Gritty Records. The trio of Calder and Lange decided in 1974 that they had to get out of South Africa. "We were politically much opposed to the old apartheid regime" says Simon. They pooled together what little money they moved to London. Having landed right in the middle of the British punk rock movement, they felt their experience would not be best utilized in marketing and promotion in such a different context. Instead, they opted to create a publishing company and Zomba Corporation was registered in Switzerland in 1975, operating out of Calder's bedroom space in London; the name "Zomba" referred to the capital of African country Malawi. Next and Simon began looking for songwriters; the first was the French producer who helped create the Village People. Zomba became the disco group's British publisher.
Though the band had been turned down by a few UK labels and Simon thought they could retain the most control of Zomba if they stayed in the publishing and management business, allowing other labels to release their artists' music. Meanwhile, Lange was building a name for himself as a producer, with albums by the Boomtown Rats, Graham Parker and AC/DC's 1979 Highway to Hell, his breakthrough album; this led to Lange becoming one of the world's leading hard-rock producers adding Def Leppard and Bryan Adams to his resume. For Zomba, this meant increased exposure and credibility leading to many new producer and songwriter management deals. Additionally, artists would sign publishing deals, giving their publishing company a burgeoning collection. In early 1978, Zomba opened offices in New York City and began looking for more artists and songwriters. Clive Davis was one of the first to contact the group, who used his formed Arista Records to distribute Zomba artists; the first major signing was Billy Ocean.
Over the next few years, Zomba's songwriters hit it big and the publishing profits kicked in, marking the beginning of the co