ATC may refer to: Air Training Command, the predecessor to Air Education and Training Command in the United States Air Force Air Training Corps, United Kingdom Air Transport Command, a United States Army Air Force command during World War II New Zealand Air Training Corps Academy for Technology and the Classics, a charter school in Santa Fe, New Mexico Advanced Technology College, a community college in Daytona Beach, Florida Applied Technology College, one of several campuses in the Utah College of Applied Technology system Altice, Luxembourg-based multinational telecoms company by Euronext stock symbol American Technology Corporation, former name of LRAD Corporation, a sound technology company American Thermoplastic Company, a United States plastics manufacturer American Tobacco Campus, a former property of the American Tobacco Company in Durham, North Carolina, US American Tractor Corporation, a 1950 manufacturer of crawler tractors which merged into Case American Truck Company American-Turkish Council, a business association promoting U.
S.-Turkish relations Appalachian Trail Conservancy, a United States nonprofit organization Applied Technology Council, a nonprofit founded in 1973 which studies the effects of hazards on the built environment Aquarian Tabernacle Church, a Wiccan church founded in 1979 Argentina Televisora Color, former name of the television network TV Pública Digital Atlanta Track Club, a non-profit running organization based in Atlanta, Georgia Atlanta Transit Company, former rail operator in Georgia, United States Australian Telecommunications Corporation Australian Telecommunications Commission Automobile and Touring Club for United Arab Emirates, a member of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, a WHO drug classification system Ancillary Terrestrial Component, a U. S. Federal Communications Commission-approved technique for using a network of cell-phone towers to supplement a Mobile Satellite Service Anaplastic thyroid cancer, a form of thyroid cancer UK Astronomy Technology Centre, based at the Royal Observatory in Edinburgh, part of the Science and Technology Facilities Council Athletic Trainer Certified, a healthcare professional board certified in athletic trainingAutomatic taxonomy construction, a branch of natural language processing, which applies software programs to generate taxonomical classifications from a body of texts.
Average total cost, in economics Automatic tool changer, a mechanism allowing CNC machines to switch cutting tools without operator intervention. Alternate technical concept, in engineering and construction. USENIX Annual Technical Conference, an annual peer-reviewed conference Advanced transportation controller, a standardization effort as part of the United States Department of Transportation's Intelligent transportation system Air Tanzania Corporation, the former state-owned airline of Tanzania All-terrain vehicle or all-terrain cycle, an off-road, 3-, 4-, or 6-wheel motorcycle-like vehicle Automatic train control, a safety system for railways Alvarado Transportation Center, an intermodal transit center in New Mexico American Truck Corporation, a USA importer and/or assembler of Tatra and Kraz trucks. Armored Troop Carrier, used in the Vietnam War Air traffic control, a service provided to aircraft by ground-based controllers Air traffic controller, people who expedite and maintain a safe and orderly flow of air traffic in the global air traffic control system Armacham Technology Corporation, a fictional technology developer in the video game F.
E. A. R. Artist trading cards, individual fine art miniatures'Any to Come', a type of conditional bet.
The Pahang State Executive Council is the executive authority of the Government of Pahang, Malaysia. The Council is composed of the Menteri Besar, appointed by the Sultan on the basis that he is able to command a majority in the Pahang State Legislative Assembly, a number of members made up of members of the Assembly, the State Secretary, the State Legal Adviser and the State Financial Officer; this Council is similar in structure and role to the Cabinet of Malaysia, while being smaller in size. As federal and state responsibilities differ, there are a number of portfolios that differ between the federal and state governments. Members of the Council are selected by the Menteri Besar, appointed by the Sultan; the Council has no ministry, but instead a number of committees. Members of the Council are always the chair of a committee. UMNO Since 5 June 2018, members of the Council are: Sultan of Pahang List of Menteris Besar of Pahang Pahang State Legislative Assembly Pahang State Government
The Christian C. Sanderson Museum, or Sanderson Museum, is a museum of historical artifacts in Chadds Ford, United States, it is located in the Chadds Ford Historic District. The items in the museum were collected over many years by Christian C. Sanderson, a teacher, poet, writer, radio commentator and local historian; the Sanderson Museum was founded in 1967 by Brandywine artist Andrew Wyeth. The museum contains part of the bandage put on Abraham Lincoln; the museum houses the pocket book Jennie Wade was carrying when she was killed at the battle of Gettysburg, a number of autographs including those of Sitting Bull, Shirley Temple, Helen Keller and Basil Rathbone. The Sanderson's archives contain close to 80 letters to Sanderson from Civil War veterans; as Mr. Sanderson was a great friend of the Wyeth family, the museum has a number of works from N. C. Andrew and Jamie on display. In April, 2007 the board observed the museum's 40th anniversary with the dedication of a bronze plaque to the five founding members.
Andrew Wyeth and Thomas Thompson, the two surviving founders, were present for the ceremony. A banquet was held on October 2007 to celebrate the museum's 40th Anniversary. In September 2008 the museum was filmed as part of a British documentary on U. S. Route 1; the museum is located at 1755 Creek Road, Chadds Ford, PA 19317 Brandywine River Museum Christian C. Sanderson Museum
"Hey There Lonely Girl" is a song recorded in 1963, titled "Hey There Lonely Boy" in its original version by Ruby and the Romantics. The group's original recording was a Top 30 hit, peaking at #27.. Unlike other Ruby and the Romantics releases, "Hey There Lonely Boy" did not make any other US chart. In 1969, R&B singer Eddie Holman released his own version of the song, it charted in the United States in 1970 and in the United Kingdom in 1974. Holman's recording of "Hey There Lonely Girl" is most recognizable by its disconsolate and heavyhearted lyrics, with his falsetto voice. Here is a sample of the chorus: Hey there lonely girl, lonely girl Let me make your broken heart like new Oh, my lonely girl, lonely girl Don't you know this lonely boy loves you Holman's song peaked at #2 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 pop chart, behind the double A-side single Thank You /Everybody Is a Star by Sly and the Family Stone. On the US soul singles chart, it went to #4; this version peaked #1 on the Canadian RPM chart.
Four years after its US/Canadian release, the single went to #4 on the UK Singles Chart, his highest charting single in each country. Donny Osmond recorded a version of this song on his album Portrait of Donny. Shaun Cassidy's 1977 version was a track on his debut LP, it reached # 5 in Australia. A version by Robert John was released in 1980 for the album Back on the Street. Stacy Lattisaw reworked the song from a female perspective, it was included on Sneakin' Out. New Edition did a version on their Under the Blue Moon album released in 1986. British boyband Big Fun recorded a cover for their album "A Pocketful Of Dreams" released in 1990 by PWL, produced by Stock, Aitken & Waterman. A version was released in 2008 by The Uptown Band ft. Erich Cawalla & Jenifer Kinder and appears on the group's debut CD "Waiting for Her". Will Downing did a cover of the first song from the Emotions album, released in the fall of 2003. Famously used during the second season of the British television sitcom Benidorm in which Mel portrayed by Geoffrey Hutchings badly sings this to his fiancee Madge Harvey.
Soul singer Gerry Woo recorded the song on his 1987 album "Listen To My Heart Beat"
Whittaker Chambers, born Jay Vivian Chambers, was an American writer-editor and former Communist spy who in 1948 testified about Communist espionage, thereafter earning respect from the American Conservative movement. After early years as a Communist Party member and Soviet spy, he defected from the Soviet underground and joined Time magazine. Under subpoena in 1948, he testified about the Ware group in what became the Hiss case for perjury, all described in his 1952 memoir Witness. Afterwards, he worked as a senior editor at National Review. President Ronald Reagan awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom posthumously in 1984. Chambers was born in Philadelphia and spent his infancy in Brooklyn, his family moved to New York, in 1904, where he grew up and attended school. His parents were Laha Whittaker. Chambers described his childhood as troubled because of his parents' separation and their need to care for their mentally ill grandmother, his father was a half-closeted homosexual and treated Whittaker cruelly, while his mother was neurotic.
Chambers's brother, Richard Godfrey Chambers, 22, committed suicide shortly after withdrawing from college. Chambers would cite his brother's fate as one of many reasons that he was drawn to communism at that time; as he wrote, communism "offered me what nothing else in the dying world had power to offer at the same intensity, faith and a vision, something for which to live and something for which to die."After graduating from South Side High School in neighboring Rockville Centre in 1919, Chambers worked itinerantly in Washington and New Orleans attended Williams College, enrolled as a day student at Columbia College of Columbia University. At Columbia, his undergraduate peers included Meyer Schapiro, Frank S. Hogan, Herbert Solow, Louis Zukofsky, Arthur F. Burns, Clifton Fadiman, Elliott V. Bell, John Gassner, Lionel Trilling, Guy Endore, City College student poet Henry Zolinsky. In the intellectual environment of Columbia he gained friends and respect, his professors and fellow students found him a talented writer and believed he might become a major poet or novelist.
In his sophomore year, Chambers joined the Boar's Head Society and wrote a play called A Play for Puppets for Columbia's literary magazine The Morningside, which he edited. The work was deemed blasphemous by many students and administrators, the controversy spread to New York City newspapers; the play would be used against Chambers during his testimony against Alger Hiss. Disheartened over the controversy, Chambers left Columbia in 1925. From Columbia, Chambers knew Isaiah Oggins, who went into the Soviet underground a few years earlier. Chambers, knew Oggins's wife, Nerma Berman Oggins, from the Rand School of Social Science, the ILGWU, The World Tomorrow. In 1924, Chambers read Vladimir Lenin's Soviets at Work and was affected by it, he now saw the dysfunctional nature of his family, he would write, as "in miniature the whole crisis of the middle class". Chambers's biographer Sam Tanenhaus wrote that Lenin's authoritarianism was "precisely what attracts Chambers... He had at last found his church".
In 1925, Chambers joined the Communist Party of the United States. Chambers wrote and edited for Communist publications, including The Daily Worker newspaper and The New Masses magazine. Combining his literary talents with his devotion to Communism, Chambers wrote four short stories in 1931 about proletarian hardship and revolt, including Can You Make Out Their Voices?, considered by critics as one of the best pieces of fiction from the American Communist movement. Hallie Flanagan co-adapted and produced it as a play entitled Can You Hear Their Voices?, staged across America and in many other countries. Chambers worked as a translator during this period. Chambers was recruited to join the "Communist underground" and began his career as a spy, working for a GRU apparatus headed by Alexander Ulanovsky, his main controller in the underground was Josef Peters. Chambers claimed Peters introduced him to Harold Ware, that he was head of a Communist underground cell in Washington that included: Apart from Marion Bachrach, these people were all members of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal administration.
Chambers worked in Washington as an organizer among Communists in the city and as a courier between New York and Washington for stolen documents which were delivered to Boris Bykov, the GRU station chief. Using the codename "Karl" or "Carl", Chambers served during the mid-1930s as a courier between various covert sources and Soviet intelligence. In addition to the Ware group mentioned above, other sources that Chambers alleged to have dealt with included: Chambers carried on his espionage activities from 1932 until 1937 or 1938 while his faith in Communism was waning, he became disturbed by Joseph Stalin's Great Purge, which began in 1936. He was fearful for his own life, having noted the murder in Switzerland of Ignace Reiss, a high-ranking Soviet spy who had broken with Stalin, the disappearance of Chambers's friend and fellow spy Juliet Stuart Poyntz in the United States. Poyntz had vanis
David Gestetner was the inventor of the Gestetner stencil duplicator, the first piece of office equipment that allowed production of numerous copies of documents and inexpensively. He was awarded the John Scott Medal of The Franklin Institute in 1888. On 12 March 2011 a Blue Plaque was placed on his home at 124 Highbury New Park in north London; the devoutly Jewish David Gestetner left Hungary to work in Vienna in the 1870s, where he began work at the stock exchange. One of his tasks was to make copies of the activity at the end of the day by handwriting the results, he decided to try to find a better method, his experiments led him to invent the first method of reproducing documents by use of a stencil. He went on making kites out of Chinese paper. Gestetner perceived the idea of the duplicating method after an ink-spill accident whilst vending kites in Chicago. After a pot of ink spilled over a pile of kites, he found that the same ink pattern remained throughout the pile; this inspired him to find a way to replicate the process for commercial use.
Gestetner moved to London, United Kingdom to produce his inventions and went on to achieve great commercial success. See main article Gestetner Cyclograph The stencil method used a thin sheet of paper coated with wax, written upon with a special stylus that left a broken line through the stencil – breaking the paper and removing the wax covering. Ink was forced through the stencil – by an ink roller – and it left its impression on a white sheet of paper below; this was repeated again until sufficient copies were produced. Until this time, any "short copy runs" which were needed for the conduct of a business had to be copied by hand. After the run had been copied, business partners had to read each one to ensure that they were all the same, that human error or tiredness had not introduced an error into one copy; the process was time consuming and frustrating for all. The stencil copy method meant that only one copy had to be read, as all copies were mechanically identical. David Gestetner moved to London, England and in 1881 established the Gestetner Cyclograph Company to produce stencils and ink rollers.
He guarded his invention through patents. He invented other notable devices such as the nail-clipper and a type of ball-point pen; the Gestetner works opened in 1906 at Tottenham Hale, north London, employed tens of thousands of people until the 1990s. His invention became an overnight international success, he soon established an international chain of branches that sold and serviced his products. During the ensuing years he further developed his invention, with the stencil being placed on a screen wrapped around a pair of revolving drums, onto which ink was placed; the drums were revolved and ink, spread evenly across the surface of the screen by a pair of cloth-covered rollers, was forced through the cuts made in the stencil and transferred onto a sheet of paper, fed through the duplicator and pressed by pressure rollers against the lower drum. Each complete rotation of the screen printed one sheet. After the first typewriter was invented, a stencil was created which could be typed on, thus creating copies similar to printed newspapers and books, instead of handwritten material.
The stencil duplicator provided individuals with a means to produce their own uncensored and uncontrolled ideas and distribute them in public places. Producing mass numbers of copies required the co-operation of owners of printing presses, which required a large amount of capital. Owners of presses would not agree to publish opinions contrary to their own interest; the Gestetner Company expanded during the start and middle of the 20th century. Management was passed on to David Gestetner's son, Sigmund Gestetner, from him to his sons and Jonathan. Gestetner acquired other companies during the years: Nashua, Rex Rotary and Savin. A holding company was set up called NRG. In 1996, the international Gestetner Company was acquired by the Ricoh company of Japan; the company was renamed NRG Group, markets and services Ricoh products under its three main brand names in Europe, South Africa and the Middle East, but through dealers throughout the world. On 12 March 2011 a Blue Plaque was placed on Gestetner's home at 124 Highbury New Park.
It was presented by Gestetner's grandson and great-great grandchildren Harry Gestetner, aged 11, Henrietta Hodgson, 13, accompanied by various relatives and descendants. Spirit duplicator, a variation on Gestetner's design using a drum filled with solvent instead of ink. Duplicator Gestetner Sigmund Gestetner Photocopier Nail clipper Biographical Dictionary of Management, Thoemmes Continuum. "Before Copies", Graphic Com Central. Proudfoot, W. B; the Origin of Stencil Duplicating, Hutchinson of London, 1972. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography