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ATSC standards

Advanced Television Systems Committee standards are a set of standards for digital television transmission over terrestrial and satellite networks. It is a replacement for the analog NTSC standard, like that standard, used in the United States and Canada. Other former users of NTSC, like Japan, have not used ATSC during their digital television transition because they adopted their own system called ISDB; the ATSC standards were developed in the early 1990s by the Grand Alliance, a consortium of electronics and telecommunications companies that assembled to develop a specification for what is now known as HDTV. The standard is now administered by the Advanced Television Systems Committee; the standard includes a number of patented elements, licensing is required for devices that use these parts of the standard. Key among these is the 8VSB modulation system used for over-the-air broadcasts. ATSV technology was developed with patent contributions from LG Electronics, which holds most of the patents for the ATSV standard.

ATSC includes 1080i and 720p. It includes standard-definition formats, although only HDTV services were launched in the digital format. ATSC can carry multiple channels of information on a single stream, it is common for there to be a single high-definition signal and several standard-definition signals carried on a single 6 MHz channel allocation; the high-definition television standards defined by the ATSC produce wide screen 16:9 images up to 1920×1080 pixels in size – more than six times the display resolution of the earlier standard. However, many different image sizes are supported; the reduced bandwidth requirements of lower-resolution images allow up to six standard-definition "subchannels" to be broadcast on a single 6 MHz TV channel. ATSC standards can be downloaded for free from the ATSC's website at ATSC Standard A/53, which implemented the system developed by the Grand Alliance, was published in 1995, it was revised in 2009. ATSC Standard A/72 introduces H. 264/AVC video coding to the ATSC system.

ATSC supports 5.1-channel surround sound using Dolby Digital's AC-3 format. Numerous auxiliary datacasting services can be provided. Many aspects of ATSC are patented, including elements of the MPEG video coding, the AC-3 audio coding, the 8VSB modulation; the cost of patent licensing, estimated at up to $50 per digital TV receiver, has prompted complaints by manufacturers. As with other systems, ATSC depends on numerous interwoven standards, e.g. the EIA-708 standard for digital closed captioning, leading to variations in implementation. ATSC replaced much of the analog NTSC television system in the United States on June 12, 2009, on August 31, 2011 in Canada, on December 31, 2012 in South Korea, on December 31, 2015 in Mexico. Broadcasters who used ATSC and wanted to retain an analog signal were temporarily forced to broadcast on two separate channels, as the ATSC system requires the use of an entire separate channel. Channel numbers in ATSC do not correspond to RF frequency ranges, as they did with analog television.

Instead, virtual channels, sent as part of the metadata along with the program, allow channel numbers to be remapped from their physical RF channel to any other number 1 to 99, so that ATSC stations can either be associated with the related NTSC channel numbers, or all stations on a network can use the same number. There is a standard for distributed transmission systems, a form of single-frequency network which allows for the synchronised operation of multiple on-channel booster stations. Dolby Digital AC-3 is used as the audio codec, though it was standardized as A/52 by the ATSC, it allows the transport of up to five channels of sound with a sixth channel for low-frequency effects. In contrast, Japanese ISDB HDTV broadcasts use MPEG's Advanced Audio Coding as the audio codec, which allows 5.1 audio output. DVB allows both. MPEG-2 audio was a contender for the ATSC standard during the DTV "Grand Alliance" shootout, but lost out to Dolby AC-3; the Grand Alliance issued a statement finding the MPEG-2 system to be "essentially equivalent" to Dolby, but only after the Dolby selection had been made.

A story emerged that MIT had entered into an agreement with Dolby whereupon the university would be awarded a large sum of money if the MPEG-2 system was rejected. Dolby offered an incentive for Zenith to switch their vote; the ATSC system supports a number of different display resolutions, aspect ratios, frame rates. The formats are listed here by resolution, form of scanning, number of frames per second. For transport, ATSC uses the MPEG systems specification, known as an MPEG transport stream, to encapsulate data, subject to certain constraints. ATSC uses 188-byte MPEG transport stream packets to carry data. Before decoding of audio and video takes place, the receiver must demodulate and apply error correction to the signal; the transport stream may be demultiplexed into its constituent streams. There are four basic display sizes for ATSC known by referring to the number of lines of the picture height. NTSC and PAL image sizes are a height of 480 or 576 lines; the third size is HDTV images that are 1280 pixels wide.

The largest size has 1080 lines 1920 pixels wide. 1080-

Manor of Tottenham, Wiltshire

Tottenham is a historic estate in Wiltshire, centred on Tottenham House, a large Grade I listed country house in the parish of Great Bedwyn, about 5 miles southeast of the town of Marlborough. It is separated from the town by Savernake Forest, part of the Tottenham Park estate; the site of the house was part of the much larger Savernake Forest, was under the control of the Esturmy family. The land passed to the Seymour family by marriage in the 15th century; the original house was built by Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford in about 1575, when it was known as Totnam Lodge. In 1675 the estate passed to Lady Elizabeth Seymour, who married Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury, passing the house to the Bruce family. In 1721 Elizabeth Seymour's son and heir, Charles Bruce, 3rd Earl of Ailesbury, rebuilt Totnam Lodge to the design of his brother-in-law the pioneering Palladian architect Lord Burlington, parts of the grounds, including the kitchen garden, were laid out by Capability Brown from 1764 to c 1770.

The house underwent a number of further rebuilds, the current house, containing more than one hundred rooms dates from the 1820s, having been remodelled by Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Marquess of Ailesbury. It incorporates parts of the earlier houses on the site which were built by the Seymour family of nearby Wulfhall, about one mile to the south. In 1818, Charles Brudenell-Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury, added stables to the design of Thomas Cundy II; the Bruce family lived in the house until 1946. Thereafter it was used as a preparatory school until 1994, leased to a charity until 2005, since when it has been unoccupied, apart from a period in 2006, when the band Radiohead recorded part of their 2007 album In Rainbows at the house, it was leased for 150 years to a Florida based consortium with the intention of creating a luxury hotel and golfing centre, but the consortium went bankrupt in 2008. In 2014, the house was sold for £11.25m to an undisclosed buyer who plans to turn it back into a private home.

Wilhelmina, Duchess of Cleveland, in her 1889 work The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages wrote as follows of the Esturmy family, which held the estates of Tottenham and the Savernake Forest: "Esturny for L'Estourmi, the true version of the name, as given on the Dives Roll. In England the first letter was dropped, it became Sturmy, Stormey, Sturmyn, &c, while in Normandy it has survived to the present day as Etourmy. Jean L'Estourmi, a younger brother of the two companions-in-arms of the Conqueror, had remained at home. In the seventeenth century they were Seigneurs de St. Privat, they bear D'azur a une fontaine d'argent, surmontee d'un renard couche de mime. Nothing can well be more unlike the coat of the English house: Argent, three demi-lions rampant gules; the two brothers who came over at the Conquest and Ralph, were both land-owners in 1086. Cowsfield-Esturmy in Wiltshire, Lysse-Sturmy, in Hampshire, were two of his manors, his descendants continued, for a long succession of generations, Foresters in fee of Savernake.

"The Esturmies," says Camden, "from the time of King Henrie the Second were by right of inheritance the Bailiffes and Guardians of the Forest of Savernac lying hard by, of great name for plentie of good game, for a kinde of Ferne there, that yeeldeth a most pleasing savour. In remembrance thereof, their Hunter's horn of a mighty bignesse and tipt with silver, the Earle of Hertford keepeth unto this day, as a monument of his progenitors." They founded the Hospital of the Holy Trinity at Easton, near Marlborough, where a Master, was bound to have his "continual residence, to keep hospitality, to find five priests to say daily masses for the founder's souls." Besides this "great inheritance" in Wiltshire, they possessed in Hampshire "large holdings at Odiham, Dogmersfield and Elvetham. In 1206 Henry Esturmy paid at Porchester sixty out of one hundred capons promised in consideration of leave to break up land at Culefield. A third Henry, Sheriff of Wilts in 1362, married Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Sir John de L'Ortie of Axford, was the father of the last of the line, Sir William Esturmy of Chedham and Wolfs Hall, living temp.

Richard II. His only daughter Maud married Roger Seymour, ancestor of the Dukes of Somerset, to whom the great domain of the Esturmies thus accrued, his descendants, transplanted into Wiltshire from their distant home on the Welsh border, held it close upon three hundred years. The family was represented in many other parts of England—in the Eastern Counties, in Worcestershire and Yorkshire. In Shropshire, "the first of this race," says Eyton, "that occurs to my notice is Hugh Esturmi, amerced five marks in 1176 for trespass in the Forests of Worcestershire." This Hugh Esturmi came from Sussex, where his father exchanged some land near Chichester with the Earl of Arundel. Dallaway's Sussex. There is no further mention of the family in Sus

Francisco Marmolejo

Francisco Marmolejo is an international educational administrator. He is the Education Advisor of the Qatar Foundation for Education and Community Development, based in Doha, Qatar. From 2012 to 2020, he served as Lead Tertiary Education Specialist of the World Bank. At this institution, he served as Global Coordinator of Tertiary Education from 2012 to 2018, from 2016 to 2020 as Lead Education Specialist for India and Asia, based in Delhi, India. Francisco Marmolejo was born in Ojuelos in Mexico, he graduated from the Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí in 1981 with a bachelor's degree in business administration with emphasis in Agri-business. He received a master's degree in business administration from UASLP, conducted doctoral work in Organizational Administration at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Marmolejo started his career at UASLP. In 1989, he was appointed Head of the MBA Program at the Universidad de las Américas in Mexico City, where he served as Vice President for Academic Programs and Vice President for Administration and Finances.

During his tenure, UDLA obtained accreditation in the United States granted by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. From 1994 to 1995, he was the first Mexican educator serving as a Fellow of the American Council on Education, he did his fellowship at the University of Amherst. At the end of his ACE Fellowship, he was appointed as founding Executive Director of CONAHEC, the Consortium for North American Higher Education Collaboration, a network of more than 160 colleges and universities from Canada, the U. S. and Mexico where he served until 2012. CONAHEC is the largest and an influential international collaborative higher education network in the North American Free Trade Agreement region. CONAHEC is headquartered at the University of Arizona, where Marmolejo served as Assistant Vice President for Western Hemispheric Programs, Affiliated Researcher at the Center for the Study of Higher Education and Affiliate Faculty at the Center for Latin American Studies. Marmolejo is or has been member of advisory and governing boards in various institutions and organizations including the External Advisory Boards at the University of Nuevo Leon, the University of San Luis Potosí, Universidad de Guadalajara, the Mexican Consortium of Universities, the Mexican Association of International Education, WES: World Education Services, the Compostela Group of Universities.

He has been member of the Commission of International Initiatives at the American Council on Education, of the Board of Directors at NAFSA: Association of International Educators. Marmolejo has consulted for universities and governments in different parts of the world, has been part of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and World Bank international peer review teams of experts conducting evaluations of higher education in Europe, Latin America, the Middle East and Asia, he participates in international higher education conferences delivering presentations and lectures on internationalization of higher education and higher education trends. Marmolejo has co-authored articles on the same topics and chapters in books, he was involved in the creation of the Network of International Education Associations which brings together the leaders of the most important international education associations of the world. At NIEA he served as member of the Board. In 2014, the University of San Luis Potosí UASLP awarded him the Honorary Doctorate Degree for his contribution to international education.

The Universidad de Guadalajara conferred him an Honorary Doctorate Degree in 2017, NAFSA named him Senior InternationaL Education Fellow in 2018. Francisco Marmolejo is married to Olivia G. Cossio, they have three sons, Francisco Jr. Jose, Juan. CONAHEC UofA Office of Western Hemispheric Programs Official Web site of NAFSA: Association of International Educators Official Web site of the Network of International Education Associations NAFSA: Association of International Educators AMPEI: Mexican Association for International Education

2011 Valparaiso Crusaders football team

The 2011 Valparaiso Crusaders football team represented Valparaiso University in the 2011 NCAA Division I FCS football season. The Crusaders were by second-year head coach Dale Carlson and played their home games at Brown Field, they are a member of the Pioneer Football League. They finished the season 1–10, 1–7 in PFL play to finish in last place #15 Laurence Treadaway S RSSR: Team's Most Valuable Player, All PFL Honorable Mention #44 Gabe Ali-El RB FR: Team's Offensive Player of the Year #88 Greg Wood P JR: Team's Special Teams Player of the Year, All PFL 2nd Team #84 Tanner Kuramata WR FR: Team's Offensive Rookie of the Year #48 Ryan Mundy LB FR: Team's Defensive Rookie of the Year #61 Nate Koeneman OL FR: Offensive Scout Player of the Year #59 J. T. Rotroff LB FR: Defensive Scout Player of the Year #77 Nate Blair OL SR: Richard P. Koenig Award, All PFL Honorable Mention, All PFL Academic Team,ADA Academic All Star Team #42 Grant Bushong DL SR: Joe Sever Trophy #89 Sean McCarty WR RSSR: All PFL Honorable Mention #35 Cody Gokan LB RSJR: All PFL Honorable Mention #43 Pat Derbak LB SO: All PFL Honorable Mention #97 Nikko Carson DL SR: All PFL Honorable Mention

Beyond Frontiers

Beyond Frontiers is the third book in a series from satellite owner and operator SES describing the past and future of the development of satellite broadcasting as well as the current business of the company and its strategy. The book was published in 2016, following predecessors High Above which detailed the history of the company and of satellite broadcasting, Even Higher which looked at the future of broadcasting, it is a large “coffee table” style book of 113 pages with hundreds of photographs. Beyond Frontiers tells the story of SES' technological and commercial innovations and how these are applied in the industry today, providing an in-depth look at the current status of satellite TV and data broadcasting from the perspective of SES. In the first part, The Race to Space, Innovating Technology, the author reviews the technological breakthroughs that are redefining the satellite industry; these include: Next generation rockets such as the Falcon 9 reusable launch system from SpaceX and the Chinese Long March Electric spacecraft propulsion (as fitted to the SES-12, SES-14 and SES-15 satellites, Digital signal processors used to reduce the component count onboard satellites and so improve the weight and reliability of the craft, the modular design of satellites to reduce the time and cost of construction The extension of satellites’ lifespan by in-orbit refuelling, payload exchange and repair The O3b constellation of medium earth orbit satellites that delivers high speed digital connectivity to 180 countries across Latin America, the Middle East and the Pacific and is now owned by SES.

Part two Transcending Markets, Building New Businesses explores SES commercial strategy, how it has adapted technologies and used technological innovations to create new connectivity solutions, describing each of its four vertical markets: Video - including case studies on Fashion One’s Fashion 4K channel, Fox Networks Group’s use of MX1, CWG’s media platform for West Africa Enterprise - with case studies on M2M connectivity for Italy’s Gestore Servizi Energetici, Facebook’s Express Wifi programme in sub-Saharan Africa, Digicel in the Caribbean, Central America, Oceania Mobility - with case studies on Global Eagle Entertainment’s maritime and in-flight connectivity, Royal Caribbean International’s on-board internet access, NSSL Global’s internet connectivity for cargo ships Government - with case studies on hosted payloads for the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service on the Astra 5B and SES-5 satellites, the US Army’s TROJAN and THULE networks, the e-learning project in the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordon Satellites are shaping a new age of mobility.

New satellite technologies are covering the globe in layers of high-powered, ubiquitous bandwidth, capable of connecting both planes in the sky and ships at sea. As global IP traffic will nearly triple over the next five years, by 2020 smartphones are expected to generate 30% of the total IP traffic, global satellite ubiquity is on the verge of exploding into a new realm of possibilities. While forecasting the future is a task for the foolish, it is true that SES will remain a pioneer in using the best of these emerging technologies to rewrite space and satellite history and renew mankind’s access to space. Access to data that powers education, health services and opportunity is a vital capability for everyone, not those with greater means. Satellite communications is a key enabler toward connecting those who are unconnected, bridging the digital divide and most enabling security and protection for those who need it most. With up to 1.6 Gbps of throughput per beam and low latency of less than 150 ms, O3b is delivering a unique and elastic combination of satellite capacity and scalability.

The fundamental shifts in the video ecosystem demand a holistic view of the service chain and the related necessary capabilities to serve customers. Within this context, satellite services are growing in relevance to address the global IP traffic explosion, as they provide a reach that can reduce the connectivity gap. Satellites play a spectacular role as vehicles and probes of progress, as key agents to go beyond accustomed frontiers and set the vanishing points for future science and technology. Beyond Frontiers is written by Chris Forrester, a well known UK broadcasting journalist and industry consultant. High Above Even Higher SES O3b Astra Communications satellite Satellite television Satellite Internet access Highlights of SES history SES website O3b website

Shawn Hatosy

Shawn Wayne Hatosy is an American film and television actor and director. He is best known for his roles in the films In & Out, The Faculty, Outside Providence, Anywhere but Here, The Cooler, Alpha Dog, he is well known for his role as Detective Sammy Bryant on the TNT crime drama series Southland and is starring as Pope Cody in the TNT crime drama series, Animal Kingdom, based on the 2010 Australian film of the same name. Shawn Hatosy was born in Ijamsville, Maryland, to Carol Ann, a loan officer, Wayne Thomas Hatosy, he has Irish ancestry. He grew up in the Loch Haven neighborhood of Ijamsville, attended New Market Middle School, graduated from Linganore High School in 1994. Since appearing in Public Enemies, starring Johnny Depp and Christian Bale, Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans, in which Hatosy portrays Nicolas Cage's partner, Armand Benoit, Hatosy has worked in television. Earlier films included Soldier's Girl, The Faculty, In & Out, The Cooler, Outside Providence, Anywhere but Here, John Q, A Guy Thing, 2007's Alpha Dog.

Hatosy auditioned for a leading role in the 1999 film Varsity Blues but lost it to James Van Der Beek. Hatosy has appeared in such television shows as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, The Twilight Zone, Six Feet Under, ER, Law & Order, Numb3rs, My Name Is Earl, Hawaii Five-0, Criminal Minds, Fear the Walking Dead and Bosch, he portrayed Detective Sammy Bryant in the NBC/TNT television series Southland. His latest successful roles were serial killer Boyd Fowler on the Showtime television series Dexter and police officer Terry McCandless in Reckless, he is starring as Andrew "Pope" Cody on the TNT crime drama series Animal Kingdom. Hatosy was a singer in his own band and graduated from Linganore High School in 1994, he made an appearance in Wheatus's music video for their single "A Little Respect". He made an appearance in Justin Timberlake's music video for his single "What Goes Around... Comes Around", alongside Scarlett Johansson as the drunk love interest. In 2005, Hatosy performed opposite Al Pacino in Lyle Kessler's Orphans, at the Greenway Court Theatre in Los Angeles.

Hatosy took on the title role in the La Jolla Playhouse production of The Collected Works of Billy the Kid. Off-Broadway, he starred opposite Anna Paquin in the Paul Weitz comedy Roulette, he performed in Roulette, an Ensemble Studio Theater production directed by Trip Cullman, whose characters include a dizzy, distant dad, a sweet, alcoholic mom, a steroid-hyped son, a wise-cracking, substance-abusing teenage daughter. Shawn married Kelly Albanese in December 2010; the couple lives in Los Angeles with their sons, Cassius Hatosy, Leo Hatosy, Finn Jones Hatosy. Shawn Hatosy on IMDb Shawn Hatosy at AllMovie Shawn Hatosy at the Internet Off-Broadway Database