Lewis Gilbert was a British film director and screenwriter, who directed more than 40 films during six decades. Lewis Gilbert was born in Hackney, London, to a second-generation family of music hall performers, spent his early years travelling with his parents, of Jewish descent, George Gilbert, watching the shows from the wings, he first performed on stage at the age of five. This pleased the audience, so this became the end of his parents' act; when travelling on trains, his parents hid him in the luggage rack, to avoid paying a fare for him. His father contracted tuberculosis, he died aged 34. As a child actor in films in the 1920s and 1930s, he was the breadwinner for his family, his mother was a film extra, he had an erratic formal education. In 1933, at the age of 13, he had a role in Victor Hanbury and John Stafford's Dick Turpin, at age 17 a small uncredited role in The Divorce of Lady X opposite Laurence Olivier. Alexander Korda offered to send him to RADA, but Gilbert chose to study direction instead, assisting Alfred Hitchcock's Jamaica Inn.
When the Second World War started, he joined the Royal Air Force's film unit, where he worked on various documentary films. He was seconded to the First Motion Picture Unit of the U. S. Army Air Forces, where his commanding officer was William Keighley, an American film director, who allowed Gilbert to take on much of his film-making work. After the war, he continued to write and direct documentary shorts for Gaumont British, before entering low budget feature film production. Gilbert made his name as a director in the 1950s and 1960s with a series of successful films working as the film's writer and producer as well; these films were based on true stories from the Second World War. Examples include Reach for the Sky, Carve Her Name with Pride and Sink the Bismarck!. Gilbert directed Alfie starring Michael Caine. Gilbert's wife Hylda discovered the play by Bill Naughton when she visited the hair salon and sat next to an actress, in a production. Upon seeing the play, Hylda urged Gilbert to make it into a film.
Gilbert used the technique of having the lead character speak directly to the viewer, a technique he also used in Shirley Valentine. Gilbert said Alfie was only made because the low budget was "the sort of money Paramount executives spend on cigar bills"; the film won the Jury Special Prize at the Cannes Film Festival, was nominated for five Academy Awards including best picture. Gilbert was nominated for a Golden Globe for best director. In 1967, Gilbert was chosen to direct Lionel Bart's musical of Oliver! but contracted to another project had to pull out and recommended Carol Reed who took over. "It was the lowest point in my life," said Gilbert. "I'd developed Oliver! with Lionel Bart. I had to do The Adventurers instead... While doing this film, I signed to do The Godfather; because of their financial problems, Paramount could only find $2m to make it. I said it needed $7m". So instead Gilbert made Friends. Although known for character dramas, Gilbert directed three of the James Bond films. After some reluctance, he was persuaded by Harry Saltzman and Albert R. Broccoli to direct You Only Live Twice.
Gilbert returned to the series in the 1970s to make The Spy Who Loved Moonraker. In the 1980s he returned to more small-scale dramas with film versions of Willy Russell's plays Educating Rita and Shirley Valentine. Gilbert directed the film Stepping Out. Gilbert was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1997 Birthday Honours for services to the film industry. In 2001, Gilbert was made a Fellow of the British Film Institute, the highest accolade in the British film industry. In June 2010 he appeared on the BBC Radio 4 programme Desert Island Discs. In it he said that his 1970 film The Adventurers was a disaster, that he should never have made it. On working with Orson Welles on Ferry to Hong Kong, he said that it was: "dreadful, it was my nightmare film, it was a dreadful film, everything was wrong with it. He said that his biggest mistake was failing to direct the film version of the musical Oliver!. Its composer Lionel Bart had assured Gilbert that nobody else would do the film, but Gilbert was contractually committed to Paramount to make a film, which caused him to withdraw from the project.
He was married to Hylda Tafler for 53 years, until her death in June 2005. All My Flashbacks: The Autobiography of Lewis Gilbert Sixty Years a Film Director was published by Reynolds & Hearn in 2010, he died at home in Monaco on 23 February 2018, aged 97. Lewis Gilbert on Desert Island Discs 2010 BFI film and TV credits for Lewis Gilbert Retrieved 14 April 2012 Lewis Gilbert at BAFTA Lewis Gilbert on IMDb Lewis Gilbert at AllMovie
John Moulder-Brown is an English actor of television and film, known for his appearances in the films Deep End, First Love and The House That Screamed, for his attractive looks and demeanor. Moulder-Brown began his acting career as a child. In 1982, he acted in George Bernard Shaw's play and Superman, at the Theatre Royal Haymarket in London, alongside Peter O'Toole, Lisa Harrow, James Grout, Michael Byrne, Robert Beatty and Joyce Carey, his next stage appearance was in the play The Table of the Two Horsemen at the Greenwich Theatre, seven years later. Moulder-Brown founded The Academy of Creative Training, a drama school in Brighton, Sussex, in 1997. Holmstrom, John; the Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995. Norwich, Michael Russell, 1996, p. 299-300. John Moulder-Brown on IMDb
Educating Rita (film)
Educating Rita is a British 1983 drama/comedy film directed by Lewis Gilbert with a screenplay by Willy Russell based on his 1980 stage play. The film stars Julie Walters, Michael Williams and Maureen Lipman, it won multiple major awards for best actor and best actress and was nominated for three Academy Awards. Caine and Walters both won Golden Globe awards for best actor and actress; the British Film Institute ranked Educating Rita the 84th greatest British film of the 20th century. A Liverpudlian working-class young woman – hairdresser – Rita wants to better herself by studying literature, her assigned Open University professor, Frank Bryant, has long ago taken to the bottle, soon develops misgivings about Rita's ability to adapt to student culture. Bryant is a jaded university lecturer, who describes his occupational ability as "appalling but good enough for his appalling students", his passion for literature is reignited by Rita, whose technical ability for the subject is limited by her lack of education but whose enthusiasm Frank finds refreshing.
Lewis Gilbert says. "Columbia wanted me to cast Dolly Parton as Rita". Julie Walters, in her feature film debut, reprised her role from the stage production; the film was shot in Dublin. Trinity College, Dublin, is used as the setting for the university, University College Dublin, in Belfield, Dublin, is used for Rita's summer school; the rooms used by Bryant as his office and tutorial room were those of the College Historical Society and the University Philosophical Society, respectively. No. 8 Hogan Avenue in Dublin 2 near Grand Canal Dock was used for Rita's house in the film, one in Burlington Road, Ballsbridge for Bryant's. The scene where Rita runs into her ex Denny and his new wife was filmed in the South Lotts area of Ringsend; the scene in France was filmed in Maynooth, County Kildare, Pearse Station and Dublin Airport were used. The scene in the pub was shot in The Stag's Head pub on Dame Court in Dublin. However, the pub which Rita enters is the Dame Tavern, opposite The Stag's Head. Filming took place in Stonybatter with Aughrim St Church being used for the wedding scene.
Stanhope St school was used as a production base. The American Variety magazine in December 1982 lauded Walters' interpretation of Rita as "itty, down-to-earth and loaded with common sense." "Rita," the review continues, "is the antithesis of the humorless and stagnated academic world she so longs to infiltrate. Julie Walters injects her with just the right mix of comedy and pathos."Ian Nathan reviewing the film for Britain's Empire film magazine calls the film a "gem," and gives it four out of five stars. He describes Walters's "splendidly rich interpretation" of Rita and characterises her "reactions to the traditions of English lit carry the caustic brilliance of true intelligence, a shattering of blithe pretension". Of Walters and Caine, Nathan opines, "they make a beautifully odd couple, in a love story at one remove"; this reviewer depicts the director's effort as "effective, optimistic," and observes about the film that the playwright's "angry message that people are trapped by their environment not their abilities, is salved by the sweetness of final parting."
Nathan's "verdict" of the film is one of "harming, glittering characterisations that, though they don't run deep refresh."American critic Janet Maslin called the film "an awkward blend of intellectual pretension and cute obvious humour" and "the perfect play about literature for anyone who wouldn't dream of reading books". Chicago film critic Roger Ebert gave the film two stars out of four, calling the film a "forced march through a formula relationship". Academy Award for Best Actor - Nominated Academy Award for Best Actress - Nominated Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay - Nominated Golden Globe Award for Best English-Language Foreign Film - Nominated Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy - Won Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy - Won Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay - Nominated BAFTA Award for Best Film - Won BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role - Won BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role - Won BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Nominated BAFTA Award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles - Nominated BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay National Board of Review: Top Ten Films - Won In 1999, the film was among the BFI Top 100 British films.
In 2007, while promoting the remake of Sleuth, Caine called Educating Rita "the last good picture made before mentally retired." The film was released on DVD in the UK and the US. ITV Studios released the film onto Blu-Ray in the UK in 2008 as a 25th Anniversary edition, to mark twenty-five years since the film's
You Only Live Twice (film)
You Only Live Twice is a 1967 British spy film and the fifth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, starring Sean Connery as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. The film's screenplay was written by Roald Dahl, loosely based on Ian Fleming's 1964 novel of the same name, it is the first James Bond film to discard most of Fleming's plot, using only a few characters and locations from the book as the background for an new story. In the film, Bond is dispatched to Japan after American and Soviet manned spacecraft disappear mysteriously in orbit. With each nation blaming the other amidst the Cold War, Bond travels secretly to a remote Japanese island to find the perpetrators and comes face to face with Ernst Stavro Blofeld, the head of SPECTRE; the film reveals the appearance of Blofeld, a unseen character. SPECTRE is working for the government of an unnamed Asian power, implied to be the People's Republic of China, to provoke war between the superpowers. During the filming in Japan, it was announced that Sean Connery would retire from the role of Bond, but after a hiatus, he returned in 1971's Diamonds Are Forever and 1983's non-Eon Bond film Never Say Never Again.
You Only Live Twice is the first Bond film to be directed by Lewis Gilbert, who directed the 1977 film The Spy Who Loved Me and the 1979 film Moonraker, both starring Roger Moore. You Only Live Twice was a great success, receiving positive reviews and grossing over $111 million in worldwide box office. American NASA spacecraft Jupiter 16 is hijacked from orbit by an unidentified spaceship; the United States suspects it to be the work of the Soviets, but the British suspect Japanese involvement since the spacecraft, after having "swallowed" Jupiter 16, landed in the Sea of Japan. To investigate, MI6 operative James Bond is sent to Tokyo, after faking his own death in Hong Kong and being buried at sea from HMS Tenby. Upon his arrival, Bond meets a mysterious Japanese woman while watching a sumo match, she introduces Bond to local MI6 operative Dikko Henderson, who claims to have critical evidence about the rogue craft, but is killed before he can elaborate. Bond chases and kills the assailant, taking the assailant's clothing as a disguise, is driven in the getaway car to Osato Chemicals.
Once there, Bond breaks into the office safe of president Mr. Osato. After obtaining certain documents, Bond is pursued by armed security, but is rescued by the woman he had met earlier, who flees to a secluded subway station. Bond chases her, but falls down a trap door leading to the office of the head of the Japanese secret service, Tiger Tanaka, who reveals that the woman is his assistant Aki; the stolen documents are examined, found to include a photograph of the cargo ship Ning-Po, with a microdot message saying the tourist who took the photo was killed as a security precaution. While at Tanaka's spa, Bond meets with Aki again and they spend the night together. Bond goes to Osato Chemicals masquerading as a potential new buyer. Osato humours Bond, but after their meeting, he orders his secretary, Helga Brandt, to have him killed. Outside the building, assassins open fire on Bond. Bond and Aki drive to Kobe, they investigate the company's dock facilities, discover that the ship was delivering elements for rocket fuel.
They are discovered. He wakes, tied up in SPECTRE operative Helga Brandt's cabin on the Ning-Po. In a sexy cocktail dress, she interrogates Bond, but he thinks of managing to bribe his way to freedom when she chooses to enjoy herself by kissing and freeing him. Brandt flies Bond to Tokyo the next day, but en route, she sets off a flare in the plane and bails out persuaded to kill him. Bond manages to land the plane. After finding out where the Ning-Po unloaded, Bond flies over the area in a armed autogyro created by Q. Near a volcano, Bond is attacked by helicopters, which he defeats, confirming his suspicions that the enemy's base is nearby. A Soviet spacecraft is captured in orbit by another unidentified craft, heightening tensions between Russia and the United States; the mysterious spaceship lands in an extensive base hidden inside the volcano. It soon turns out that the true mastermind behind this is Ernst Stavro Blofeld, the mysterious leader of SPECTRE, hired by the People's Republic of China to start a Soviet-American war.
Blofeld summons Osato to answer for not having killed Bond. Blofeld gives Osato a last chance, but as Brandt leaves, he activates a mechanism that drops her to her death into a pool filled with piranhas. Blofeld orders Osato to kill Bond. Bond is informed of Tanaka's plan: he is to train with Tanaka's ninjas, disguise himself as a Japanese fisherman alongside a Japanese wife, infiltrate SPECTRE's island. Before this plan can be completed, Aki is killed when she accidentally ingests poison that a SPECTRE assassin had meant for Bond to take. Bond moves on and enters into a fake marriage to Tanaka's student, Kissy Suzuki. Acting on her lead, the pair reconnoitre the volcano above it. Establishing that the mouth of the volcano is a disguised hatch to the secret rocket base, Bond slips in, while Kissy goes to alert Tanaka. Bond locates and frees the captured astronauts and, with their help, steals a space suit in an attempt to infiltrate the SPECTRE spacecraft, "Bird One". However, Blofeld spots Bond, he is detained while Bird One is launched.
Bird One closes in on the American space capsule, U. S. forces prepare to launch a nu
Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies is an American movie-oriented pay-TV network operated by Warner Bros. Entertainment, a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Launched in 1994, TCM is headquartered at Turner's Techwood broadcasting campus in the Midtown business district of Atlanta, Georgia; the channel's programming consisted of classic theatrically released feature films from the Turner Entertainment film library – which comprises films from Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. However, TCM licenses films from other studios, shows more recent films; the channel is available in the United States, the United Kingdom, Malta, Latin America, Italy, Cyprus, the Nordic countries, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific. In 1986, eight years before the launch of Turner Classic Movies, Ted Turner acquired the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio for $1.5 billion. Concerns over Turner Entertainment's corporate debt load resulted in Turner selling the studio that October back to Kirk Kerkorian, from whom Turner had purchased the studio less than a year before.
As part of the deal, Turner Entertainment retained ownership of MGM's library of films released up to May 9, 1986. Turner Broadcasting System was split into two companies; the film library of Turner Entertainment would serve as the base form of programming for TCM upon the network's launch. Before the creation of Turner Classic Movies, films from Turner's library of movies aired on the Turner Broadcasting System's advertiser-supported cable network TNT – along with colorized versions of black-and-white classics such as The Maltese Falcon. Turner Classic Movies debuted on April 14, 1994, at 6 p.m. Eastern Time, with Ted Turner launching the channel at a ceremony in New York City's Times Square district; the date and time were chosen for their historical significance as "the exact centennial anniversary of the first public movie showing in New York City". The first movie broadcast on TCM was the 1939 film Gone with the Wind, the same film that served as the debut broadcast of its sister channel TNT six years earlier in October 1988.
At the time of its launch, TCM was available to one million cable television subscribers. The network served as a competitor to AMC—which at the time was known as "American Movie Classics" and maintained a identical format to TCM, as both networks focused on films released prior to 1970 and aired them in an uncut and commercial-free format. AMC had broadened its film content to feature colorized and more recent films by 2002. In 1996, Turner Broadcasting System merged with Time Warner which, besides placing Turner Classic Movies and Warner Bros. Entertainment under the same corporate umbrella gave TCM access to Warner Bros.' Library of films released after 1950. In the early 2000s, AMC abandoned its commercial-free format, which led to TCM being the only movie-oriented basic cable channel to devote its programming to classic films without commercial interruption or content editing. On March 4, 2019, Time Warner's new owner AT&T announced a planned reorganization that would dissolve Turner Broadcasting.
TCM, along with Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, over-the-top video company Otter Media, will be moved directly under Warner Bros.. Speaking about the move, then-Warner Bros. CEO Kevin Tsujihara explained that TCM was "a natural fit with Warner Bros." due the company's massive film library. In 2000, TCM started the annual Young Composers Film Competition, inviting aspiring composers to participate in a judged competition that offers the winner of each year's competition the opportunity to score a restored, feature-length silent film as a grand prize, mentored by a well-known composer, with the new work subsequently premiering on the network; as of 2006, films that have been rescored include the 1921 Rudolph Valentino film Camille, two Lon Chaney films: 1921's The Ace of Hearts and 1928's Laugh, Clown and Greta Garbo's 1926 film The Temptress. In April 2010, Turner Classic Movies held the first TCM Classic Film Festival, an event—now held annually—at the Grauman's Chinese Theater and the Grauman's Egyptian Theater in Hollywood.
Hosted by Robert Osborne, the four-day long annual festival celebrates Hollywood and its movies, featured celebrity appearances, special events, screenings of around 50 classic movies including several newly restored by The Film Foundation, an organization devoted to preserving Hollywood's classic film legacy. Turner Classic Movies operates as a commercial-free service, with the only advertisements on the network being shown between features – which advertise TCM products, network promotions for upcoming special programs and the original trailers for films that are scheduled to be broadcast on TCM, featurettes about classic film actors and actresses. In addition to this, extended breaks between features are filled with theatrically released movie trailers and classic short subjects – from series such as The Passing Parade, Crime Does Not Pay, Pete Smith Specialties, Robert Benchley – under the banner name TCM Extras (formerly On
Operation Daybreak is a 1975 Second World War film based on the true story of Operation Anthropoid, the assassination of SS General Reinhard Heydrich in Prague. Starring Anthony Andrews, Timothy Bottoms and Martin Shaw, it was directed by Lewis Gilbert and shot on location in Prague, it is adapted from the book Seven Men at Daybreak by Alan Burgess. List of American films of 1975 Hangmen Also Die! Hitler's Madman The Silent Village Atentát Anthropoid The Man with the Iron Heart Operation Daybreak on IMDb Operation Daybreak at the TCM Movie Database Operation Daybreak at AllMovie Operation Daybreak at the British Film Institute Operation Daybreak at the British Board of Film Classification
John Antony Townley, known professionally as Toke Townley, was an English actor. Townley was born on 6 November 1912 in Great Dunmow, another village nearby), his father was a vicar and he was christened John Townley, but his first name was changed by his parents to the surname of an ancestor. After he left school he worked as a clerk in industry, he did not become a professional actor until his early 30s, first appearing at Birmingham Repertory Theatre. He appeared in many BBC television programmes during the early pioneering days at Alexandra Palace. Between 1951 and 1970, in the heyday of the British studios, Townley appeared in thirty films, including Lady Godiva Rides Again, Doctor at Sea, The Quatermass Xperiment, The Admirable Crichton, Carry on Admiral, Doctor in Distress and Scars of Dracula, he went on to appear in many film and television roles including The Avengers. He was an accomplished flautist and played the instrument on screen. Many of his roles were country bumpkins, so it was an appropriate move when Townley joined Emmerdale Farm as Annie Sugden's father, Sam Pearson, complete with cloth cap and collarless shirt, when the serial began in 1972.
He appeared in over 800 episodes of Emmerdale Farm. Loved and admired by the rest of the cast of the rural soap opera, Townley was said to be a private person, living alone at a Leeds hotel, near where the programme was filmed, he died of a heart attack whilst still in the soap. Toke Townley on IMDb