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A Flag is Born

A Flag is Born is a 1946 play that advocated the creation of a homeland for the Jewish people in the ancient Land of Israel—at the time of the play's release Mandatory Palestine, under British administration. With a cast including Paul Muni, Celia Adler and Marlon Brando, it opened on Broadway on September 4, 1946, it was directed by Luther Adler, with music by Kurt Weill. A Flag is Born was produced by the American League for a Free Palestine, an organization headed by Hillel Kook, to raise money for Zionist causes. A Flag is Born has three principal characters, with other actors playing bit roles. Tevye and Zelda are survivors of the Treblinka death camp who are attempting to travel to British-administered Palestine, the ancient Land of Israel. David is an angry young Holocaust survivor; the play opens with Tevye and Zelda ushering in the Jewish Sabbath on a Friday night somewhere on their journey. Zelda lights candles on a broken tombstone. After reciting the Sabbath prayers, Tevye dreams of the town where he was born, as it was before the Nazis destroyed it.

A dream sequence follows in which Tevye has visions of the biblical kings Saul and David imagines himself standing before the United Nations Security Council pleading for the formation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Tevye awakens to find, he recites kaddish, a Jewish memorial prayer welcomes the Angel of Death, who has come for him too. He bids David farewell; as David considers committing suicide, three Jewish soldiers appear and implore him to join them: "Don't you hear our guns David? We battle the sly and powerful English. We speak to them in the language of guns. We fling no more tears at the world. We fling bullets. We fling barrages... We promise to wrest our homeland out of the British claws."In the play's finale, David delivers a fiery pro-Zionist speech, moves across a bridge into Palestine, with the mixed sounds of "Hatikvah" and gunfire in the background, raises Tevye's prayer shawl as a makeshift flag and marches off to war. A Flag is Born was produced by the pro-Zionist American League for a Free Palestine to raise financial and political support for Zionist causes, including the transport of Jews from Europe.

The AFLP was open about its political motivations—publicity materials read: "'A Flag is Born' is not ordinary theatre. It was not written to amuse or beguile.'A Flag is Born' was written to make money—to make money to provide ships to get Hebrews to Palestine... and arouse American public opinion to support the fight for freedom and independence now being waged by the resistance in Palestine."In promoting the play, the Bergson Group attempted to equate the Zionist organizations in Palestine with the Patriots of the American Revolution. The cover of the program showed three Zionists—one with a rifle, one with a hoe, one with a Zionist flag—superimposed over three American Revolutionary figures. Advertisements used the slogan "It's 1776 in Palestine!", portrayed members of the Irgun as "modern-day Nathan Hales," alluded to "taxation without representation" in Palestine, quoted Thomas Jefferson's phrase, "Resistance to tyranny is obedience to God." When Tevye dreams about addressing the United Nations, he compares Palestine in the 1940s with the American colonies in the 1770s.

A Flag is Born played in six North American cities and raised more than $400,000 for the ALFP, the largest block of funds it attained. Brando had been voted "Broadway's Most Promising Actor" for his role as an anguished veteran in Truckline Café, but that play was not a commercial success and Brando was still young unknown and impecunious. Brando contended that the survivors of the Holocaust deserved to have their own land where they could live freely. After the play proved popular, the Broadway run was extended and a tour was arranged; the sponsoring committee included many prominent people, including composer Leonard Bernstein, novelist Lion Feuchtwanger, New York City Mayor William O'Dwyer, Eleanor Roosevelt. Following the Broadway run, A Flag is Born traveled to Chicago, Detroit and Boston, it was scheduled to play at the National Theater in Washington, D. C. However, in an early action of the civil rights movement, Americans who opposed racial discrimination began a boycott to oppose the practice of barring blacks from attending Washington theaters, the committee moved the play to the Maryland Theater in Baltimore.

A special train brought members of Congress to the performance. The American League for a Free Palestine and the NAACP cooperated to use the occasion to force the management of the Maryland Theater to abrogate its segregation policy for the duration of the play's run which, in the context of the times, was considered a victory for civil rights

Cornelis Johannes van Doorn

Cornelis Johannes van Doorn was a Dutch civil engineer and foreign advisor to Meiji period Japan. Cornelis Johannes van Doorn was born on 5 January 1837 in Hall, the son of the Reverend PW van Doorn. Van Doorn studied at the Technical School of Dr. Grothe in Utrecht and at the Royal Academy in Delft, he received his degree in 1860 as a civil engineer. In his early career, he went to Java in the Dutch East Indies, returning home in 1863 to work for the Maatschappij tot Exploitatie van Staatsspoorwegen railway company in North Holland. From March 1865 he worked as an engineer in designing the locks, pumping station and dam on the IJ. In 1871 Van Doorn was invited by the Japanese government to act as an expert in hydraulic engineering, arriving in Japan on 24 March 1872, staying to 22 July 1880. During his time in Japan, he was involved in port development and river improvement projects on the Edo River, Osaka and Nobiru in Sendai Bay, he designed Japan's first western-style waterway, the Asaka Canal, which reclaimed land for 52 kilometers around Lake Inawashiro in Fukushima Prefecture and made the development of the city of Kōriyama possible..

A memorial bronze statue was erected to him beside the sluice gate on the Tone River in 1931. He designed Japan's first western-style lock, the Ishii lock in Ishinomaki, designated an Important Cultural Property in 2002. Returning to the Netherlands after eight years, Van Doorn died in Amsterdam in 1906. In the Netherlands, not much is known about his efforts in Japan. In Japan, on the other hand his name is found in schoolbooks, there are museums dedicated to him and streets and squares named after them. Van Doorns grave in Amsterdam is maintained at the expense of Japanese city of Kōriyama. Johannis de Rijke Foreign government advisors in Meiji Japan


Menajahtwa was a female rap duo from Compton, California composed of female rappers Spice and Royal T. They were signed to Eazy-E's Ruthless Records in the 1990s; the duo made their debut in 1992 on Eazy-E's EP, 5150: Home 4 tha Sick on the track entitled "Merry Muthafuckin' Xmas" alongside Eazy-E, Buckwheat and Atban Klann. Two years on August 23, 1994, Menajahtwa released their first and only album entitled Cha-Licious, which featured production from Eazy-E, DJ Yella, Rhythum D and DJ U-Neek; the album spawned two singles "La La La" and "Giv Tha Azz 2 No 1", however the album did not do well and neither the album nor the singles charted. Despite the albums' miscomings they would stay together for a few more years and appeared on Eazy-E's 1995 song "Gangsta Beat 4 Tha Street", on Adina Howard's 1997 "Swerve On"; as well as writing Adina Howards "Freak And You Know It" produced by DJ Quik. Shortly after "Swerve On" the duo disbanded, but remain best friends to this day


Nammavar is a 1994 Tamil-language drama film directed by K. S. Sethumadhavan, starring Kamal Haasan and Gautami in the lead roles, while Nagesh, Senthil, Kovai Sarala, Srividya play supporting roles. Haasan plays a revolutionary history lecturer of a college; the film follows how he tries to reform the downtrodden college by his initiatives and its consequences. The background score and music was composed by debutant Mahesh Mahadevan with cinematography by Madhu Ambat; the film was among the 1994 Deepavali releases and won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil and Second Prize of Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Film. It was dubbed in Telugu-language as Professor Viswam. Dr. Selvam is the new vice principal and history professor in a college ruled by the donor's son Ramesh, a spoiled brat, owing to the lack of parental guidance, turns into a good-for-nothing man who influences the other students in the college by his tyrannical use of money and power. Sparks fly between the two.

Vasanthi is a professor in the same college who disapproves of Selvam's methods but falls for him. Selvam is revealed to be a cancer patient, seeking answers to fight his inner demons by doing good to the college; when all his methods to insult Selvam fail, when one of his gang turns against him, Ramesh retaliates by implicating his ex-friend's lover Nirmala, the daughter of one of the college lecturers, Prabhakar Rao, in a brothel raid, which leads to her suicide. The inevitable final clash ensues, where Selvam still does not want to harm Ramesh and is still willing to offer him a second chance. In the end and Vasanthi leave for the US seeking a cure for his cancer and hoping the college will be reformed when they return; the first day shoot was at held at the Vijaya Vauhini studios, with Karan as a student and Kamal Haasan as professor in a classroom scenario. The film received positive reviews from critics. Malini Mannath of The Indian Express wrote "The filmmaker tries to be little different, at times moving away from cliches and conclusions.

But he couldn't do without them either." Indolink Tamil wrote "Kamal's taut and flawless Screenplay handled with aplomb by Sethumadhavan separates Nammavar from the run on the mill stuff churned out in the name of Tamil cinema from the mills in Kodambakkam. The story is nothing new, is similar to Thalaivasal, a hit in 1993, but the manner in which its been handled makes this one of the most enjoyable movie going experiences in recent times, with the right measure of drama, action and humor supported by excellent acting and pleasing background music and good cinematography". In 1995 at the National Film Awards, Nagesh was awarded Best Supporting Actor award for his portrayal in the film, as well winning the Tamil Nadu State Film Award Special Prize. Film historian S. Theodore Baskaran felt that Oru Thalai Ragam and Nammavar were the "two most representative Tamil films about students"; this movie features 6 songs composed by Mahesh Mahadevan, while the lyrics were written by Pulamaipithan and Vairamuthu.

This is Mahesh's debut film as music director. Prior to signing the project, he had been diagnosed with blood cancer and since, it has been debated that Kamal Haasan's cancer-ridden role in the film was a tribute to Mahesh. Before his death in 2002, Mahesh went on to work in the sound department in Kamal Haasan's Kuruthipunal and Aalavandhan; the soundtrack was marked the debut of noted singer, Srinivas. Mahesh won the National Film Award - Special Mention for this film; the film has won the following awards since its release: Nammavar on IMDb

Ginban Kaleidoscope

Ginban Kaleidoscope is a series of light novels written by Rei Kaibara and illustrated by Hiro Suzuhira. A manga adaptation authored by Jun Hasegawa was serialized in Margaret from 2005 to 2006. An anime adaptation of the first arc of the novels aired on TV Tokyo from October 8, 2005 to December 24, 2005; the series won the 2nd Super Dash Novel Rookie of the Year Award Grand Prize. The story revolves around Tazusa Sakurano, a Japanese Olympic figure skating candidate, Pete Pumps, a Canadian stunt pilot. During a qualifying round in Montreal, Canada, Tazusa falls in the middle of a Triple Lutz and loses consciousness. At the same time, Pete dies mid-performance. For Tazusa, Pete ends up involuntarily inhabiting her body for 100 days. During this time, Tazusa begins to develop romantic feelings for Pete, falls in love with him. Tazusa Sakurano Voiced by: Ayako Kawasumi, she is on bad terms with the media and the public because of her cold attitude and string of bad luck in competitions. Her goal is to compete in the Winter Olympics in Torino.

At the beginning of the series, she is possessed by the ghost of Pete Pumps and while she hated him, she grew to accept his constant presence in her life and grew more to love him. While possessed, she picked up the habit of eating tomatoes, because her possessor Pete hates tomatoes, using masochism, since Pete can share Tazusa's pain, to keep him in line, she has an unlucky tendency to fall asleep when she gets bored, but can never sleep the night before a competition. In the anime, she describes herself as "The 10 Billion Dollar Beauty."Initially Tazusa is portrayed as a bratty, cold girl. She doesn't have many lives with her coach and sister; however after spending time with Pete, she changes and opens her heart. In school where Pete helps her through her exams, she starts to express herself more during the skating routines which enable her to represent Japan in the Olympics. At the same time, Tazusa falls in love with Pete and she realizes what is important to her. Pete Pumps Voiced by: Hiroyuki Yoshino A Canadian stunt pilot who died when his stunt plane developed mechanical trouble and crashed in a fireball.

As a ghost he needs to wait 100 days before he can go to Heaven and inadvertently ends up possessing Tazusa. Pete likes Tazusa and tries to help her improve her public image and succeed in being selected for the Olympics, he gets jealous of the reporter Kazuya Nitta, as Tazusa seems to have a crush on him. Though Tazusa at first doesn't agree with him and ignores him, he wins her over and she starts to get to know him better, he designs her "waitress on ice" performance. Sometimes, as a way to punish him for annoying her or for any other reason, she will eat tomatoes which he has a strong hatred for, it is the only way she can torture him without having any physical or mental pain inflicted upon her as well. At the first stage of performing at the Olympics Pete kisses Tazusa during their last performance, Pete kisses her in his ghost form and seems to love her in return, he bids her an emotional farewell as he departs. Kyōko Shitō Voiced by: Kazusa Murai She is one of Tazusa's skating rivals, she is the preferred choice for the Japanese Olympic representative for Women's Figure Skating because she is closer to the Skating Federation's "ideal" and as such and Tazusa are quite competitive.

She has a calm personality, never likes to take risks. Yūji Takashima Voiced by: Jurota Kosugi He is Tazusa's coach, he is an all-around nice guy. Tazusa and her younger sister live with him because of their parents' divorce. In the beginning of the series, he had believed that the reason why Tazusa was hitting and torturing herself was due to stress of having Japan's representative figure skater in the Olympics being chosen soon, he believes that whenever she is insulting Pete, it is he, the target of her nasty remarks and considers this as part of her stress. He reveals Hitomi as his fiancée on Episode 9. Kazuya Nitta Voiced by: Isshin Chiba He is a freelance reporter who has a secret crush on Kyōko and tries to help Tazusa in her battles with the mass media, he is a collected figure who believes in and supports Tazusa. Yōko Sakurano Voiced by: Chiwa Saitō She is Tazusa's level-headed younger sister, she is seen waking Tazusa up for breakfast and in her competition to cheer her as well. In the novel series, she figure skates.

Mika Honjō Voiced by: Marina Inoue She is Tazusa's quiet best friend and the designer of all of her skating outfits. A running gag in the anime consists of Tazusa yelling at Pete, invisible to other people only to have Mika mistake the target of Tazusa's tirade as herself. Mika's voice actor sings the ending theme of the anime series. Yukie Mishiro Voiced by: Hiroko Suzuki She is an official from the Japan Skating Federation who claims that Tazusa has a "stone face." In return Tazusa calls Sarcastic the Third. However, she does believe that Tazusa has special potential, why she pushes her so hard. In the final episode she recognizes the changes in Tazusa's personali

Ingrida Šimonytė

Ingrida Šimonytė is a Lithuanian economist and served as Lithuania's Minister of Finance from 2009 to 2012. In 2013, she was appointed Deputy Chairperson of the Board of the Bank of Lithuania whilst teaching economics at the Vilnius University Institute of International Relations and Political Science, as well as public finance at ISM University of Management and Economics. On 31 October 2016, she was elected as the MP for the Antakalnis constituency in the 2016 Lithuanian parliamentary election. After announcing her presidential run, Šimonytė stepped down from her parliamentary position in accordance with Lithuania's electoral guidelines. On 4 November 2018, she won the nomination from the Homeland Union party for the presidential candidacy. Šimonytė was the leading candidate in Lithuania's 2019 presidential election after winning 31.31% of the vote in the primary round ahead of second-placed opponent, Gitanas Nausėda. However, she has lost the final elections with only 32.86% of the votes against Gitanas Nausėda, who has won the elections with 65.86%.

In addition to her native Lithuanian, Šimonytė speaks English and Russian as well as basic-level Swedish. Born in Vilnius, Šimonytė moved to the Antakalnis district with her parents in 1984 where she spent most of her childhood and formative years. In 1992, Šimonytė finished school at the Vilnius Žirmūnai Gymnasium, where she was recognised and awarded for her academic skills in mathematics; the same year, she entered Vilnius University’s Faculty of Economics, where she graduated in 1996 with a degree in Business Administration. Two years Šimonytė went on to earn a master's degree in Economics from the same institution. 1997 marked the start of Šimonytė's career as a public servant. She was made the Chief of The Tax Division – a department which falls under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania. Between 1998 and 2001, she served as an economist at the Ministry of Finance before being promoted to head of the ministry's Indirect Taxation Division, where she remained until 2004.

Šimonytė remained with the Tax Department until 2009 where she stepped down from her position as Chancellor of the Ministry before taking up the position of Minister of Finance in the government of Lithuania's former Prime Minister, Andrius Kubilius. Here she presided over a number of successful austerity measures to ensure Lithuania recovered from the global economic crisis, set the course for Lithuania's current rate of positive economic growth. Šimonytė served as Minister of Finance until 2012, before taking up the role as the first female Deputy Chair of the Board of the Bank of Lithuania during the following year. In 2013 Šimonytė further advanced her career after taking up a lecturing role at Vilnius University's Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, she undertook a similar position at the university as a lecturer in International Relations and Political Science. During the 2016 Lithuanian parliamentary election, Šimonytė was elected as the Member of Parliament for the Antakalnis constituency in Vilnius.

Although she ran on an independent ticket, she received backing from the TS-LKD. In accordance with Lithuanian electoral law, she had to step down from her parliamentary position after announcing her run for the presidency in 2018. On 24 September 2018, Šimonytė announced she would run in Lithuania's 2019 presidential election as an independent candidate – once again with backing from the TS-LKD. 4 November saw her beat European Union’s former ambassador to Russia, Vygaudas Ušackas, in the run-offs to become the TS-LKD-backed candidate. Šimonytė took 79% of the vote compared to Ušackas’ 21%. 12 May 2019 saw Šimonytė advance to the second and final round of the 2019 Lithuanian presidential election after taking victory with 31.31% of the entire vote. She marginally won after edging out her nearest challenger, Gitanas Nausėda, who trailed the former Finance Minister on 30.94%. In the final round on 26 May 2019 she had fewer people voting for her, than in the first round. In October 2018, Šimonytė stated that if elected president, she would increase the amount that Lithuania spends on defence from its budget.

She cited Russia as a "state that has broken all international agreements" and as a threat to European security. Šimonytė is in favour of improving strategic relations between Lithuania and neighbouring Poland, called U. S. President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement a "mistake". Šimonytė has stated that she is not against same-sex civil unions. With regard to abortion, she has not made an official comment on the issue. However, she has said. Lithuania: Officer's Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great