Julia Scarlett Elizabeth Louis-Dreyfus is an American actress, voice artist and producer. In television comedy, she is known for her work in Saturday Night Live, The New Adventures of Old Christine, Veep, she is one of the most awarded actresses in American television history, winning more Emmy Awards and more Screen Actors Guild Awards than any other performer. Louis-Dreyfus broke into comedy as a performer in The Practical Theatre Company in Chicago, which led to her casting in the sketch show Saturday Night Live from 1982 to 1985, her breakthrough came in 1989 with a nine-season run playing Elaine Benes on Seinfeld, one of the most critically and commercially successful sitcoms of all time. Other notable television roles include Christine Campbell in The New Adventures of Old Christine, which had a five-season run on CBS, her role as Selina Meyer in Veep, renewed by HBO for a seventh and final season, her film roles have included Hannah and Her Sisters, National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation, Deconstructing Harry, Enough Said.
She voiced roles in Planes. Louis-Dreyfus has received eleven Emmy Awards, eight for acting and three for producing, with a total of 24 nominations throughout her career, she has received a Golden Globe Award, nine Screen Actors Guild Awards, five American Comedy Awards, two Critics' Choice Television Awards. Louis-Dreyfus received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2010, was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 2014. In 2016, Time named Louis-Dreyfus one of the 100 most influential people in the world on the annual Time 100 list. In 2018 she received the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor, presented by the Kennedy Center as America's highest comedy honor. Louis-Dreyfus was born in New York City, her American-born mother, was a writer and special needs tutor, her French-born father, Gérard Louis-Dreyfus, chaired Louis Dreyfus Energy Services. She is a great-great-granddaughter of Léopold Louis-Dreyfus, who in 1851 founded the Louis Dreyfus Group, a French commodities and shipping conglomerate, which members of her family control into the 21st century.
Her paternal grandfather, Pierre Louis-Dreyfus, was president of the Louis Dreyfus Group. Pierre was from an Alsatian Jewish family, her paternal grandmother was born in America to parents from Mexico. In 1962, one year after Louis-Dreyfus's birth, her parents divorced. After relocating to Washington, D. C. when Julia was eight, her mother married L. Thompson Bowles, Dean of the George Washington University Medical School. During her childhood, her mother took her to Unitarian church services. Louis-Dreyfus spent her childhood in several states and countries, in connection with her stepfather's work with Project HOPE, including Vietnam and Tunisia, she graduated from the Holton-Arms School in Bethesda, Maryland, in 1979. There were things I did in school that, had there been boys in the classroom, I would have been less motivated to do. For instance, I was president of the honor society. Louis-Dreyfus attended Northwestern University in Evanston, where she was a member of the Delta Gamma sorority.
She studied theatre and performed in the Waa Mu Show, a student-run improv and sketch comedy revue, before dropping out during her junior year to take a job at Saturday Night Live. She received an honorary doctor of arts degree from Northwestern University in 2007; as part of her comedic training, Louis-Dreyfus appeared in The Second City, one of Chicago's best-known improvisational theatre groups, whose alumni include Alan Arkin, Steve Carell, Stephen Colbert, Tina Fey, Amy Poehler, Shelley Long, John Belushi, Dan Aykroyd, Bill Murray, John Candy, Chris Farley, Bob Odenkirk and many, many others who went on to become successful comedians and pop culture icons. It was her performance with The Practical Theatre Company at their "Golden 50th Anniversary Jubilee" that led to her being asked to join the cast of NBC's Saturday Night Live at the age of 21. Louis-Dreyfus subsequently became a cast member on Saturday Night Live from 1982 to 1985, the youngest female cast member in the history of the program at that time.
During her time on SNL, she appeared alongside several actors who would rise to prominence, such as Eddie Murphy, Jim Belushi, Billy Crystal, Martin Short. It was during her third and final year on SNL that she met writer Larry David during his only year on the show, who would co-create Seinfeld. Louis-Dreyfus has commented that her casting on SNL was a "Cinderella-getting-to-go-to-the-ball kind of experience". Following her 1985 departure from SNL, Louis-Dreyfus appeared in several films, including the Woody Allen-directed Hannah and Her Sisters. In 1987, Louis-Dreyfus appeared in the NBC sitcom pilot The Art of Being Nick, an intended spin-off from Family Ties starring Scott Valentine; when the pilot did not make it to series, Louis-Dreyfus was ret
Dating is a stage of romantic relationships in humans whereby two people meet with the aim of each assessing the other's suitability as a prospective partner in an intimate relationship or marriage. It is a form of courtship, consisting of social activities done by the couple, either alone or with others; the protocols and practices of dating, the terms used to describe it, vary from country to country and over time. While the term has several meanings, the most frequent usage refers to two people exploring whether they are romantically or sexually compatible by participating in dates with the other. With the use of modern technology, people can meet in person. Dating may involve two or more people who have decided that they share romantic or sexual feelings toward each other; these people will have dates on a regular basis, they may or may not be having sexual relations. This period of courtship is sometimes seen as a precursor to engagement; some cultures require people to wait until a certain age to begin dating, a source of controversy.
Dating as an institution is a recent phenomenon which has emerged in the last few centuries. From the standpoint of anthropology and sociology, dating is linked with other institutions such as marriage and the family which have been changing and which have been subject to many forces, including advances in technology and medicine; as humans societies have evolved from hunter-gatherers into civilized societies, there have been substantial changes in relations between people, with one of a few remaining biological constants being that both adult women and men must have sexual intercourse for human procreation to happen. Humans have been compared to other species in terms of sexual behavior. Neurobiologist Robert Sapolsky constructed a reproductive spectrum with opposite poles being tournament species, in which males compete fiercely for reproductive privileges with females, pair bond arrangements, in which a male and female will bond for life. According to Sapolsky, humans are somewhat in the middle of this spectrum, in the sense that humans form pair bonds, but there is the possibility of cheating or changing partners.
These species-particular behavior patterns provide a context for aspects of human reproduction, including dating. However, one particularity of the human species is that pair bonds are formed without having the intention of reproduction. In modern times, emphasis on the institution of marriage described as a male-female bond, has obscured pair bonds formed by same-sex and transgender couples, that many heterosexual couples bond for life without offspring, or that pairs that do have offspring separate. Thus, the concept of marriage is changing in many countries. Marriages in most societies were arranged by parents and older relatives with the goal not being love but legacy and "economic stability and political alliances", according to anthropologists. Accordingly, there was little need for a temporary trial period such as dating before a permanent community-recognized union was formed between a man and a woman. While pair-bonds of varying forms were recognized by most societies as acceptable social arrangements, marriage was reserved for heterosexual pairings and had a transactional nature, where wives were in many cases a form of property being exchanged between father and husband, who would have to serve the function of reproduction.
Communities exerted pressure on people to form pair-bonds in places such as Europe. During much of recorded history of humans in civilization, into the Middle Ages in Europe, weddings were seen as business arrangements between families, while romance was something that happened outside of marriage discreetly, such as covert meetings; the 12th-century book The Art of Courtly Love advised that "True love can have no place between husband and wife." According to one view, clandestine meetings between men and women outside of marriage or before marriage, were the precursors to today's dating. From about 1700 a worldwide movement described as the "empowerment of the individual" took hold, leading towards greater emancipation of women and equality of individuals. Men and women became more equal politically, in many nations. Women won the right to vote in many countries and own property and receive equal treatment by the law, these changes had profound impacts on the relationships between men and women.
Parental influence declined. In many societies, individuals could decide—on their own—whether they should marry, whom they should marry, when they should marry. A few centuries ago, dating was sometimes described as a "courtship ritual where young women entertained gentleman callers in the home, under the watchful eye of a chaperone," but in many Western countries, it became a self-initiated activity with two young people going out as a couple in public together. Still, dating varies by nation, religious upbringing and social class, important exceptions with regards to individual freedoms remain as many countries today still practice arranged marriages, request dowries, forbid same-sex pairings. Although in many countries, movies and meeting in coffeehouses and other places is now popular, as are advice books suggesting various strategies for men and women, in
George Harrison was an English musician, singer-songwriter and film producer who achieved international fame as the lead guitarist of the Beatles. Referred to as "the quiet Beatle", Harrison embraced Indian culture and helped broaden the scope of popular music through his incorporation of Indian instrumentation and Hindu-aligned spirituality in the Beatles' work. Although the majority of the band's songs were written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, most Beatles albums from 1965 onwards contained at least two Harrison compositions, his songs for the group included "Taxman", "Within You Without You", "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", "Here Comes the Sun" and "Something". Harrison's earliest musical influences included Django Reinhardt. By 1965, he had begun to lead the Beatles into folk rock through his interest in Bob Dylan and the Byrds, towards Indian classical music through his use of the sitar on "Norwegian Wood". Having initiated the band's embracing of Transcendental Meditation in 1967, he subsequently developed an association with the Hare Krishna movement.
After the band's break-up in 1970, Harrison released the triple album All Things Must Pass, a critically acclaimed work that produced his most successful hit single, "My Sweet Lord", introduced his signature sound as a solo artist, the slide guitar. He organised the 1971 Concert for Bangladesh with Indian musician Ravi Shankar, a precursor to benefit concerts such as Live Aid. In his role as a music and film producer, Harrison produced acts signed to the Beatles' Apple record label before founding Dark Horse Records in 1974 and co-founding HandMade Films in 1978. Harrison released several best-selling singles and albums as a solo performer. In 1988, he co-founded the platinum-selling supergroup the Traveling Wilburys. A prolific recording artist, he was featured as a guest guitarist on tracks by Badfinger, Ronnie Wood and Billy Preston, collaborated on songs and music with Dylan, Eric Clapton, Ringo Starr and Tom Petty, among others. Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 11 in their list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".
He is a two-time Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee – as a member of the Beatles in 1988, posthumously for his solo career in 2004. Harrison's first marriage, to model Pattie Boyd in 1966, ended in divorce in 1977; the following year he married Olivia Arias, with whom he had Dhani. Harrison died from lung cancer in 2001 at the age of 58, two years after surviving a knife attack by an intruder at his Friar Park home, his remains were cremated and the ashes were scattered according to Hindu tradition in a private ceremony in the Ganges and Yamuna rivers in India. He left an estate of £100 million. Harrison was born at 12 Arnold Grove in Wavertree, Liverpool, on 25 February 1943, he was the youngest of four children of Harold Hargreaves Louise. Harold was a bus conductor who had worked as a ship's steward on the White Star Line, Louise was a shop assistant of Irish Catholic descent, he had one sister and two brothers and Peter. According to Boyd, Harrison's mother was supportive: "All she wanted for her children is that they should be happy, she recognized that nothing made George quite as happy as making music."
Louise was an enthusiastic music fan, she was known among friends for her loud singing voice, which at times startled visitors by rattling the Harrisons' windows. When Louise was pregnant with George, she listened to the weekly broadcast Radio India. Harrison's biographer Joshua Greene wrote, "Every Sunday she tuned in to mystical sounds evoked by sitars and tablas, hoping that the exotic music would bring peace and calm to the baby in the womb."Harrison lived the first four years of his life at 12 Arnold Grove, a terraced house on a cul-de-sac. The home had an outdoor toilet and its only heat came from a single coal fire. In 1949, the family was moved to 25 Upton Green, Speke. In 1948, at the age of five, Harrison enrolled at Dovedale Primary School, he passed the eleven-plus exam and attended Liverpool Institute High School for Boys from 1954 to 1959. Though the institute did offer a music course, Harrison was disappointed with the absence of guitars, felt the school "moulded into being frightened".
Harrison's earliest musical influences included George Formby, Cab Calloway, Django Reinhardt and Hoagy Carmichael. In early 1956 he had an epiphany: while riding his bicycle, he heard Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel" playing from a nearby house, the song piqued his interest in rock and roll, he sat at the back of the class drawing guitars in his schoolbooks, commented, "I was into guitars." Harrison cited Slim Whitman as another early influence: "The first person I saw playing a guitar was Slim Whitman, either a photo of him in a magazine or live on television. Guitars were coming in."Although Harold Harrison was apprehensive about his son's interest in pursuing a music career, in 1956 he bought George a Dutch Egmond flat top acoustic guitar, which according to Harold, cost £3.10. One of his father's friends taught Harrison how to play "Whispering", "Sweet Sue" and "Dinah", inspired by Donegan's music, Harrison formed a skiffle group called the Rebels with his brother Peter and a friend, Arthur Kelly.
On the bus to school, Harrison met Paul McCartney, who attended the Liverpool Institute, the pair bonded over their shared
George Hosato Takei is an American actor, director and activist. He is best known for his role as Hikaru Sulu, helmsman of the USS Enterprise in the television series Star Trek, he portrayed the character in six Star Trek feature films and one episode of Star Trek: Voyager. As of April 2018, his Facebook page has over 10 million followers since he joined in 2011, the account shares photos with original humorous commentary. Takei is active in state and local politics, he has won several awards and accolades in his work on human rights and Japan–United States relations, including his work with the Japanese American National Museum. Takei's work on the Broadway show Allegiance, as well as his own internment in a US-run internment camp during World War II, has given him a platform to speak out against government rhetoric about immigrants and immigration policies. George Hosato Takei was born Hosato Takei on April 20, 1937 in Los Angeles, California, to Japanese-American parents Fumiko Emily and Takekuma Norman Takei, who worked in real estate.
His father named him George after King George VI of the United Kingdom, whose coronation took place in 1937, shortly after Takei's birth. In 1942, the Takei family was forced to live in the converted horse stables of Santa Anita Park before being sent to the Rohwer War Relocation Center for internment in Rohwer, Arkansas; the family was transferred to the Tule Lake War Relocation Center in California. Takei had several relatives living in Japan during World War II. Among them, he had an aunt and infant cousin who lived in Hiroshima and who were both killed during the atomic bombing that destroyed the city. In Takei's own words, "My aunt and baby cousin found burnt in a ditch in Hiroshima." At the end of World War II, Takei and his family returned to Los Angeles. He attended Mount Vernon Junior High School and served as Boys Division President at Los Angeles High School, he was a member of Boy Scout Troop 379 of the Koyasan Buddhist Temple. Upon graduation from high school, Takei enrolled in the University of California, where he studied architecture.
He transferred to the University of California, Los Angeles, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in theater in 1960 and a Master of Arts in theater in 1964. He attended the Shakespeare Institute at Stratford-upon-Avon in England, Sophia University in Tokyo. In Hollywood, he studied acting at the Desilu Workshop. Takei began his career in Hollywood in the late 1950s, providing voiceover for characters in the English dub of the Japanese monster films Rodan and Godzilla Raids Again a.k.a. Gigantis the Fire Monster, for which he recalled, "here was one word that we had tremendous difficulty getting the meaning of and finding an English word that fit the lip movement; the Japanese word was'bakayaro', which means'stupid fool'". The director, Takei said, had him use the phrase "banana oil." He went on to appear in the anthology television series Playhouse 90 and the Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Blushing Pearls". He guest starred in the third season fifth episode of Hawaiian Eye as Thomas Jefferson Chu.
He originated the role of George in the musical Fly Blackbird!, but when the show traveled from Los Angeles to Broadway the west coast actors were forced to audition and the role went to William Sugihara instead. Sugihara had to give up the role and Takei closed out the show's final months. Takei subsequently appeared alongside such actors as Frank Sinatra in Never So Few, Richard Burton in Ice Palace, Jeffrey Hunter in Hell to Eternity, Alec Guinness in A Majority of One, James Caan in Red Line 7000 and Cary Grant in Walk, Don't Run, he featured in a lead role in "The Encounter", a 1964 episode of The Twilight Zone in which he played the guilt-ridden son of a traitor who signaled Japanese pilots during the bombing of Pearl Harbor. He guest-starred in an episode of Mission: Impossible during that show's first season in 1966, he appeared in two Jerry Lewis comedies, The Big Mouth and Which Way to the Front? In 1969 Takei narrated the documentary The Japanese Sword as the Soul of the Samurai. In 1965, producer Gene Roddenberry cast Takei as astrosciences physicist Sulu in the second pilot for the original Star Trek television series.
When the series was accepted by NBC, Takei continued in the role of Sulu, now the ship's helmsman. It was intended that Sulu's role be expanded in the second season, but Takei's role in The Green Berets as Captain Nim, a South Vietnamese Army officer alongside John Wayne's character, took him away from Star Trek filming and he only appeared in half the episodes of that season. Walter Koenig as Pavel Chekov substituted for him in the other episodes; when Takei returned, the two men had to share a single episode script. Takei admitted in an interview that he felt threatened by Koenig's presence, but grew to be friends with him as the image of the officers sharing the ship's helm panel side-by-side became iconic. Takei has since appeared in numerous TV and film productions, reprising his role as Sulu in Star Trek: The Animated Series from 1973 to 1974, in the first six Star Trek films. Today, he is a regular on the science fiction convention circuit throughout the world, he has acted and provided voice acting for several science fiction computer games, including Freelancer and numerous Star Trek games.
In 1996, in honor of the 30th anniversary of Star Trek, he reprised his role as Captain Hikaru Sulu on an episode of Star Trek: Voyager, appearing as a memory of Lt. Tuvok, who served on the USS Excelsior under Sulu, during the events of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. Takei is
Champagne is sparkling wine. Many people use the term Champagne as a generic term for sparkling wine but in some countries, it is illegal to label any product Champagne unless it both comes from the Champagne region and is produced under the rules of the appellation. In the EU countries only that sparkling wine which comes from the Champagne region of France can be labelled as Champagne. Where EU law applies, this alcoholic drink is produced from grapes grown in the Champagne region of France following rules that demand, among other things, secondary fermentation of the wine in the bottle to create carbonation, specific vineyard practices, sourcing of grapes from specific parcels in the Champagne appellation and specific pressing regimes unique to the region; the grapes Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Chardonnay are used in the production of all Champagne, but a tiny amount of pinot blanc, pinot gris and petit meslier are vinified as well. Champagne appellation law allows only grapes grown according to appellation rules in designated plots within the appellation to be used in the production of Champagne.
Champagne became associated with royalty in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries. The leading manufacturers made efforts to associate their Champagnes with nobility and royalty through advertising and packaging, which led to popularity among the emerging middle class; the most prestigious Champagne cellars are located in the cities of Epernay. Still wines from the Champagne region were known before medieval times; the Romans were the first to plant vineyards in this area of north-east France, with the region being tentatively cultivated by the 5th century. In fact, cultivation was slow due to the unpopular edict by Emperor Domitian that all colonial vines must be uprooted; when Emperor Probus, the son of a gardener, rescinded the edict, a temple to Bacchus was erected, the region started to produce a red and fruity wine that contrasted with heavier Italian brews fortified with resin and herbs. Churches owned vineyards and monks produced wine for use in the sacrament of Eucharist. French kings were traditionally anointed in Reims, champagne was served as part of coronation festivities.
The Champenois were envious of the reputation of the wines made by their Burgundian neighbours to the south and sought to produce wines of equal acclaim. However, the northerly climate of the region gave the Champenois a unique set of challenges in making red wine. At the far extremes of sustainable viticulture, the grapes would struggle to ripen and would have bracing levels of acidity and low sugar levels; the wines would be lighter bodied and thinner than the Burgundy wines they were seeking to outdo. Contrary to legend and popular belief, Dom Pérignon did not invent sparkling wine, though he did make important contributions to the production and quality of both still and sparkling Champagne wines; the oldest recorded sparkling wine is Blanquette de Limoux, invented by Benedictine monks in the Abbey of Saint-Hilaire, near Carcassonne in 1531. They achieved this by bottling. Over a century the English scientist and physician Christopher Merret documented the addition of sugar to a finished wine to create a second fermentation, six years before Dom Pérignon set foot in the Abbey of Hautvillers.
Merret presented a paper at the Royal Society, in which he detailed what is now called méthode champenoise, in 1662. Merret's discoveries coincided with English glass-makers' technical developments that allowed bottles to be produced that could withstand the required internal pressures during secondary fermentation. French glass-makers at this time could not produce bottles of the required strength; as early as 1663 the poet Samuel Butler referred to "brisk champagne". In France the first sparkling champagne was created accidentally. At the time, bubbles were considered a fault. In 1844 Adolphe Jaquesson invented the muselet to prevent the corks from blowing out. Initial versions were inconvenient to remove; when it was deliberately produced as a sparkling wine, champagne was for a long time made by the méthode rurale, where the wine was bottled before the initial fermentation had finished. Champagne did not use the méthode champenoise until the 19th century, about 200 years after Merret documented the process.
The 19th century saw an exponential growth in champagne production, going from a regional production of 300,000 bottles a year in 1800 to 20 million bottles in 1850. In 2007, champagne sales hit an all-time record of 338.7 million bottles. In the 19th century champagne was noticeably sweeter than the champagnes of today; the trend towards drier champagne began when Perrier-Jouët decided not to sweeten his 1846 vintage before exporting it to London. The designation Brut Champagne was created for the British in 1876; the Champagne winemaking community, under the auspices of the Comité Interprofessionnel du vin de Champagne, has developed a comprehensive set of rules and regulations for all wine produced in the region to protect its economic interests. They include codification of the most suitable growing places; this includes pruning, vineyard yield, the degree of pressing, the time that wine must remain on its lees before bottling. It can limit the release of Champagne to market to maintain prices.
The Simpsons (season 13)
The Simpsons' thirteenth season aired on the Fox network between November 6, 2001 and May 22, 2002 and consists of 22 episodes. The show runner for the thirteenth production season was Al Jean. Mike Scully executive-produced the remaining five, which were all hold-overs that were produced for the previous season; the Simpsons is an animated series about a working-class family, which consists of Homer, Bart and Maggie. The show is set in the fictional city of Springfield, lampoons American culture, society and many aspects of the human condition; the season won an Annie Award for Best Animated Television Production, was nominated for several other awards, including two Primetime Emmy Awards, three Writers Guild of America Awards, an Environmental Media Award. The Simpsons ranked 30th in the season ratings with an average viewership of 12.4 million viewers. It was the second highest rated show on Fox after Malcolm in the Middle. Season 13 was released on DVD in Region 1 on August 24, 2010, Region 2 on September 20, 2010, Region 4 on December 1, 2010.
Mike Scully served as executive producer for the show for seasons nine to twelve. Five of the episodes produced for season 12 were held over and aired as part of the thirteenth season, he was replaced by Al Jean. Jean was one of the original writers for The Simpsons, served as executive producer of the third and fourth seasons with Mike Reiss before leaving the show in 1993. Jean returned full-time to The Simpsons during this time without Reiss. Jean called it "a great job with a lot of responsibility," and cited "the fact that people love it so much" as "great."Writers credited with episodes in the thirteenth season included Joel H. Cohen, John Frink, Don Payne, Carolyn Omine, George Meyer, Mike Scully, Dana Gould, John Swartzwelder, Ian Maxtone-Graham, Matt Selman, Tim Long, Jon Vitti, Matt Warburton, Deb Lacusta and cast member Dan Castellaneta. Freelance writers included Bill Freiberger. Animation directors included Bob Anderson, Mike B. Anderson, Mark Kirkland, Jen Kamerman, Lance Kramer, Nancy Kruse, Lauren MacMullan, Michael Marcantel, Pete Michels, Steven Dean Moore, Matthew Nastuk, Michael Polcino, Jim Reardon and Chuck Sheetz.
The main cast consisted of Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, Yeardley Smith, Hank Azaria and Harry Shearer. Other cast members included Marcia Wallace, Pamela Hayden, Tress MacNeille, Russi Taylor and Karl Wiedergott; some critics felt. DVDDizzy rhetorically asked how the season "stand up for someone just looking to jump into a full, semi-recent year of episodes", answering "Pretty darn well", it explained "Nearly everything. Most important is the large cast of Springfield residents used to perfection... Real thought and lots of it goes into each episode's creation", added "it's miraculous how fresh and sharp "The Simpsons" remains in its thirteenth year on air"; the site explained "Not every moment here is brilliant. After a rocky start, the season hits its groove a few episodes in. Though jokes don't always land, there are guaranteed to be at least a few amusing moments per episode; the stylings haven't changed all that much. There are tasteful homages and cultural references, including loving parodies of classic movies and literature as usual, tons of famous guest stars lend their voices, some as themselves and others as fictional characters".
Adam Rayner of WhatCulture wrote that "Season thirteen represents a time when the show was clinging to the classic humour, derived from situations that were rooted in a reality – albeit a heightened reality – which could happen to you and your family, while descending into the surreal and farcical." Matt Wheeldon of GoodFilmGuide said "the 13th Season another solid, memorable, effort from the world’s best loved cartoon. DVD Talk's Ryan Keefer gave a season 3.5/5 stars and said "While Jean might not have brought things to previous glory, he righted the ship in Season 13." Blu-Ray.com gave season 13 a 3.5/5 and Casey Broadwater's sentiment was "The hit-to-miss ratio is much better here than in the previous three seasons, while the episodes are never quite as hilarious as the Simpsons of old—from way back in the early 1990s—season 13 does mark a turning point for the series." Ron Martin of 411 Mania was more critical giving the season a 6.5/10. Part of the verdict was "Season 13 is representative of the chaotic scatterbrained nature the show would take on from here on out."
Casey Burchby of DVD Talk gave the season a 3/5 and wrote "the thirteenth season is further proof of the regrettable change in comic tone that the series took on in the early part of the last decade." In 2002, The Simpsons won its eleventh consecutive Annie Award for Best Animated Television Production."She of Little Faith" was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program. The song "Ode to Branson" from "The Old Man and the Key" by Alf Clausen and Jon Vitti was nominated for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music and Lyrics. "Brawl in the Family" was nominated for the Environmental Media Award for Best Television Episodic Comedy. Three ep