Ellis W. Rabb was an American actor and director who in 1959 formed the Association of Producing Artists, a theatre company that brought new works and noteworthy revivals to Broadway and to regional theatres; the APA merged with the Phoenix Theatre in 1964 and as the APA-Phoenix went on to mount Broadway revivals of Man and Superman, The Show Off, Right You Are If You Think You Are, Hamlet among others, with the APA-Phoenix receiving a special Tony Award for distinguished achievement prior to disbanding in 1969. Rabb was born the only child of Clark Williamson and Mary Carolyn, his subsequent work as an actor included starring in the New York City premiere of David Mamet's A Life in the Theatre in 1977 at Off-Broadway's Theatre de Lys and in 1980 he played the title role in The Man Who Came to Dinner at the Circle in the Square Theatre, his directing work included a 1973 production of A Streetcar Named Desire, starring Rosemary Harris, James Farentino, Patricia Conolly. His final Broadway production was his own adaptation of Arthur Schnitzler's The Loves of Anatol.
Rabb appeared in Cheers playing an imaginary spy and a poet in the episode "The Spy Who Came In For A Cold One". He was unmasked as the former as the latter by Coach. Former Cheers star Kelsey Grammer has stated that Rabb, whom Grammer had worked for, was his main inspiration for the character Sideshow Bob on The Simpsons. Rabb died of heart failure at a Memphis, Tennessee hospital on January 11, 1998. Ellis Rabb at the Internet Broadway Database Ellis Rabb on IMDb Ellis Rabb papers, 1930-1995 and undated, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
F. Murray Abraham
F. Murray Abraham is an American actor, he became known during the 1980s after winning an Oscar for his leading role as Antonio Salieri in the drama film Amadeus. Abraham won a Golden Globe and received a BAFTA Award nomination for the role, he has appeared in many roles, both leading and supporting, in films such as All the President's Men, The Name of the Rose, Last Action Hero, Star Trek: Insurrection, Finding Forrester, Inside Llewyn Davis, The Grand Budapest Hotel. Abraham is known for his television and theatre work and is a regular cast member on the television series Homeland, which earned him two Primetime Emmy Award nominations. Abraham was born Murray Abraham on October 24, 1939 in Pittsburgh, the son of Fahrid "Fred" Abraham, an auto mechanic, his wife Josephine, a housewife, his father emigrated from Syria at age 5 during the famine. His mother, one of 14 children, was Italian American, the daughter of an immigrant who worked in the coal mines of Western Pennsylvania, he had two brothers and Jack, who were killed in separate car accidents.
Abraham was raised in El Paso, near the Mexican border. He attended Vilas Grammar School, graduated from El Paso High School in 1958, he was a gang member during his teenage years. He attended Texas Western College, where he was given the best actor award by Alpha Psi Omega for his portrayal of the Indian Nocona in Comanche Eagle during the 1959–60 season, he attended the University of Texas at Austin studied acting under Uta Hagen at HB Studio in New York City. He began his acting career on the stage, debuting in a Los Angeles production of Ray Bradbury's The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit. Abraham added "F." to his stage name in honor of Fahrid. He has stated "Murray Abraham just doesn't seem to say anything, it just is another name, so I thought I'd frame it." Abraham made his screen debut as an usher in the George C. Scott comedy They Might Be Giants. By the mid-1970s, Murray had steady employment as an actor, doing voice-overs. Abraham can be seen as one of the undercover police officers along with Al Pacino in Sidney Lumet's Serpico, in television roles including the bad guy in one fourth-season episode of Kojak.
He played a cabdriver in the theatrical version of The Prisoner of Second Avenue, a mechanic in the theatrical version of The Sunshine Boys, a police officer in the film All the President's Men. Despite these small roles, Abraham continued to do commercials and voice-over work for income, but in 1978, he decided to give them up. Frustrated with the lack of substantial roles, Abraham said, "No one was taking my acting seriously. I figured if I didn't do it I'd have no right to the dreams I've always had." His wife, Kate Hannan, went to work as an assistant and Abraham became a "house husband". He described, "I took care of the kids, it was rough on my macho idea of life. But it was the best thing that happened to me." Abraham appeared as drug dealer Omar Suárez alongside Pacino again in the gangster film Scarface. He gained visibility voicing a talking bunch of grapes in a series of television commercials for Fruit of the Loom underwear. Abraham won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as envious composer Antonio Salieri in Amadeus, an award for which Tom Hulce, playing Mozart in that movie, had been nominated.
He won a Golden Globe Award, among other awards, his role in the film, directed by Miloš Forman, is still his most iconic. After Amadeus, he next appeared in The Name of the Rose, in which he played Bernardo Gui, nemesis to Sean Connery's William of Baskerville. In its DVD commentary, his director on the film, Jean-Jacques Annaud, described Abraham as an "egomaniac" on the set, who considered himself more important than Sean Connery, since Connery did not have an Oscar; that said, the film was a critical success. Abraham had tired of appearing as heavies and wanted to return to his background in comedy, as he explained to People Weekly Magazine in an interview he gave at the time of its release. Though Abraham had fewer prominent roles in the next decade or so, he became known for his roles in Woody Allen's Mighty Aphrodite, Ahdar Ru'afo in Star Trek: Insurrection, Gus Van Sant's Finding Forrester, where he once again played nemesis to Connery, he had a significant role in The Bonfire of the Vanities, but chose not to be credited due to a contract dispute.
Abraham's low-profile film career subsequent to his Academy Award win has been considered an example of the "Oscar jinx". According to film critic Leonard Maltin, professional failure following an early success is referred to in Hollywood circles as the "F. Murray Abraham syndrome". Abraham rejected this notion and told Maltin, "The Oscar is the single most important event of my career. I have dined with shared equal billing with my idols, lectured at Harvard and Columbia. If this is a jinx, I'll take two." In the same interview, Abraham said, "Even though I won the Oscar, I can still take the subway in New York, nobody recognizes me. Some actors might find that disconcerting, but I find it refreshing." A 2009 guest appearance on Saving Grace bega
Internet Broadway Database
The Internet Broadway Database is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel. It was conceived and created by Karen Hauser in 1996 and is operated by the Research Department of The Broadway League, a trade association for the North American commercial theatre community; the website has a corresponding app for both the IOS and Android. This comprehensive history of Broadway provides records of productions from the beginnings of New York theatre in the 18th century up to today. Details include cast and creative lists for opening night and current day, song lists and other interesting facts about every Broadway production. Other features of IBDB include an extensive archive of photos from past and present Broadway productions, links to cast recordings on iTunes or Amazon and attendance information, its mission was to be an interactive, user-friendly, searchable database for League members, journalists and Broadway fans. The League added Broadway Touring shows to the database for ease of tracking shows that play in theatres across the country.
It is managed by Karen Hauser, Michael Abourizk, Mark Smith of the Broadway League. Internet Theatre Database – ITDb Internet Movie Database – IMDb Internet Book Database – IBookDb Lortel Archives – IOBDb The Broadway League Official website Broadway League website
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
The Penitent (play)
The Penitent is a play by David Mamet that previewed off-Broadway starting on February 8, 2017 for its premiere in late February. The play deals with issues of threats to the LGBT community; the play was directed by artistic director Neil Pepe of the Atlantic Theater Company. A psychiatrist, has his career and life become derailed after he refuses to testify on behalf of a former patient who had become clinically violent and unstable, resulting in the deaths of multiple people following a tragic breakdown of his mental complications; the patient claims that Charles will not testify in court or to the police because the patient is part of the LGBT community. Further, the patient claims that Charles has gone through a religious conversion in his own personal identity which has resulted in a prejudiced reassessment of the gay community as a whole. Charles claims that the basis of these accusations are due to a misunderstanding; the misunderstanding resulted from an innocent mistyping of the title of an article that Charles wrote years ago about homosexuality where the title was "Homosexuality as an Adaptation," though the published version was released by the editor as the mistyped "Homosexuality as an Aberration."
The resulting recriminations put Charles's entire career at risk and threaten to end his practice permanently. Chris Bauer plays an experienced and published psychiatrist Jordan Lage plays his attorney Lawrence Gilliard Jr plays a supporting role Rebecca Pidgeon plays a supporting role The Penitent opened for its first previews off-Broadway on February 8, 2017 with its premiere planned to take place at the end of February at the Atlantic Theater Company in downtown New York; the play follows Mamet's previous play titled China Doll which, though making a profit for its producers, closed on Broadway in early 2016 without fanfare. The Penitent was directed by artistic director Neil Pepe at the Atlantic Theater Company. February 27, 2017 marks the opening of the play in its limited run scheduled to end on March 19, 2017 at the Linda Gross Theater in New York; the play, while in previews for most of February 2017, received no reviews leading to its opening at the end of February
The Verdict is a 1982 American legal drama film directed by Sidney Lumet and written by David Mamet from Barry Reed's novel of the same name. It stars Paul Newman, Charlotte Rampling, Jack Warden, James Mason, Milo O'Shea, Lindsay Crouse. In the story, a down-on-his-luck alcoholic lawyer accepts a medical malpractice case to improve his own situation, but discovers along the way that he is doing the right thing; the Verdict garnered critical acclaim and box office success. The film was nominated for five Academy Awards, including Best Actor in a Leading Role, Best Actor in a Supporting Role, Best Director, Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay. Once-promising attorney Frank Galvin, framed for jury tampering years ago, was fired from his elite Boston firm and became an alcoholic ambulance chaser with little work; as a favor, his friend and former teacher Mickey sends him a medical malpractice case in which it is all but assured that the defense will settle for a large amount. The case involves a young woman given an anesthetic during childbirth, after which she choked on her vomit and was deprived of oxygen.
The woman is now comatose and on a respirator. Her sister and brother-in-law are hoping for a monetary award in order to give her proper care. Frank assures them they have a strong case. Frank visits the comatose woman and is affected. A representative of the Catholic hospital where the incident took place offers a substantial settlement. Without consulting the family, Frank declines the offer and decides to take the case to trial, stunning all parties including the presiding judge and the victim's relatives. Meanwhile, lonely, becomes romantically involved with Laura, a woman he had spotted earlier in a bar. Things go wrong for Frank: his client's brother-in-law finds out from "the other side" that Frank has turned down settlement, angrily confronts Frank. Concannon is shown paying off Laura. Frank's break comes when he discovers that Kaitlin Costello, the nurse who admitted his client to the hospital, is now a pre-school teacher in New York. Frank travels there to seek her help, leaving Laura working together in Frank's office.
Mickey discovers a check from Concannon in her handbag and infers that Laura is a mole, providing information to the opposing lawyers. Mickey flies to New York to tell Frank about Laura's betrayal. Shortly thereafter, Frank confronts Laura, knocking her to the floor. Mickey suggests it would be easy to get the case declared a mistrial but Frank decides to continue. Costello testifies that, shortly after the patient had become comatose, the anesthesiologist told her to change her notes on the admitting form to hide his fatal error, she had written down. The doctor had failed to read the admitting notes. Thus, in ignorance, he gave her an anesthetic that should never have been given to a patient with a full stomach; as a result, the patient choked. Costello further testifies that, when the anesthesiologist realized his mistake, he met with Costello in private and forced her to change the number "1" to the number "9" on her admitting notes, but before she made the change Costello had made a photocopy of the notes, which she brought with her to court.
Concannon turns the situation around by getting the judge to declare the nurse's testimony stricken from the record on technicalities. Feeling that his case is hopeless, Frank gives a passionate closing argument. While the jury is out, a diocese lawyer praises Concannon's performance to the defendant bishop, who asks "but do you believe her?" and is met with embarrassed silence. The jury finds in favor of Frank's clients; the foreman asks the judge whether the jury can award more than the amount plaintiffs sought. The judge resignedly replies; as Frank is congratulated, he catches a glimpse of Laura watching him across the atrium. That night, Laura, in a drunken stupor on her bed, drops her whiskey on the floor, drags the phone toward her and dials Frank; as the phone rings, Frank sits in his office with a cup of coffee. He moves to answer but does not. Film rights to the novel were bought by the team of David Brown. A number of actors, including Roy Scheider, William Holden, Frank Sinatra, Cary Grant and Dustin Hoffman, expressed interest in the project because of the strength of the lead role.
Arthur Hiller was attached to direct and David Mamet hired to write a screenplay. Neither Zanuck-Brown nor Hiller liked Mamet's script, so Hiller left the project and the producers commissioned another screenplay, from Jay Presson Allen; the producers liked this script and were approached by Robert Redford, who liked the project but did not like Allen's script. Redford suggested they hire James Bridges as a writer-director and Bridges wrote several drafts of the screenplay, but Redford was not happy with any of them and Bridges left the project. Redford began having meetings with Sydney Pollack without telling the producers. Zanuck and Brown hired Sidney Lumet to direct, sending him all versions of the script. After several rewrites, Lumet decided the story's original grittiness was fast de
The Postman Always Rings Twice (1981 film)
The Postman Always Rings Twice is a 1981 American drama film directed by Bob Rafelson and written by David Mamet. Starring Jack Nicholson and Jessica Lange, it is the fourth adaptation of the 1934 novel by James M. Cain; the film was shot in California. Frank Chambers a drifter, stops at a depression-era rural California diner for a meal and ends up working there; the diner is operated by a young, beautiful woman, Cora Smith, her much older husband, Nick Papadakis, a hardworking but unimaginative immigrant from Greece. Frank and Cora start to have an affair. Cora is tired of her situation, married to an older man she does not love, working at a diner that she wishes to own and improve, she and Frank scheme to murder Nick to start a new life together without her losing the diner. Their first attempt at the murder is a failure, but Nick is not aware they tried to kill him, so goes about living his life as usual. Frank and Cora succeed with their next attempt; the local prosecutor suspects what has occurred but does not have enough evidence to prove it.
As a tactic intended to get Cora and Frank to turn on one another, he tries only Cora for the crime. Although they turn against each other, a clever ploy from Cora's lawyer, prevents Cora's full confession from coming into the hands of the prosecutor. With the tactic having failed to generate any new evidence for the prosecution, Cora benefits from a deal in which she pleads guilty to manslaughter and is sentenced to probation. Months Frank has an affair with Madge Gorland while Cora is out of town; when Cora returns, she tells Frank. That night, Katz's assistant, appears at their door and threatens to expose them unless they give him $10,000. Enraged, Frank strong-arms him into giving up the evidence against them; when Frank returns, he finds. They patch together their tumultuous relationship and now plan for a future together. However, just as they seem to be prepared for a new life together, Cora dies in a car accident while Frank is driving. Frank weeps over Cora's body. Jack Nicholson – Frank Chambers Jessica Lange – Cora Smith/Papadakis John Colicos – Nick Papadakis Michael Lerner – Mr. Katz John P. Ryan – Ezra Liam Kennedy Anjelica Huston – Madge Gorland William Traylor – Kyle Sackett Ron Flagge – Shoeshine Man William Newman – Man from Home Town Chuck Liddell – Boy Scout Albert Henderson – Art Beeman Christopher Lloyd – Salesman On May 14, 2012 Intrada Records released Michael Small's complete score for the first time.
The film was screened out of competition at the 1981 Cannes Film Festival. Upon release, the film was poorly received by many critics, who felt that the remake of the 1946 film of the same name was wasted, they believed the ending was "very weak" compared to the original film. They criticized the fact that the meaning of the title is not explained in the remake, which can lead to confusion among viewers. Jack Nicholson said "If you ran a question through this industry about The Postman Always Rings Twice, most people would surmise that it wasn’t successful; that is not true. I know it made money, because I received overages, so it must’ve grossed about as much as Chinatown and much more than Carnal Knowledge, but people are anxious to disqualify it."The film has since been received more favorably. Kerry Segrave and Linda Martin praised the "charged chemistry" between Nicholson and Lange, stated that Nicholson admitted that he was smitten with his co-star, remarking that she was a "big consensus movie sex bomb".
The film was nominated by the American Film Institute in 2002 for the AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions list. The star of the 1946 version, Lana Turner, expressed her disapproval of the remake, she disliked how the studio "turned it into such pornographic trash", admitted that although she did not watch the remake, she had seen advertisements and blurbs on television that made her sick. Le Dernier Tournant, the 1939 French film adaptation of the novel Ossessione, the 1943 Italian film adaptation of the novel The Postman Always Rings Twice, the 1946 American film adaptation of the novel Body Heat, a 1981 neo-noir film with similar themes, released five months after this film The Postman Always Rings Twice, a 1982 opera based on the novel Jerichow, the 2008 German film loosely based on the novel The Postman Always Rings Twice on IMDb The Postman Always Rings Twice at Rotten Tomatoes The Postman Always Rings Twice at Box Office Mojo