Susan Alexandra "Sigourney" Weaver is an American actress. Dubbed "the Sci-Fi Queen", Weaver is considered to be pioneer of action heroines in science fiction films, she is known for her role as Ellen Ripley in the Aliens franchise. The role earned her an Academy Award nomination in 1986 and is considered one of the most significant female protagonists in all of cinema. Weaver received a Tony Award nomination for the 1984 Broadway play Hurlyburly. A seven-time Golden Globe Award nominee, in 1988 she won both Best Actress in Drama and Best Supporting Actress for her work in the films Gorillas in the Mist and Working Girl, becoming the first person to win two acting Golden Globes in the same year, she received Academy Award nominations for both films. For her role in the film The Ice Storm, she won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role. Weaver's other popular works include Ghostbusters, Ghostbusters II, Galaxy Quest, Futurama, WALL-E, Paul, The Cabin in the Woods, Finding Dory, A Monster Calls.
Weaver was born in Manhattan, New York City, the only daughter of Elizabeth Inglis, an actress, NBC television executive and television pioneer Sylvester "Pat" Weaver. Her uncle, Doodles Weaver, was a actor, her mother was English, from Colchester and her father, American, had English, Scots-Irish, Dutch ancestry, including roots in New England. Weaver began using the name "Sigourney Weaver" in 1963 after a minor character in Chapter 3 of F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel The Great Gatsby. Weaver attended a girls' preparatory school in Simsbury, Connecticut, she attended The Chapin School and The Brearley School. Sigourney was 5 ft 10 1⁄2 in tall by the age of 14, although she only grew another inch during her teens to her adult height of 5 ft 11 1⁄2 in. In 1967, at the age of 18, Weaver volunteered on a kibbutz for several months. Weaver attended Sarah Lawrence College. In 1972, she graduated with a B. A. in English from Stanford University, where she first began her involvement in acting by living in Stanford's co-ed Beta Chi Community for the Performing Arts.
Weaver earned her Master of Fine Arts degree at the Yale University School of Drama in 1974, where one of her appearances was in the chorus in a production of Stephen Sondheim's musical version of The Frogs, another was as one of a mob of Roman soldiers alongside Meryl Streep in another production. Weaver acted in original plays by her friend and classmate Christopher Durang, she appeared in an "Off-Broadway" production of Durang's comedy Beyond Therapy in 1981, directed by the up-and-coming director Jerry Zaks. Weaver's first role is said to be in Woody Allen's comedy Annie Hall playing a non speaking role opposite Allen. Weaver appeared two years as Warrant Officer / Lieutenant Ripley in Ridley Scott's blockbuster film Alien, in a role designated to co-star British-born actress, Veronica Cartwright, until a late change in casting. Cartwright stated to World Entertainment News Network that she was in England ready to start work on Alien when she discovered that she would be playing the navigator Lambert in the project, Weaver had been given the lead role of Ripley.
She reprised the role in the three sequels of the Alien movie franchise, Alien 3 and Alien Resurrection. Ty Burr of The Boston Globe states, "One of the real pleasures of Alien is to watch the emergence of both Ellen Ripley as a character and Sigourney Weaver as a star."In the sequel Aliens directed by James Cameron, critic Roger Ebert wrote, "Weaver, onscreen all the time, comes through with a strong, sympathetic performance: She's the thread that holds everything together." She followed the success of Alien appearing opposite Mel Gibson in The Year of Living Dangerously released to critical acclaim and as Dana Barrett in Ghostbusters and Ghostbusters II. By the end of the decade, Weaver appeared in two of her most memorable and critically acclaimed performances. In 1988, she starred as Dian Fossey in Gorillas in the Mist; the same year, she appeared opposite Harrison Ford in a supporting role as Katharine Parker in the film Working Girl. Weaver won Golden Globe Awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress for her two roles that year.
She received two Academy Award nominations in 1988, for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Working Girl and Best Actress for Gorillas in the Mist. She gave birth to her daughter Charlotte Simpson taking a few years' break from the movie business and focusing on her family, she returned to the big screen with Alien 3 and Ridley's Scott's 1492: Conquest of Paradise in which she played the role of Queen Isabella. In the early 1990s, Weaver appeared in several films including Dave opposite Kevin Kline and Frank Langella. In 1994, she starred in the Maiden as Paulina Escobar, she played the role of agoraphobic criminal psychologist Helen Hudson in the movie Copycat. Throughout the 1990s decade, Weaver concentrated on smaller and supporting roles such as Jeffrey with Nathan Lane and Patrick Stewart. In 1997, she appeared in Ang Lee's The Ice Storm, her role in The Ice Storm as Janey Carver, earned her another Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actress, won her a BAFTA Award for Actress in a Supporting Role.
In 1999, she co-starred in the science fiction comedy Galaxy Quest and the drama A Map of the World, earning her another Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress
About a Boy (film)
About a Boy is a 2002 romantic comedy-drama film directed by Chris Weitz and Paul Weitz and written by them and Peter Hedges. It is an adaptation of the 1998 novel of the same name by Nick Hornby; the film stars are Hugh Grant, Nicholas Hoult, Toni Collette, Rachel Weisz. The film at times uses double voice-over narration, when the audience hears both Will's and Marcus' thoughts; the film was theatrically released on 26 April 2002 by Universal Pictures. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. Actors Hugh Grant and Toni Collette were nominated for a Golden Globe and a BAFTA Award for their performances; the film received positive reviews from critics and it earned $130.5 million on a $30 million budget. Will Freeman lives a serene and luxurious lifestyle devoid of responsibility in London thanks to substantial royalties left to him from a successful Christmas song composed by his father. Marcus Brewer is a young teenager with a single mother. Will joins a single-parents group after a successful fling with a single mother in an attempt to find others, making up an infant son "Ned" who conveniently spends most of his time with his absentee mother.
Will gains Marcus's interest and trust after he lies to a park ranger to cover up for Marcus accidentally killing a duck by throwing his mother's cottage loaf at it. Afterward, when Will takes Marcus home, they find Marcus' mother Fiona in the living room, overdosed on pills in a suicide attempt. Marcus attempts to fix Will up with his mother in order to cheer her up, but the plan fails after a single date. Instead, Marcus becomes close to Will after blackmailing him with the knowledge that "Ned" doesn't exist, begins to treat him as a surrogate big brother. Marcus's influence leads Will to mature and he seeks out a relationship with Rachel, a self-assured career woman, bonding over their experiences raising teenaged sons, though Will neglects to explain his relationship to Marcus and mistakenly introduces Marcus to Rachel's insecure son, who threatens to kill him. Marcus, in turn, develops a crush on his schoolmate Ellie but gives up his romantic interest in favor of a close platonic friendship.
Will, realizing that he desires true intimacy with Rachel, decides to be honest with her about his relationship with Marcus, but this backfires and their relationship ends. One day, Marcus comes home from school to find his mother crying in the living room. Marcus attempts to tell this to Will. Marcus decides to sing at a school talent show. Will finds it unfulfilling. Will realizes that the one thing that means something to him is Marcus, decides to help him, he crashes a meeting of the single parents support group to find Fiona and beg her not to commit suicide. She assures him that she has no plans to do so and reveals that Marcus has decided to sing at the school show that day. Will realizes this will be a huge embarrassment for Marcus and rushes with Fiona to the school to stop him, but Marcus is steadfast in his decision to perform, believing it will be the only thing that will make his mother happy; when Marcus steps on stage and sings his mother's favorite song—"Killing Me Softly with His Song"—the student body starts to taunt him.
Will appears onstage with a guitar to accompany Marcus for the rest of the song, earning themselves a modest applause. Will performs an unnecessary solo afterward, turning himself into the butt of the joke and rescuing Marcus from humiliation and social suicide; the following Christmas, Will is back with Rachel and hosts a celebration at his place with his new extended family. The idea of Will marrying Rachel is brought up and Marcus seems unenthusiastic, but Marcus reveals in voiceover that he is not against Will and Rachel marrying that he believes that couples do not work on their own and that everyone needs an extended support system like he now has, concluding "No man is an island." Hugh Grant as Will Freeman Nicholas Hoult as Marcus Brewer Toni Collette as Fiona Brewer Rachel Weisz as Rachel Natalia Tena as Ellie Sharon Small as Christine Nicholas Hutchinson as John Victoria Smurfit as Suzie Isabel Brook as Angie Ben Ridgeway as Lee, the bully Jenny Galloway as Frances / SPAT Augustus Prew as Ali Sir Tim Rice as himself The film was released theatrically on 26 April 2002 by Universal Pictures and was released on DVD and VHS on 2 December, 2002 by Universal Studios Home Entertainment.
The film received critical acclaim, with a 94%'Certified Fresh' rating on Rotten Tomatoes. The film, with a budget of US$30 million, grossed a worldwide total of US$130,549,455. In December 2002, the film was chosen by the American Film Institute as one of the ten best movies of the year; the film received a B+ CinemaScore from American audiences. Universally praised, with an Academy Award-nominated screenplay, About a Boy was determined by The Washington Post to be "that rare romantic comedy that dares to choose messiness over closure, prickly independence over fetishised coupledom, honesty over typical Hollywood endings." Rolling Stone wrote, "The acid comedy of Grant's performance carries the film gives this pleasing heartbreaker the touch of gravity it needs". Roger Ebert observed that "the Cary Grant department is understaffed, Hugh Grant shows here that he is more than a star, he is a resource." The film earned Grant his third Golden Globe nomination, while the London Film Critics Circle named Grant its Best British Actor and GQ honoured him as one of the magazine's men of the year 2002.
"His performance can only be described as revelatory," wrote critic Ann Hornaday, adding that "Grant lends the shoals layer upon layer of desire, ambivalence an
Sterlen, Sweden Seamus McGarvey, ASC, BSC is a cinematographer from Armagh, Northern Ireland. He lives between Sweden. McGarvey was born in Northern Ireland, he began his career as a still photographer, before attending film school at the University of Westminster in London. He has received two Academy Award nominations for his cinematography, on Joe Wright's 2007 drama Atonement and his 2012 adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina. In addition to the Oscar nominations, McGarvey won the British Society of Cinematographers award for Anna Karenina, as well as a nomination for Atonement, earned BAFTA and A. S. C. Nods for both projects. Atonement earned him nominations for the British Independent Film Award, the Chicago Film Critics Association and the Online Film Critics Society, he received the top honor from the Phoenix Film Critics Society. McGarvey has won three Evening Standard British Film Awards for Atonement, Anna Karenina and Stephen Daldry's The Hours and Irish Film & Television Awards for Atonement, Anna Karenina, Sahara and We Need to Talk About Kevin.
In 2004, he was awarded the Royal Photographic Society's prestigious Lumiere Medal, with Jack Cardiff, Freddie Francis, Roger Deakins and Ridley Scott, for contributions to the art of cinematography. McGarvey comes from Armagh, Northern Ireland, began his career as a stills photographer before attending film school at the University of Westminster in London. Upon graduating in 1988, he began shooting short films and documentaries, including Skin, nominated for a Royal Television Society Cinematography Award, Atlantic, directed by Sam Taylor-Wood; the latter project, an experimental, three-screen projected film created in 1997, earned Taylor-Wood a nomination for the 1998 Turner Prize and led to an ongoing collaboration between McGarvey and the director. His four dozen credits as director of photography include Joss Whedon's superhero film The Avengers, he served as cinematographer on the pilot for the TV series The No. 1 Ladies Detective Agency, directed by Anthony Minghella. He reunited with director Wright for his 2009 drama The Soloist, filmmaker Sam Taylor-Wood on her acclaimed 2008 drama Nowhere Boy, her 2011 short, James Bond Supports International Women's Dayand the Death Valley segment of the 2006 erotic drama Destricted.
Following his work on Godzilla, he teamed with Taylor-Johnson on her big screen adaptation, Hollywood directorial debut, of the bestselling novel Fifty Shades of Grey. He has photographed Pan, The Accountant, Nocturnal Animals, The Greatest Showman and Bad Times at the El Royale, The Nevers, his documentary work includes Lost Angels: Skid Row Is My Home, which followed his work on Wright's The Soloist, filmed in the same locales. Supplementing his work on features and telefilms, McGarvey has photographed and directed over 100 music videos for various artists, including Coldplay, Paul McCartney, Dusty Springfield, The Rolling Stones, U2, Robbie Williams. In 2015, he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws from Dundee University and an Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from the University of Ulster, he is an Honorary Fellow of Edinburgh College of Art. He is featured in the book In Conversation with Cinematographers by David A. Ellis and in the book Ballinger, Alexander, his children are Stella McGarvey, Samuel McGarvey, Ossian McGarvey Arenlind.
2001 - Wit HBO 2008 - The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency BBC 2016 - Black Mirror NETFLIX 2019 - The Nevers HBO 2016 - Kitty Ballinger, Alexander.
Chloë Stevens Sevigny is an American actress, director and fashion designer. She is known for her work in independent films appearing in controversial or experimental features, she is the recipient of several accolades, including a Golden Globe, a Satellite Award, an Independent Spirit Award, as well as Academy Award and Screen Actors Guild Award nominations. She has a career in fashion design concurrent with her acting work. Over the years, her alternative fashion sense has earned her a reputation as a "style icon". After graduating high school, Sevigny found work as a model, she appeared in music videos for Sonic Youth and The Lemonheads, acquired "it girl" status. In 1995, she made her film debut in Kids. A string of roles in small-scale features throughout the late 1990s further established her as a prominent performer in the independent film scene, she received particular attention for her portrayal of Lana Tisdel in the drama Boys Don't Cry, which earned her nominations for the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award in the Best Supporting Actress category.
Throughout the 2000s, Sevigny appeared in supporting parts in numerous independent films, including American Psycho, Demonlover. Her participation in the latter caused considerable controversy due to its featuring of a graphic unsimulated sex scene. From 2006 to 2011, Sevigny portrayed Nicolette Grant on the HBO series Big Love, for which she won a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress in 2010, she appeared in mainstream films such as David Fincher's Zodiac, the biopic Mr. Nice. After the conclusion of Big Love, Sevigny went on to appear in numerous television projects, starring in the British series Hit & Miss, having supporting roles in Portlandia, two seasons of American Horror Story. Sevigny made her directorial debut in 2016 with the short film Kitty, followed by a second short film titled Carmen, she had several supporting parts in 2017 before obtaining a lead role portraying Lizzie Borden in the independent thriller Lizzie. Sevigny was born Chloe Stevens Sevigny in Springfield, the second child of Janine and Harold David Sevigny.
She has Paul. According to Sevigny, she added the diaeresis to her first name in life, it was not on her birth certificate, her mother is Polish-American, her father was of French-Canadian heritage, born in Vermont. She was raised in a strict Roman Catholic household in Darien, where her father worked as an accountant, a local art teacher. Despite Darien's affluence, Sevigny's parents had a "frugal" household, were considered "the poor bohemians in prosperous neighborhood." "My dad worked in insurance and worked hard to bring us up in that town," she recalled. "He wanted us to grow up in a safe environment. And I never thanked him for doing that."While a child, Sevigny was diagnosed with scoliosis, though she never received any surgical treatment. She spent summers attending theatre camp, with leading roles in plays run by the YMCA, she attended Darien High School. While in high school, she babysat actor Topher Grace and his younger sister; as a young teenager, she worked sweeping the tennis courts of a country club her family could not afford to join.
Sevigny described herself as a "loner" and a "depressed teenager" whose only extracurricular activity was skateboarding with her older brother: "Mostly I sewed. I had nothing better to do, so I made my own clothes." Despite being "very well-mannered" due to her mother's strict expectations, she "did hang out at the Mobil station and smoke cigarettes." In high school, she grew rebellious and began experimenting with drugs hallucinogens. She has said that her father was aware of her experimentation with hallucinogens and marijuana, told her that it was okay, but that she had "to stop if she had bad trips". Despite her father's leniency, her mother forced her to attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings upon discovering her drug experimentation. In 2007, she told The Times: "I had a great family life—I would never want it to look as if it reflected on them. I think I was bored... I feel it's because I experimented when I was younger that I have no interest as an adult. I know a lot of adults who didn't, it's much more dangerous when you start experimenting with drugs as an adult.
In 1996, when Sevigny was twenty-two years old, her father died of cancer. As a teenager, Sevigny would ditch school in Darien and take the train into Manhattan. In 1992, at age 17, she was spotted on an East Village street by Andrea Linett, a fashion editor of Sassy magazine, so impressed by her style that she asked her to model for the magazine; when recounting the event, Sevigny recalled that Linnett "just liked the hat I was wearing." She modeled in the magazine as well as for X-Girl, the subsidiary fashion label of the Beastie Boys' "X-Large", designed by Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth, which led to an appearance in the music video for Sonic Youth's "Sugar Kane". In 1993, at age 19, Sevigny relocated from her Connecticut hometown to an apartment in Brooklyn, worked as a seamstress. During that time, author Jay McInerney spotted her around New York City and wrote a seven-page article about her for The New Yorker in which he dubbed her the new "it girl" and referred to her as one of the "coolest girls in the world."
She subsequently appeared on the album co
Pieces of April
Pieces of April is a 2003 American comedy-drama film written and directed by Peter Hedges. The film debuted at the Sundance Film Festival; the title is taken from a 1972 hit song by Three Dog Night. April Burns, the eldest daughter in a dysfunctional family, lives in a small tenement apartment on the Lower East Side of Manhattan with her boyfriend Bobby. Although estranged from her family, she opts to invite them for Thanksgiving dinner the last for her mother Joy, who has breast cancer; the film focuses on three journeys: the family's arduous trek from suburbia to New York City. During the family's journey, we learn about Joy and April's relationship - and, in a crucial moment, we see an insight Joy gains about her relationship with her daughter. During April's journey, she meets many of her neighbors and establishes city-family relationships with them, as we see during the final meal. Bobby's journey ends with a return to the gathering, an exact capture of White America's stereotypes of black men.
All these journeys tie together in the final scenes of hope for the future. Katie Holmes as April Burns, a young woman living alone in New York City, who decides to make a Thanksgiving dinner for her family in her small and poor apartment, despite the fact that she has never gotten along with them. Derek Luke as Bobby, April's sweet boyfriend, much in love with her. Oliver Platt as Jim Burns, April's father, who has real hope that April and the rest of the family can have a nice Thanksgiving dinner together. Patricia Clarkson as Joy Burns, April's mom, sick with breast cancer, hesitant to go to April's home because she has been so angry at her for so long. Alison Pill as Beth Burns, April's younger sister, who feels the family should not try to have dinner with April, since that would be too stressful for her mom. John Gallagher Jr. as Timmy Burns, April's younger brother, who loves to take pictures of everything going on in his family. Alice Drummond as Grandma Dottie, April's grandmother and Joy's mom, both sweet and losing her memory.
Sean Hayes as Wayne, April's strange upstairs neighbor who agrees to let her use his oven after her own oven stops working. Isiah Whitlock Jr. as Eugene Lillias White as Evette, a tenant in April's building she asks for help Leila Danette as a tenant in April's building she asks for help Sisqó as Latrell Adrian Martinez as Man in Mohair Sweater In his commentary on the film's DVD release, Hedges says the inspiration for his screenplay was twofold — his mother's battle with and death from cancer and a true story about a group of friends who had "borrowed" an apartment to prepare a communal Thanksgiving dinner. However, the oven in the apartment did not work so they had to go door to door in the building, trying to find an oven in which to cook their turkey; the film was shot in just 16 days on a budget of $100,000. Costs were kept this low by the film company InDigEnt cutting a deal with the unions; this meant that Peter Hedges was paid $10 to direct the film, another $10 to write it. All the actors worked for $248 a day.
The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 84% based on reviews from 146 critics, with an average rating of 7.1/10. The site’s critical consensus reads, "Pieces of April transcends its small-scale setting and budget with endearing performances, playful humor, genuine sweetness, resulting in a touching holiday treat."Elvis Mitchell of The New York Times, called the film an "intelligent and touching farce" and added, "Mr. Hedges dances from one vignette to another with a mouthwatering finesse."Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times said "it contains much good humor" and "has a lot of joy and quirkiness. She makes April and her movie well worth knowing." Carla Meyer of the San Francisco Chronicle called the film " both heartfelt and tough-minded... avoids sentimentality at every turn and earns both its laughs and its tears."Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly, rated the film C, calling it a "glib comedy" and adding, "Hedges shoves his characters into sitcom slots and seals them there."
The film earned a total of $3.2 million worldwide. Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role - Motion Picture Sundance Film Festival Special Jury Prize for Outstanding Dramatic Performance Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Actress British Independent Film Award for Best Foreign Film Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress Chicago International Film Festival Audience Choice Award Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Florida Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actres
Wisconsin is a U. S. state located in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 20th most populous; the state capital is Madison, its largest city is Milwaukee, located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties. Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area; the Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is second to Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Like neighboring Minnesota, the state remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.
Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers famous for its cheese. Manufacturing, information technology, cranberries and tourism are major contributors to the state's economy; the word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first European to reach the Wisconsin River, arriving in 1673 and calling the river Meskousing in his journal. Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. English speakers anglicized the spelling from Ouisconsin to Wisconsin when they began to arrive in large numbers during the early 19th century; the legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. The Algonquin word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure.
Interpretations vary. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. Other theories include claims that the name originated from one of a variety of Ojibwa words meaning "red stone place", "where the waters gather", or "great rock". Wisconsin has been home to a wide variety of cultures over the past 14,000 years; the first people arrived around 10,000 BCE during the Wisconsin Glaciation. These early inhabitants, called Paleo-Indians, hunted now-extinct ice age animals such as the Boaz mastodon, a prehistoric mastodon skeleton unearthed along with spear points in southwest Wisconsin. After the ice age ended around 8000 BCE, people in the subsequent Archaic period lived by hunting and gathering food from wild plants. Agricultural societies emerged over the Woodland period between 1000 BCE to 1000 CE. Toward the end of this period, Wisconsin was the heartland of the "Effigy Mound culture", which built thousands of animal-shaped mounds across the landscape.
Between 1000 and 1500 CE, the Mississippian and Oneota cultures built substantial settlements including the fortified village at Aztalan in southeast Wisconsin. The Oneota may be the ancestors of the modern Ioway and Ho-Chunk tribes who shared the Wisconsin region with the Menominee at the time of European contact. Other Native American groups living in Wisconsin when Europeans first settled included the Ojibwa, Fox and Pottawatomie, who migrated to Wisconsin from the east between 1500 and 1700; the first European to visit what became Wisconsin was the French explorer Jean Nicolet. He canoed west from Georgian Bay through the Great Lakes in 1634, it is traditionally assumed that he came ashore near Green Bay at Red Banks. Pierre Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers visited Green Bay again in 1654–1666 and Chequamegon Bay in 1659–1660, where they traded for fur with local Native Americans. In 1673, Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet became the first to record a journey on the Fox-Wisconsin Waterway all the way to the Mississippi River near Prairie du Chien.
Frenchmen like Nicholas Perrot continued to ply the fur trade across Wisconsin through the 17th and 18th centuries, but the French made no permanent settlements in Wisconsin before Great Britain won control of the region following the French and Indian War in 1763. So, French traders continued to work in the region after the war, some, beginning with Charles de Langlade in 1764, settled in Wisconsin permanently, rather than returning to British-controlled Canada; the British took over Wisconsin during the French and Indian War, taking control of Green Bay in 1761 and gaining control of all of Wisconsin in 1763. Like the French, the British were interested in little but the fur trade. One notable event in the fur trading industry in Wisconsin occurred in 1791, when two free African Americans set up a fur trading post among the Menominee at present day Marinette; the first permanent settlers French Canadians, some Anglo-New Englanders and a few African American freedmen, arrived in Wisconsin while it was under British control.
Charles Michel de Langlade is recognized as the first settler, establishing a trading post at Green Bay in 1745, moving there permanently in 1764. Settlement began at Prairie du Chien around 1781; the French residents at the trading post in what is now Green Bay, referred to the t
What's Eating Gilbert Grape
What's Eating Gilbert Grape is a 1993 American drama film directed by Lasse Hallström and starring Johnny Depp, Juliette Lewis, Darlene Cates, Leonardo DiCaprio. The film follows 24-year-old Gilbert, a grocery store clerk caring for his morbidly obese mother and his mentally impaired younger brother in a sleepy Midwestern town. Peter Hedges wrote the screenplay, adapted from his 1991 novel of the same name; the film was well-received. In the small town of Endora, Gilbert Grape is busy caring for Arnie, his mentally challenged brother, as they wait for the many tourists' trailers to pass through town during an annual Airstreamers' Club gathering at a nearby recreational area, his father had hanged himself seven years earlier, since his mother, has spent most of her days on the couch watching TV and eating. With Bonnie unable to care for her children on her own due to her morbid obesity, Gilbert has taken responsibility for repairing the old house and looking after Arnie, who has a habit of climbing the town water tower, while his sisters Amy and Ellen do the rest.
The relationship between the brothers is of both care and protection, as Gilbert continually enforces the "nobody touches Arnie" policy. A new FoodLand supermarket has opened. In addition, Gilbert is having an affair with Betty Carver; the family is looking forward to Arnie's 18th birthday. A young woman named Becky and her grandmother are stuck in town when the International Harvester Travelall pulling their trailer breaks down. Gilbert's unusual life circumstances threaten to get in the way of their budding romance. In order to spend time with Becky to watch the sunset, Gilbert leaves Arnie alone in the bath, he returns home late and finds that Arnie is still in the bath the following morning, shivering in the water. His affair with Betty ends when she leaves town in search of a new life following her husband's death—he drowned in the family's wading pool after suffering a heart attack. Becky becomes close to both Arnie. While they are distracted during one of their talks, Arnie returns to the water tower that he is always trying to climb.
Arnie is arrested after being rescued from the top of the tower, causing his mother—who has not left the house in seven years—to become the object of pointing and gawking from the townspeople as she goes to the police station, forcing Arnie's release. Soon after, Arnie tries to run away yet again from his bath and in his frustration, Gilbert snaps, hitting Arnie several times. Guilty and appalled at himself, Gilbert drives away in his truck without another word. Arnie runs out and goes to Becky's, who takes care of him for the evening until he is picked up by his sisters. After some soul searching aided by Becky, Gilbert returns home during the birthday party to make amends to his family for running out and to be forgiven by Arnie which, with only the slightest hesitation, he is, he apologizes to his mother for his behavior and promises that he is not ashamed of her and that he will not let her be hurt any more. She admits to Gilbert her knowledge of what a burden she has become to the family, he forgives her.
He introduces her to Becky -- something. Following Arnie's 18th birthday party, Bonnie climbs the stairs to her bedroom for the first time since her husband's suicide. Arnie tries to wake her but discovers that she has died; the children, not willing to let their mother become the joke of the town by having her corpse lifted from the house by crane, empty their family home of possessions and set it on fire. A year Gilbert describes what happened to his family after his mother's death, as Gilbert and his brother Arnie wait by the side of a road for Becky, who arrives with her grandmother, picks them up. Johnny Depp as Gilbert Grape Juliette Lewis as Becky Leonardo DiCaprio as Arnie Grape Mary Steenburgen as Betty Carver Darlene Cates as Bonnie Grape Laura Harrington as Amy Grape Mary Kate Schellhardt as Ellen Grape Kevin Tighe as Ken Carver John C. Reilly as Tucker Van Dyke Crispin Glover as Bobby McBurney Penelope Branning as Becky's Grandma Libby Villari as the Waitress Adrienne King as Group What's Eating Gilbert Grape was shot in Texas, in various towns and cities.
Film Review quoted actor Leonardo DiCaprio: I had to research and get into the mind of somebody with a disability like that. So I spent a few days at a home for mentally retarded teens. We just talked and I watched their mannerisms. People have these expectations that mentally retarded children are crazy, but it's not so. It's refreshing to see them; the film had a limited release on December 17, 1993 and wide release on March 4, 1994. The wide release garnered $2,104,938 on its first weekend. Total domestic gross for the film was $10,032,765; the film received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film was given an 89% "Certified Fresh" score and an average rating of 7.3/10 based on 45 reviews. The site's consensus states that the film is "sentimental and somewhat predictable, but those are small complaints, given the tender atmosphere and moving performances at the heart of What's Eating Gilbert Grape." The New York Times film critic Janet Maslin praised DiCaprio's performance, writing "the film's real show-stopping turn comes from Mr. DiCaprio, who