The Knockout was Charlie Chaplin's seventeenth film for Keystone Studios. Chaplin only has a small role, Fatty Arbuckle takes up the main role, it stars Arbuckle's wife, Minta Durfee, Edgar Kennedy and Keystone owner, Mack Sennett in a minor role as a spectator. The film was directed by Charles Avery, made in 1914 in America. Two down-and-out hoboes pretend to be pugilists. One of them claims to be the boxing champion. In the meantime Pug, a good-hearted local strongman, has fought and defeated several mashers who were bothering his girlfriend; the mashers make up with Pug and propose to enter him to fight the fake Cyclone Flynn at a local theater. Enter the real Cyclone Flynn, who expels the hoboes and takes over the engagement; the fight starts, comically refereed by Chaplin's character. It deteriorates into chaos, after Pug steals a gambler's revolvers and chases the champion from the ring. A long chase sequence involving the boxers, Pug's girlfriend, the Keystone Kops follows. A reviewer from Moving Picture World wrote, "Roscoe Arbuckle, ably supported, makes barrels of fun in this two-reel comedy release.
In its early stages, the story has a well connected plot, but things go to smash a little in this line when a big chase is introduced in the second reel. This chase, as well as a comedy prize fight, is unusually funny." Roscoe'Fatty' Arbuckle - Pug Minta Durfee - Pug's girlfriend Edgar Kennedy - Cyclone Flynn Charles Chaplin - Referee Frank Opperman - Fight promoter Al St. John - Pug's rival Hank Mann - Tough Mack Swain - Gambler Charlie Chaplin filmography Fatty Arbuckle filmography The short film The Knockout is available for free download at the Internet Archive The Knockout on IMDb The Knockout on YouTube The Knockout at the TCM Movie Database
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
Leading lady is a term applied to the leading actress in the performance if her character is the protagonist. It is an informal term for the actress who plays a secondary lead a love interest, to the leading actor in a film or play. A leading lady can be an actress of renown. For example, Lynn Fontanne and Helen Hayes were both referred to as the "leading lady of the theatre" in their time. Mary Pickford was called the "leading lady" of the cinema; the term has been applied to an actress, associated with one particular actor. For example, Olivia de Havilland was Errol Flynn's leading lady in several films, Katharine Hepburn had a similar association with Spencer Tracy, Lauren Bacall with Humphrey Bogart, Maureen O'Hara with John Wayne. A leading lady is an actress, typecast in romantic supporting roles; the term can be used collectively. Many modern day leading ladies includes: Amy Adams, Jennifer Aniston, Annette Bening, Halle Berry, Cate Blanchett, Emily Blunt, Sandra Bullock, Jessica Chastain, Glenn Close, Marion Cotillard, Penélope Cruz, Viola Davis, Judi Dench, Jodie Foster, Gal Gadot, Anne Hathaway, Scarlett Johansson, Angelina Jolie, Nicole Kidman, Keira Knightley, Jessica Lange, Brie Larson, Jennifer Lawrence, Blake Lively, Jennifer Lopez, Melissa McCarthy, Frances McDormand, Helen Mirren, Julianne Moore, Lupita Nyong'o, Sarah Paulson, Rosamund Pike, Natalie Portman, Margot Robbie, Julia Roberts, Saoirse Ronan, Zoe Saldana, Susan Sarandon, Kristen Stewart, Emma Stone, Meryl Streep, Hilary Swank, Charlize Theron, Emma Thompson, Alicia Vikander, Emma Watson, Naomi Watts, Michelle Williams, Kate Winslet, Reese Witherspoon and Renée Zellweger.
Minnie Mouse, an anthropomorphic animated character, has been the most notable and most successful cartoon leading lady for The Walt Disney Company for over 90 years, who portrays the secondary lead roles to her lifelong boyfriend and the company's mascot Mickey Mouse. Character actor Leading actor Movie star Supporting actor
The Property Man
The Property Man is a short 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. Charlie is in charge of stage "props" and has trouble with actors' luggage and conflicts over who gets the star's dressing room. Small caricatures on the wall indicate both the stars and the head of what can only be Charlie Chaplin with the word "PROPS" below. Once the dressing-room issue is resolved the next issue is getting everyone on stage with the correct backdrop; the order of performance, all of, seen is: The "Goo-Goo Sisters", billed as comediennes. "Sorrow" a drama performed by a woman. During the performances we see the audience reaction throughout. Backstage Charlie and an old man fight disrupting the on-stage performances; the audience breaks into a fight, a hose brought out behind the scenes ends up squirting over them. A reviewer from Bioscope wrote, "There are so many uproariously absurd situations in this Chaplin comic, all consequent upon the ardent desire of our friend'Props' to run the whole of the affairs'behind' that the vaudeville entertainment becomes one long chapter of unrehearsed happenings, much to the delight of an audience of which comical Mack Sennett forms a distinguished member."
A negative review of The Property Man came from Moving Picture World regarding some of the slapstick action in the two reels. The reviewer opined, "There are few people who don't like these Keystones, they are vulgar and touch the homely strings of our own vulgarity. They are not the best pictures for parlor entertainment, true. There is some brutality in this picture and we can't help feeling that this is reprehensible. What human being can see an old man kicked in the face and count it fun?" Charles Chaplin - The Property Man Phyllis Allen - Lena Fat Alice Davenport - Actress Charles Bennett - George Ham, Lena's husband Mack Sennett - Man in audience Norma Nichols - Vaudeville artist Joe Bordeaux - Old actor Harry McCoy - Drunk in audience Lee Morris - Man in audience List of American films of 1914 The Property Man on IMDb The Property Man on YouTube The Property Man is available for free download at the Internet Archive
Bernard "Ben" Turpin was an American comedian and actor, best remembered for his work in silent films. His trademarks were his cross-eyed appearance and adeptness at vigorous physical comedy. Turpin worked with notable performers such as Charlie Chaplin and Laurel and Hardy, was a part of the Mack Sennett studio team, he is believed to have been the first filmed "victim" of the pie in the face gag. When sound came to films, Turpin chose to retire, having invested profitably in real estate, although he did do occasional cameos. Turpin was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 19, 1869, the son of a candy store owner, Ernest Turpin, Sarah Buckley. Turpin and his first wife, actress Carrie Lemieux, were married in Chicago on February 18, 1907. In 1923, Mrs. Turpin became ill with influenza. Heartbroken, Turpin took his ill wife to the Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré in Quebec, hoping she would be healed, she became an invalid, with Turpin placing his career on hold to care for her. Carrie died on October 2, 1925.
Turpin remarried on July 1926, to Babette Dietz in Los Angeles. He was a Roman Catholic, a member of the Good Shepherd Parish and the Catholic Motion Picture Guild in Beverly Hills, California. Turpin worked in vaudeville and circuses, he had a distinctive appearance, with a small wiry frame, a brush mustache, crossed eyes. Turpin's famous eyes, only crossed as a young adult after he suffered an accident, he was convinced. He was a devout Catholic, his workmates goaded him by threatening to pray that his eyes would uncross, thus depriving him of his livelihood. Turpin famously bought a $25,000 insurance policy with Lloyd's of London, payable if his eyes uncrossed. A 1920 version of the story had his eyes insured for $100,000. How serious this was is open to question, he developed a vigorous style of physical comedy, including an ability to stage comic pratfalls that impressed his fellow workers in the rough-and-tumble world of silent comedy. One of his specialties was a forward tumble he called the "hundred an' eight".
It was an interrupted forward somersault initiated by kicking one leg up, turning over 180 degrees to land flat on the back or in a seated position. Turpin first appeared on film in 1907 for Essanay Studios in Chicago in various small parts and comic bits. In addition to his on-screen work, he worked as a janitor for Essanay. In the 1909 film Mr. Flip, Turpin receives. By 1912 he was an established – if not major – screen personality, giving interviews and writing articles for the new fan magazines. Charlie Chaplin joined the Essanay company in 1915, the studio made Turpin his second banana. Chaplin was maturing as a filmmaker and intuitively. Turpin, was impatient with Chaplin's methods; the earthy Turpin understood straightforward slapstick more than comic subtlety. The Chaplin–Turpin duo did not last long, with Chaplin abandoning Chicago for California. Turpin does share one additional credit with Chaplin: after Chaplin filmed Burlesque on Carmen in two reels, Essanay filmed new scenes with Turpin to pad the picture into a featurette, doubling its length.
Essanay remained solvent for only a few more years. Turpin may have been aware of Essanay's instability. Former Essanay comedian Paddy McQuire supported him. Many of Turpin's Vogue comedies were re-released under different titles, to cash in on Turpin's subsequent stardom. In 1917 Ben Turpin joined the Mack Sennett studio. Turpin's aptitude for crude slapstick suited the Sennett style and Sennett's writers cast the ridiculous-looking Turpin against type for maximum comic effect. Through the 1920s his roles spoofed serious actors and celebrities of the time – e.g. "The Shriek" for "The Sheik" – and Turpin became one of film's most popular comics. Turpin appeared in feature films for Sennett. Delighted with his success, he took to introducing himself with the phrase, "I'm Ben Turpin. Sennett terminated most of his staff's contracts in 1928, closed the studio to retool for the new talking pictures. Turpin was signed by the low-budget Weiss Brothers-Artclass company the most ambitious coup that Artclass attempted.
Turpin made two-reel comedies there for one year. Artclass traded on his peculiar vision with titles like Idle Eyes and The Eyes Have It. 1929 saw many silent-film stars uncertain about their future employment, with the new talking pictures requiring new skills and techniques. Ben Turpin chose to retire, he had invested his earnings in real estate, being successful at this, had no financial need for more work. Producers soon sought him out for gag appearances in films, he commanded a flat fee of $1000 per appearance, regardless of whether it was a speaking role or a fleeting cameo. Among the most memorable of these cameos was in Paramount's Million Dollar Legs starring W. C. Fields, Jack Oakie, Susan Fleming, he starred in only one more short subject, Keystone Hotel, a two-reel reunion of sil
Olga Edna Purviance was an American actress during the silent movie era. She was the leading lady in many of Charlie Chaplin's early films and in a span of eight years, she appeared in over 30 films with him. Purviance was born in Paradise Valley, Nevada, to English immigrant Louisa Wright Davey and American vintner to the western mining camps Madison Gates Purviance; when she was three, the family moved to Lovelock, where they assumed ownership of a hotel. Her parents divorced in 1902, her mother married Robert Nurnberger, a German plumber. Growing up, Purviance was a talented pianist, she left Lovelock in 1913, moved in with her married sister Bessie while attending business college in San Francisco. In 1915, Purviance was working as a secretary in San Francisco when actor and director Charlie Chaplin was working on his second film with Essanay Studios, working out of Niles, California, 28 miles southeast of San Francisco, in Southern Alameda County, he was looking for a leading lady for A Night Out.
One of his associates noticed Purviance at a Tate's Café in San Francisco and thought she should be cast in the role. Chaplin arranged a meeting with her and, although he was concerned that she might be too serious for comedic roles, she won the job. Chaplin and Purviance were romantically involved during the making of his Essanay and First National films of 1915 to 1917. Purviance appeared including the 1921 classic The Kid, her last credited appearance in a Chaplin film, A Woman of Paris, was her first lead role. The film was not a success and ended Purviance's career, she went on to appear in two more films: The Sea Gull known as A Woman of the Sea and Éducation de Prince, a French film released in 1927, just before she retired from acting. Romantically involved with Charlie Chaplin for several years, Purviance married John Squire, a Pan-American Airlines pilot, in 1938, they remained married until his death in 1945. On January 13, 1958, Purviance died from throat cancer at the Motion Picture Country Hospital in Hollywood.
Her remains are interred at Grand View Memorial Park Cemetery in California. She was portrayed by Penelope Ann Miller in the film Chaplin and by Katie Maguire in the film Madcap Mabel. Edna Purviance on IMDb Edna Purviance—tribute and research site Edna Purviance at Then & NowEdna Purviance at Find a Grave