Daniel Louis Castellaneta is an American actor, voice actor and screenwriter, best known for his long-running role as Homer Simpson on the Fox Broadcasting Company animated sitcom The Simpsons. He voices many other characters for the show including Abraham "Grampa" Simpson, Barney Gumble, Krusty the Clown, Sideshow Mel, Groundskeeper Willie, Mayor Quimby and Hans Moleman. Castellaneta had roles in several other programs, including Futurama for Fox Broadcasting Company and Darkwing Duck for ABC, The Adventures of Dynamo Duck for Fox Kids, Back to the Future: The Animated Series for CBS, Aladdin for Toon Disney, Taz-Mania for Warner Bros. Animation and Hey Arnold! for Nicktoons. In 1999, he appeared in the Christmas special Olive, the Other Reindeer, won an Annie Award for his portrayal of the Postman, he released a comedy album I Am Not Homer, wrote and starred in a one-person show titled Where Did Vincent van Gogh? Daniel Louis Castellaneta was born on October 29, 1957 at Roseland Community Hospital on Chicago's south side and was raised in River Forest and Oak Park, Illinois.
He is of Italian descent, born to Louis Castellaneta. Louis Castellaneta was an amateur actor. Castellaneta became adept at impressions at a young age and his mother enrolled him in an acting class when he was sixteen years old, he would do impressions of the artists. He was a "devotee" of the works of many performers, including Alan Arkin and Barbara Harris and directors Mike Nichols and Elaine May, he attended Oak Park and River Forest High School and upon graduation, started attending Northern Illinois University in the fall of 1975. Castellaneta studied art education, with the goal of becoming an art teacher, he would entertain his students with his impressions. Castellaneta was a regular participant in The Ron Petke and His Dead Uncle Show, a radio show at NIU; the show helped Castellaneta hone his skills as a voice-over actor. He recalled "We did parodies and sketches, we would double up on, so you learned to switch between voices. I got my feet wet doing voiceover; the show was just audible, but we didn't care.
It was the fact that we got a chance to do it and write our own material." He auditioned for an improvisational show. A classmate first thought Castellaneta would "fall on his face with improvisation" but soon "was churning out material faster than could make it work." Castellaneta started acting after his graduation from Northern Illinois University in 1979. He decided, he began taking improvisation classes. He started to work at The Second City, an improvisational theatre in Chicago, in 1983 and continued to work there until 1987. During this period, he did voice-over work with his wife for various radio stations, he auditioned for a role in The Tracey Ullman Show and his first meeting underwhelmed Tracey Ullman and the other producers. Ullman decided to fly to Chicago to watch Castellaneta perform, his performance that night was about a blind man who tries to become a comedian and Ullman recalled that although there were flashier performances that night, Castellaneta made her cry. She was impressed and Castellaneta was hired.
Castellaneta is most famous for his role as Homer Simpson on the longest running animated television show The Simpsons. The Tracey Ullman Show included a series of animated shorts about a dysfunctional family. Voices were needed for the shorts, so the producers decided to ask Castellaneta and fellow cast member Julie Kavner to voice Homer and Marge Simpson rather than hire more actors. Homer's voice began as a loose impression of Walter Matthau, but Castellaneta could not "get enough power behind that voice" and could not sustain his Matthau impression for the nine- to ten-hour long recording sessions, he tried to find something easier, so he "dropped the voice down", developed it into a more versatile and humorous voice during the second and third season of the half-hour show. Castellaneta's normal speaking voice has no similarity to Homer's. To perform Homer's voice, Castellaneta lowers his chin to his chest, is said to "let his IQ go."Castellaneta likes to stay in character during recording sessions, tries to visualize a scene in his mind so that he can give the proper voice to it.
Despite Homer's fame, Castellaneta claims he is recognized in public, "except, maybe, by a die-hard fan." Castellaneta provides the voices for numerous other characters, including Grampa Simpson, Barney Gumble, Krusty the Clown, Groundskeeper Willie, Mayor Quimby, Hans Moleman, Sideshow Mel, Kodos, the Squeaky Voiced Teen and Gil Gunderson. Krusty's voice is based on Chicago television's Bob Bell, who had a raspy voice and portrayed WGN-TV's Bozo the Clown from 1960 to 1984. Barney's trademark is a loud belch. During early recording sessions for the show, he recorded a new version of the belch for every episode but discovered that it was not easy for him to do it every time a script called for it. Castellaneta chose a recording of what he believed was his best belch and told the producers to make that the standard. Groundskeeper Willie's first appearance was in the season two episode "Principal Charming"; the character was written as an angry janitor and Castellaneta was assigned to perform the voice.
He did not know what voice to use and Sam Simon, directing at the time, suggested he use an accent. Castellaneta first tried, he tried a "big dumb Swede", rejected. For his third try, he used the vo
The Simpsons (season 14)
The Simpsons' fourteenth season was broadcast on the Fox network in the United States between November 3, 2002 and May 18, 2003. The show runner for the fourteenth production season was Al Jean, who executive produced 21 of 22 episodes; the other episode, "How I Spent My Strummer Vacation", was run by Mike Scully. The season contains five hold-overs from the previous season's production run; the fourteenth season has met with positive reviews and won two Primetime Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Animated Program, four Annie Awards and a Writers Guild of America Award. This season contains the show's 300th episode, "The Strong Arms of The Ma". Writers credited with episodes in the fourteenth season included J. Stewart Burns, Kevin Curran, John Frink & Don Payne, Dana Gould, Dan Greaney, Brian Kelley, Tim Long, Ian Maxtone-Graham, Carolyn Omine, Mike Scully, Matt Selman, John Swartzwelder, Matt Warburton and Marc Wilmore. Freelance writers included Brian Pollack & Mert Rich, Sam O'Neal & Neal Boushall, Dennis Snee and Allen Glazier.
Animation directors included Bob Anderson, Mike B. Anderson, Chris Clements, Mark Kirkland, Lance Kramer, Nancy Kruse, Lauren MacMullan, Pete Michels, Steven Dean Moore, Matthew Nastuk, Michael Polcino, Jim Reardon and David Silverman; the main cast consisted of Dan Castellaneta, Julie Kavner, Nancy Cartwright, Yeardley Smith, Hank Azaria and Harry Shearer. Other cast members included Marcia Wallace, Pamela Hayden, Tress MacNeille, Russi Taylor and Karl Wiedergott; this season saw the return of voice actress Maggie Roswell, who had left the show during season 11 because of a contract dispute."Barting Over", which aired February 16, 2003, was promoted as the show's milestone 300th episode. However, "The Strong Arms of the Ma" was the 300th episode to be broadcast. According to Ben Rayner of the Toronto Star, "It's difficult to find a straight answer why milestone status has been bestowed on; some rationalize that the 300 figure doesn't account for two early holiday specials, Fox maintains that there was some discrepancy between the original, scheduled broadcast date- deep in the heart of the ratings-mad February sweeps- and the number of episodes that were aired leading up to it."
"Barting Over" refers to the error when Marge tells Lisa "I can't count the number of times has done something crazy like this." Lisa responds that it is 300, to which Marge replies that she "could have sworn it's been 302". Season 14 received positive reviews. High-Def Digest was positive recommending the set and writing "The show has numerous moments that make you laugh." And gave it 3.5/5 stars. Blu-ray.com gave season 14 3.5/5 stars who thought "After rewatching all of it for the first time since this batch of episodes aired, I have to say—season fourteen has a pretty good laugh-per- minute ratio." Casey Broadwater felt it was an improvement over the Scully seasons and season 13. Collider gave the season a B-; the reviewer thought "As far as the overall quality of the season, it isn't as good as some earlier seasons but in the evolution of the show and the characters, it's solid.". Jackson Cresswell thought "C. E. D'oh" was the best of the season along with "Pray Anything" and "Brake My Wife, Please" while citing "Three Gays of the Condo", "Large Marge", "Helter Shelter" as the worst.
Ryan Keefer of DVD Talk gave it a 4/5 calling it "a good spot to start brushing up on things". Episodes of the fourteenth season won several awards, including two Primetime Emmy Awards. "Three Gays of the Condo" became the eighth episode of the series to win the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program. Hank Azaria won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance for voicing various characters in the episode "Moe Baby Blues", it was Azaria's third Emmy in that category. The song "Everybody Hates Ned Flanders" from "Dude, Where's My Ranch?" received a nomination for the Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music and Lyrics. The show won four Annie Awards, including its 12th consecutive in the Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Production category; the other awards won were Best Directing in an Animated Television Production, Best Music in an Animated Television Production and Best Writing in an Animated Television Production. "The Dad Who Knew Too Little" won a Writers Guild of America Award in 2004 in the animation category.
"Moe Baby Blues", written by J. Stewart Burns, was nominated in the category; the series was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Musical or Comedy Series in 2003. It was the first time; the episode "'Scuse Me While I Miss the Sky", nominated for an Environmental Media Award for Best Television Episodic Comedy. Chris Ledesma was nominated for the Golden Reel Award for Best Sound Editing in Television Animation – Music for his work on "Large Marge"; the DVD and Blu-ray boxset for season fourteen was released by 20th Century Fox in the United States and Canada on Tuesday, December 6, 2011, eight years after it had c
Helen Fielding is an English novelist and screenwriter, best known as the creator of the fictional character Bridget Jones, a sequence of novels and films beginning with the life of a thirtysomething singleton in London trying to make sense of life and love. Bridget Jones's Diary and Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason were published in 40 countries and sold more than 15 million copies; the two films of the same name achieved international success. In a survey conducted by The Guardian newspaper, Bridget Jones’s Diary was named as one of the ten novels that best defined the 20th century. Bridget Jones: Mad About the Boy was published in autumn 2013 with record-breaking first-day sales in the UK exceeding 46,000 copies, it occupied the number one spot on The Sunday Times bestseller list for six months. In her review for The New York Times review, Sarah Lyall called the novel "sharp and humorous" and said that Fielding had "allowed her heroine to grow up into someone funnier and more interesting than she was before".
Late 2016 saw the release of the third movie: Bridget Jones's Baby. On 11 October 2016, the publication of Fielding's sixth novel, Bridget Jones' Baby: the Diaries based on Fielding's original columns in The Independent newspaper on which the movie — which broke UK box office records — was based. In a 2004 poll for the BBC, Fielding was named the 29th most influential person in British culture. In December 2016, the BBC's Woman's Hour included Bridget Jones as one of the seven women who had most influenced British female culture over the last seven decades. Fielding grew up in Morley, West Yorkshire, a textile town on the outskirts of Leeds in the north of England, her father was managing director of a textile factory, next door to the family home, that produced cloth for miners’ donkey jackets. He died in 1982 and her mother, still lives in Yorkshire. Fielding attended Wakefield Girls' High School, one of the Grammar Schools in the Wakefield Grammar School Foundation, she has three siblings, Jane and Richard.
Fielding studied English at St Anne's College and was part of the Oxford revue at the 1978 Edinburgh Festival, forming a continuing friendship with a group of comic performers and writers including Richard Curtis and Rowan Atkinson. Fielding began work at the BBC in 1979 as a regional researcher on the news magazine Nationwide, she progressed to working as a production manager on various children’s and light entertainment shows. In 1985 Fielding produced a live satellite broadcast from a refugee camp in Eastern Sudan for the launch of Comic Relief, she wrote and produced documentaries in Africa for the first two Comic Relief fundraising broadcasts. In 1989 she was a researcher for an edition of the Thames TV This Week series "Where Hunger is a Weapon" about the Southern Sudan rebel war; these experiences formed the basis for Cause Celeb. From 1990 - 1999 she worked as a journalist and columnist on several national newspapers, including The Sunday Times, The Independent and The Telegraph, her best-known work, Bridget Jones's Diary, began its life as an unattributed column in The Independent in 1995.
The success of the column led to their film adaptations. Fielding was part of the scriptwriting team for both. Fielding’s first novel, Cause Celeb, whose title derives from the expression cause célèbre, was published in 1994 to great reviews but limited sales, she was struggling to make ends meet while working on her second novel, a satire about cultural divides in a when she was approached by London’s The Independent newspaper to write a column as herself about single life in London. Fielding rejected this idea as too embarrassing and exposing and offered instead to create an imaginary, comic character. Writing anonymously, she felt able to be honest about the preoccupations of single women in their thirties, it acquired a following, her identity was revealed and her publishers asked her to replace her novel about the Caribbean by a novel on Bridget Jones’s Diary. The hardback was published in 1996 to good reviews but modest sales; the paperback, published in 1997, went straight to the top of the best-seller chart, stayed there for over six months and went on to become a worldwide best-seller.
Fielding continued her columns in The Independent, The Daily Telegraph until 1997, publishing a second Bridget novel Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason in November 1999. The film of Bridget Jones’s Diary was released in 2001 and its sequel in 2004. Fielding contributed the further adventures of Bridget Jones for The Independent from 2005. Fielding announced in November 2012 that she was now writing a third installment in the Bridget Jones series. Bridget Jones: Mad About the Boy was published in the UK by Jonathan Cape and in the US by Alfred A. Knopf in October 2013, it debuted at number one on The Sunday Times bestseller list, number seven on The New York Times bestseller list. By the time the UK paperback was published on 19 June 2014, sales had reached one million copies; the novel was shortlisted for the 15th Bollinger Everyman Wodehouse Prize, nominated in the Popular Fiction category of the National Book Award. and has been translated into 32 languages. A film adaptation of Bridget Jones: Mad About the Boy has not yet been announced, but fans have speculated on who might play Roxster and Daniel Craig has been suggested for Mr Wallaker after Fielding's humorous comments that the real-life teacher his character is based on bears a resemblance to Craig.
Fielding credits Bridget’s success to the fact that, at heart, it is about “the gap between how we feel we are expected to be and how we are” which she has described as an alarming symptom of the media age. Fielding divides her time between Los Angeles, she and
America is a British-American rock band formed in London in 1970 by Dewey Bunnell, Dan Peek, Gerry Beckley. The trio met as sons of US Air Force personnel stationed in London, where they began performing live. Achieving significant popularity in the 1970s, the trio was famous for their close vocal harmonies and light acoustic folk rock sound; the band released a string of hit albums and singles, many of which found airplay on pop/soft rock stations. The band came together shortly after the members' graduation from high school, a record deal with Warner Bros. Records followed, their debut 1971 album, included the transatlantic hits "A Horse with No Name" and "I Need You". 1974's Holiday featured the hits "Tin Man" and "Lonely People". History: America's Greatest Hits, a compilation of hit singles, was released the same year and was certified multi-platinum in the United States and Australia. Peek left the group in 1977, their commercial fortunes declined, despite a brief return to the top in 1982 with the single "You Can Do Magic".
The group continues to record tour with regularity. Their 2007 album Here & Now was a collaboration with a new generation of musicians who credited the band as an influence. America won a Grammy Award for Best New Artist and were nominated for Best Pop Vocal Group at the 15th Annual Grammy Awards in 1973; the group was inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2006 and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2012. While their fathers were stationed at the United States Air Force base at RAF South Ruislip near London in the mid-1960s, Beckley and Peek attended London Central High School at Bushey Hall where they met while playing in two different bands. Peek left for the United States for a failed attempt at college during 1969. Soon after his return to the UK the following year, the three began making music together. Starting out with borrowed acoustic guitars, they developed a style which incorporated three-part vocal harmony with the style of contemporary folk-rock acts such as Crosby, Stills & Nash.
The trio dubbed themselves America, chosen because they did not want anyone to think they were British musicians trying to sound American. They played their first gigs in the London area, including some highlights at the Roundhouse in London's Chalk Farm district. Through Ian Samwell and Jeff Dexter's efforts they were contracted to Kinney Records in March 1971 by Ian Ralfini and assigned to the UK Warner Brothers label, their first album America was recorded at Trident Studios in London and produced by Ian Samwell, best known for writing Cliff Richard's 1958 breakthrough hit "Move It". Jeff Dexter, Ian's roommate, became the trio's manager. Dexter gave them their first major gig, 20 December 1970, at "Implosion" at the Roundhouse, Chalk Farm, as the opening act for The Who, Elton John and The Chalk Farm Salvation Army Band & Choir for a Christmas charity event. Although the trio planned to record the album in a similar manner to The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, Samwell convinced them to perfect their acoustic style instead.
The debut album America was released in 1971 to only moderate success, although it sold well in the Netherlands, where Dexter had taken them as a training ground to practice their craft. Samwell and Dexter subsequently brought the trio to Morgan Studios to record several additional songs. One of them was a Bunnell composition called "Desert Song", which Dexter demoed during studio rehearsals in Puddletown, Dorset at the home of Arthur Brown; the song had its public debut at The Harrogate Festival, four days to great audience response. After several performances and a TV show, it was re-titled "A Horse with No Name"; the song became a major worldwide hit in early 1972. It sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc by the R. I. A. A. in March 1972. America's debut album was re-released with the hit song added and went platinum; the album resulted in a second major chart success with Beckley's "I Need You", which peaked at No. 9 on the US charts. After their initial success, the trio decided to dismiss Samwell and Dexter and relocate to Los Angeles, California.
The recording of a second album was delayed by the relocation as well as an injury to Peek's arm. Deciding not to replace Samwell, the group opted to produce the album by themselves; the trio began their move away from a acoustic style to a more rock-music-oriented style with the help of Hal Blaine on drums and Joe Osborn on bass. Peek began to play lead electric guitar on more tracks and the group expanded from an acoustic trio to embrace a fuller live sound, adding Dave Dickey on bass and Dave Atwood on drums. By the beginning of 1973, Atwood had been replaced by Dickey's friend, Willie Leacox, like Dickey, was of the group Captain. America's second album, was released in November 1972. Awarded a gold disc in December 1972, the million sales figure was confirmed by the R. I. A. A. in 1975. The group reached the top 10 again with Bunnell's "Ventura Highway". Other singles, including Peek's "Don't Cross the River" and Beckley's "Only in Your Heart", were only modestly successful, but the group still won a Grammy Award for Best New Artist of 1972.
The group's output grew ambitious. Their third offering, Hat Trick, was released in October 1973 following several months of recording at the Record Plant Studios in Los Angeles. Aga
An independent bookstore is a retail bookstore, independently owned. Independent stores consist of only a single actual store, they may be structured as sole proprietorships held corporations or partnerships, cooperatives, or nonprofits. Independent stores can be contrasted with chain bookstores, which have many locations and are owned by large corporations which have other divisions besides bookselling. Author events at independent bookstores sometimes take the role of literary salons and independents supported new authors and independent presses. For most of the 20th century all bookstores in the United States were independent. In the 1950s, automobiles and suburban shopping malls became more common. Mall-based bookstore chains began in the 1960s, underwent a major expansion in numbers in the 1970s and 1980s B. Dalton and Waldenbooks. Big box chains expanded during this period, including Barnes & Noble and Crown Books. Amazon.com was founded during the dot-com boom in 1994 and sold books until 1998.
By the 1990s, these competitive pressures had put independent bookstores under considerable financial pressure and many closed due to their inability to compete. Closures in the United States include Kroch's and Brentano's in Chicago, Gotham Book Mart in New York, Cody's Books in Berkeley, Kepler's Books, Printers Inc. Bookstore in Palo Alto, A Clean Well-Lighted Place for Books in San Francisco, Midnight Special in Santa Monica, Dutton's Books in Los Angeles, Coliseum Books in New York City, Wordsworth Books in Cambridge, Massachusetts; the number of independent booksellers in the United States dropped 40% from 1995 to 2000. In the 2000s, e-books started to take market share away from printed books, either published directly via the world wide web, or read on e-ink devices such as the Amazon Kindle, introduced in 2007. Amazon continued to gain significant market share, these competitive pressures resulted in a collapse of the chain stores in the 2010s. Crown closed in 2001. Dalton, Waldenbooks were liquidated in 2010-11.
A smaller Barnes & Noble, with its less-successful Nook e-reader was left as the only nation-wide chain, with second-largest Books-A-Million operating in only 32 states. This collapse created an opening for the return of more independent shops. According to the American Booksellers Association, the number of independent U. S. bookstores increased 35%, from 1,651 in 2009 to 2,227 in 2015. A Harvard Business School study by Professor Ryan Raffaelli attributed this increase to the buy local movement and success in curation of interesting titles and hosting book-oriented community events; the market has bifurcated between consumers looking for a interactive experience at local stores, consumers looking for low-cost, high-selection stores where large chains compete with difficulty against online sales. Two documentary films, Indies Under Fire and Paperback Dreams, explore the difficulties faced by U. S. independent bookstores in the new economy. The competition between chain and independent retailers was fictionalized in the 1998 film You've Got Mail.
American Bookseller's Association Independent Online Booksellers Association How Independent Bookstores Have Thrived in Spite of Amazon.com
Mike B. Anderson
Mike B. Anderson, sometimes credited as Mikel B. Anderson, is an American television director who works on The Simpsons and has directed numerous episodes of the show, was animated in "The Secret War of Lisa Simpson" as cadet Anderson. While a college student, he directed the live action feature films Alone in the T-Shirt Zone and Kamillions. Since 1990, he has worked in animation including being a consulting producer on the series, "The Oblongs", story consultant on "Tripping the Rift", he has won two Emmy Awards for directing Simpsons episodes, "Homer's Phobia" in 1997 and "HOMR" in 2001. For "Homer's Phobia" he won the Annie Award for Best Individual Achievement: Directing in a TV Production, the WAC Winner Best Director for Primetime Series at the 1998 World Animation Celebration. Mike was a sequence director on "The Simpsons Movie", was the supervising director on "The Simpsons Ride" at Universal Studios and is the supervising director for "The Simpsons" television series. "Lisa the Iconoclast" "Treehouse of Horror 7" "You Only Move Twice" "Homer's Phobia" "The Secret War of Lisa Simpson" "The Last Temptation of Krust" "Homer Simpson in: "Kidney Trouble" "Hello Gutter, Hello Fadder" "HOMR" "Trilogy of Error" "Tales from the Public Domain" "How I Spent My Strummer Vacation" "C.
E. D'oh" "The President Wore Pearls" "Margical History Tour" "The Way We Weren't" "Fat Man and Little Boy" "Pranksta Rap" "Future-Drama" "Marge's Son Poisoning" "Homer's Paternity Coot" "The Wettest Stories Ever Told" "Please Homer, Don't Hammer'Em..." "Mona Leaves-a" "Treehouse of Horror 20" "Halloween of Horror" Mike B. Anderson on IMDb
The Simpsons (season 4)
The Simpsons' fourth season aired on the Fox network between September 24, 1992 and May 13, 1993, beginning with "Kamp Krusty". The showrunners for the fourth production season were Mike Reiss; the aired season contained two episodes which were hold-over episodes from season three, which Jean and Reiss ran. Following the end of the production of the season, Jean and most of the original writing staff left the show; the season was nominated for two Primetime Emmy Awards and Dan Castellaneta would win one for his performance as Homer in "Mr. Plow"; the fourth season was released on DVD in Region 1 on June 15, 2004, Region 2 on August 2, 2004 and in Region 4 on August 25, 2004. The season was executive produced by Al Jean and Mike Reiss, who had run the previous season. Several of the show's original writers, with the show since the first season left following the completion of the season's production run. "Cape Feare", the final episode to be produced by the "original team", aired during season five as a holdover.
Jay Kogen, Wallace Wolodarsky and Jeff Martin wrote their final episodes for the season four production run. David M. Stern and Jon Vitti left but returned to write episodes for seasons. Reiss and Jean left to produce their own series, The Critic, but returned to produce several more The Simpsons episodes, Jean again became the showrunner starting with season thirteen. Rich Moore, one of the show's original directors left to work on The Critic, but returned years to assist with animation on The Simpsons Movie. George Meyer and John Swartzwelder stayed on, while Conan O'Brien, Frank Mula and future show runners Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein received their first writing credits. One-time writers for the season include Adam I. Lapidus and the team of Gary Apple and Michael Carrington, although Carrington returned to voice characters in "Simpson Tide" and "Million Dollar Abie". Sam Simon, showrunner for the show's first two seasons, had assembled the original writing team, had been the series' creative supervisor from its inception, has been credited as "developing sensibility", departed at the end of season four.
Simon was involved in a series of creative disputes with the show's creator Matt Groening, producer James L. Brooks and production company Gracie Films. Simon commented that he "wasn't enjoying it anymore," and "that any show I've worked on, it turns me into a monster. I go crazy. I hate myself." Before leaving, he negotiated a deal that saw him receive a share of the show's profits every year and an executive producer credit despite not having worked on the show since until his death. This season's production run was the first to be animated by Film Roman, after Gracie Films opted to switch domestic production of the series from Klasky Csupo. Sharon Bernstein of the Los Angeles Times wrote that "Gracie executives had been unhappy with the producer Csupo had assigned to The Simpsons and said the company hoped to obtain better wages and working conditions for animators at Film Roman." Klasky Csupo co-founder Gábor Csupó had been "asked if they could bring in their own producer," but declined, stating "they wanted to tell me how to run my business."
Simon commented that: "There won't be any change in the look of the show. We're not going to compromise the quality of the show, key creative personnel will continue on the show.""A Streetcar Named Marge" and "Kamp Krusty" were holdovers from the previous season and so were the last of the Klasky Csupo produced episodes to air. Brooks suggested that the script for "Kamp Krusty" be expanded and produced as a feature-length theatrically released film. However, the episode ran short reaching the minimum length allowed, with the episode's musical number having to be lengthened by a number of verses; the episode had been selected to be the season's premiere. As Jean told Brooks, "First of all, if we make it into the movie we don't have a premiere, second if we can't make 18 minutes out of this episode how are we supposed to make 80?" 1993 marked the first year that the producers of The Simpsons did not submit episodes for the "Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program". Prior to this season, the series had only been allowed to compete in the animation category, but in early 1993 the rules were changed so that animated television shows would be able to submit nominations in the "Outstanding Comedy Series" category.
The producers submitted "A Streetcar Named Marge" and "Mr. Plow" but the Emmy voters were hesitant to pit cartoons against live action programs, The Simpsons did not receive a nomination. Several critics saw the show's failure to gain a nomination as one of the biggest snubs of that year. Dan Castellaneta was awarded an Emmy for "Outstanding Voice-Over Performance". "Treehouse of Horror III" was nominated for Emmys for "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Composition for a Series" and "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Sound Mixing for a Comedy Series or a Special". The series won several other awards this season, including an Annie Award for "Best Animated Television Program", a Genesis Award for "Best Television Prime Time Animated Series" for the episode "Whacking Day" and a Saturn Award for "Best Television Series"; the DVD boxset for season four was released by 20th Century Fox in the United States and Canada on June 15, 2004, eleven years after it had completed broadcast on television.
As well as every episode from the season, the DVD release features bonus material including deleted scenes and commentaries for every episode. The menus are a different format than the