John Eric Bartholomew, known by his stage name Eric Morecambe, was an English comedian who together with Ernie Wise formed the award-winning double act Morecambe and Wise. The partnership lasted from 1941 until Morecambe's death in 1984. Morecambe took his stage name from the seaside resort of Morecambe in Lancashire, he was the co-star of the television series The Morecambe & Wise Show, which for one Christmas episode gained UK viewing figures of over 27 million people. One of the most prominent comedians in British popular culture, in 2002 he was named one of the 100 Greatest Britons in a BBC poll. Morecambe, who had suffered heart attacks in November 1968 and March 1979 as well as undergoing bypass surgery, collapsed from a heart attack as he left the stage of the Roses Theatre in Tewkesbury, following a performance. Eric Morecambe was born in Morecambe, Lancashire as John Eric Bartholomew to George Bartholomew and Sadie. Sadie took work as a waitress to raise funds for his dancing lessons.
During this period, Eric Bartholomew won numerous talent contests, including one in Hoylake in 1940 for which the prize was an audition in Manchester for Jack Hylton. Three months after the audition, Hylton invited Morecambe to join a revue called Youth Takes a Bow at the Nottingham Empire, where he met the Ernest Wiseman; the two soon became close friends, with Sadie's encouragement started to develop a double act. When the two were allowed to perform their double act on stage, Hylton was impressed enough to make it a regular feature in the revue. However, the duo were separated when they came of age for their War Service during the final stages of the Second World War. Wise joined the Merchant Navy, while Morecambe was conscripted to become a Bevin Boy and worked as a coal miner in Accrington from May 1944 onwards. After the war and Wise began performing on stage and radio and secured a contract with the BBC to make a television show, where they started the short-lived show Running Wild in 1954.
They returned to the stage to hone their act, made appearances on Sunday Night at the London Palladium and Double Six. In 1961, Lew Grade offered the duo a series for the London-based ITV station ATV. Entitled Two of a Kind, it was written by Sid Green. An Equity strike halted that show, but Morecambe and Wise were members of the Variety Artists' Federation a separate trade union unaffiliated with Equity. Green and Hills appeared in the series as "Sid" and "Dick"; the sixth Morecambe and Wise series for ATV was planned from the start to be aired in the United Kingdom as well as exported to the United States and Canada. It was taped in colour and starred international guests American. Prior to its British run, it was broadcast in North America by the ABC network as a summer replacement for re-runs of The Hollywood Palace, under the title The Piccadilly Palace, from 20 May to 9 September 1967. All but two episodes of this series are now believed to be lost, with the surviving two episodes existing only as black-and-white copies, bearing the UK titles.
The duo had appeared in the US on The Ed Sullivan Show. In 1968, Morecambe and Wise left ATV to return to the BBC. While Morecambe was recuperating from a heart attack and Green, who believed that Morecambe would never work again, quit as writers. Morecambe and Wise were in Barbados at the time and learned of their writers' departure only from the steward on the plane. John Ammonds, the show's producer, replaced Green with Eddie Braben. Theatre critic Kenneth Tynan stated, Braben made Wise's character a comic, not funny, while Morecambe became a straight man, funny. Braben made them less hostile to one another. Morecambe and Wise did annual BBC Christmas shows from 1968 to 1977, with the 1977 show having an estimated audience of 28,385,000. In 1976, they were both appointed OBEs; the pair left the BBC for ITV in January 1978, signing a contract with the London station Thames Television. Morecambe suffered a second heart attack at his home in Harpenden, Herts on 15 March 1979. At that time, Morecambe was told.
Morecambe wanted to move away from the double act, into writing and playing other roles. In 1980, he played the "Funny Uncle" in a dramatisation of the John Betjeman poem "Indoor Games Near Newbury", part of an ITV special titled Betjeman's Britain. Produced and directed by Charles Wallace, it spawned the start of a working relationship that led to a follow-up in 1981 for Paramount Pictures titled Late Flowering Love in which Morecambe played an RAF major; the film was released in the UK with Raiders of the Lost Ark. In 1981, Morecambe published a tragicomic novel about a stand-up comedian, he began to focus more on writing. Morecambe and Wise made a series for showing during the autumns of 1980 to 1983, they appeared together recalling their music hall days in a one-hour special on ITV on 2 March 1983, called Eric & Ernie's Variety Days. During this time Morecambe published two other novels: The Reluctant Vampire and its sequel, The Vampire's Revenge. Morecambe and Wise's final show together was the 1983 Christmas special for ITV.
Morecambe and Wise worked on a television movie in 1983, Night Train to Murder, broadcast on ITV in January 1985. Continuing his collaboration with Wallace, Morecambe acted in a short comedy film called The Passionate Pilgrim opposite Tom Baker and Madeline Smith, again directed by Wallace for
Academy Award for Best Actress
The Academy Award for Best Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry; the award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actor winner. The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held in 1929 with Janet Gaynor receiving the award for her roles in 7th Heaven, Street Angel, Sunrise. Nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the actors branch of AMPAS. In the first three years of the awards, actresses were nominated as the best in their categories. At that time, all of their work during the qualifying period was listed after the award. However, during the 3rd ceremony held in 1930, only one of those films was cited in each winner's final award though each of the acting winners had two films following their names on the ballots; the following year, this unwieldy and confusing system was replaced by the current system in which an actress is nominated for a specific performance in a single film.
Starting with the 9th ceremony held in 1937, the category was limited to five nominations per year. One actress has been nominated posthumously, Jeanne Eagels. Since its inception, the award has been given to 76 actresses. Katharine Hepburn has won the most awards with four Oscars. With 17 nominations, Meryl Streep is the most nominated in this category, resulting in two wins; as of the 2019 ceremony, Olivia Colman is the most recent winner in this category for her portrayal of Anne, Queen of Great Britain in The Favourite. In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, correspond to the year of film release in Los Angeles County. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31. For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932, to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31. All Academy Award acting nominees Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actress Independent Spirit Award for Best Female Lead BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role César Award for Best Actress Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role Oscars.org The Academy Awards Database Oscar.com
Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon published material. It was created in 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story. Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay. In 2002, the name of the award was changed from Writing to Writing. See the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations. Noted novelists and playwrights who have received nominations in this category include: John Steinbeck, Noël Coward, Raymond Chandler, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Edward Bond, Arthur C. Clarke, Lillian Hellman, Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Kenneth Lonergan, Tom Stoppard, Terence Rattigan and Martin McDonagh. Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, the most awards with 3, though Paddy Chayefsky won the Best Adapted Screenplay in 1955 for his adaptation of his own teleplay and won for Original Screenplay for The Hospital and Network.
Woody Allen holds the record as the oldest winner. Ben Affleck is the youngest winner, at the age of 25 for Good Will Hunting. Richard Schweizer was the first to win for Marie-Louise. Other winners for a non-English screenplay include Albert Lamorisse, Pietro Germi, Claude Lelouch, Pedro Almodóvar. Lamorisse is additionally the only person to win or be nominated for Best Original Screenplay for a short film. Muriel Box was the first woman to win in this category; the Boxes are the first married couple to win in this category. Only three other married couples won an Oscar in another category—Earl W. Wallace and Pamela Wallace, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh, Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez. In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen became the only siblings to win in this category. Francis Ford Coppola and Sofia Coppola are the only father-daughter pair to win. Preston Sturges was nominated for two different films in the same year: Hail the Conquering Hero and The Miracle of Morgan's Creek. Oliver Stone achieved the same distinction for Platoon and Salvador.
Maurice Richlin and Stanley Shapiro were nominated in 1959 for both Operation Petticoat and Pillow Talk and won for the latter. At the 2018 ceremony, Get Out writer-director Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win in this category. Winners are listed first followed by the other nominees. Academy Award for Best Story Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Screenplay List of Big Five Academy Award winners and nominees Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Embassy Pictures Corporation was an American independent film production and distribution studio responsible for such films as Godzilla, King of the Monsters!. The company was founded in 1942 by Joseph E. Levine to distribute foreign films in the United States; some of Levine's early successes were the Italian-made Hercules films with Steve Reeves. Embassy distributed Federico Fellini's film 8½ and Rick Carrier's Strangers in the City. In 1963, Levine was offered a $30 million deal with Paramount Pictures to produce films in the vein of his previous successes. Paramount would finance the films and Embassy would receive part of its profits. Under the deal, Levine produced The Carpetbaggers and its prequel Nevada Smith, which were successes, along with flops such as Harlow, starring Carroll Baker, The Oscar. By the 1960s, Levine had transformed Embassy into a production company. In the decade, Embassy functioned on its own with many Rankin/Bass animated features, including The Daydreamer and Mad Monster Party?, successful live-action productions including The Graduate, The Lion in Winter and The Producers.
In 1967, Embassy enjoyed its greatest success with The Graduate. This enabled Levine to sell his company to Avco for a deal worth $40 million. Levine stayed on as chief executive. In 1969, the company signed him to make two movies. In 1968, Avco Embassy launched Avco Embassy Television, to syndicate films from the Avco Embassy library on TV. In 1976, Avco Embassy sold their broadcasting division and Avco Program Sales to Multimedia, Inc. becoming Multimedia Entertainment. In 1972, the company had begun cutting back on production and by 1975 had stopped making movies altogether. Levine resigned in mid 1974 to re-enter independent production. In late 1977, Avco Embassy announced its intention to resume production. In 1978, Robert Rehme was appointed President and Chief Operating Officer and he convinced the company to give him $5 million for a production fund. Under his stewardship, Avco Embassy concentrated on lower budgeted genre films, six of which were successful: The Manitou, The Fog, Time Bandits and The Howling.
They benefited in part from the fact that American International Pictures left the exploitation field, lessening competition in this area. Rehme left the company in 1981. In 1981, Tom Laughlin withdrew his offer. In January 1982, television producer Norman Lear and his partner Jerry Perenchio bought the studio for $25 million, dropped "Avco" and changed the name of their own TV company T. A. T. Communications to Embassy Television and T. A. T. Communications Company to Embassy Communications, Inc; the company was producing such hits as The Jeffersons, One Day at a Time, The Facts of Life, by Tandem, Diff'rent Strokes and Archie Bunker's Place. During this period, they launched Silver Spoons, Square Pegs, Who's the Boss?, It's Your Move, Gloria. They expanded into making made-for-TV movies, including Grace Kelly and Eleanor, First Lady of the World. In late 1982, Embassy bought out Andre Blay Corporation and renamed the company to Embassy Home Entertainment. In 1984, Embassy Pictures was renamed to Embassy Films Associates.
That same year and Alexander, which it distributed in the United States, received the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. During this period, Rob Reiner, whom up to that point had been most famous for playing Mike "Meathead" Stivic on All in the Family, began his directorial career with two Embassy releases, This is Spinal Tap and The Sure Thing, his third film, Stand By Me, started at Embassy, but it got cancelled because of the sale to Columbia days before filming was to begin. Norman Lear ended up putting up his own money for completion funds. Lear and Perenchio sold Embassy Communications to The Coca-Cola Company for $485 million on June 18, 1985,Coca-Cola kept Embassy's television division active. Embassy Television was renamed Embassy Communications in 1986 was merged with Columbia Pictures Television into the combined unit Columbia/Embassy Television that year. Coca-Cola, which owned Columbia Pictures at the time, sold the theatrical division to Dino De Laurentiis, who folded the company into De Laurentiis Entertainment Group, the home video division became Nelson Entertainment, run by Barry Spikings, along with so
Lisa Jane Vanderpump is a British restaurateur, author and television personality. She is known for her appearances on Bravo's The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills, Vanderpump Rules, ABC's Dancing with the Stars. Vanderpump and husband, Ken Todd, have owned 35 restaurants and clubs in London and Los Angeles, including The Shadow Lounge, Bar Soho, SUR, Villa Blanca, Tom Tom. Lisa Vanderpump was raised in London, England, she was a full-time drama student by the age of nine. Vanderpump starred in numerous television films as a child, she made her film debut in the 1973 dramedy A Touch of Class, playing the daughter of Vicky Allessio played by Glenda Jackson, appeared in the cult horror film Killer's Moon. Throughout the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, Vanderpump had small roles in various episodic television programs, she appeared as Margo Curtis on Baywatch Nights. Vanderpump was featured prominently in'80s music videos "Poison Arrow" and "Mantrap" by the band ABC and " In The Name of Love" by the duo Naked Eyes.
She was featured in the Lady Gaga music video for "G. U. Y." in March 2014. Vanderpump debuted on Bravo's The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills in 2010 and is an original cast member of the show. In 2011, she was part of CNN's coverage of the Wedding of Catherine Middleton. In 2013, she was featured in a spin-off of the program, Vanderpump Rules, which focuses on the staff of her West Hollywood restaurants, SUR, TomTom. In February that year, Vanderpump was announced as one of the celebrities who will compete on the 16th season of Dancing with the Stars, she was partnered with professional dancer Gleb Savchenko. They were the second couple to be eliminated from the competition. Before moving to the US, Vanderpump designed 26 of the London-based bars and restaurants that she co-owned with her husband, they own four restaurants in California. Villa Blanca is based in Beverly Hills, while Sur, the focus of the Real Housewives of Beverly Hills spin-off Vanderpump Rules, is based in West Hollywood along with PUMP Restaurant Lounge and Tom Tom.
In August 2013, entrepreneurs Ryan Allen Carrillo and Andrew Gruver filed a lawsuit in Los Angeles Superior Court, naming Vanderpump and her husband as defendants and alleging breach of fiduciary duty, constructive fraud, breach of contract, misrepresentation and deceit, according to court documents obtained by RadarOnline.com. Carrillo and Gruver claim the couple "unfairly snatched the West Hollywood venue" where they intended to open a gay sports bar called Bar Varsity. Vanderpump authored Simply Divine: A Guide to Easy and Affordable Entertaining in 2011, she is editor for Beverly Hills Lifestyle magazine. Vanderpump released a line of homewares called The Vanderpump Beverly Hills Collection by Pop Culture Promotions on 6 November 2014. In 2015, Lisa Vanderpump launched a line of Vanderpump Pets; the brand offers an inclusive line of leashes, collars and dog bowls, keeping in mind a particular couture styling. To keep up with Ken and Lisa's philanthropic work, a percentage of every leash and collar bought is donated to their Vanderpump Dog Foundation.
In October 2016, Vanderpump launched her own line of titled Vandermojis. The collection, designed by Vanderpump, includes stickers and audio messages. In March 2017, Vanderpump was named editor-in-chief of Beverly Hills Lifestyle Magazine. Together with her husband, she supports Keep Memory Alive, founded by Larry Ruvo of Nevada; the organization was established to bring awareness to various neurological disorders, including Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease. Vanderpump was a recipient of the Ally Leadership Award from Equality California, an LGBT rights organization, in 2015. In October 2015, Vanderpump organized protest march against the Dog Meat Festival; the march went from MacArthur Park to the Chinese Consulate General in Los Angeles. Vanderpump has since created the Vanderpump Dog Foundation to further support this movement to end the torture of dogs. Lisa's foundation is responsible for holding large events in the Los Angeles area, including the protest march against the Yulin Dog Meat Festival, where hundreds of supporters marched towards the Chinese Consulate.
The Vanderpump Dog Foundation hosted its first World Dog Day event, which generated a crowd of 4,000 people and 2,500 dogs. Vanderpump had lived in Cheltenham before moving to Monaco. Vanderpump, along with her husband and children, moved to Beverly Hills, where they had lived years before. Vanderpump and Todd own a home in California. In 1982, she got engaged to Ken Todd six weeks after meeting him and married him within 3 months, they have daughter Pandora and adopted son Max. London property developer Warren Todd is Lisa's stepson. In 2014, Vanderpump was honored with a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars. Vanderpump, Lisa. Divine: A Guide to Easy and Affordable Entertaining. Running Press. ISBN 978-0762449231. Official website
The Facts of Life (film)
The Facts of Life is a 1960 romantic comedy starring Bob Hope and Lucille Ball as married people who have an affair. Written and produced by the longtime Hope associates Melvin Frank and Norman Panama, it was more serious than many other contemporary Hope vehicles; the film was nominated for five Academy Awards. For her performance, Lucille Ball was nominated for a Golden Globe for Best Actress – Comedy; the film features an opening animated title sequence created by Saul Bass. Thirteen years Frank directed and co-wrote A Touch of Class, which dealt with a middle-aged couple trying to have an affair, centering on a disaster-laden trip to a place where they wouldn't be recognized. However, it has never been considered an outright remake; as the yearly vacation of six neighbors, the Gilberts and Weavers, Kitty Weaver and Larry Gilbert find themselves frustrated with the routine. When both their spouses are kept away from the vacation and Larry find themselves alone in Acapulco, with the Masons bedridden with illness.
Forced together and Larry fall in love. Once the vacation is over, they have difficulties in either abandoning or continuing their romance. Bob Hope as Larry Gilbert Lucille Ball as Kitty Weaver Ruth Hussey as Mary Gilbert Don DeFore as Jack Weaver Louis Nye as Charles Busbee Philip Ober as Doc Mason Marianne Stewart as Connie Mason Hollis Irving as Myrtle Busbee Won: Best Costume Design Nominated: Best Art Direction and White Best Cinematography and White Best Original Song Best Original Screenplay Nominated: Best Actress in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy The Facts of Life on IMDb The Facts of Life at Rotten Tomatoes The Facts of Life at the TCM Movie Database The Facts of Life at AllMovie The Facts of Life at the American Film Institute Catalog