Abadeh County is a county in Fars Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Abadeh. At the 2016 census, the county's population was 100,831. and it is the most populous county in Northern Fars Province. The county has only one district: the Central District; the county has five cities: Abadeh, Bahman and Surmaq
Abadeh is a city and capital of Abadeh County, in Fars Province, Iran. Abadeh is situated at an elevation of 6,200 feet in a fertile plain on the high road between Isfahan and Shiraz, 190 kilometres from the former and 270 kilometres from the latter. At the 2006 census, its population was 52,042, in 14,184 families; as of 2009, the population was estimated to be 59,042. It is the largest city in the Northern Fars Region, famed for its carved wood-work, made of the wood of pear and box trees. Sesame oil, castor oil and various fruits are produced there; the area is famous for its Abadeh rugs. An interesting fact is that Abadeh is closer, road-distance-wise to 4 provincial capitals of Isfahan, Yasuj and Shahrekord compared to the distance to the provincial capital of its corresponding province, Shiraz. Abadeh historical monuments include Emirate Kolah Farangi, Tymcheh Sarafyan and Khaje tomb, located in the Khoja mountains. Abadeh crafts can be embroidered in cotton; the town produces Abadeh rugs.
The rugs tend to be based on a cotton warp and have a thin knotted pile. Most Abadeh rugs are cut making them flat. Although some of the older Abadehs vary in style, many of the new designs are recognisable; these new designs, known as Heybatlu consist of a single diamond shaped medallion in the centre with smaller medallions on each corner. The pattern is geometrical flowers or animals and the main colours are light reds or burnt orange on top of a dark blue background with strong green details; the corners or borders are ivory in colour. Although some Abadeh and Shiraz rugs appear similar Abadeh can be differentiated by their higher knot counts as well as the fact that the warp is invariably cotton; the rugs are always medium in size and the KPSI of an average Abadeh is around 90. As always in the rug-world you get what you pay for however in general Abadeh are well made and popular items in modern interiors or those with a Mediterranean or North African style. Expressway 65 passes through Abadeh.
This situation helps Abadeh to improve its capabilities compared to Eqlid. Road 78 makes connections from Abadeh to Yazd Eqlid and Yasuj, it has a junction with Abadeh Shiraz Expressway 24 km south of the city. A road starts from Abadeh Ring Road to Soqad and Semirom, Road 55; the railroad from Isfahan to Shiraz passes Abadeh and there are train services at Abadeh Railway Station to Shiraz, Esfahan and Mashad. Abadeh Airport was planned to be built in the mid 1990s. Abadeh's main sport is Football, like the rest of the country; the main stadium is Takhti Stadium located in Mo'allem Square. The main team in Abadeh is Behineh Rahbar Abadeh F. C., playing in Iran Football's 3rd Division after finishing first in Fars Provincial League last year. It played in Hazfi Cup 2010-11 reaching the fourth round. In 2012 Iran announced it had started the construction an air defense site in city of Abadeh, the site is planned to be the largest in the country and will house 6,000 personnel for a variety duties including educational ones.
Abadeh features a continental semi-arid climate with extreme heat and dryness over summer, cold and wet winter, with huge variations between daytime and nighttime throughout the year