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Abba Arikha

Abba Arikha known as Rav, was a Jewish amora of the 3rd century. He was lived in Kafri, Sassanid Babylonia, he established at Sura the systematic study of the rabbinic traditions, using the Mishnah as text, led to the compilation of the Talmud. With him began the long period of ascendancy of the great academies of Babylonia, around the year 220. In the Talmud, he is associated with Samuel of Nehardea, with whom he debated many issues, his surname, Arikha, he owed to his height. Others, reading Arekha, consider it an honorary title, "Lecturer". In the traditional literature he is referred to exclusively as Rav, "the Master", just as his teacher, Judah HaNasi, was known as Rabbi, he is called Rabbi Abba only in the tannaitic literature, where a number of his sayings are preserved. He occupies a middle position between the Tannaim and the Amoraim, is accorded the right conceded to one, only an amora, of disputing the opinion of a tanna. Rav was a descendant of a distinguished Babylonian family which claimed to trace its origin to Shimei, brother of King David.

His father, was a brother of Hiyya the Great who lived in Palestine, was a esteemed scholar in the collegiate circle of the patriarch Judah haNasi. From his associations in the house of his uncle, as his uncle's disciple and as a member of the academy at Sepphoris, Rav acquired such knowledge of the tradition as to make him its foremost exponent in Babylonia. While Judah haNasi was still living, having been ordained as teacher, returned to Babylonia, where he at once began a career, destined to mark an epoch in the development of Babylonian Judaism. In the annals of the Babylonian schools, the year of his arrival is recorded as the starting-point in the chronology of the Talmudic age, it was the 219th year of the common era. As the scene of his activity, Rav first chose Nehardea, where the exilarch appointed him agoranomos, or market-master, Rabbi Shela made him lecturer of his college, he moved to Sura, on the Euphrates, where he established a school of his own, which soon became the intellectual center of the Babylonian Jews.

As a renowned teacher of the Law and with hosts of disciples, who came from all sections of the Jewish world, Rav lived and worked in Sura until his death. Samuel, another disciple of Judah haNasi, at the same time brought to the academy at Nehardea a high degree of prosperity. Rav's activity made Babylonia independent of Palestine, gave it that predominant position which it was destined to occupy for several centuries. Little is known of Rav's personal life; that he was rich seems probable. He is referred to as the son of noblemen, but it is not clear if this is an affectionate term or a true description of his status. Rashi does tell us, he was respected by the Gentiles as well as by the Jews of Babylonia, as shown by the friendship which existed between him and the last Parthian king, Artaban. He was affected by the death of Artaban and the downfall of the Arsacid dynasty, does not appear to have sought the friendship of Ardeshir, founder of the Sassanian dynasty, although Samuel of Nehardea did so.

Rav became related, through the marriage of one of his daughters, to the family of the exilarch. Her sons, Mar Ukba and Nehemiah, were considered types of the highest aristocracy. Rav had many sons, several of whom are mentioned in the Talmud, the most distinguished being the eldest, Chiyya. Chiyya did not, succeed his father as head of the academy: this post fell to Rav's disciple Rav Huna. Two of his grandsons occupied in succession the office of exilarch. Rav died at an advanced age mourned by numerous disciples and the entire Babylonian Jewry, which he had raised from comparative insignificance to the leading position in Judaism; the method of treatment of the traditional material to which the Talmud owes its origin was established in Babylonia by Rav. That method takes the Mishnah of Judah haNasi as a text or foundation, adding to it the other tannaitic traditions, deriving from all of them the theoretical explanations and practical applications of the religious Law; the legal and ritual opinions recorded in Rav's name and his disputes with Samuel constitute the main body of the Babylonian Talmud.

His numerous disciples—some of whom were influential and who, for the most part, were disciples of Samuel—amplified and, in their capacity as instructors and by their discussions, continued the work of Rav. In the Babylonian schools, Rav was rightly referred to as "our great master." Rav exercised a great influence for good upon the moral and religious conditions of his native land, not only indirectly through his disciples, but directly by reason of the strictness with which he repressed abuses in matters of marriage and divorce, denounced ignorance and negligence in matters of ritual observance. Rav, says tradition, fenced it in, he gave special attention to the liturgy of the synagogue. The Aleinu prayer first appeared in the manuscript of the Rosh Hashana liturgy by Rav, he included it in the Rosh Hashana mussaf service as a prologue to the Kingship portion of the Amidah. For t

Howsham Hall

Howsham Hall is a 28,336 square feet grade I listed Jacobean stately home in Howsham, North Yorkshire, England. It is built in two storeys of limestone ashlar to a U-shaped plan with a 7-bay frontage; the house was converted to a preparatory school in the mid-20th century. The house has been for sale since 2009. In the early 16th century the Howsham estate belonged to nearby Kirkham Priory and following the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII was granted to Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland around 1540, his great-grandson sold it to Thomas Bamburgh. The present Hall was built in about 1610 on the site of a previous manor house, using stone from the priory, by Sir William Bamburgh, whose coat of arms, with those of his wife Mary Forthe, is above the main entrance; the cellar is Norman and the main part of the house is Jacobean. However the structure of the building has since been altered over the years. Sir William was High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1607–08. In 1709, the house having passed by marriage to the Wentworth family, Sir John Wentworth added the east front.

Having passed again by marriage to the Cholmeley family of Whitby Abbey, the house was remodelled in about 1775 for Nathaniel Cholmeley by John Carr. There is a Georgian brick extension at the back of the house and some of the windows have been altered so they have larger panes in the Georgian style; the parkland was laid out by Capability Brown in the 1770s for the Cholmeley family. In the grounds are three Giant Sequoia trees arranged in a triangle; these were given to a limited number of country estates in the seventeenth century. Sequoias were unknown to European horticulture till the middle of the 19th century, post the California goldrush; the estate passed to the Strickland family in the 19th century. They sold its contents in 1948 to a Saw Mill owner from Pickering, Yorkshire; when Kirkham Priory was demolished following the Protestant Reformation and the stones and other material were taken away by the Bamburghs and used in the construction of Howsham Hall, it was considered sacrilege at the time.

It was said that true happiness would never come to the family or its successors and that a curse was placed on Howsham Hall and the people that owned it whereby "All male heirs of the estate would perish". The Bamburugh family died out because of the lack of male heirs, the Wentworth intermarried with the Bamburghs and they too became extinct; the next owners, the Cholmeleys became extinct and the Stricklands have only one female member of the family left. The last family to buy the house were the Knocks, the curse continues, as Anthony Knock died after losing a battle with cancer in 2004. Howsham Hall was bought in 1956 by John Knock, it had been due to be demolished by the council, but in 1958 it opened as an independent boys' school. In 1993 the school introduced both girls and day pupils increasing school numbers to around 60; the school was closed on 6 July 2007 at the end of the Summer Term due to dwindling pupil numbers. The subjects that the school taught were French, English, Poetry, Debating, Singing, R.

E. Ancient History, Hand Writing, Geography, I. T. and Science. Drama was offered to pupils up until year 7; the school offered music lessons. The total number of pupils was 60 which meant that each year had around 10 pupils in each year group; this meant. Howsham Hall was a Roman Catholic school and had a morning and evening service every weekday and mass on Sunday. In the Autumn and Spring terms boys played rugby, with the school fielding a 1st XV and an U11s team. Pupils did cross country on Mondays and Thursdays culminating a 7 mile run at the end of the spring term called the "championship" an inter house competition. In the summer term boys did cricket with the school fielding 2 teams senior and junior and the girls did rounders. Horse riding was offered on Tuesday afternoons and Swimming was done up until year 7 on Friday morning at Pickering; the school offered occasional canoeing and sailing. In 1998 allegations of abuse were brought against the school by a former pupil; the allegations included the beating of pupils with straps, pupils being made to stand in cold baths for hours, public humiliation of bed-wetters and censorship of letters home, however none of these allegations were proven and were subsequently dropped after numerous testimonials from other former pupils.

The allegations were unfounded. Historic England. "Details from listed building database". National Heritage List for England

The Meeting Point

Sabirni centar is a 1989 Yugoslavian fantasy/comedy-drama film directed by Goran Marković, starring Rade Marković, Bogdan Diklić, Dragan Nikolić, Mirjana Karanović and Anica Dobra. It is based on Dušan Kovačević's play of the same title translated in the U. S. as The Gathering Place. It is published by Samuel French. Movie scenes of The Meeting Point filmed in Gamzigrad, several actors of them went to Tunisia where they filmed scenes from the desert and the ruins of a Roman city Dougga. Catacombs from Labyrinth are made in a studio in Košutnjak. Rade Marković - Profesor Misa Bogdan Diklić - Petar Dragan Nikolić - Janko Olivera Marković - Angelina Danilo Stojković - Simeun Aleksandar Berček - Ivan Radmila Živković - Lepa Mirjana Karanović - Jelena Katic Dusan Kostovski - Marko Anica Dobra - Milica Branko Pleša - Doktor Katic Goran Daničić - Keser Kole Angelovski - Macak An archaeological team, digging in a remote village and led by an old professor, unearths an old Roman artifact, a gravestone bearing some mysterious inscriptions.

After realizing that they have stumbled upon something precious, the professor collapses with a heart attack. Dead for people around him, he finds himself in a sort of afterlife state and realizes that the stone marked a passage into the classical underworld so he starts mingling with the antique spirits of the dead; the spirits themselves appear just as silly and petty as the peasants from the village above them, in their desire to see what happened to their descendants, they find themselves surprised by the modern world of the living. At the 1989 Pula Film Festival, the film won the Big Golden Arena awards for Best Film, Best Screenplay and Best Actress in a Supporting Role. Sabirni centar on IMDb

Stanley Blystone

William Stanley Blystone was an American film actor who made more than 500 films appearances between 1924 and 1956. He was sometimes billed as William Stanley. Blystone was born in Wisconsin, he worked in ore mines before he became an actor. Blystone is best known for his appearance in Charlie Chaplin's Modern Times, playing Paulette Goddard's father, several short films starring The Three Stooges; some of his more memorable roles were in the films Half Shot Shooters, False Alarms and Saddles, Three Little Twirps and Slaphappy Sleuths. His final appearance with the trio was Of Cash and Hash in 1955, he appeared in several Laurel and Hardy films. Blystone was married to Hollywood starlet Alma Tell, they had no children. Blystone's brother John Blystone was a film director in Hollywood. Stanley was the third cousin of CNN correspondent Richard Blystone and the second cousin twice removed of George Carmack, who launched the Klondike gold rush. Blystone was strolling down a Hollywood sidewalk on July 16, 1956 when he collapsed, dying of a sudden heart attack.

He was dressed as a cowboy for the Desilu The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp television series and was pronounced dead on arrival at Hollywood Receiving Hospital. He was buried at Pierce Brothers Valhalla Memorial Park Cemetery, North Hollywood, Los Angeles, California. Stanley Blystone on IMDb Stanley Blystone at AllMovie Stanley Blystone at Find a Grave


Elemicin is a phenylpropene, a natural organic compound, is a constituent of several plant species' essential oils. Elemicin is the essential oil of Canarium luzonicum. Elemicin is named after this tree. One study found it to compose 2.4% of the fresh essential oil. Elemicin is present in the oils of the spices nutmeg and mace, with it composing 2.4% and 10.5% of those oils respectively. Structurally, elemcin is similar to myristicin, differing only by myristicin's methyl group that joins the two oxygen atoms that make up its dioxymethy moiety, with both constituents being found in nutmeg and mace. Elemicin was first isolated from elemi oil using vacuum distillation; the substance was collected between 162-165 °C at a reduced pressure of 10 torr. Elemicin has been synthesized from syringol and allyl bromide using Williamson ether synthesis and Claisen rearrangement; the electrophilic aromatic substitution entering the para-position was made possible by secondary Cope rearrangement. This is due to syringol's allyl aromatic ether being blocked by ethers in both ortho-positions.

When blocked the allyl group migrates to the para-position, in this case with yields above 85%. Elemicin has been used to synthesize the alkaloid mescaline. Raw nutmeg causes anticholinergic-like effects, which are attributed to myristicin. Nutmeg oil Myristicin Phenylpropanoid

Did It On'em

"Did It On'em" is a song by American rapper and singer Nicki Minaj. It was written by Minaj with J. Ellington, Safaree Samuels, Shondrae "Bangladesh" Crawford, who produced the track; the song served as Pink Friday, in the United States. The song has a distinct sound when compared to the rest of the tracks on the album as it contains a harder, "massive, ungainly" beat, reflecting her prior work on mixtapes, it features hi-hats in "overdrive" and multiple synth patterns sounding as if a car-alarm siren was going off. Lyrically, Minaj delivers explicit phrases talking about winning over her competition. "Did It On'em" reached number forty-nine on the US Billboard Hot 100, reached #3 on the US R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and #4 on US Rap Songs charts. A music video was released for the track, featuring Minaj behind-the-scenes and performing on the I Am Still Music Tour. T-Pain and Lil Wayne's collaboration album, "T-Wayne", released on May 18th, 2017, uses this beat on the song "Breathe". "Did It On'em" is a hardcore hip hop and post-dubstep song that has instrumentally been described as having a massive, ungainly beat.

Producer Bangladesh creates hi-hats. Multiple synths are heard on the track that have been described as blowing up like "a car-alarm siren." One of Minaj's more lyrically explicit songs, the lyrics speak of Minaj winning over her competition, in phrases such as saying she "shitted on'em" or "pissed on'em." Brad Wete of Entertainment Weekly said Minaj was "ordering her Barbies to put up two fingers if they’re crapping on their competition." Mark Hogan of Spin reviewed the lyrics, commenting "she pulls out an imagined'dick' and pisses on a washed-up rival." Scott Plagenhoef of Pitchfork Media gave the song a positive review naming it the record's best track, due to the fact that it features Minaj going "toe-to-toe with a huge beat." Additionally from Pitchfork, Tom Breihan stated that Minaj's voice is meant more for rapping than singing and favored "Did It On'em" on that thought. Breihan continued complimenting Minaj, stating that the song recognizes how "beautifully, effortlessly weird she is," and how she is willing to "contort her voice and persona into pretzel shapes just to induce that oh-shit face in anyone listening."

Margaret Wappler of Los Angeles Times called the song "aggressively scatological," and compared the song to the Bangladesh-produced "A Milli" from label-mate Lil Wayne, stating that it fares better musically. In a list of the "50 Best songs of 2010" by Rolling Stone, "Did It On'em" came in a number twenty-five additionally stating that the song is a "hazy, synapse-butchering throwdown." Marc Hogan of Spin stated that the track features Minaj's "best rapping". Sam Wolfson of New Musical Express stated that the song is so vulgar that Minaj could have permanently placed herself on the "Teen Choice Awards blacklist," adding that the song is a "post-dubstep cry." The song peaked at number forty-nine on the US Billboard Hot 100 and spent sixteen weeks on the chart. It peaked inside the top five of the Billboard component charts Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and Rap Songs, reaching number three on the previous and number four on the latter chart. In April 2011, during an interview with KIIS-FM's DJ JoJo, Minaj revealed that she had shot a music video for "Did It On'em".

In an interview with MTV News on May 31, 2011, Director DJ Scoob Doo revealed that Minaj and himself pieced the video together within two weeks. In an interview with MTV News on May 31, 2011, director DJ Scoob Doo discussed the music video's styling and development: "She's family to me and I'm family to her, but this is the first time us working together was a priority on both of our lists. So we just had to dig in and put everything to the side and work on something... we had no idea that it would turn out as good as it did. It was a great experience It took me about a good two weeks to put all of the ideas that we had together; the good thing about the video is that we went in knowing we were gonna shoot the video onstage a few times. I was able to get my camera crew onstage" The video premiered to fans with accounts on Minaj's official website on May 27, 2011, premiered worldwide, it was watched over 5 million times. The video is compiled of clips from the I Am Still Music Tour, backstage moments with Drake and Lil' Wayne, candids of past photo shoots.

Additionally, it features Minaj performing the track on stage, a stream of magazine photo shoots cut together with footage of Minaj signing fans’ chests, perfecting the “helicopter” move with a nearby dildo. A clean version was shot removing the dildo scenes. Minaj stated the video was a gesture of gratitude to her fans for their support for her on the I Am Still Music Tour. Minaj has performed the song on both her debut concert tour, the Pink Friday Tour, her Pink Friday: Reloaded Tour, she performed it as part of The Nicki Wrld Tour. Credits are taken from Pink Friday liner notes. Nicki Minajvocals, writer Shondrae "Bangladesh" Crawford – producer