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Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi

Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi or Abdallatif al-Baghdadi, short for Muwaffaq al-Din Muhammad Abd al-Latif ibn Yusuf al-Baghdadi, was a physician, historian and traveler, one of the most voluminous writers of the Near East in his time. Many details of Abd al-Latif's life are known from his autobiography; as a young man, he studied grammar, tradition, medicine and philosophy. He focused his studies on ancient authors, in particular Aristotle, after first adopting Avicenna as his philosophical mentor at the suggestion of a wandering scholar from the Maghreb, he traveled extensively and resided for a while in Mosul where he studied the works of al-Suhrawardi before traveling on to Damascus and the camp of Saladin outside Acre. It was at the latter location that he met Baha’ al-Din Ibn Shaddad and ‘Imad al-Din al-Isfahani and acquired the qadi al-Fadil's patronage, he went on to Cairo, where he met Abu'l-Qasim al-Shari'i, who introduced him to the works of al-Farabi, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Themistius and turned him away from Avicenna and alchemy.

He met Saladin himself in 1192 in Jerusalem went to Damascus again before returning to Cairo. In years he again journeyed to Jerusalem and to Damascus in 1207-8, made his way via Aleppo to Erzindjan, where he remained at the court of Ala’-al-Din Da’ud until the city was conquered by the Seljuk ruler Kayqubadh. ‘Abd al-Latif returned to Baghdad in 1229, travelling back via Erzerum, Kamakh and Malatiya. He died in Baghdad two years later. Abdullatif was undoubtedly a man of an inquisitive and penetrating mind. Of the numerous works which Osaiba ascribes to him, one only, his graphic and detailed Account of Egypt, appears to be known in Europe. Abd-al-Latif was well aware of the value of ancient monuments and praised Muslim rulers for preserving and protecting pre-Islamic artifacts and monuments, he noted that the preservation of antiquities presented a number of benefits for Muslims: "monuments are useful historical evidence for chronologies". While discussing the profession of treasure hunting, he notes that poorer treasure hunters were sponsored by rich businessmen to go on archeological expeditions.

In some cases, an expedition could turn out to be fraud, with the treasure hunter disappearing with large amounts of money extracted from sponsors. This fraudulent practice continues to the present day, with rich businessmen in Egypt still being deceived by local treasure hunters; this work was one of the earliest works on Egyptology. It contains a vivid description of a famine caused, during the author's residence in Egypt, by the Nile failing to overflow its banks, he wrote detailed descriptions on ancient Egyptian monuments. Al-Baghdadi wrote that during the famine in Egypt in 597 AH, he had the opportunity to observe and examine a large number of skeletons; this was one of the earliest examples of a postmortem autopsy, through which he discovered that Galen was incorrect regarding the formation of the bones of the lower jaw and sacrum. The Arabic manuscript was discovered in 1665 by Edward Pococke the orientalist, preserved in the Bodleian Library, he published the Arabic manuscript in the 1680s.

His son, Edward Pococke the Younger, translated the work into Latin, though he was only able to publish less than half of his work. Thomas Hunt attempted to publish Pococke's complete translation in 1746, though his attempt was unsuccessful. Pococke's complete Latin translation was published by Joseph White of Oxford in 1800; the work was translated into French, with valuable notes, by Silvestre de Sacy in 1810. Al-Baghdadi's Mukhtarat fi al-Tibb was one of the earliest works on hirudotherapy, he introduced a more modern use for medicinal leech, stating that leech could be used for cleaning the tissues after surgical operations. He did, understand that there is a risk over using leech, advised patients that leech need to be cleaned before being used and that the dirt or dust "clinging to a leech should be wiped off" before application, he further writes that after the leech has sucked out the blood, salt should be "sprinkled on the affected part of the human body". He wrote a book called Al-Tibb min al-Kitab wa-al-Sunna describing the Islamic medical practices from the time of Muhammad.

Al-Baghdadi was the author of a major book dealing with diabetes. Bonadeo, Cecilia Martini. Abd al-Laṭif al-Baghdadi's Philosophical Journey: from Aristotle's "Metaphysics" to the "Metaphysical Science. Brill. El Daly, Okasha. Egyptology: The Missing Millennium: Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writings. Routledge. ISBN 1-84472-063-2. Deuraseh, Nurdeen. "Ahadith of the Prophet on Healing in Three Things: An Interpretational". Journal of the International Society for the History of Islamic Medicine. 3: 14–20. Leaman, Oliver; the Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy. Bloomsbury Academic. P. 44. ISBN 978-1-4725-6944-8. Meri, Josef W.. Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press. P. 2. ISBN 978-0-415-96690-0. de Sacy, Silvestre. Relation de l'Egypt par Adb al-Latif. Paris. Savage-Smith, Emilie. "Medicine". In Rashed, Roshdi. Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science. 3. London: Routled

Nouveau Riche (college)

Nouveau Riche was a multi-level marketing company and a non-accredited vocational school specializing in real estate investing. Class topics ranged from introductory real estate investing to advanced techniques such as creative real estate investing techniques including wholesaling, multi-units, short sales. Nouveau Riche University closed down on December 31, 2010. Nouveau Riche taught thousands of students from around the United States. In 2007 more than 9,000 people attended the college. There were three tuition schedules ranging between 120 instructional hours. Students could designate a partner to attend classes at no additional charge. Classes were taught using the principles of instructional systems design and multiple six-day college sessions were held throughout the year; those students who were enrolled with the Regents tuition could repeat classes for an additional year and have access to streaming video classrooms for select courses at no additional charge. Nouveau Riche was founded by Jim Piccolo and Mary Piccolo in 2000 with the inception of the company's educational programs occurring in 2002 through collaborative efforts with co-founder Bob Snyder.

In December 2002, the corporate headquarters were established in Arizona. Nouveau Riche once had plans to construct a campus facility on a 30-acre site overlooking the Phoenix, valley; the 140,000-square-foot campus was estimated to have a cost of $74 million and was planned to have administrative buildings, glass-and-steel classrooms and luxury dorms linked by a man-made river. The design of the complex was headed by Inc.. Fortune Small Business reported that the company's affiliated investment broker, Investor Concierge, markets properties as "positive cash flow", but the cash flow is positive only because of temporary subsidies, putting the buyer at risk of negative cash flow after the subsidies expire; the three founders have a background from Global Prosperity Group, "designed to be a scheme, device or artifice to defraud". When this scheme collapsed they founded the company Tru Dynamics, a MLM concept that became the inspiration for the pyramid scheme Liberty League International, as several leaders left Tru Dynamics to create their own company.

In a February 17, 2011, press release, the Arizona Corporation Commission announced that "he Commission ordered James Piccolo of Scottsdale, Craig Cottrell of Tempe and Michael Roberts of Scottsdale and their affiliated companies to pay $5,577,226 in restitution and a total of $300,000 in administrative penalties for defrauding 105 investors with unregistered deed of trust investments. The Commission found that the men promoted the unregistered deed of trust investments at real estate education seminars where they convinced students to become investors, promising them double-digit returns." Casey Serin - in late 2006, Serin attended a week-long course at NRU's location in Phoenix, for which he paid $16,000. Mike Sunnicks of the Phoenix Business Journal reported on June 21, 2016, that Nouveau Riche Alumnus Bob Snyder founded Renatus LLC with headquarters in Salt Lake City

Polish campaign stars

Polish campaign stars were established on 14 June 2007 to recognize military and civilian participants of overseas missions since 2002. Polish personnel must have been present for at least one day. Foreigners may be presented with a campaign star for collaborating with Polish forces during the mission; the medal is 44 mm across in a bronze patina in the shape of a four pointed star. Behind the star are two crossed swords, blades pointing upward; the raised monogram of the letters "RP" is found in the top arm of the star. In the middle of the star is the name of a country or a geographical area for operations. On the lower arm and between the upper arms are stylized laurel leaves; the reverse contains the two-line inscription "PACI SERVIO" in the center of the star, with a place below for engraving dates of service. The award is suspended on the ribbon in the color defined for each individual star, in a width of 35 mm, with a red stripe width of 4 mm through the center, which has white stripes on the sides of a width of 2 mm and symmetrically arranged along the edges of connected strips or stripes in the colors of the flag state or area.

Clasps may be awarded for repeated deployments. Clasps are horizontal bars 5 mm tall, they are in a dull, brown patina, with polished edges, a polished Arabic numeral, or the name of a specific military operation. Ribbon bars are identical to the ribbon suspending the star. Polish Campaign Stars: Orders and medals of Poland Act of 14 June 2007 amending the Act of 16 October 1992 medals and decorations. Polish President Regulation of 31 July 2007 amending Regulation of 10 November 1992 on the description, dimensions, designs and how to wear badges and the circumstances of orders and decorations. Military decorations at the President of Poland site

Raphaƫl Dubois

Raphaël Horace Dubois was a French pharmacologist known for his work on bioluminescence and anesthesia. He coined bioproteon, from the Greek "Proteon" for matter and "Bios" for life, he concluded. "A consideration of radioactivity led Dubois, 18 in 1904, to the view that the distinction between " matter of life " and *' living matter" is superficial. He proposed the term bioproteon meaning the particular state of the " proteon " in living beings, suggested the desirability of determining the radioactivity proper of the bioproteon. In a subsequent paper 21 he says: 41 The unique principle of everything, of both force and matter, I have called' proteon,' and when it pertains to a living being,' bioproteon V Proteon and bioproteon are only two different states of the same thing; when the bioproteon is dead it has only ceased to be radioactive and becomes proteon."

Star Suvarna Plus

Star Suvarna Plus is an Indian pay television channel that broadcasts Kannada-language films. It airs national and international sports events, it was launched as Sitara TV and was rebranded as Suvarna Plus on 2013. When it was acquired by Star TV, the channel was rebranded again as Star Survana Plus on 25 July 2016. Current broadcast Varalakshmi Stores - Since 1969 Sathyam Shivam Sundharam Sarva Mangala Mangalye Bili Hendthi Paaka Shaale Shree Maharshi Darpana Halli Haida Pyateg BandhaFormer Broadcast Neeli Sixth sense Aragini Avanu Matte Shravani Anuroopa Hara Hara Mahadeva Pyate Hudgir Halli Life 4 Milana Kannadada Kotyadhipati Kushi Suvarna Paaka Shale Janaki Raghava Geethanjali Eradu Kanasu Just Math Mathalli Ambari Dance Dance Bharjari Comedy Niharika Triveni Sangama Meera Madhava Durga Jeevana Chaitra Madhubala Gundyan Hendthi Anthahapura Kathe Alla Jeevana Puttumalli List of Kannada-language television channels Television in India Media in Karnataka Media of India

HMS Seahorse (1880)

HMS Seahorse was a Royal Navy fleet tug and survey ship built in 1880. She served until the end of the First World War and was subsequently sold for commercial service in Spain. HMS Seahorse was designed and built by Laird Brothers at Birkenhead for the Royal Navy as a fast deep-sea tug, suitable for handling their new classes of ironclad warship. In addition she was equipped for deployment as a fleet despatch vessel. Steel was used in both the engines and shafts and, in the form of Siemens-Martin steel from the Landore Steel Company, for the hull and upperworks. Seahorse's displacement was 670 tons, dimensions 160 ft length between perpendiculars, 168 ft length overall, 26 ft beam and with 10 ft draught, she was powered by a pair of compound steam engines totalling 1100 ihp driving twin screws. Based at Portsmouth, as well as a fleet tug, Seahorse served in a variety of roles, including survey ship, was described as a gunboat or "special service vessel". During the Anglo-Egyptian War of 1882 Seahorse was additionally equipped with gatling guns and stationed at Port Said for towing and patrol duties in the Suez Canal.

Amongst her salvage jobs was the battleship HMS Howe, which stranded on a shoal off Ferrol, Spain in November 1892 and could be refloated only five months later. During the First World War she continued to be based at Portsmouth where she was used as a fleet tug, a rescue tug. On 1 May 1920 Seahorse was disposed of by the Admiralty to Crichton Thompson & Co Ltd, resold to Arsenio Sanjurjo Igual of Santander, where she was renamed Chita, she changed hands twice at Santander, first to Luis Liaño in 1925 and to Nicolas Pardo y Pardo in 1928. She was broken up at Santander in 1933; the history of tug Chita