Abdawayh ibn Jabalah

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Abdawayh ibn Jabalah (Arabic: عبدويه بن جبلة‎) was a ninth-century governor of Egypt for the Abbasid Caliphate.

Abdawayh was a member of the abna',[1] a group descended from the Khurasani troops who had helped bring the Abbasid dynasty to power and which formed the mainstay of the army in the late eighth and early ninth centuries.[2] In 826 or 827 he became the chief of security (shurtah) in Egypt for the governor Abdallah ibn Tahir, in place of Abdallah's first chief Mu'adh ibn Aziz.[3]

At the end of February 830, Abdawayh was appointed resident governor of Egypt by Abu Ishaq (the future caliph al-Mu'tasim, r. 833–842) in the aftermath of Abu Ishaq's campaign to put down a rebellion in the province. Abdawayh himself was soon forced to deal with an uprising in the Hawf district in Lower Egypt, but his forces fought against the rebels in the autumn of the year and eventually defeated them. He remained governor until February 831, when he was dismissed and replaced by 'Isa ibn Mansur al-Rafi'i.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Al-Kindi 1912, p. 183; Ibn Taghribirdi 1930, p. 212, referring to him as being one of the "commanders (quwwad) [of the] Bani al-Abbas"
  2. ^ Gordon 2001, pp. 27-29.
  3. ^ Al-Kindi 1912, p. 183; Ibn Taghribirdi 1930, p. 192
  4. ^ Al-Kindi 1912, pp. 189-90, who claims that Abdawayh was dismissed by al-Afshin, then governor of Barqah, after the latter came to Egypt seeking to recovering the treasure hidden by Ibn al-Jarawi, and that Abdawayh then returned to Barqah with al-Afshin; Ibn Taghribirdi 1930, p. 212, with somewhat different details regarding the account of al-Afshin's time in Egypt; Al-Ya'qubi 1883, p. 567

References[edit]

  • Gordon, Matthew S. (2001). The Breaking of a Thousand Swords: A History of the Turkish Military of Samarra (A.H. 200-275/815-889 C.E.). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-4795-2.
  • Ibn Taghribirdi, Jamal al-Din Abu al-Mahasin Yusuf (1930). Nujum al-zahira fi muluk Misr wa'l-Qahira, Volume II. Cairo: Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya.
  • Al-Kindi, Muhammad ibn Yusuf (1912). Guest, Rhuvon, ed. The Governors and Judges of Egypt. Leydon and London: E. J. Brill.
  • Al-Ya'qubi, Ahmad ibn Abu Ya'qub (1883). Houtsma, M. Th., ed. Historiae, Vol. 2. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Preceded by
Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi
Governor of Egypt
830–831
Succeeded by
Isa ibn Mansur al-Rafi'i