Henry C. Deming
Henry Champion Deming was a U. S. Representative from Connecticut. Born in Colchester, the son of Gen. David and Abigail Deming. Deming pursued classical studies, he graduated from Yale College in 1836 where he was an 1836 initiate into the Skull and Bones Society, from the Harvard Law School in 1839. He was admitted to the bar in 1839 and began practice in New York City but devoted his time chiefly to literary work. At this time he was engaged with Park Benjamin, Sr. in editing The New World, a literary weekly, at this time he published a translation of Eugène Sue's The Wandering Jew. He moved to Hartford, Connecticut in 1847, opened a law office. In 1849, 1850, 1859 and 1860, he was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives. In 1854 he was elected Mayor of Hartford and served until 1858, again from 1860 to 1862. At the close of the year 1861, he was appointed Colonel of the 12th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, accompanied Gen. Butler's expedition to New Orleans. After the capture of that city he was detailed Mayor of New Orleans, served with tact and ability until January 1863, when he resigned both military and civil position, on account of his own health and the health of his wife.
Deming was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth Congresses. He served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1866 to the Fortieth Congress. In 1868 he wrote a life of Ulysses S. Grant, The Life of Ulysses S. Grant, which had an extensive sale. In the following year he was appointed by the President, Collector of Internal Revenue, this office he held until his death, which occurred at his residence in Hartford on October 9, 1872, he was interred in Spring Grove Cemetery. Besides his Congressional speeches, Col. Deming published a Eulogy of Abraham Lincoln, delivered before the General Assembly of Connecticut, in 1865; these with his unpublished writings abundantly attest his great fertility of intellect. He received an LL. D. from Trinity College in 1861. This article incorporates public domain material from the Yale Obituary Record. In 1850 he married Sarah, daughter of Laurent Clerc, the first deaf-mute instructor in the United States.
His wife died in July 1869. In June 1871, he married Mrs. Annie Putnam Jillson, a great-granddaughter of Gen. Putnam, who survived him, his children by his first wife: Henry Champion Deming, Jr. president Mercantile Trust Company Charles Clerc Deming and railroad executive. Mary Shipman Deming Laurent Clerc Deming, railroad executive 3 infants, not named, died in infancy This article incorporates public domain material from the Yale Obituary Record; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov. United States Congress. "Henry C. Deming". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Henry C. Deming at Find a Grave
Charles M. Waterman (New Orleans)
Charles M. Waterman was the 17th mayor of New Orleans. Waterman was nominated for mayor in 1856 as the Know Nothing Party candidate when he was about 47 years of age; the New Orleans City Council impeached and removed Waterman from office on 3 June 1858. Henry M. Summers was appointed interim mayor. Waterman disappeared mysteriously in June 1860 committing suicide by jumping the Mississippi River. Administrations of the Mayors of New Orleans, Charles M. Waterman, Louisiana Division, New Orleans Public Library
John T. Monroe
John T. Monroe was an American politician who served as the 19th and 32nd Mayor of New Orleans in 1860–1862 and 1866–1867, he was born in Missouri the son of Daniel Munro. Monroe went to New Orleans in 1837, working as a stevedore, soon becoming a prominent labor leader. In 1858 he was elected Board of Assistant Aldermen; the 1860 campaign for mayor attracted little notice in New Orleans, as all attention was on the Presidential contest. There were three candidates. Monroe, the nominee of the Native American Party, represented the current administration. Grailhe, an independent, was the anti-administration candidate, who he held responsible for the poor condition of the city; the newspapers of the time were filled with complaints about the stagnant gutters, the weeds that grew along the streets, the air of general neglect. However, Monroe was elected with 37,027 votes. Grailhe received a much smaller number, Place hardly any. There is a story about the Civil War that the white leadership of New Orleans was captured, but never surrendered.
This is a letter written by William Preston Johnston:"The capture of New Orleans in April 1862 by Captain David Farragut and General Benjamin Butler brought the name of mayor Monroe before the whole country and the people of the confederate States and the United States. It soon spread to British journalism and into British Parliament."At the approach of the federal fleet, on the morning of April 25, Mayor Monroe, determined to hoist the flag of the State of Louisiana over the City Hall. At his request, his private secretary, Mr. Marion A. Baker, descended to the roof of the building and prepared to execute the mayor’s orders, with the instructions to await the issue of the possible conflict at Chalmette. "When he heard that the defenses had failed Monroe ordered. "Forthwith, two officers of the United States Navy presented Farragut's formal demand for the city's surrender and to lower their flag. Monroe stated that be had no authority to surrender the city and that General Mansfield Lovell was the proper official to receive and to reply to that demand.
He refused to lower the flag. "Monroe sent for Lovell and while awaiting his arrival, conversation went on. Captain Bailey expressed regret at the wanton destruction of property, which he had witnessed and which he regarded as a most unfortunate mistake. To this, Monroe replied that the property was the Confederates' own and that they had a right to do as they pleased with it, that it was done as a patriotic duty. "Subsequently, Lovell refused to surrender the city or his forces and stated that he would retire with his troops and leave the decision to the civil authorities. The question of surrender being thus referred back to him, Monroe said he would submit the matter to the Council and that a formal reply would be sent as soon as their advice could be obtained; the Federal officers withdrew, with an escort furnished by Lovell. "Monroe sent a message to the Council. As civil magistrate, he held that he was incompetent to the performance of a military act.'We yield to physical force alone,' said the Mayor,'and maintain our allegiance to the Government of the Confederate States.
Beyond a due respect for our dignity, our rights and the flag of our country, does not, I think permit us to go.' "The Council, unwilling to act hastily listened to the reading of this message and adjourned until 10:00 A. M. the next day. That evening, Monroe asked Baker and Police Chief McClelland, to go to the USS Hartford as early as possible the next morning and explain to Farragut that the Council would meet that morning and a written answer to his demand would be sent as soon as possible after the meeting. "The Council listened to a second reading of the Mayor's message. Both the Council and the population of the city concurred in the sentiments expressed by Monroe and urged that he be act in the spirit manifested in his message. Anticipating such a result, a letter had been prepared, reiterating the determination neither to lower the State flag nor to raise the United States flag; the Mayor’s secretary read this letter to the assembled Council and from expressions by some of the members, it seemed to be satisfactory, but shortly after Mr. Baker left, a message was brought to Mayor Monroe, asking his presence in the Council Chamber.
"The object of this summons was to obtain his consent to the substitution of a letter written by Soulé and read by one of the members of the Council. Relations between the Mayor and the Council had not been of a most harmonious character and wishing to conciliate them at this unfortunate time, Monroe acceded to their wishes. "Before a copy of this letter could be made and sent to Farragut, two officers, Lieutenant Albert Kautz and Midshipman John H. Read were at the City Hall with a written demand for the'unqualified surrender of the city, the raising of the United States flag over the Mint, Custom-house and City Hall, by noon that day, April 26 and the removal of all other emblems but that of the United States, from all public buildings.' Monroe acknowledged receipt of this last communication and promised a reply before two o'clock, if possible. In the meantime a large and excited crowd had gathered outside the City Hall. Monroe, fearing for the safety of the two Federal officers, had had the heavy doors of the City Hall closed and ordered a carriage to be stationed at the corner of Carondelet and Lafayette streets.
Escorted by two special officers and Baker, the federal officers were conducted to a rear entrance and to the waiting carriage, while Monroe occupied the crowd in the front. As the carriage drove away, so
Whig Party (United States)
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States. Four presidents belonged to the party while in office, it emerged in the 1830s as the leading opponent of Jacksonian democracy, pulling together former members of the National Republican and the Anti-Masonic Party. It had some links to the upscale traditions of the long-defunct Federalist Party. Along with the rival Democratic Party, it was central to the Second Party System from the early 1840s to the mid-1860s, it formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. It became a formal party within his second term, receded influence after 1854. In particular terms, the Whigs supported the supremacy of Congress over the presidency and favored a program of modernization and economic protectionism to stimulate manufacturing, it appealed to entrepreneurs, planters and the emerging urban middle class, but had little appeal to farmers or unskilled workers. It included many active Protestants and voiced a moralistic opposition to the Jacksonian Indian removal.
Party founders chose the "Whig" name to echo the American Whigs of the 18th century who fought for independence. The political philosophy of the American Whig Party was not related to the British Whig party. Historian Frank Towers has specified a deep ideological divide: The Whig Party nominated several presidential candidates in 1836. General William Henry Harrison of Ohio was nominated in 1840, former Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky in 1844, General Zachary Taylor of Louisiana in 1848, General Winfield Scott of New Jersey in 1852 and the last nominee, former President Millard Fillmore from New York in 1856. In its two decades of existence, the Whig Party had two of its candidates and Taylor, elected president and both died in office. John Tyler succeeded to the presidency after Harrison's death in 1841, but was expelled from the party that year. Millard Fillmore, who became President after Taylor's death in 1850, was the last Whig President; the party fell apart because of internal tension over the expansion of slavery to the territories.
With deep fissures in the party on this question, the anti-slavery faction prevented the nomination for a full term of its own incumbent President Fillmore in the 1852 presidential election—instead, the party nominated General Scott. Most Whig Party leaders quit politics or changed parties; the Northern voter base gravitated to the new Republican Party. In the South, most joined the Know Nothing Party, which unsuccessfully ran Fillmore in the 1856 presidential election, by which time the Whig Party had become defunct having endorsed Millard Fillmore's candidacy; some former Whigs became Democrats. The Constitutional Union Party experienced significant success from conservative former Whigs in the Upper South during the 1860 presidential election. Whig ideology as a policy orientation persisted for decades, played a major role in shaping the modernizing policies of the state governments during Reconstruction; the name "Whig" repeated the term that Patriots used to refer to themselves during the American Revolution.
It indicated hostility to the king. Despite the identical name it did not directly derive from the British Whig Party; the American Whigs were modernizers who saw President Andrew Jackson as "a dangerous man on horseback"—like a king—with a "reactionary opposition" to the forces of social and moral modernization. The Democratic-Republicans who formed the Whig Party, led by Kentucky Senator Henry Clay, drew on a Jeffersonian tradition of compromise, balance in government and territorial expansion combined with national unity and support for a Federal transportation network and domestic manufacturing. Casting their enemy as "King Andrew", they sought to identify themselves as modern-day opponents of governmental overreaching. Despite the apparent unity of Jefferson's Democratic-Republicans from 1800 to 1824, the American people preferred partisan opposition to popular political agreement; as Jackson purged his opponents, vetoed internal improvements and killed the Second Bank of the United States, alarmed local elites fought back.
In 1831, Henry Clay started planning a new party. He defended national rather than sectional interests. Clay's plan for distributing the proceeds from the sale of lands in the public domain among the states was intended to serve the nation by providing the states with funds for building roads and canals, which would stimulate growth and knit the sections together. However, his Jacksonian opponents distrusted the federal government and opposed all federal aid for internal improvements and they again frustrated Clay's plan. Jacksonians promoted opposition to the National Bank and internal improvements and support of egalitarian democracy, state power and hard money; the Tariff of Abominations of 1828 had outraged Southern feelings—the South's leaders held that the high duties on foreign imports gave an advantage to the North. Clay's own high tariff schedule of 1832 further disturbed them as did his stubborn defense of high duties as necessary to his American System. However, Clay moved to pass the Compromise of 1833, which met Southern complaints by a gradual reduction of the rates on imports to a maximum of twenty percent.
Controlling the Senate for a while, Whigs passed a censure motion denouncing Jackson's arrogant assumption of executive power in the face of the true will of the people as represented by Congress. The Whig Party began to take shape in 1833. Clay had run as a National Republican against J
Greene is a town in Androscoggin County, United States. The population was 4,350 at the 2010 census, it is included in both the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan New England City and Town Area. Greene is named for Nathanael Greene; the town was incorporated in 1788. Land was given off to Lewiston in 1852 and to Webster in 1895; the last surviving American Civil War Union Army brevet general, general of any grade, Aaron S. Daggett was born in Greene in 1837. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.19 square miles, of which 32.28 square miles is land and 2.91 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 4,350 people, 1,676 households, 1,246 families residing in the town; the population density was 134.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,880 housing units at an average density of 58.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.6% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population. There were 1,676 households of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 25.7% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age in the town was 42.6 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 50.8% male and 49.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,076 people, 1,494 households, 1,186 families residing in the town; the population density was 125.8 people per square mile. There were 1,680 housing units at an average density of 51.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.48% White, 0.47% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.07% from other races, 0.59% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population. 43% of the population are of French and French-Canadian ancestry, 15% English, 9% Irish, 4% German. There were 1,494 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.6% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 2.99. In the town, the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $48,017, the median income for a family was $52,857. Males had a median income of $33,894 versus $23,006 for females.
The per capita income for the town was $19,452. About 5.0% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over. Voter registration Greene is in the Maine's 2nd US Congressional District, Maine Senate District 17, Maine House of Representatives District 57. Greene is part of Maine School Administrative District #52. Schools in the district include Turner Primary School, Turner Elementary School, Tripp Middle School, Leavitt Area High School, Greene Central School and Leeds Central School. Maine Genealogy: Greene, Androscoggin County, Maine Varney, George J. Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Greene, Boston: Russell
Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 25th most populous of the 50 United States. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U. S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, its largest city is New Orleans. Much of the state's lands were formed from sediment washed down the Mississippi River, leaving enormous deltas and vast areas of coastal marsh and swamp; these contain a rich southern biota. There are many species of tree frogs, fish such as sturgeon and paddlefish. In more elevated areas, fire is a natural process in the landscape, has produced extensive areas of longleaf pine forest and wet savannas; these support an exceptionally large number of plant species, including many species of terrestrial orchids and carnivorous plants.
Louisiana has more Native American tribes than any other southern state, including four that are federally recognized, ten that are state recognized, four that have not received recognition. Some Louisiana urban environments have a multicultural, multilingual heritage, being so influenced by a mixture of 18th-century French, Spanish, Native American, African cultures that they are considered to be exceptional in the US. Before the American purchase of the territory in 1803, present-day Louisiana State had been both a French colony and for a brief period a Spanish one. In addition, colonists imported numerous African people as slaves in the 18th century. Many came from peoples of the same region of West Africa. In the post-Civil War environment, Anglo-Americans increased the pressure for Anglicization, in 1921, English was for a time made the sole language of instruction in Louisiana schools before a policy of multilingualism was revived in 1974. There has never been an official language in Louisiana, the state constitution enumerates "the right of the people to preserve and promote their respective historic and cultural origins."
Louisiana was named after Louis XIV, King of France from 1643 to 1715. When René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the territory drained by the Mississippi River for France, he named it La Louisiane; the suffix -ana is a Latin suffix that can refer to "information relating to a particular individual, subject, or place." Thus Louis + ana carries the idea of "related to Louis." Once part of the French Colonial Empire, the Louisiana Territory stretched from present-day Mobile Bay to just north of the present-day Canada–United States border, including a small part of what is now the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The Gulf of Mexico did not exist 250 million years ago when there was but one supercontinent, Pangea; as Pangea split apart, the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico opened. Louisiana developed, over millions of years, from water into land, from north to south; the oldest rocks are exposed in areas such as the Kisatchie National Forest. The oldest rocks date back to the early Cenozoic Era, some 60 million years ago.
The history of the formation of these rocks can be found in D. Spearing's Roadside Geology of Louisiana; the youngest parts of the state were formed during the last 12,000 years as successive deltas of the Mississippi River: the Maringouin, Teche, St. Bernard, the modern Mississippi, now the Atchafalaya; the sediments were carried from north to south by the Mississippi River. In between the Tertiary rocks of the north, the new sediments along the coast, is a vast belt known as the Pleistocene Terraces, their age and distribution can be related to the rise and fall of sea levels during past ice ages. In general, the northern terraces have had sufficient time for rivers to cut deep channels, while the newer terraces tend to be much flatter. Salt domes are found in Louisiana, their origin can be traced back to the early Gulf of Mexico, when the shallow ocean had high rates of evaporation. There are several hundred salt domes in the state. Salt domes are important not only as a source of salt. Louisiana is bordered to the west by Texas.
The state may properly be divided into two parts, the uplands of the north, the alluvial along the coast. The alluvial region includes low swamp lands, coastal marshlands and beaches, barrier islands that cover about 20,000 square miles; this area lies principally along the Gulf of Mexico and the Mississippi River, which traverses the state from north to south for a distance of about 600 mi ) and empties into the Gulf of Mexico. The breadth of the alluvial region along the Mississippi is from 10 to 60 miles, along the other rivers, the alluvial region averages about 10 miles across; the Mississippi River flows along a ridge formed by its own natural deposits, from which the lands decline toward a river beyond at an average fall of six feet per mile. The alluvial lands along other streams present similar features; the higher and contiguous hill lands of the north and northwestern part of the state have an area of more than 25,000 square miles. They consist of prairie and woodl
Louis Philippe de Roffignac
Count Louis Philippe de Roffignac was a wealthy Louisiana merchant, member of the state legislature, the tenth individual to serve as Mayor of New Orleans, in 1820-1828. He was born in Angoulême. At the age of fourteen he was a page in the household of his godmother, the Duchess of Orléans, he first saw service under his father. At twenty-four he was promoted captain for meritorious service in the field, his army career took him to America, in 1800 he settled in Louisiana. He served ten consecutive terms in the state legislature. For his participation in the Battle of New Orleans, he was made an honorary brigadier general; when the Louisiana Legion was formed, in 1822, he became its colonel. Among his many business endeavors, he was for a time a director of the State Bank of Louisiana. For many years he was a member of the City Council, was a member of that body when elected mayor; as mayor of New Orleans, Roffignac sought to develop the city as fast as possible, borrowing large sums of money by issuing "city stock", a form of municipal bonds.
He used the money to improve and beautify the city: he was responsible for the massive planting of trees as well the first street paving. In 1821 he introduced street lighting. In the late 1820s he organized the city's first regular fire department, he established New Orleans' first public educational system. He strove to regulate gambling, but was only the first of several mayors to deal with this long intractable problem, he resigned in 1828 and returned to France, to a leisurely retirement in literary and social pursuits. He died at his château, near Périgueux, under curious circumstances: according to the medical examiner called in to determine the precise cause of his death, he had been sitting in his invalid chair, examining a loaded pistol, when he was overwhelmed by an apoplectic stroke and fell to the floor. Stanley Arthur, Old New Orleans, a History of the Vieux Carre, Its Ancient and Historical Buildings, Heritage Books, 2009, p. 123 Henry C. Castellanos, New Orleans as it was: Episodes of Louisiana Life, LSU Press, 2006, p. 14-27 Grace Elizabeth King, Creole Families of New Orleans, The Macmillan Company, 1921, p. 435-442 James F. Hopkins, The Papers of Henry Clay: Secretary of State 1827, University Press of Kentucky, 1981, p. 636 Denise Gee, Southern Cocktails: Dixie Drinks, Party Potions, Classic Libations, Chronicle Books, 2013, p. 49