Vicki Ree Principal known as Victoria Principal, is an American actress and author, best known for her role as Pamela Barnes Ewing on the American primetime television soap opera series Dallas. She spent nine years on the long-running series, leaving in 1987. Afterward, she began her own production company, Victoria Principal Productions, focusing on television films. In the mid-1980s, she became interested in natural beauty therapies, in 1989, she created a self-named line of skincare products, Principal Secret. Principal became a best-selling author, writing three books about beauty, fitness, well-being, health: The Body Principal, The Beauty Principal, The Diet Principal. In the 2000s, she wrote a fourth book, she is a two-time Golden Globe Award nominee. Vicki Ree Principal was born in Fukuoka, the elder daughter of United States Air Force sergeant Victor Rocco Principal, stationed in Fukuoka, she spent her first three months of life on Japanese soil. Her paternal grandparents were emigrants from Italy surnamed Principale.
Her mother, Ree Principal, was a native of Georgia. Victoria has a younger sister, married to composer Russell Fetherolf; as her father was in the U. S. military, the family moved often. She attended 17 different schools, including studying at the Royal Ballet School while her family was stationed in England. Principal began her career in TV commercials, appearing in her first at age 5. After graduating from South Dade Senior High School in 1968, she enrolled at Miami–Dade Community College, intending to study medicine. However, months before completing her first year of studies, she was injured in a car crash while driving home from the library; the other driver served jail time. Principal spent months in recovery and was faced with the prospect of having to take her first year of studies over again. After a period of serious introspection, she drastically changed her life by moving to New York City to pursue her acting career, shortly thereafter to Europe, she studied with Jean Scott in London, in 1971 moved to Los Angeles.
In 1970, Principal moved to Hollywood. She won her first film role as Marie Elena, a Mexican mistress, in John Huston's The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean, for which she earned a Golden Globe nomination as Most Promising Newcomer. On the basis of the positive response to Principal's acting work, her role was enlarged by writer John Milius. During this period, Warren Cowan flew in, introduced himself to Principal, offered to represent her free-of-charge for the next year, she flew to Arizona a complete unknown. Subsequently, she appeared in The Naked Ape and appeared nude in the September 1973 issue of Playboy to promote the film. However, the failure of the feature film disappointed her. In 1974, she was cast in the disaster film Earthquake. Principal won the role when she showed up for the third audition having cut off her waist-length brown hair, dyed it black, put it into an afro; the producer was stunned and impressed by Principal's risky transformation to look more like the character Rosa.
She continued to act in lesser-known films such as I Will, I Will... for Now and Vigilante Force with Kris Kristofferson. Principal signed a three-picture deal with Brute Productions. Principal decided to leave acting and became a Hollywood talent agent and booking agent, her profession from 1975 to late 1977, she had ambitions to study at law school, would support herself if needed through small acting roles on television, rather than in feature films, so as to fund her future college tuition. In 1977, she made a return to acting in a guest appearance on the pilot of the television series Fantasy Island which aired on the ABC network, in the 1977 television film The Night They Took Miss Beautiful on the NBC network; the initial offer to return to acting came when television producer, Aaron Spelling, directly offered Principal a role in the pilot of his television series Fantasy Island, which she accepted on condition that the contract stipulated for her role to be written out of the ongoing series, as she was planning to attend law school.
When Principal obtained the pilot audition script for Dallas, her academic career ambitions changed, she decided to return to the full-time acting profession. As Principal explained to TV Guide Network in 2004, "I had left acting to be an agent and was on my way to law school, but when a friend dropped off a Dallas script, I read it; when I finished, I knew my life had changed - that part was mine. So I called the person and said, "I'm sending someone in." She said, "Who?" I said, "Just put down my name. It will be a surprise." And it was a surprise - I showed up with me! I sent myself in for it!" Principal landed the role of Pamela Barnes Ewing on the long-running prime time TV soap opera series Dallas that aired on the CBS network from 1978 to 1991. Principal explained to People in 2018, "When I went in for the part on Dallas, I had fallen in love with the show and with the part. So my feeling from the moment I read it was that it was special and that I really wanted to be a part of it. I could not imagine not being Pam."
As Principal told TV Insider in 2018, "I believed that Dallas would be a hit from the moment I read it. In fact, I turned down
Abduction: The Megumi Yokota Story
Abduction: The Megumi Yokota Story is an American documentary about Megumi Yokota, a Japanese student, abducted by a North Korean agent in 1977. The film has won numerous awards, it was made by Canadian journalists Chris Sheridan and Patty Kim made and released in 37 theaters in Tokyo and 17 other prefectures, including Hokkaido, Osaka and Fukuoka. It was released in theaters in the United States, opening on August 18, 2006, at the Hollywood Arc Light Cinema in Los Angeles. Among its honors, this film was named best documentary at the San Francisco International Asian American Film Festival, the Austin Film Festival, the Asian Film Festival of Dallas and won the audience award at the Omaha and Slamdance Film Festivals in 2006; the film has been shown at some of the largest festivals all over the world including the Sydney Film Festival in Australia, the International Documentary Festival of Amsterdam in The Netherlands and the Hot Docs Film Festival in Canada. In January 2009, the film was honored with the prestigious Alfred I. duPont Award, one of the highest distinctions in American journalism.
The film has been broadcast on TV, featured in theaters in Hong Kong, Belgium, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, France and many others. The documentary is told from the eyes of Megumi's mother and father as they learned the grave truth of their daughter's abduction, their thirty-year search for the truth. At a ceremony at Columbia University in New York on January 22, 2009, the filmmakers were awarded the Alfred I. duPont Silver Baton, one of the highest distinctions in American journalism. Best Documentary, Audience Award: 2006 Slamdance Film Festival Best Documentary, Audience Award: 2006 Omaha Film Festival Jury Prize, Best Documentary: 2006 San Francisco International Asian American Film Festival Top Ten Audience Favorite: 2006 Hot Docs Best Documentary: 2006 Asian Film Festival of Dallas Best Documentary: 2006 Austin Film Festival Top Five Audience Favorite: 2006 Sydney Film Festival Nominee, Best Feature Documentary, United Nations International Film Festival on Human Rights 2007 Nominee, Best Feature Documentary: 2006 Atlanta Film Festival Nominee, Best Feature Documentary: 2006 Starz Denver Film Festival Nominee, Best Feature Documentary: 2006 Independent Film Festival of Boston Official Selection: 2006 IDA Docuweek Theatrical Showcase Official Selection: 2006 International Documentary Festival of Amsterdam Official Selection: 2007 Docaviv International Film Festival Official Selection: 2007 Thessaloniki International Film Festival North Korean abductions of Japanese Megumi Yokota Megumi, a manga and anime adaptation of Yokota's story Official film site ABDUCTION: The Megumi Yokota Story site for Independent Lens on PBS Abduction: The Megumi Yokota Story on IMDb PBS's Foreign Exchange with Fareed Zakaria, Giovanni Fazio, "Testimony to an unwavering love", The Japan Times, November 23, 2006 Efilmcritic review Anita Huslin, "Stealing Lives To Pilfer Secrets", The Washington Post, November 24, 2006 New York Post film review https://web.archive.org/web/20070128044807/http://www.nypost.com/seven/01122007/entertainment/movies/hope_amid_tears_movies_v_a__musetto.htm New York Times movie listing http://movies2.nytimes.com/gst/movies/movie.html?v_id=346126 New Yorker movie review http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/cinema/2007/01/22/070122crci_cinema_lane Slant magazine movie review https://web.archive.org/web/20070110100600/http://www.slantmagazine.com/film/film_review.asp?
ID=2732 Los Angeles Times movie review http://www.calendarlive.com/movies/screening/cl-wk-screen17aug17,0,856731.story?coll=cl-screening Government Internet TV site duPont Award story https://web.archive.org/web/20090129193123/http://www.tvweek.com/newspro-telling-the-story/index.php
Abduction! by Peg Kehret, is a novel about a 13-year-old girl named Bonnie who searches for her brother Matt and their dog Pookie who were both abducted. Her abductor, a mystery at first, ends up being someone much close to home. Matt, a six-year-old boy, is kidnapped by his father, whom he had never met. Though he has always dreamed of meeting him, nothing is the way he thought it would be, given his father is only using Matt to impress his sister who brags about her two well-raised sons. Denny has taken Matt's dog and dropped him off in a park. With few clues to follow, Matt's mother and the police, are doing everything they can to find him; some old folks found Pookie and gave him back to Matt's mom and sister. Matt's sister, sees Matt at a Mariner's baseball game, but is caught by Denny. Now both captive, the siblings attempt to escape. On the ferry, Bonnie signals to Matt to throw his hardest pitch; the baseball hits Denny. Denny is arrested, the children return home safely. On March 30, 2006, this book was featured on a KMSP newscast discussing a parent, disturbed by the book when her 4th grader brought it home and read it aloud.
This book contains graphic language including a descriptive account of a man aiming a gun at a young girl's heart. In 2007, Abduction! was awarded the Mark Twain Award by the Missouri Association of School Librarians
Spies! is a French-Canadian animated television series created by Vincent Chalvon-Demersay and David Michel and produced by Marathon Media and Image Entertainment Corporation. The show was made to resemble anime in artwork and was based on the concept of a girl group, it focuses on three teenage girls in Beverly Hills, United States, who work as undercover super agents. Spies! was first seen on November 3, 2001 on ABC Family in the United States. It premiered on TF1 in France on April 3, 2002, on Teletoon in Canada on September 2, 2002. Since the series' debut, 156 episodes have been broadcast; this includes several specials and a theatrical movie production and released between the fourth and fifth season. Several products tied to the series have been released, which include a series of comic books and video games; the series centers around the adventures of three teenage girls from Beverly Hills – Sam and Clover – who live a double life as spies working for the World Organization of Human Protection.
The girls are recruited by the organization's leader, Jerry, to solve worsening crime conditions that arise across the globe. Many of their missions involve dealing with disgruntled villains who have been wronged in some form during their past. Several have exacted revenge on the spies by invading their personal lives. Framing each episode is a subplot that focuses on the girls' daytime lives as high school students, dealing with relationships and their longtime high school rival Mandy. Sam is the intellectual of the group, she wears a green catsuit. Alex is the best friend character and the tomboy of the group, serving as the glue that holds their friendship together, she likes to express her feelings. She likes animals, sometimes acts childish compared to the other two, she has short black hair, brown eyes, dark skin, wears a yellow catsuit. Clover enjoys shopping and good-looking guys, she is not only athletic and strong, but impulsive and spontaneous. She wears a red catsuit. Jerry is the girls' boss at WOOHP, appearing as a middle-aged balding man in a suit.
He is protective of the girls invading their privacy to ensure that they are safe. Despite having a sedentary role in WOOHP's affairs, Jerry has displayed some martial arts skills when assisting on the girls' missions, he provides the various gadgets. Mandy is the girls' main rival in their lives outside of WOOHP. Mandy's rich and popular, but is very mean, rude and self-centered and serves as a rival to the main characters, but she's more of a rival to Clover than she is to Sam or Alex. Mandy has long black hair, violet eyes and a high-pitched nasally voice and is seen wearing purple. G. L. A. D. I. S. A computer system with robotic arms that assists in gadget handling during the third and fourth seasons, she was written out of the series during the fifth season entirely due to fan complaints. Jennifer Hale as Sam and Mandy Andrea Baker as Clover Katie Leigh and Katie Griffin as Alex Jess Harnell and Adrian Truss as Jerry Lewis Stevie Vallance as G. L. A. D. I. S. Claire Guyot as Sam Fily Keita as Clover Céline Mauge as Alex and Mandy Jean-Claude Donda as Jerry Laura Préjean as G.
L. A. D. I. S; the show's conception came from the rise of girl female singers in the music industry. Wanting to capitalize on the niche, David Michel and Vincent Chalvon-Demersay put their idea into development, which shifted into production within a year. According to Michel, the series' animation style was intended to incorporate anime influences; the production company, Marathon Media, intended on building on the series brand by forming a three-piece girl band, utilizing German talk show Arabella to create it. Using a panel of judges, 20 demo videos were selected and the winners were selected based on the strength of their performance and the show's viewers; the band was selected and released a single in the spring of 2002, through EMI. According to managing director Dirk Fabarius, "The plan is to create an entire album and establish and promote Totally Spies as a real band." While the idea did not materialize, the series was promoted through other merchandising. It was announced in the spring of 2001 that the series would air in the autumn on ABC Family, would be distributed to the European countries in the following year.
In an interview with WorldScreen.com, Michel said that prior to his show, there were a lot of boy action-adventure shows and nothing for girls, yet in pop culture, there was Britney Spears and Spice Girls. He said that the characters are inspired by the movie Clueless and wanted to mix that with a James Bond format; when they first pitched the show, it had a moderate response, but when the first season was broadcast, the Charlie's Angels film came out, the market was full of girl show properties. According to an article "Achieving a Global Reach on Children's Cultural Markets" by Valerie-Ines de la Ville and Laurent Durup, the series was designed to reach an American audience, but has garnered appeal from its humor "based on a stereotypical European vision of American references" while "appearing to be original and innovative to the U. S. audience". Producer and artistic di
Abduction (1975 film)
Abduction is a 1975 American thriller film directed by Joseph Zito and written by Kent E. Carroll and based on the novel Black Abductor by Harrison James, it stars Gregory Rozakis, David Pendleton and Judith-Marie Bergan and was first released in the U. S. on October 24, 1975. A young newspaper heiress is kidnapped and brutalised by a group of radicals and becomes sympathetic to their cause. Gregory Rozakis - Frank Judith-Marie Bergan - Patricia David Pendleton - Dory Leif Erickson - Mr. Prescott Dorothy Malone - Mrs. Prescott Presley Caton - Angie Catherine Lacy - Carol Andrew Rohrer - Michael Lawrence Tierney - FBI Agent Andrew Bloch - Jake List of American films of 1975 Abduction on IMDb Abduction at Rotten Tomatoes
Bride kidnapping known as bridenapping, marriage by abduction or marriage by capture, is a practice in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry. Bride kidnapping has been practiced throughout history, it continues to occur in countries in Central Asia, the Caucasus region, parts of Africa, among peoples as diverse as the Hmong in Southeast Asia, the Tzeltal in Mexico, the Romani in Europe. In most nations, bride kidnapping is considered a sex crime rather than a valid form of marriage; some types of it may be seen as falling along the continuum between forced marriage and arranged marriage. The term is sometimes used to include not only abductions, but elopements, in which a couple runs away together and seeks the consent of their parents later; however when the practice is against the law, judicial enforcement remains lax in some areas. Bride kidnapping occurs in various parts of the world, but it is most common in the Caucasus and Central Asia. Bride kidnapping is a form of child marriage.
It may be connected to the practice of bride price, the inability or unwillingness to pay it. Bride kidnapping is distinguished from raptio in that the former refers to the abduction of one woman by one man, is still a widespread practice, whereas the latter refers to the large scale abduction of women by groups of men in a time of war; some cultures today maintain symbolic bride kidnapping ritual as part of traditions surrounding a wedding, in a nod to the practice of bride kidnapping which may have figured in that culture's history. According to some sources, the honeymoon is a relic of marriage by capture, based on the practice of the husband going into hiding with his wife to avoid reprisals from her relatives, with the intention that the woman would be pregnant by the end of the month. Though the motivations behind bride kidnapping vary by region, the cultures with traditions of marriage by abduction are patriarchal with a strong social stigma on sex or pregnancy outside marriage and illegitimate births.
In some modern cases, the couple collude together to elope under the guise of a bride kidnapping, presenting their parents with a fait accompli. In most cases, the men who resort to capturing a wife are of lower social status, because of poverty, poor character or criminality, they are sometimes deterred from legitimately seeking a wife because of the payment the woman's family expects, the bride price. In agricultural and patriarchal societies, where bride kidnapping is most common, children work for their family. A woman leaves her birth family and economically, when she marries, becoming instead a member of the groom's family. Due to this loss of labour, the women's families do not want their daughters to marry young, demand economic compensation when they do leave them; this conflicts with the interests of men, who want to marry early, as marriage means an increase in social status, the interests of the groom's family, who will gain another pair of hands for the family farm, business or home.
Depending on the legal system under which she lives, the consent of the woman may not be a factor in judging the validity of the marriage. In addition to the issue of forced marriage, bride kidnapping may have other negative effects on the young women and their society. For example, fear of kidnap is cited as a reason for the lower participation of girls in the education system; the mechanism of marriage by abduction varies by location. This article surveys the phenomenon by region, drawing on common cultural factors for patterns, but noting country-level distinctions. In three African countries, bride kidnapping takes the form of abduction followed by rape. Bride-kidnapping is prevalent in areas of Rwanda; the abductor kidnaps the woman from her household or follows her outside and abducts her. He and his companions may rape the woman to ensure that she submits to the marriage; the family of the woman either feels obliged to consent to the union, or is forced to when the kidnapper impregnates her, as pregnant women are not seen as eligible for marriage.
The marriage is confirmed with a ceremony. In such ceremonies, the abductor asks his bride's parents to forgive him for abducting their daughter; the man may offer money, or other goods as restitution to his bride's family. Bride-kidnap marriages in Rwanda lead to poor outcomes. Human rights workers report that one third of men who abduct their wives abandon them, leaving the wife without support and impaired in finding a future marriage. Additionally, with the growing frequency of bride-kidnapping, some men choose not to solemnize their marriage at all, keeping their "bride" as a concubine. Bride kidnapping is not outlawed in Rwanda, though violent abductions are punishable as rape. According to a criminal justice official, bride kidnappers are never tried in court: "When we hear about abduction, we hunt down the kidnappers and arrest them and sometimes the husband, too, but we're forced to let them all go several days later," says an official at the criminal investigation department in Nyagatare, the capital of Umutara.
Women's rights groups have attempted to reverse the tradition by conducting awareness raising campaigns and by promoting gender equity, but the progress has been limited so far. Coptic Christian women and girls are abducted, forced to convert to Islam and married to Muslim men. Bride kidnap
Child abduction or child theft is the unauthorized removal of a minor from the custody of the child's natural parents or appointed guardians. The term child abduction includes two legal and social categories which differ by their perpetrating contexts: abduction by members of the child's family or abduction by strangers: Parental child abduction is the unauthorized custody of a child by a family relative without parental agreement and contrary to family law ruling, which may have removed the child from the care and contact of the other parent and family side. Occurring around parental separation or divorce, such parental or familial child abduction may include parental alienation, a form of child abuse seeking to disconnect a child from targeted parent and denigrated side of family; this is, by far, the most common form of child abduction. Abduction or kidnapping by strangers is rare; some of the reasons why a stranger might kidnap an unknown child include: extortion to elicit a ransom from the parents for the child's return illegal adoption, a stranger steals a child with the intent to rear the child as their own or to sell to a prospective adoptive parent human trafficking, stealing a child with the intent to exploit the child themselves or through trade to someone who will abuse the child through slavery, forced labor, or sexual abuse.
Murder By far the most common kind of child abduction is parental child abduction. It occurs when the parents separate or begin divorce proceedings. A parent may remove or retain the child from the other seeking to gain an advantage in expected or pending child-custody proceedings or because that parent fears losing the child in those expected or pending child-custody proceedings. Parental child abductions may result in the child be kept within the same city, within the state or region, within the same country, or sometimes may result in the child being taken to a different country. Most parental abductions are resolved quickly. Studies performed for the U. S. Department of Justice's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention reported that in 1999, 53% percent of family abducted children were gone less than one week, 21% were gone one month or more. Parental abduction has been characterized as child abuse, when seen from the perspective of the kidnapped child. International child abduction occurs when a parent, relative or acquaintance of a child leaves the country with the child or children in violation of a custody decree or visitation order.
Another related situation is retention where children are taken on an alleged vacation to a foreign country and are not returned. While the number of cases, over 600,000 a year consists of international child abduction is small in comparison to domestic cases, they are the most difficult to resolve due to the involvement of conflicting international jurisdictions. Two-thirds of international parental abduction cases involve mothers who allege domestic violence; when there is a treaty agreement for the return of a child, the court may be reluctant to return the child if the return could result in the permanent separation of the child from their primary caregiver. This could occur if the abducting parent faced criminal prosecution or deportation by returning to the child's home country; the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international human rights treaty and legal mechanism to recover children abducted to another country. The Hague Convention does not provide relief in many cases, resulting in some parents hiring private parties to recover their children.
Covert recovery was first made public when Don Feeney, a former Delta Commando, responded to a desperate mother's plea to locate and recover her daughter from Jordan in the 1980s. Feeney located and returned the child. A movie and book about Feeney's exploits lead to other desperate parents seeking him out for recovery services. By 2007, both the United States, European authorities, NGO's had begun serious interest in the use of mediation as a means by which some international child abduction cases may be resolved; the primary focus was on Hague Cases. Development of mediation in Hague cases, suitable for such an approach, had been tested and reported by REUNITE, a London Based NGO which provides support in international child abduction cases, as successful, their reported success lead to the first international training for cross-border mediation in 2008, sponsored by NCMEC. Held at the University of Miami School of Law, Lawyers and certified mediators interested in international child abduction cases, attended.
International child abduction is not new. A case of international child abduction has been documented aboard the Titanic. However, the incidence of international child abduction continues to increase due to the ease of international travel, increase in bi-cultural marriages and a high divorce rate; the stereotypical version of child abduction by a stranger is the classic form of "kidnapping," exemplified by the Lindbergh kidnapping, in which the child is detained, transported some distance, held for ransom or with intent to keep the child permanently. These instances are rare; the earliest nationally publicised kidnapping of a child by a stranger for the purpose of extracting a ransom payment from the parents was the Pool case of 1819, which took place in Baltimore, Maryland. Margaret Pool, 20-months-old, was kidnapped on May 20 by Nancy Gamble and secreted with the assistance of Ma