Abdul Hamid Lahori

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Abdul Hamid Lahori (Urdu: عبدالحمید لاہوری‎; died 1654) was a traveller and historian during the period of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan who later became a court historian of Shah Jahan (Shah Jahan's official chronicler). He wrote the book Padshahnama also called Badshahnama, about the reign of Shah Jahan, he has described Shah Jahan's life and activities during the first twenty years of his reign in this book in great detail.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Not much is known about the biographical details about Abdul Hamid Lahori, except from Amai-i Salih of Muhammad Salih, another court writer, who mentions his date of death to be 1659 AD.[3]

In his own preface to the text, Lahori mentions that he was recalled from his retirement in Patna to write official history as the Emperor wanted someone who could emulate the style of Akbarnama of Abul Fazl which he too greatly admired. Abdul Hamid Lahori wrote the history of the first twenty years of Shah Jahan's rule in Padshahnama and completed the book in 1648 AD.[4]

Taj Mahal[edit]

Taj Mahal, the world-renowned monument was built and completed by the end of 1643 AD or early 1644 AD in the 17th-century. So the 350th anniversary of Taj Mahal actually occurred around 1994.[1] More than 20,000 workers toiled for years to build the majestic Taj Mahal with four slender minarets, it was built by the heartbroken Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his second wife, Empress Mumtaz Mahal, who had died in childbirth. Shah Jahan's official chronicler Abdul Hamid Lahori writes that the construction began six months after Empress Mumtaz Mahal's death which was on 17 June 1631.[1]

Abdul Hamid Lahori also calls the glass pieces of the Sheesh Mahal of the Agra Fort as glass pieces "shishye halabi" because Haleb was the original name of Aleppo (Syria) which was the main centre for manufacturing these glass pieces. To build a strong foundation of this grand mausoleum known as Taj Mahal, a network of wells was laid down along the river line and the wells were filled with stones and other solid materials.[5]

He was widely-known to be a good scholar, he also had good knowledge of science and astronomy. Abdul Hamid was called Lahori because he was from Lahore, Punjab in modern Pakistan.

Lahori also wrote about the Shalimar Gardens in detail.

Work online[edit]

  • Lahori, Abdul Hamid (1868). Badshahnamah of Lahori, Vol. 1 (Original text). College Press Calcutta.
  • Lahori, Abdul Hamid (1868). Badshahnamah of Lahori, Vol. 2, Bibliotheca Indica (Original text). College Press Calcutta.
  • Lahori, Abdul Hamid; tr. by Henry Miers Elliot (1875). Badshanama of Abdul Hamid Lahori. Hafiz Press, Lahore.
  • Bádsháh-Náma of 'Abdu-L Hamíd Láhorí Packard Humanities Institute

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Taj Mahal turns 350...maybe news24 archives website, Published 27 September 2004, Retrieved 9 July 2019
  2. ^ The Padshahnama (book written by Abdul Hamid Lahori in 1656-57) Royal Collection Trust website, Retrieved 9 July 2019
  3. ^ BADSHAH-NAMA OF ABDUL HAMID LAHORI Royal Asiatic Society, Retrieved 9 July 2019
  4. ^ Padshahnamah - a book writtenby Abdul Hamid Lahori on Banglapedia website Retrieved 9 July 2019
  5. ^ Love Story Behind Taj Mahal Government of Uttar Pradesh, India (tajmahal.gov.in website), Retrieved 9 July 2019

External links[edit]