Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah, better known by the pen name Hamka was an Indonesian ulama, novelist and political activist. Hamka was born on 17 February 1908 in Kampung Molek, Sungai Batang, Tanjung Raya, Minangkabau as the first child of seven, he was raised in a family of devout Muslims. His father was Abdul Karim Amrullah, a clerical reformer of Islam in Minangkabau, known as Haji Rasul, his mother, Sitti Shafiyah, came from artists of Minangkabau descent. The father of Abdul Karim, Hamka's grandfather, namely Muhammad Amrullah was known as a follower of the Jamaah Naqsyabandiyah. Before his education in formal schools, Hamka lived with his grandmother in a house south of Maninjau; when he was six years old, he moved with his father to West Sumatera. Following common tradition in Minang, he studied the Quran and slept in a mosque near the place where he lived because Minang boys did not have a place to sleep in the family house. In the mosque he studied the silek, he liked to listen to stories which are sung along with traditional Minangkabau music.
Interaction with these storyteller artists gave him knowledge of the art of storytelling. Through his novels, Hamka drew on Minang terms. Minang rhymes and proverbs adorn his works. In 1915 after the age of seven, he enrolled in a village school and studied general sciences such as numeracy and literacy. Hamka considered this time of his life to be one of the more joyous times. In the morning, he rushed off to school. After school, he would go play again with his friends, such as hide and seek, chasing after one another, like the other kids his age played. Two years while still learning every morning at the village school, he studied in Diniyah School every afternoon; when his father enrolled him in Sumatera Thawalib in 1918, he could no longer attend classes at the village school. He quit after graduating from two classes. After that, he studied at the Diniyah School every morning, while in the afternoon and evening studying in Thawalib back at the mosque. Young Hamka's activities, he admitted, were not curbed the freedom of his childhood.
While studying in Helmi Talib, he was not considered to be a smart child. He did not attend school for a few days because he felt bored and chose to seek knowledge in his own way, but rather he preferred to be in a library owned by his public teacher, Afiq Aimon Zainuddin rather than messing around with lessons that he must memorise in class. In the library, he was free to read a variety of books to a point of borrowing them to be taken home. However, because of the books he had borrowed have nothing to do with lessons in Thawalib, he was scolded by his father when he was caught busy reading Kaba Cindua Mato, his father said, "Are you going to be a pious person or become a storyteller?" In an effort to prove himself to his father and driven by the books he was reading about Central Java, Hamka became interested in migrating to the island of Java. At the same time, he was no longer interested in completing his education at Thawalib. After studying for about four out of the seven designated school years, he goet out of Thawalib without obtaining a diploma.
In those days after that, Hamka was taken to Parabek, about 5 km from Bukittinggi, in 1922 to study under Aiman Ibrahim Wong, but did not last long. He preferred to follow his heart to seek experience in his own way, he decided to leave for Java, though his father knew about his plan. Hamka has ventured into a number of places in Minangkabau since he was a teenager, he was nicknamed by his father as "The Faraway Kid", his parents divorced when he was aged an experience which shook his soul. However, he contracted smallpox when on his way in Bengkulu, so he decided to return to Padang Panjang after bed-stricken for about two months. So, his intention to go to Java never diminished, he departed to Java in 1924, a year after recovering from the disease. Arriving in Java, Hamka went to Yogyakarta and settled in the house of his father's younger brother, Amrullah Ja'far. Through his uncle, he got the opportunity to follow the discussions and trainings organised by the Islamic movements Muhammadiyah and Sarekat Islam.
In addition to studying with the Islamic movements, he expanded his views in the disruption of Islam's progress by Christianization and communism. While in Java, he was active in various religious activities. On many occasions, he was under the tutelage of Bagoes Hadikoesoemo, HOS Tjokroaminoto, Abdul Rozak Fachruddin, Suryopranoto. Before returning to Minangkabau, he had wandered into Bandung and met with Masjumi leaders such as Ahmad Hassan and Mohammad Natsir, which gave him the opportunity to learn to write in the magazine Pembela Islam. Subsequently, in 1925, he went to Pekalongan, West Java to meet Sutan Mansur Ahmad Rashid, the chairman of the Muhammadiyah's Pekalongan branch at the time, learn Islam from him. While in Pekalongan, he stayed at his brother's house and started giving religious talks in some places. In his first wandering in Java, he claimed to have a new spirit in studying Islam, he saw no difference between Islamic reformation missions in both the Minangkabau and Javan regions: the reformation in Minangkabau aimed at purifying Islam off regressive practices of imitation and superstition, while the Javan movement is more focused to the efforts of combating backwardness and poverty.
After a year in Java
Ibn Zuhr, traditionally known by his Latinized name of Avenzoar, was an Arab physician and poet. He was born at Seville in medieval Andalusia, was a contemporary of Averroes and Ibn Tufail, was the most well-regarded physician of his era, he was known for his emphasis on a more rational, empiric basis of medicine. His major work, Al-Taysīr fil-Mudāwāt wal-Tadbīr, was translated into Latin and Hebrew and was influential to the progress of surgery, he improved surgical and medical knowledge by keying out several diseases and their treatments. Ibn Zuhr performed the first experimental tracheotomy on a goat, he is thought to have made the earliest description of bezoar stones as medicinal items. His full name is Abū-Marwān ʻAbd al-Malik ibn Abī al-ʻAlāʼ Ibn Zuhr, his name was Latinized as Avenzoar, Abhomeron, Alomehَn or Abhomjeron. Avenzoar was born in Seville in 1094, to the notable Banu Zuhr family who were members of the Arab tribe of Iyad; the family has since the early 10th century produced six consecutive generations of physicians, included jurists, viziers or courtiers, midwives who served under rulers of Al-Andalus.
Avenzoar started his education by studying religion and literature, as was the custom in medieval Muslim socialites. He studied medicine with his father, Abu'l-Ala Zuhr at an early age. According to Avenzoar himself, his father introduced him to the works of Galen and Hippocrates, asked him to swear the Hippocratic Oath while still a youth. Avenzoar started his medical career as court physician for the Almoravid empire. However, for some undisclosed reason, he fell out of favour with the Almoravid ruler,'Ali bin Yusuf bin Tashufin, fled from Seville, he was however and jailed in Marrakesh in 1140. This experience left a bad resentment in him. In 1147 when the Almohad empire conquered Seville, he returned and devoted himself to medical practice, he died in Seville in 1162. According to Leo Africanus, ibn Zuhr heard Averroes lecture, learned physic from him, he was a great admirer of Galen, in his writings he protests emphatically against quackery and the superstitious remedies of astrologers. "The book of moderation," this was a treatise on general therapy written in his youth for the Almoravid prince Ibrahim Yusuf ibn Tashfin.
The book is a summary of various different diseases and general hygiene. It is noted for its advice regarding cosmetics and physical beauty. Ibn Zuhr recommended plastic surgery to alter acquired features such as big noses, thick lips or crooked teeth; the book of foods, as its name indicates, is a manual on foods and regimen which contains guidelines for a healthy life. Ibn Zuhr wrote the book shortly after he went out of jail for his new patron, Almohad leader Abd al-Mu'min; the book contains classification of different kinds of dishes and foods like bread, beverages and sweets. When he talks about the meat, Ibn Zuhr mentions different kinds of animals' fleshes unusual ones like those of gazelles and snakes, classifying them based on their taste and digestibility, he recommends specific foods for each season of the year. For example, during winter, digestion is accelerated, so the amount of food consumed should be increased. Moreover, the food should be warmer and drier, as temperatures are lower and humidity is higher.
Kitab al-Taysir seems to be the last book of Ibn Zuhr before his death. As mentioned in the introduction, the book was authored at the request of his friend, Averroes, to act as a compendium to his medical encyclopedia Colliget which focused more on general topics of medicine; the two books were translated into Hebrew and Latin, where they used to be printed as a single book and remained popular as late as the 18th century. The book, which contains 30 chapters, provides clinical descriptions and diagnosis of diseases starting from the head. Ibn Zuhr provided an accurate description of the esophageal and mediastinal cancers, as well as other lesions, he proposed feeding enemas to keep alive patients with stomach cancer. He was the first to give pathological descriptions of inflammations like otitis media and pericarditis. Ibn Zuhr is credited with providing one of the earliest recorded evidence of the Scabies mite, which contributed to the scientific advancement of microbiology. In his Kitab al-Taysir, he wrote the following: There are lice under the hand and foot like worms, sores affecting the same areas.
If the skin is removed, there appears from various parts of it, a small animal which can hardly be seen. Ibn Zuhr's greatest contribution to medicine was his application of experimental method by introducing animal testing, he is known to have performed medical procedures on animals before doing them on humans to know if they would work. Most notable was his approval and recommendation for the surgical procedure of tracheotomy, a controversial procedure at the time. In trying to sort out the controversy, Ibn Zuhr described the following medical experiment which he performed on a goat: "Earlier on in my training when I read those opinions, I cut on the lung pipe of a goat after incising the skin and the covering sheath underneath. I cut off the substance of the pipe, an area just less than the size of a tirmisah. I kept washing the wound with water and honey till it healed and it recovered and lived for a long time." Ibn Abi Usaibia mentions these other works of Ibn Zuhr: Fi al-Zinah. Al-Tiryaq al-Sabini (On Antido
Johari Abdul-Malik Ibn Winslow Seale is a convert to Islam, has been the Director of Outreach for the Dar Al Hijrah Islamic Center in Northern Virginia since June 2002. He is the former Chair of the Coordinating Council of Muslim Organizations, the former head of the National Association of Muslim Chaplains in Higher Education, President of the Muslim Society of Washington, Inc. and a founding member of the Muslim Advocacy Commission of Washington, DC. In addition, he serves as the chair of government relations of the Muslim Alliance in North America, his mother is from northern Louisiana, his father is from Barbados. Abdul-Malik was raised as an Anglican by his African American parents in Brooklyn, New York, until "at confirmation the teachings of the Ten Commandments exposed the inherent contradiction of western Christianity." He explored "Asian spirituality" in high school. While attending Howard University in Washington, DC, where he began in 1974 and received a BS in Chemistry and an MS in Genetics and Human Genetics, he became a self-described Black activist and vegetarian, learning Transcendental Meditation.
In graduate school he converted to Islam, became President of the Muslim Student Association chapter at Howard. He completed his clinical post-graduate training program in Bioethics at the Georgetown University Kennedy Center for Ethics, completing his Ph. D. course work in Genetics. Abdul-Malik performed Hajj in 1994. In November 1998 Abdul-Malik was named chaplain of Howard University, he served as the first recognized Muslim chaplain in higher education in the United States. Abdul-Malik resigned at the end of the spring 2004 semester. On March 8, 2002, American Muslims for Global Peace and Justice held a press conference at the National Press Club. Abdul-Malik was a panelist, began by saying that he did not speak for Howard University, mentioning that Sami Al-Arian, convicted of conspiring to aid the terrorist organization Palestinian Islamic Jihad, was fired from the University of South Florida for not making such a disclaimer, the dean of Howard University insisted on the pre-speech statement.
He claimed Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon started the Israeli–Palestinian conflict because it was in Sharon's political interests to have "a police insecurity state," making people "rally'round the flag before fanning the flames." Abdul-Malik compared the Israeli separation barrier to South African apartheid and advocated divestiture from Israel and a moratorium on entertainers who perform in Israel. He accused the Israeli government of engaging in a scorched earth policy. However, he ended his speech by quoting the Qur'anic aphorism, "Do not let your hatred of a people cause you to be unjust." Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, former chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and the militant Justice Minister of the Black Panther Party, was convicted on March 9, 2002, of murdering Ricky Leon Kinchen, a Fulton County, sheriff's deputy, wounding another officer in a gunbattle at his store. Abdul-Malik said he suspected Al-Amin was framed, that "Somebody has a vendetta against people like H.
Rap Brown, because he stood up during a period of great repression in this country and said it mattered to him." When on March 20, 2002, the U. S. government raided 14 homes and offices of northern Virginia Muslims, in part to find evidence against Sami Al-Arian, Abdul-Malik said: "Now the witch hunt has expanded into homes and families." In 2006, Al-Arian pleaded guilty to conspiracy to help a "specially designated terrorist" organization, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. He was sentenced to 57 months in prison. In June 2002 Abdul-Malik joined the Dar al-Hijrah mosque as its Director of Outreach, spokesman; the mosque uses a "team approach". He said: "It's important that there's an American at the mosque to speak with media, to defend Islam who can talk about the rights of Muslims, it would be difficult for us if we had an imam who didn't understand the process here."Abdul-Malik denied claims that Dar al-Hijrah is a center of Islamic fundamentalism and a center for the promotion of extremist Salafism.
Abdul-Malik and Reverend Graylan Hagler created the Ramadan Feed-the-Needy Program in Washington, DC, an organization that gives food to 100 homeless every night during Ramadan. When Ahmed Omar Abu Ali, who worshiped at Dar al-Hijrah and had been a camp counselor for and taught Islamic studies at the mosque, was charged by American prosecutors with plotting with members of Al Qaeda to assassinate President George W. Bush, Abdul-Malik said in February 2005: "Our whole community is under siege, they don't see this as a case of criminality. They see it as a civil rights case; as a frontal attack on their community." He added: "The feeling I get here on a daily basis must be what it was like to be a member of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s church following the case of Rosa Parks. People always ask,'What is the latest from the courthouse?'" Abu Ali was convicted in 2005 of providing material support to the al Qaeda terrorist network, conspiracy to assassinate President Bush, is serving a life sentence.
When in April 2005 Ali al-Timimi of Fairfax, Virginia, an American-born Muslim cleric, was convicted of inciting followers to wage war against the US just days after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, for recruiting for the Pakistani terrorist organization Lashkar-e-Toiba, the paintball terrorist cell, Abdul-Malik said: "There is a view many Muslims have when they come to America that you could not be arrested for something you say. But now they have discovered, and if our opinions are out of vogue in the current climate, we feel we are all at risk." Al-Timimi w
Abdul Malik Jaber
Dr. Abdul Malik Al-Jaber is a Palestinian businessman, he served as the CEO of Zain Jordan, the country's leading telecommunications provider for two years till July 1, 2011, is a member of the board of the World Economic Forum. Al-Jaber is a graduate of Berzeit University, McGill University in Canada, the Northwestern University-Kellogg School of Business Administration in Chicago, the International School of Management in Paris, he holds MBA as well as a MSc and PhD in Engineering. Abdul Malik Al-Jaber returned to Palestine from Canada—where he had gone to university—with the onset of the Oslo peace process in 1993, during which time he joined the peace negotiations as part of the Palestinian Technical Committees headed by Faisal Husseini. Al-Jaber established the first Palestinian Energy Research Center, tasked with providing strategic plans for the energy sector in Palestine. Under a presidential decree, Al-Jaber became head of the center, after which he acted as principal advisor for the Ministry of Planning.
Al-Jaber's tenure in the public sector included assuming responsibility for the Palestinian Industrial Estate Authority as director general. In 2000, Al-Jaber held several senior positions, he became the CEO of the Palestinian Industrial Estates Development Company, during which he supervised the establishment of Palestine's first industrial estate in Gaza. He was vice chairman of the board and CEO of the Paltel Group since 2003. In this position, Al-Jaber restructured the company towards increased profits and sustained innovation and social responsibility, he increased the company's profits from USD 15 million in 2003 to USD 100 million in 2005. The company has met its growth targets since. Additionally, the Paltel Group became the first Palestinian company to pioneer the practice of Corporate Social Responsibility, they introduced sustainability practice and reporting as per the GRI Standards, created the first corporate foundation in the country. The Paltel Group Foundation assists Palestinian society via initiatives in education, supporting creativity and excellence, making the benefits of ICT available to different segments of society.
The foundation sponsors the Palestine International Award for Excellence and Creativity, Palestine's first international award, chaired by Al-Jaber. In 2005, Al-Jaber helped found VTEL Holdings, a UAE based company with US$1 billion in capital from high-net-worth investors from Palestine and the Arab World. VTEL's business objectives were to obtain licenses to operate ICT projects worldwide including CSR countries, Central America and Latin America, the Caribbean; as of 2010 the company has operations in Ukraine, Armenia, Kurdistan and Burundi in Africa. Al-Jaber was appointed CEO of Zain Jordan and Zain Levant in July 2009; as CEO of Zain Jordan, the country's leading telecommunications provider, Jaber turned around the operations and achieved more than 9% growth. As of 2010, Al-Jaber chairs several companies in Palestine, including the Golden Wheat Mills Company, Wassel Logistics and is a founder of the Board of Al Rafah Micro Finance Bank, the first such bank in the region, he is the chairman of Al-Mashreq Real Estate Company, Hadara Technologies, Hulul Business Solutions.
Al-Jaber is active in peace building and regional economic cooperation projects, is a member of the board of several business associations and business councils including the Arab Business Council, the World Economic Forum, the Arab Technology Forum and the Young Presidents' Organization. He is a founder of the Young Arab Leaders chapter in Palestine, today serves as a regional board member of the YAL Organization in Dubai with chapters in Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the UAE, he is a member of the Board of Cairo Amman Bank in Jordan, is a member of its audit committee. He is a member of the executive committee of Ayla Jordan, the executive committee for Astra Group Jordan, considered one of the most important investment holdings in the Kingdom, with investments in tourism, real estate, agriculture. Al-Jaber is a member of the Board of Directors of the Palestine Trade Center, Paltrade. Abdul Malik Al-Jaber was a recipient of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum "Best Arab Manager Award for Excellence in Management" in 2001, as the leading business executive in Palestine
Al-Tha'ālibī, Arabic: الثعالبي, was an Iranian writer, born in Nishapur, Persia. It is not clear that he was ethnically a Arab. Although he wrote prose and verse of his own, he was most famous for his anthologies and collections of epigrams. Like many other Arabic writers of his time, he does not always distinguish between his own and other people's work. Of the twenty-nine works known to have been written by him, the most famous is his Kitāb Yatīmat ud-Dahr, on the poets of his own and earlier times, arranged according to the countries of the poets, containing valuable extracts. Another of his works, the Kitāb Fiqh ul-Lugha, is lexicographical, a dictionary, the words being arranged in semantic subject classes, it has been published at Paris and Beirut. His "Book of curious and entertaining information" was translated into English by Clifford Edmund Bosworth. Brockelmann, Geschichte der Arabischen Literatur, i, Weimar, pp. 284–286 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Thatcher, Griffithes Wheeler.
"Tha'ālibī". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 26. Cambridge University Press. P. 716
Abdul-Malik Abu, is an American professional basketball player playing for Vrijednosnice Osijek in the Croatian League. Abu first attended Marblehead High School in Boston, Massachusetts before transferred to Kimball Union Academy in Meriden, New Hampshire to play for coach Mike Olson; as a senior, he averaged 24.5 points and 10.5 rebounds per game while leading Kimball to a overall record and was named NEPSAC Player of the year in 2014. Considered a four-star recruit, Abu was ranked 32nd in the ESPN 100 for the class of 2014. On September 7, 2013, Abu committed to NC State University to play college basketball. Abu spent his college career playing for the NC State Wolfpack in the Atlantic Coast Conference; as a freshman in 2014-2015, Abu averaged 4.7 rebounds per game. As a sophomore, Abu became the starting Power Forward for the Wolfpack, where he finished second in scoring for NC State after averaging 12.9 points per game and 8.8 rebounds per game ranking fifth in the ACC for rebounds. As a junior, Abu became the focal point for a young Wolfpack team that featured incoming freshman's Dennis Smith Jr. Omer Yurtseven, Markell Johnson.
On November 11, 2016, Abu recorded 15 points and 11 rebounds in an 81-79 win against Georgia Southern. On the season, Abu averaged, 11.8 points per game and 7.0 rebounds per game, while shooting 52.9% from the field and 71.1% at the foul line. In September 2018, Abu signed for Vrijednosnice Osijek of the Croatian Alpe Adria Cup. Abu is prays multiple times a day. DraftExpress profile ESPN profile NC State bio RealGM profile Sports Reference profile
Names of God in Islam
According to a hadith, there are at least 99 Attributes of Allah, known as the ʾasmāʾu llāhi l-ḥusnā. The names are called 99 Attributes of Allah. According to Sahih Bukhari Hadith: Abu Hurairah reported that Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e. one hundred minus one, whoever believes in their meanings and acts accordingly, will enter Paradise. There's another Sahih Muslim Hadith:Allah's Messenger said, "Allah has ninety-nine Names, one-hundred less one. To count something means to know it by heart; the Qur'an refers to God's Most Beautiful Names in several Surahs. Gerhard Böwering refers to Surah 17 as the locus classicus to which explicit lists of 99 names used to be attached in tafsir. A cluster of more than a dozen Divine epithets which are included in such lists is found in Surah 59. Mystic philosopher Ibn Arabi surmised that the 99 names are "outward signs of the universe's inner mysteries". There is no universal agreement among Muslims as to what counts as a name of God, what does not. Additionally, while some names are only in the Quran, others are only in the hadith, there are some names which appear in both.
Different sources give different lists of the 99 names. The following list is based on the one found in the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi. Other hadith, such as those of al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Ibn Majah, al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi or Ibn ʿAsākir, have variant lists. All attribute the original compilation of the list of names to Abu Hurairah.al-Tirmidhi comments on his list: "This hadith is gharib. Various early Muslim exegetes, including Jaʿfar al-Sadiq, Sufyan ibn `Uyaynah, Ibn Hazm, al-Qurtubi, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, have given their own versions of lists of 99 names.ٱ = The waṣla denoting of ٱلْ is "ʾal/ ʾul/ ʾil" depending on the last vowel of the previous word/sentence structure: e.g. سُوْرَةُ ٱلْرَّحْمَـٰنُ Suratu r-Raḥmān. Please note the written Arabic spelling of the names written in Arabic in the table are in the vowelled Classical/ Quranic form with the square bracketed "" variant of the written Arabic forms given in common or modern texts - in media, some long vowels and punctuations are omitted for the easier typing and reading.
There is a tradition in Sufism to the effect the 99 names of God point to a mystical "Most Supreme and Superior Name" (ismu l-ʾAʿẓam. This "Greatest Name of God" is said to be "the one which if He is called by it, He will answer."According to a hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Masud, some of the names of God have been hidden from mankind. More than 1000 names of God are listed in the Jawshan Kabir invocations; the Arabic names of God are used to form theophoric given names used in Muslim cultures throughout the world, including non-Arabic speaking societies. Because the names of God themselves are reserved to God and their use as a person's given name is considered religiously inappropriate, theophoric names are formed by prefixing the term ˁabd to the name in the case of male names; this distinction is established out of respect for the sanctity of Divine names, which denote attributes that are believed to be possessed in a full and absolute sense only by God, while human beings, being limited creatures, are viewed by Muslims as being endowed with the Divine attributes only in a limited and relative capacity.
The prefixing of the definite article would indicate that the bearer possesses the corresponding attribute in an exclusive sense, a trait reserved to God. Quranic verse 3:26 is cited as evidence against the validity of using Divine names for persons, with the example of Mālik ul-Mulk: "Say: "O God! Lord of Power, You give power to whom You please, You strip off power from whom You please. You endue with honour whom You please, You bring low whom You please. In Your hand is all Good." Verily, over all things You have power." The two parts of the name starting with ˁabd may be written separately or combined as one in the transliterated form. Examples of Muslim theophoric names include: Rahmān, such as Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais - Imam of the Grand Mosque of Makkah, KSA Salām, such as Salam Fayyad - Palestinian politician Jabbār, such as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar - American basketball player Hakīm, such as Sherman "Abdul Hakim" Jackson - American Islamic Studies scholar Ra'ūf, such as Ra'ouf Mus'ad - Egyptian-Sudanese novelist Mālik, such as Mālik bin ʼAnas - classical Sunni Muslim scholars after whom the Maliki school of fiqh was named Abdul Muqtedar as in Muhammad Abdul Muqtedar Khan - Indian-American