Orlando, West Virginia
Orlando is an unincorporated community located in Braxton and Lewis counties, West Virginia, United States. It is located on a tributary of the Little Kanawha River; the first settlers came to Oil Creek's wilderness in the early decades of the 19th century from Virginia and Maryland, many from the area of the South Branch of the Potomac River. The pioneer settlers included the Posey/Skinner, Williams/Blake/Ocheltree and Conrad families, among others. During the Civil War the area of Oil Creek and Clover Fork was entirely Confederate. Many young men joined the Confederate Army, other residents supported the Confederate cause in less official ways. By the late 19th century, several farming communities had developed in the Oil Creek watershed, including Blake, Posey Run, others; the community that would become Orlando was named Confluence, as it was located at the confluence of two major tributaries, Three Lick and Clover Fork, with Oil Creek. These little communities in Oil Creek’s watershed tended to include a one room school, one or two churches, a general store, blacksmith and/or grist mill.
In the late 19th century the Coal and Coke and the Baltimore and Ohio railroad lines were built and they crossed near the community of Confluence. The community of Confluence became a prosperous town. In 1917 Confluence's name was changed to Orlando for reasons; the town of Orlando flourished in the early 20th century. From the early 19th century until the mid-20th century, most of the land was devoted to family farming and farming for profit. Major industries have included lumbering, natural gas and oil production, railroad maintenance and hospitality; because of damming projects in the late 20th century, Orlando today sits in the center of West Virginia’s Lake District situated between the Stonewall Jackson and Burnsville recreation areas. Most of the farming land is being returned to forest; the community is still populated by the descendents of the original settlers of the region. Orlando has two churches and United Methodist, a post office. Landmarks include the white frame Methodist Church built in 1873.
The Warehouse, a white frame structure built about 1907 to house a produce business, the red brick church built by the Roman Catholic parish of St. Michael in 1917 and today home of the thriving Baptist congregation
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Lewis County, West Virginia
Lewis County is a county in the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,372, its county seat is Weston. The county was formed in 1816 from Harrison County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 390 square miles, of which 385 square miles is land and 4.8 square miles is water. Interstate 79 U. S. Highway 19 U. S. Highway 48 U. S. Highway 33/U. S. Highway 119 West Virginia Route 4 Harrison County Upshur County Webster County Braxton County Gilmer County Doddridge County As of the census of 2000, there were 16,919 people, 6,946 households, 4,806 families residing in the county; the population density was 44 people per square mile. There were 7,944 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.59% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.08% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. 0.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,946 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families.
26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,066, the median income for a family was $32,431. Males had a median income of $27,906 versus $18,733 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,933. 19.90% of the population and 16.30% of families were below the poverty line. 27.00% of those under the age of 18 and 11.20% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,372 people, 6,863 households, 4,570 families residing in the county.
The population density was 42.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,958 housing units at an average density of 20.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.5% were American, 15.0% were German, 9.9% were Irish, 7.2% were English. Of the 6,863 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families, 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 43.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $33,293 and the median income for a family was $42,281. Males had a median income of $31,950 versus $25,945 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,240.
About 13.6% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over. Weston Jane Lew National Register of Historic Places listings in Lewis County, West Virginia Stonewall Jackson Lake Stonewall Resort State Park Lewis County Schools
DeLorme is a producer of personal satellite tracking and navigation technology. The company's main product, inReach, integrates satellite technologies. InReach provides the ability to send and receive text messages anywhere in the world by using the Iridium satellite constellation. By pairing with a smart phone, navigation is possible with access to free downloadable topographic maps and NOAA charts. On February 11, 2016, the company announced that it had been purchased by Garmin, a multinational producer of GPS products and services. DeLorme produces printed atlas and topographic software products; the company combines digital technologies with human editors to verify travel information and map details. DeLorme Atlas & Gazetteer is a complement to a vehicle’s GPS or online mapping site, allowing a traveler to browse and highlight the anticipated route and the possible activities or excursions along the way or at the destination. DeLorme’s Topo software is one of the sources of North American trail, logging road and terrain data for outdoor enthusiasts.
Topo 10 has US and Canada topographic maps and elevation data with more than four million places of interest. Topo includes comprehensive park, lake and stream data for all 50 states. DeLorme continues to sell paper atlases, with more than 20 million copies sold to date. Founded in 1976, DeLorme is headquartered in Yarmouth, is home to Eartha, the world's largest revolving globe; the company was founded in 1976 by David DeLorme, being frustrated over obsolete back-country maps of the Moosehead Lake region of Maine, vowed to create a better map of Maine. DeLorme combined state highway and town maps as well as federal surveys to produce the Maine Atlas and Gazetteer, printed in a large-format book with an initial printing of 10,000, which he marketed out of his car; the Gazetteer, which listed bicycle trails and kayaking trips, museum and historic sites, proved quite successful. The company expanded to 75 employees in 1986, working from a Quonset hut in Freeport, producing maps for New England and upstate New York.
In 1987, the company produced a CD with detailed topographic map data of the entire world. In 1991, DeLorme began vending Street Atlas USA on a single CD-ROM, becoming the most popular street-map CD in the United States, as well as one of the first mass consumer CD-ROM software products of any kind. By 1995, DeLorme had 44 percent of the market share for CD maps; the same year the company partnered with the American Automobile Association to produce the AAA Map'n Go, the first mapping product to generate automatic routing. They introduced the DeLorme GPS receiver to work with its maps. In 1996, it introduced its maps into the PDA environment via Palm. In 1997, the company relocated to a new corporate campus in Yarmouth, that features a giant model of the world, named Eartha, the largest rotating globe in the world; the company has provided complimentary geographic educational sessions for thousands of school children over the years and the public is welcome to visit and see Eartha from the three-story balconies.
In 1999, DeLorme introduced 3D TopoQuad DVD and CD products, which include digitized U. S. topographic maps. In 2001, XMap professional GIS map program was produced on CD, an expanded XMap was released in 2002, modified to provide GPS functionality to Palm OS and Pocket PC. In 2005, DeLorme became the first company to sell a USB GPS device, the Earthmate GPS LT-20. At the same time, it began offering downloadable satellite and USGS 7.5-minute quads that could be overlaid on its maps using a new NetLink feature. Earlier models of Earthmate were among the first GPS receivers tethered to laptops. In 2006/2007, the firm introduced its first full-featured GPS standalone receiver, the Earthmate GPS PN-20. During 2008, the company continued expanding its handheld GPS line with the Earthmate GPS PN-40 model. DeLorme began selling OEM GPS modules allowing other manufacturers to add GPS to their products. In addition, the company began selling data to businesses. In 2009, DeLorme released D. A. E.. It is the first worldwide GPS accurate topographical map with a scale of 1 to 50,000.
D. A. E. is the official world map for the Australian militaries. It is a virtual globe of the earth, 1,000 feet in diameter. In 2011, DeLorme launched "InReach," a worldwide satellite communication and SOS device that fits in your pocket, it works in the middle of the ocean, at the north pole, through triple canopy jungles, has been proven on the summit of Mt. Everest. Through the SOS feature, 3 rescues a day occur around the world. On February 11, 2016, GPS products and services company Garmin announced it had agreed to purchase DeLorme; the announcement stated. Another announcement confirmed. Maps of the United States Geospatial Trail maps DeLorme website LaptopGPSworld.com: Review of DeLorme Street Atlas 2008 inReach website Facebook: DeLormeGPS Twitter: DeLormeGPS
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
Hackers Creek is a tributary of the West Fork River, 25.4 miles long, in north-central West Virginia in the United States. Via the West Fork and Ohio Rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 58 square miles on the unglaciated portion of the Allegheny Plateau; the stream is believed to have been named for a settler named John Hacker, who lived near the creek for over twenty years beginning around 1770, was said to have been able to "read but not write. According to the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection 69% of the Hackers Creek watershed is forested deciduous. 28% is used for pasture and agriculture, less than 1% is urban. According to the Geographic Names Information System, Hackers Creek has been known as: Hacker's Creek Hackers Crick Heackers Creek Heckers CreekN. B.: Neighboring Barbour County, West Virginia has a Hacker's Creek, a tributary of the Tygart Valley River, about 3 miles downstream from Philippi. List of West Virginia rivers
Jane Lew, West Virginia
Jane Lew is a town in Lewis County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 409 at the 2010 census; the community was named after the mother of the original owner of the town site. Jane Lew is located at 39°6′33″N 80°24′27″W, along Hackers Creek in northern Lewis County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.25 square miles, of which, 0.24 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 409 people, 195 households, 111 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,704.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 213 housing units at an average density of 887.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.8% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population. There were 195 households of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.1% were non-families.
38.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.72. The median age in the town was 41.8 years. 19.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 47.4% male and 52.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 406 people, 209 households, 117 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,635.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 220 housing units at an average density of 886.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.03% White, 0.25% Native American, 1.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population. There were 209 households out of which 17.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.0% were non-families. 40.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.58. In the town, the population was spread out with 15.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $23,571, the median income for a family was $30,000. Males had a median income of $29,464 versus $16,667 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,540. About 5.3% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over. The climate in this area is characterized by high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jane Lew has a Humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Jane Lew used to have a high school in operation from 1912 until 1962, when it consolidated with another local school to make the Lewis County School District.
Jane Lew High won a state boys basketball championship in 1922