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AbiWord is a free and open-source software word processor. It was written in C++ and since version 3 it is based on GTK+ 3; the name "AbiWord" is derived from the root of the Spanish word "abierto", meaning "open". AbiWord was started by SourceGear Corporation as the first part of a proposed AbiSuite but was adopted by open source developers after SourceGear changed its business focus and ceased development, it now runs on Linux, ReactOS, AmigaOS 4.0, MeeGo, Maemo QNX and other operating systems. Development of a version for Microsoft Windows has ended due to lack of maintainers; the macOS port has remained on version 2.4 since 2005, although the current version does run non-natively on macOS through XQuartz. AbiWord is part of the AbiSource project. AbiWord supports both basic word processing features such as lists and character formats, more sophisticated features including tables, page headers and footers, templates, multiple views, page columns, spell checking, grammar checking. Starting with version 2.8.0, AbiWord includes a collaboration plugin that allows integration with, a Web-based service that permits multiple users to work on the same document in real time, in full synchronization.

The Presentation view of AbiWord, which permits easy display of presentations created in AbiWord on "screen-sized" pages, is another feature not found in word processors. AbiWord works to classic versions of Microsoft Word, as direct ease of migration was a high priority early goal. While many interface similarities remain, cloning the Word interface is no longer a top priority; the interface is intended to follow user interface guidelines for each respective platform. AbiWord comes with several import and export filters providing a partial support for such formats as HTML, Microsoft Word, Office Open XML, OpenDocument Text, Rich Text Format, text documents. LaTeX is supported for export only. Plug-in filters are available to deal with many other formats, notably WordPerfect documents; the native file format.abw, uses XML, so as to mitigate vendor lock-in concerns with respect to interoperability and digital archiving. The AbiWord project includes a US English-only grammar checking plugin using Link Grammar.

AbiWord had grammar checking before any other open source word processor, although a grammar checker was added to Link Grammar is both a theory of syntax and an open source parser, now developed by the AbiWord project. List of free and open-source software packages List of word processors Comparison of word processors Office Open XML software OpenDocument software Official website "Italian site of AbiWord". Andrew Leonard: Abiword Up., November 15, 2002. History of the project and comparison with closed source development. Interview with Development team after 2.6 release AbiWord: A Small, Swift Word Processor

Sahrawi people

The Sahrawi, or Saharawi people, are the people living in the western part of the Sahara desert which includes Western Sahara, southern Morocco, much of Mauritania and the extreme southwest of Algeria. As with most peoples living in the Sahara, the Sahrawi culture is mixed, it shows Arab-Berber characteristics, like the privileged position of women, as well as characteristics common to ethnic groups of the Sahel. Sahrawis are composed of many tribes and are speakers of the Hassaniya dialect of Arabic, some of them still speak Berber in Morocco; the Arabic word Ṣaḥrāwī صحراوي means "Inhabitant of the Desert". The word Sahrawi is derived from meaning desert. A man is called a "Sahrawi", a women is called a "Sahrawiya". In other languages it is pronounced in similar or different ways: Berber: Aseḥrawi ⴰⵙⴻⵃⵔⴰⵡⵉ or Aneẓrofan ⴰⵏⴻⵥⵔⵓⴼⴰⵏ English: Sahrawi or Saharawi Spanish: Saharaui French: Sahraoui Italian: Saharaui, Sahrawi or Saharawi Portuguese: Saarauís German: Sahraui Nomadic Berbers of the Senhaja / Zenaga tribal confederation, inhabited the areas now known as Western Sahara, southern Morocco and southwestern Algeria, before Islam arrived in the 8th century CE.

The new faith was spread by Berbers themselves, Arab immigration in the first centuries of Islamic expansion was minimal. It is not known when the camel was introduced to the region, but it revolutionized the traditional trade routes of North Africa. Berber caravans transported salt and slaves between North and West Africa, the control of trade routes became a major ingredient in the constant power struggles between various tribes and sedentary peoples. On more than one occasion, the Berber tribes of present-day Mauritania and Western Sahara would unite behind religious leaders to sweep the surrounding governments from power founding principalities, dynasties, or vast empires of their own; this was the case with the Berber Almoravid dynasty of Morocco and Andalusia, several emirates in Mauritania. In the 11th century, the Bedouin tribes of the Beni Hilal and Beni Sulaym emigrated westwards from Egypt to the Maghreb region. In the early 13th century, the Yemeni Maqil tribes migrated westwards across the entirety of Arabia and northern Africa, to settle around present-day Morocco.

They were badly received by the Zenata Berber descendants of the Merinid dynasty, among the tribes pushed out of the territory were the Beni Hassan. This tribe entered the domains of the Sanhaja, over the following centuries imposed itself upon them, intermixing with the population in the process. Berber attempts to shake off the rule of Arab warrior tribes occurred sporadically, but assimilation won out, after the failed Char Bouba Uprising, the Berber tribes would without exception embrace Arab or Muslim culture and claim Arab heritage; the Arabic dialect of the Beni Ḥassān, remains the mother-tongue of Mauritania and Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara to this day, is spoken in southern Morocco and western Algeria, among affiliated tribes. Berber vocabulary and cultural traits remain common, despite the fact that many if not all of the Sahrawi/Moorish tribes today claim Arab ancestry; the modern Sahrawi are Arabs of Bani Hassan or Berber with Arabs as an additional ethnicity whose cultural volume is bigger than its genetic one.

The people inhabit the westernmost Sahara desert, in the area of modern Mauritania, Western Sahara, parts of Algeria. As with most Saharan peoples, the tribes reflect a mixed heritage, combining Berber and other influences, including ethnic and cultural characteristics found in many ethnic groups of the Sahel; the latter were acquired through mixing with Wolof and other populations of the southern Sahel, through the acquisition of slaves by wealthier nomad families. In pre-colonial times, the Sahara was considered Blad Essiba or "the land of dissidence" by the Moroccan central government and Sultan of Morocco in Fez, by the authorities of the Deys of Algiers; the governments of the pre-colonial sub-Saharan empires of Mali and Songhai appear to have had a similar relationship with the tribal territories, which were once the home of undisciplined raiding tribes and the main trade route for the Saharan caravan trade. Central governments had little control over the region, although the Hassaniya tribes would extended "beya" or allegiance to prestigious rulers, to gain their political backing or, in some cases, as a religious ceremony.

The Moorish populations of what is today northern Mauritania established a number of emirates, claiming the loyalty of several different tribes and through them exercising semi-sovereignty over traditional grazing lands. This could be considered the closest thing to centralized government, achieved by the Hassaniya tribes, but these emirates were weak, conflict-ridden and rested more on the willing consent of the subject tribes than on any capacity to enforce loyalty. Modern distinctions drawn between the various Hassaniya-speaking Sahrawi-Moorish groups are political, but cultural differences dating from different colonial and post-colonial histories are apparent. An important divider is whether the tribal confederations fell under French or Spanish colonial rule. France conquered m

The Hunger Games: Catching Fire

The Hunger Games: Catching Fire is a 2013 American dystopian science fiction adventure film based on Suzanne Collins' dystopian novel Catching Fire, the second installment in The Hunger Games trilogy. The film is the sequel to The Hunger Games and the second installment in The Hunger Games film series, produced by Nina Jacobson and Jon Kilik, with co-production by Lionsgate Films and distributed by Lionsgate Entertainment. Francis Lawrence directed the film, with a screenplay by Michael Arndt. Adding to the existing cast, the supporting cast was filled out with Philip Seymour Hoffman, Jeffrey Wright, Sam Claflin, Lynn Cohen, Jena Malone, Amanda Plummer. Filming began on September 10, 2012, in Atlanta, before moving to Hawaii; the plot of Catching Fire takes place a few months after the previous installment. Throughout the story, Katniss senses that a rebellion against the oppressive Capitol is simmering throughout the districts; the Hunger Games: Catching Fire premiered in London on November 11, 2013 and was theatrically released on November 15, 2013, in Brazil.

The film set records for the biggest November opening weekend and biggest three- and five-day Thanksgiving box-office totals, surpassing the first film's box office grosses. It ranks as the 22nd-highest-grossing film at the domestic box office and the highest-grossing film at the domestic box office of 2013, becoming the first 2-D film since The Dark Knight to top the yearly box office, as well as having a lead female top the box office since The Exorcist; the film has grossed over $865 million worldwide and is the fifth-highest-grossing film of 2013 and the highest-grossing entry in The Hunger Games series. The film was followed by The Hunger Games: Mockingjay, a two-part sequel and finale of the franchise: Part 1 was released on November 21, 2014, in the United States, Part 2 on November 20, 2015. Catching Fire received positive reviews and is considered by critics to be an improvement over its predecessor, with the sentiment being that it's "a more-confident, more-polished movie". It's the most critically acclaimed chapter in The Hunger Games series, according to review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes.

The film received numerous nominations, with a nomination for the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Action Film and a Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film. For her performance, Lawrence was nominated a second time for the Empire Award for Best Actress as well as the Saturn Award and Broadcast Film Critics Association Award; the song "Atlas" was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media and a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song. Sometime after Katniss Everdeen and Peeta Mellark return to District 12 following their victory in the 74th Hunger Games, President Snow visits Katniss and explains that her actions in the Games have inspired uprisings, he orders her to use the upcoming Victory Tour to convince people that her actions were out of love and not defiance against the Capitol, warning her that her friends and District 12 will otherwise suffer, but she is unsuccessful in doing so. During the tour, Katniss' mentor Haymitch Abernathy warns her that she and Peeta, as Victors like him, will now have to serve as mentors to future tributes and that their show of love will be forced to continue for the rest of lives.

Peacekeepers enter District 12 to crack down on illegal activity, Katniss's friend Gale is publicly whipped after attacking the Head Peacekeeper. However, Haymitch and Katniss use their influence as Hunger Games victors to save Gale from being executed; this is broadcast on state television. He announces that the upcoming Hunger Games - the 75th overall and the third Quarter Quell - will involve tributes selected from previous victors, allowing him to dispose of all of them. Katniss is devastated, knowing she will be forced to participate as she is the only living female Victor from District 12, she devotes herself to ensuring Peeta survives. On Reaping Day, Haymitch's name is drawn, but Peeta volunteers to take his place. Haymitch reveals that the tributes are angry about being forced to return to the Games and will most attempt to stop it. For her pre-Games interview, Katniss wears a wedding dress, as ordered by Snow, but her stylist Cinna sets it to transform into a symbol of a mockingjay.

Peeta announces that he and Katniss, who had announced their engagement during their Victory Tour in an unsuccessful attempt to quell the Districts, are expecting a child. The citizens protest for the Games to be stopped to no avail. Just before Katniss enters the arena, Cinna is beaten by Peacekeepers in front of her as punishment for his tampering with her dress and dragged away. In the Games, Katniss allies with District 4 tributes Finnick Odair and the elderly Mags, his mentor; when the arena's forcefield shocks Peeta, stopping his heart, Finnick revives him. The group is forced to flee from a poisonous fog; when mandrills attack, Peeta is saved by the unexpected sacrifice of a hiding tribute. The group escapes to the beach, where Finnick greets District 3's Wiress and Beetee and District 7's Johanna Mason. Wiress repeats the phrase "tick-tock", leading Katniss to realize that the arena is d

James George Semple Lisle

James George Semple Lisle was a Scottish adventurer and confidence trickster. He used numerous aliases, taking Lisle as a surname additional to his original name, published in 1799 The Life of Major J. G. Semple-Lisle, an autobiography, from Tothill Fields Prison, he was born James George Semple at Irvine, the son of James Semple, an exciseman and peerage claimant to the title Viscount Lisle. In 1776 he was soldier serving in British North America, was taken prisoner in the American Revolutionary War was released and came back to Great Britain. Semple came to know the novelist Elizabeth Sarah Gooch, with whom he had a brief relationship. Marrying a goddaughter of Elizabeth Pierrepont, Duchess of Kingston-upon-Hull, he accompanied the latter to the continent of Europe, he made autobiographical claims about this period to 1784, involving Frederick the Great during his bloodless campaign of 1778, Catharine of Russia, Prince Potemkin. He visited Copenhagen. Returning to England in 1784, Semple was arrested for obtaining goods by false pretences, on 2 September 1786 was sentenced to seven years' transportation.

Released on condition of leaving England, he went to Paris: he claimed to have served on General Jean-François Berruyer's staff, so to have witnessed in the execution of Louis XVI. Back England to avoid arrest, he was again, on 18 February 1795, sentenced to transportation for defrauding tradesmen. In Newgate Prison that year he had dinner with James Boswell, to whom as a lawyer he applied for help with his case. Unable to obtain a pardon, Semple stabbed himself in Newgate Prison in 1796, when about to be shipped for Botany Bay, tried to starve himself to death, he recovered, in 1798 was despatched in the Lady Jane Shore transport, bound for Australia. During the voyage a mutiny broke out, Semple's warning of the plot having been disregarded by the captain, Wilcox. Semple, with several others, was allowed to put off in a boat, landed in South America, after adventures, reached Tangier, where he gave himself up, was sent back to England. Semple was committed to Tothill Fields prison, at the time of publishing his autobiography in 1799 was still confined there.

In 1804 he offered himself as a spy. In 1807 he was acquitted. In 1814 he was once again sentenced in a fraud case for food. Pardoned by the Prince Regent, he undertook to go to Morocco, died in Lisbon in 1815. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Semple, James George". Dictionary of National Biography. 51. London: Smith, Elder & Co


Arfara is a village and a former municipality in Messenia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Kalamata, of which it is a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 87.615 km2. Population 2,648; the village of Arfara lies about 15 km from Kalamata. Its name is taken from the first people who lived in Upper Arfara, the Arfaras, some of whom still live in Simi and Rodos, it was the seat of the former Arfara municipality. Arfara has 4 small areas called Servia, Lafazaneika and Karagiorgaika; the municipal unit Arfara is subdivided into the following communities: Agios Floros Agrilos Arfara Pidima Platy Stamatinou Velanidia Vromovrisi Ministry of Internal Affairs, municipalities of Capodistrias plan


Ankerbrua is a bridge located in the district of Grünerløkka in Oslo, Norway. Ankerbrua was built over the Aker River to serve as an extension of Torggata along Ankertorget with Søndre gate; the former wooden bridge had been constructed in 1874. It was replaced by the current granite structure in 1926; the bridge has been nicknamed the Fairytale Bridge due to one in each corner. These sculptures were designed by Dyre Vaa. Cast from bronze in 1937, each figure represents a different Norwegian folk hero from Norwegian Folktales; the motifs are Kvitebjørn Kong Valemon -, cursed to spend his days as a polar bear after he refused to marry a wicked witch Per Gynt - a legendary deer hunter from Gudbrandsdalen. Kari Trestakk - who escaped her evil stepmother on the back of a great blue ox. Veslefrikk med fela - a young man who gets three wishes from a troll. Peer Gynt statue by Dyre Vaa on Ankerbrua Kari Trestakk statue by Dyre Vaa on Ankerbrua Kvitebjørn kong Valemon statue by Dyre Vaa on Ankerbrua Ankerbrua picture gallery