Abidos, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Abidos
A street in Abidos
A street in Abidos
Coat of arms of Abidos
Coat of arms
Location of Abidos
Abidos is located in France
Abidos
Abidos
Abidos is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Abidos
Abidos
Coordinates: 43°23′59″N 0°37′23″W / 43.3997°N 0.6231°W / 43.3997; -0.6231Coordinates: 43°23′59″N 0°37′23″W / 43.3997°N 0.6231°W / 43.3997; -0.6231
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementPau
CantonLe Coeur de Béarn
IntercommunalityLacq-Orthez
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Claude Mirassou
Area
1
3.06 km2 (1.18 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
232
 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64003 /64150
Elevation86–170 m (282–558 ft)
(avg. 95 m or 312 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Abidos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

Geography[edit]

Abidos is a Béarnais commune located some 13 km south-east of Orthez and 4 km north of Mourenx on the south side of the Gave de Pau. Access to the commune is by the D31 road from Le Bourguet in the north turning west in the commune to access the village and continuing southwest to join the D9; the D33 road from Noguères in the southeast passes through the commune east of the village and joins the D31 as it turns west. The commune has an industrial area in the southwest with the rest of the commune mainly farmland.[1]

The Gave de Pau forms the north-eastern border of the commune and also passes through the northern corner of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Gave d'Oloron at Peyrehorade; the Baïse river flows through the centre of the commune from the southeast and joins the Gave de Pau in the commune. The Luzoué also flows from the southeast through the west of the commune to join the Gave de Pau.[1]

Places and hamlets[2][edit]

  • Bastia
  • Bernacheyre
  • Chalosse
  • Joanlong
  • Pleasure
  • Us

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Abidos appears in the forms:

Michel Grosclaude offers a Latin etymology of Avitus plus the Aquitaine suffix -ossum "domain of Avitus".

Its name in Béarnais is Avidos (according to the classical norm).

History[edit]

Paul Raymond[3] notes that in 1385, Abidos had 18 fires and depended on the bailiwicks of Lagor and Pardies. Abidos had a castle with an attached door across the Pau river.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Abidos
Blazon:

Azure, the crested osprey in argent beaked and membered in gules, perched on a bone of death also argent posed in fess.



Administration[edit]

Abidos Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors of Abidos

From To Name Party Position
1968 2008 Léon Guilhamélou-Sempé UMP
2008 Current Jean-Claude Mirassou

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

Abidos is a member of seven inter-communal organisations:[11]

  • the community of communes of Lacq
  • SIVU for the development and management of the river basin of Baïses
  • AEP union for water and Baise;
  • sanitation union of the communes of the Juscle and Baise valleys
  • Energy Union of Pyrenees-Atlantiques
  • Intercommunal Union for defence against floods of the Gave de Pau
  • Intercommunal Union for educational regrouping in the communes of Os-Marsillon and Abidos.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2006226—    
2007230+1.8%
2008233+1.3%
2009233+0.0%
2010236+1.3%
2011235−0.4%
2012233−0.9%
2013232−0.4%
2014232+0.0%
2015237+2.2%
2016232−2.1%
Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
225 230 203 241 238 229 207 222 222
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
237 216 227 208 229 204 212 182 186
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
184 190 183 170 162 149 149 109 147
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
255 226 184 187 188 200 226 230 233
2009 2010 - - - - - - -
233 236 - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Economy[edit]

The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicated that the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households (30,687 communes out of the 36,681 communes identified)[12] classed Abidos to rank at No. 10,338, with an average income of €17,174.

The town is part of the zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Abidos Church
Front of the Church

Religious Heritage[edit]

There is an old chapel at Abidos castle.

Environmental heritage[edit]

An arboretum created by the community of communes of Lacq and the Abengoa BioEnergy France company, is located behind the village hall.

Also found in Abydos, a mill with its canal; the path of Naöu means an unencumbered way along the Pau river (phonetic transcription of nau is bateau in Béarnais).

Facilities[edit]

Education[edit]

The commune has a school with two classrooms for primary school, a school canteen, and a library.

Sports and sports equipment[edit]

The town has a sports field in the centre with a football field, basketball court, volleyball court, and tennis courts. There is also a sports hall equipped for basketball, tennis and Basque pelota. Lastly there is a roller skate park for BMX edge of the Baise.

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

  • Raoul Vergez was born in Abidos on 3 August 1908 and died in Senlis (Oise) on 7 July 1977. He was a "companion carpenter",[Note 1] writer and journalist. Known by the name of "Béarnais, the friend of the Tour de France", he left an important mark on the work of the Companions in France, he reported from the United States during a trip in 1952, some special techniques for companion carpenters.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ See "Compagnonnage" in the French Wikipedia

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN, ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  3. ^ a b c d e Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 2 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  4. ^ Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  5. ^ a b c d Michel Grosclaude, Topnymical Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Ed. Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, ISBN 2-35068-005-3, p. 120-121
  6. ^ a b c Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq, Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  7. ^ Manuscript of the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  8. ^ Notaries of Pardies - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  9. ^ Manuscript of the 16th to the 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  10. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Abidos
  11. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64 Archived May 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, consulted on 9 November 2011
  12. ^ "Statistical Summary by Commune, département, and area of employment, website of INSEE, consulted on 9 September 2009". Archived from the original on 2012-06-04. Retrieved 2013-04-25.