Abolition of Forced Labour Convention

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Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
Convention concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour
Contracting States (green) and states that denounced the convention (red)
Signed 25 June 1957
Effective 17 January 1959
Condition 2 ratifications
Parties 173[1]
(175 ratifications less two denunciations)
Depositary Director-General of the International Labour Office
Languages French and English

Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957, the full title of which is Convention concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour, 1957 (No. 105), is one of the eight ILO fundamental conventions of the International Labour Organization, which cancels certain forms of forced labour still allowed under the Forced Labour Convention of 1930, such as punishment for strikes and as a punishment for holding certain political views.

In order to implement the 1930 Forced Labour Convention and the 1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, the Special Action Programme to Combat Forced Labour was set up.


As of May 2016, the Convention has been ratified by 175 of the 187 ILO members.[1] The 12 ILO members that have not ratified the Convention are:[2]

  • Brunei
  • China
  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • Laos
  • Marshall Islands
  • Myanmar
  • Palau
  • Tonga
  • East Timor
  • Tuvalu
  • Vietnam

Two countries which had ratified the Convention—Malaysia and Singapore—have since denounced it. In addition, seven members of the United Nations are not members of the ILO and thus are not eligible to ratify the Convention unless they first join the ILO: Andorra, Bhutan, Liechtenstein, Micronesia, Monaco, Nauru, and North Korea.


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