James Adam Belushi is an American actor, voice actor, comedian and musician. He is the father of actor Robert Belushi, he played the role of Jim on the sitcom According to Jim. His other television roles include Saturday Night Live, Wild Palms, Aaahh!!! Real Monsters, Show Me a Twin Peaks. Belushi has appeared in films such as Thief, Trading Places, About Last Night, Red Heat, K-9, Mr. Destiny, Curly Sue, Jingle All the Way and The Ghost Writer. Belushi was born in Chicago, to Adam Anastos Belushi, an Albanian from the city of Korçë, in Albania, Agnes Demetri Belushi, the daughter of Albanians from Korçë, he was raised in Wheaton, a Chicago suburb, along with his three siblings: older brother John, older sister Marian, younger brother Billy. After graduating from Wheaton Central High School, Jim Belushi attended the College of DuPage and graduated from Southern Illinois University Carbondale with a degree in Speech and Theater Arts. From 1977 to 1980, like his older brother John Belushi, worked with the Chicago theater group The Second City.
During this period, Belushi made his television debut in 1978's Who's Watching the Kids and had a small part in Brian De Palma's The Fury. His first significant role was in Michael Mann's Thief. After his elder brother John's death, from 1983 to 1985 he appeared on Saturday Night Live. Belushi appeared in the film Trading Places as a drunk man in a gorilla suit during a New Year's Eve party, he made a guest appearance in Faerie Tale Theatre's third-season episode Pinocchio, starring Paul Reubens as the titular puppet. Belushi rose to greater prominence with his supporting roles in The Man with One Red Shoe, About Last Night... Salvador and Little Shop of Horrors, which opened up opportunities for lead roles, he has starred in films including Real Men, The Principal, Red Heat and Eddie, K-9, Dimenticare Palermo, Taking Care of Business, Mr. Destiny, Only the Lonely, Curly Sue, Once Upon A Crime, Wild Palms, Race the Sun, Jingle All The Way, Separate Lives, Gang Related, Angel's Dance and Joe Somebody.
His voice work includes The Mighty Ducks, The Pebble and the Penguin, Babes in Toy land and Hey Arnold!, the more recent Hoodwinked, Scooby-Doo! and the Goblin King and The Wild. He lent his vocal talents for 9: The Last Resort, in which he portrayed "Salty", a coarse yet helpful character. In 1997, he portrayed the "Masked Mutant" in the Goosebumps PC video game, alongside Adam West as "The Galloping Gazelle". On January 4, 2001, Belushi appeared on the ER episode "Piece of Mind"; the episode focused on both Dr. Mark Greene's life-or-death brain surgery in New York and Belushi's character, in a car accident with his son in Chicago. Belushi's performance contributed to his re-emergence in the public eye, the following year he was cast as the title role in ABC's According to Jim, his first animation voice-over was as a pimple on Krum's head in Aaahh!!! Real Monsters on Nickelodeon; that performance led him to be cast in the continuing role as Simon the Monster Hunter in that series, where he ad-libbed much of his own dialogue.
In 2003, Belushi and Dan Aykroyd released the album Have Love, Will Travel, participated in an accompanying tour. The concert was made available on video on demand by Bob Associates, he performs at various venues nationwide as Zee Blues in an updated version of The Blues Brothers. He released his first book, Real Men Don't Apologize, in May 2006. Belushi was a narrator of an NFL offensive linemen commercial. Belushi introduced the starting lineups for the University of Illinois football team during ABC's telecast of the 2008 Rose Bowl, he appeared in MC Hammer's video "Too Legit to Quit" in 1991. He hosted a celebration rally for the Chicago Cubs playoff series in Chicago prior to the 2008 World Series. Steve Dahl has dubbed him "The Funniest Living Belushi." In 2010, Belushi was cast in a pilot for CBS called The Defenders a series about defense lawyers. The one-hour series premiered on September 22, 2010. In two episodes in 2011, Belushi was paired with Blues Brothers partner Dan Aykroyd. On May 15, 2011, The Defenders was canceled by CBS.
In 2011, he was cast as corrupt businessman Harry Brock in Born Yesterday, which opened on Broadway in late April. Belushi has been married three times. Belushi was married to actress Marjorie Bransfield from 1990 to 1992, he has been married to Jennifer Sloan since May 2, 1998, the couple have a daughter, Jamison Bess and a son, Jared James. On March 5, 2018, Jennifer Sloan filed for divorce from Belushi. Belushi is linked to his Albanian heritage and received honorary Albanian citizenship from the President of Albania, Bamir Topi. Belushi is an avid fan of the Chicago Blackhawks, Chicago Bears, Chicago Cubs, Chicago Bulls and the Chicago Fire Soccer Club, he had publicized feud with his neighbor, actress Julie Newmar. She claimed their conflicts stemmed from Belushi's attempt to "build a second house in the back", which she claimed was illegal in their R-1 neighborhood, since there can be only one house per lot. In 2004, Belushi filed a $4 million lawsuit against Newmar, alleging "she has harass
Robert Clark Seger is an American singer-songwriter and pianist. As a locally successful Detroit-area artist, he performed and recorded as Bob Seger and the Last Heard and Bob Seger System throughout the 1960s, breaking through with his first national hit and album in 1968. By the early 1970s, he had dropped the'System' from his recordings and continued to strive for broader success with various other bands. In 1973, he put together the Silver Bullet Band, with a group of Detroit-area musicians, with whom he became most successful on the national level with the album Live Bullet, recorded live with the Silver Bullet Band in 1975 at Cobo Hall in Detroit, Michigan. In 1976, he achieved a national breakout with the studio album Night Moves. On his studio albums, he worked extensively with the Alabama-based Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, which appeared on several of Seger's best-selling singles and albums. A roots rocker with a classic raspy, shouting voice, Seger wrote and recorded songs that deal with love and blue-collar themes and is an example of a heartland rock artist.
Seger has recorded many hits, including "Ramblin' Gamblin' Man", "Night Moves", "Turn the Page", "Still the Same", "We've Got Tonight", "Against the Wind", "You'll Accomp'ny Me", "Shame on the Moon", "Like a Rock", "Shakedown", written for Beverly Hills Cop II. Seger co-wrote the Eagles' number-one hit "Heartache Tonight", his recording of "Old Time Rock and Roll" was named one of the Songs of the Century in 2001. With a career spanning six decades, Seger has sold more than 75 million records worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling artists of all time. Seger was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004 and the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2012. Seger was named Billboard's 2015 Legend of Live honoree at the 12th annual Billboard Touring Conference & Awards, held November 18–19 at the Roosevelt Hotel in New York, he announced his farewell tour in September 2018. Seger was born at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, the son of Charlotte and Stewart Seger. At age five he moved with his family to Ann Arbor.
He has George. Seger's father, a medical technician for the Ford Motor Company, played several instruments and Seger was exposed to music from an early age. Seger was exposed to frequent arguments between his parents that disturbed the neighborhood at night. In 1956, when Seger was 10 years old, his father moved to California; the remaining family soon struggled financially. Seger attended Tappan Junior High School in Ann Arbor and graduated in 1963 from Pioneer High School, known at the time as Ann Arbor High School, he ran field in high school. Seger went to Lincoln Park High School for a time. Regarding his early musical inspirations, Seger has stated, "Little Richard – he was the first one that got to me. Little Richard and, of course, Elvis Presley." "Come Go with Me" by The Del-Vikings, a hit in 1957, was the first record. Bob Seger arrived on the Detroit music scene in 1961 fronting a three-piece band called the Decibels; the band included Seger on guitar, piano and vocals, Pete Stanger on guitar, H.
B. Hunter on drums. All of the members attended Ann Arbor High; the Decibels recorded an acetate demo of a song called "The Lonely One", at Del Shannon's studio in 1961. As well as being Seger's first original song, "The Lonely One" was Seger's first song to be played on the radio, airing only once on an Ann Arbor radio station. After the Decibels disbanded, Seger joined the Town Criers, a four-piece band with Seger on lead vocals, John Flis on bass, Pep Perrine on drums, Larry Mason on lead guitar; the Town Criers, covering songs like "Louie Louie", began gaining a steady following. Meanwhile, Seger was listening to James Brown and said that, for him and his friends, Live at the Apollo was their favorite record following its release in 1963. Seger was widely influenced by the music of The Beatles, once they hit American shores in 1964. In general, he and local musician friends such as future Eagle Glenn Frey bought into the premises of 1960s pop and rock radio, with its hook-driven hits; as the Town Criers began landing more gigs, Bob Seger met a man named Doug Brown, backed by a band called The Omens.
Seger joined Doug Brown & The Omens, who had a bigger following than the Town Criers. While Doug Brown was the primary lead vocalist for the group, Seger would take the lead on some songs—covering R&B numbers, it was with this group that Seger first appeared on an released recording: the 1965 single "TGIF" backed with "First Girl", credited to Doug Brown and The Omens. Seger appeared on Doug Brown and The Omens' parody of Barry Sadler's song "Ballad of the Green Berets", re-titled "Ballad of the Yellow Beret" and mocked draft evaders. Soon after its release and his record label threatened Brown and his band with a lawsuit and the recording was withdrawn from the market. While Bob was a member of The Omens, he met his longtime manager Edward "Punch" Andrews, who at the time was partnered with Dave Leone running the Hideout franchise, which consisted of four club locations from Clawson to Rochester Hills, where local acts would play, a small-scale record label. Seger began writing and producing for other acts that Punch was managing, such as the Mama Cats and the Mushrooms.
Seger and Doug Brown were approached by Punch and Leone to write a song for the Underdogs, another local band who had a hit with a song called "Man in the Glass". Seger contributed a
Dennis Earle Lambert is an American musician and record producer. Lambert began his music career in 1960. By the mid-1960s, he was producing for other artists. Among his earliest work with his first main collaborator Lou Courtney were songs for Freddie & the Dreamers, Lorraine Ellison, Jerry Butler and Jerry Lee Lewis. In 1965, Lambert joined the A&R staff of Mercury Records where he was mentored by Quincy Jones and Shelby Singleton, before joining Don Costa at DCP Records, where he ran the label's A&R department and writing songs. After a spell in the US army during the Vietnam war, he moved to Los Angeles in 1968 and the following year, forged a successful 11-year working collaboration with young British songwriter-musician, Brian Potter after the two met while Lambert was in London in 1969. Lambert and Potter joined a new record label in Los Angeles, Talent Associates, founded by producer-director Steve Binder, where they worked as producers and songwriters, they signed the Original Caste and worked on developing the artist roster, which included Seals and Crofts.
When Talent Associates was put up for sale, the publishing assets were sold in 1971 to ABC-Dunhill Records and the two joined the label. They wrote and produced for The Grass Roots, Joe Frank & Reynolds, Gayle McCormick, the Four Tops, Dusty Springfield and Richard Harris working with A&R chief/producer Steve Barri. Lambert released a solo album, Bags & Things in 1972. In 1974, they formed their own record label, Haven Records, distributed by Capitol Records, with a roster that included The Righteous Brothers, The Grass Roots, Evie Sands and Player. During this period, they wrote and produced albums for Tavares and Glen Campbell on Capitol. Among the hit songs Lambert and Potter co-wrote and/or produced in the 1970s are "Ain't No Woman" and "Keeper of the Castle" for the Four Tops, they produced The Righteous Brothers' major hit "Rock and Roll Heaven" which revived the duo's recording career in 1974. In the 1980s, Lambert continued to produce alone under his Tuneworks banner. Credits include hits with The Commodores, The Temptations, Dennis Edwards and Natalie Cole.
In the 1990s, Lambert wrote and produced for Dave Koz, Little River Band, Elaine Paige and Dionne Warwick, among others. He composed the musical score to the film directed by Edward James Olmos, American Me. In the mid-1990s, Lambert returned to New York and established Babylon Entertainment which included the record label imprint distributed by Trauma Records and music publishing companies. Lambert moved to south Florida in the 2000s and was the subject of an award-winning feature-length documentary film, Of All the Things, directed by his screenwriter son Jody Lambert, which followed him on a cross-country tour of the Philippines, where he is seen as an iconic singer-songwriter. In 2011, Warner Bros Pictures and Steve Carell optioned the rights to do a re-make based on Lambert's life story. Lambert and Potter reunited to write a musical for Broadway, in active development. Lambert has performed live as a singer touring his show. Lambert should not be confused with the Denis Lambert of the Los Angeles folk-rock band, Lambert & Nuttycombe.
Bags and Things "Dream On" "Ashes to Ashes" "Find My Way Back Home", The Nashville Teens "One Tin Soldier", "Mr. Monday", by Original Caste "One Tin Soldier" by Coven, "It's A Cryin' Shame", Gayle McCormick "Don't Pull Your Love", Joe Frank & Reynolds "Two Divided by Love", The Grass Roots "The Runway", The Grass Roots "Ain't No Woman", Four Tops "Are You Man Enough", Four Tops "Put a Little Love Away", The Emotions "Country Boy", Glen Campbell "It Only Takes a Minute", Tavares "You Brought The Woman Out of Me", Evie Sands Keeper of the Castle, Four Tops Through all Times, Chuck Jackson "Rock and Roll Heaven"single, The Righteous Brothers "Give it to the People"album, The Righteous Brothers "The Sons of Mrs. Righteous"album, The Righteous Brothers "Blood Brothers", Gene Redding Hard Core Poetry, Tavares Margie –, Margie Joseph In the City, Tavares Rhinestone Cowboy, Glen Campbell Bloodline, Glen Campbell "Baby Come Back", Player "Don't Look Any Further", Dennis Edwards Nightshift, The Commodores "Love on My Mind Tonight", The Temptations "Pink Cadillac", Natalie Cole Twice the Love album George Benson Jerry Butler Cameo – Dusty Springfield Love Music – Sergio Mendes & Brasil 77 Living together Growing together – The 5th Dimension Tony Orlando & Dawn
Catherine Ann Keener is an American actress. She has been twice nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her roles in Being John Malkovich and Harper Lee in Capote. Keener appeared in the films The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Into the Wild, New York, Get Out, which were all well received by critics. Keener is the muse of director Nicole Holofcener, having appeared in each of Holofcener's first five films, she appeared in each of director Tom DiCillo's first four films, three films directed by Spike Jonze. Keener was born on March 23, 1959 in Miami, the third of five children of Evelyn and Jim Keener, a manager of a mattress store in Hialeah, Florida, she is of Lebanese descent on her mother's. Keener attended Catholic schools, she attended Monsignor Edward Pace High School. Keener's sister, Elizabeth Keener, is an actress and a real estate agent working for Sotheby's in Los Angeles. Keener attended Wheaton College, in Massachusetts. Keener majored in American Studies, her first theatrical production was the Wendy Wasserstein play Uncommon Women and Others, during her junior year at Wheaton.
She graduated with her B. A. from Wheaton College in 1983. Keener had a supporting role as Lt. Cricket Sideris in the television series Ohara about an Asian-American detective; the series ran from January 1987 to May 1988. Her first film appearance was one line in About Last Night.... Although she struggled professionally over the next few years, one low-quality project had an unexpected dividend: Keener met her future husband, actor Dermot Mulroney in 1987 while working on Survival Quest, after Mulroney became stuck while attempting to scale a cliff, she guest-starred as an artist on an episode of Seinfeld called "The Letter". She played an artist who painted a famous portrait of Kramer. Keener earned her first starring role in Johnny Suede with the unknown Brad Pitt, her performance gained critical acclaim and earned her first Independent Spirit Award nomination for Best Female Lead. She went on to work with director Tom Dicillo, again, in Living in Oblivion. Two years she was once again nominated for an Independent Spirit Award for her performance in Walking and Talking, an independent cult-comedy film directed by Nicole Holofcener.
In 2000, Keener earned her first Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Being John Malkovich, directed by Spike Jonze. In 2001, she worked with director Nicole Holofcener in Lovely and Amazing garnering her a third Independent Spirit Award nomination. In 2002, she co-starred with Edward Norton in the off-Broadway revival of Burn This and the film Death to Smoochy, she took part in the film Full Frontal, Simone alongside Al Pacino. In 2005, she starred in the political thriller The Interpreter, The Ballad of Jack and Rose with Daniel Day-Lewis, played the love interest of Steve Carell in Judd Apatow's The 40-Year-Old Virgin. Keener's performance as writer Harper Lee in Capote earned her several awards and nominations, including her second Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress. In 2006, she starred in the film Friends with Money, directed by Nicole Holofcener. In 2007, Keener played Jan Burres in Sean Penn's critically acclaimed film Into the Wild, based on Jon Krakauer's best-selling book of the same name.
In 2008, her film An American Crime, the true story of Gertrude Baniszewski, a middle-aged mother who tortured and killed Sylvia Likens in her Indiana home, was aired on Showtime. Keener played Baniszewski and her portrayal earned her an Emmy nomination in the Best Actress in a TV Mini-Series or Movie category. In 2008, Keener portrayed Philip Seymour Hoffman's wife Adele in Charlie Kaufman's directorial debut, New York, she collaborated with Hoffman as wife again in the 2012 film A Late Quartet. Keener played the title character's mother in the 2010 film Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief, based on the series of books by Rick Riordan. Keener starred in the six-episode HBO miniseries Show Me a Hero, based on the 1999 nonfiction book of the same name by Lisa Belkin, it aired in August 2015. In 2016, Keener starred in the independent film Unless. In 2017, Keener starred as Missy Armitage in the racially themed horror film Get Out, a critical and commercial success. Keener married actor Dermot Mulroney in 1990.
They have a son, born in 1999, a singer. Mulroney filed for divorce in June 2007, citing irreconcilable differences and the divorce became final on December 19, 2007. List of people from Miami Catherine Keener on IMDb Catherine Keener at AllMovie
Robert Hepler Lowe is an American actor and director. He is the recipient of two Screen Actors Guild Awards and has been nominated for six Golden Globes Awards and a Primetime Emmy Award. Lowe made his acting debut at the age of 15 with ABC's short-lived sitcom A New Kind of Family. Following numerous television roles in the early 1980s, he came to prominence as a teen idol and member of the Brat Pack with roles in films like The Outsiders, The Hotel New Hampshire, Oxford Blues, St. Elmo's Fire, About Last Night... and Square Dance. The success of these films established him as a Hollywood star. Following a 1988 sex tape scandal and a reviled opening performance at the 1989 Academy Awards, Lowe's public image and film career declined. By the turn of the millennium, his career saw a resurgence when he ventured back into television, making his breakthrough as Sam Seaborn on the NBC political drama The West Wing, for which he received nominations for a Primetime Emmy Award and two Golden Globe Awards.
His other television roles include Robert McCallister on the ABC drama Brothers & Sisters, Chris Traeger on the NBC sitcom Parks and Recreation, Dr. Ethan Willis on the CBS medical drama Code Black, the A&E reality series The Lowe Files, in which he appears with his two sons and John Owen. In 2018, he made his directorial debut with the television film The Bad Seed, a remake of the 1956 film of the same name; the film received mixed reviews. Lowe was born in Charlottesville, Virginia, to Barbara Lynn, a schoolteacher and native of Connecticut, Charles Davis Lowe, a trial lawyer, his parents divorced when his younger brother Chad were young. Lowe was baptized into the Episcopal church, he is of German, Irish and Welsh ancestry. On the show Who Do You Think You Are?, Lowe found out that one of his ancestors, Christopher East, was a Hessian soldier. His ancestor was fighting under the command of Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall and was captured at the American victory at Trenton, New Jersey, on the morning of December 26, 1776.
As an American POW, his ancestor was given a choice, took the option to stay in the United States. Lowe was raised in a "traditional American setting" in Dayton, attending Oakwood Junior High School, before moving to the Point Dume area of Malibu, with his mother and brother. In California, he attended Santa Monica High School. In his autobiography Stories I Only Tell My Friends, he wrote regarding Sheen, "We were both nerds he wanted to be a baseball player." One of Lowe's earliest roles came in the 1983 TV film Thursday's Child, for which he received his first Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Miniseries, or Television Film. He appeared in the music video for The Go-Go's song, "Turn to You." His breakthrough role was his big screen debut in 1983, when he and Emilio Estevez were cast in Francis Ford Coppola's The Outsiders. Lowe played the role of Sodapop Curtis, the brother of the main character Ponyboy Curtis and Darrel Curtis. Lowe and Estevez reunited in St. Elmo's Fire, making them the two more prominent actors from the group known as the Brat Pack.
About Last Night... followed, with Demi Moore. He received his second Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the mentally disabled Rory in Square Dance. In August 1987 he performed on stage, playing Baron Tusenbach in Chekov's The Three Sisters at The Williamstown Theatre Festival, he recalled meeting Paul Newman there, that the older actor encouraged him to work in the theatre in 1993 when filming a British TV production of the Tennessee Williams play Suddenly, Last Summer with Dame Maggie Smith and Natasha Richardson. Lowe is well known for playing Sam Seaborn in the television series The West Wing from 1999 - 2003, his performance in the show garnered Lowe a Primetime Emmy Award nomination and two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actor in a Drama Series. Lowe was drawn to the role because of his personal love of politics, his longstanding personal relationship with Martin Sheen, cast as President Bartlet; when the show premiered, Seaborn was considered the lead, the pilot centered on the character.
But the acclaimed cast of the show—including Allison Janney, Richard Schiff, Dulé Hill, John Spencer, Bradley Whitford, Martin Sheen and Stockard Channing — were all strong actors and Lowe's character was no longer the lead. Lowe and series creator Aaron Sorkin soon found themselves at odds over the network's meddling with the show, most notably the network demanding changes in the Sam Seaborn character. Lowe left the series, not long before Sorkin and director/executive producer Thomas Schlamme unceremoniously quit over a dispute with NBC. During the final season of The West Wing, Lowe returned to his role of Sam Seaborn, appearing in two of the final four episodes. In 2011, Lowe appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show and stated that he left the show because he did not feel he was being respected, when the other lead characters received a raise and he did not. After leaving the show, Lowe was the star and executive producer of a failed NBC drama, The Lyon's Den. In 2004, he tried again in a series entitled Dr. Vegas, but it was cancelled.
In 2005, he starred as Lieutenant Daniel Kaffee in a London West End production of Sorkin's play A Few Good Men, the first time the two
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
Sheena Shirley Easton is a Scottish singer and songwriter. She has a dual British-American nationality. Easton first came into the public eye as the focus of an episode in the first British musical reality television programme The Big Time: Pop Singer, which recorded her attempts to gain a record contract and her eventual signing with EMI Records. Easton's first two singles, "Modern Girl" and "9 to 5", both entered the UK Top Ten, she was the first UK female artist to appear twice in the same Top Ten since Ruby Murray. In 1981, "9 to 5" topped the US Hot 100, making her the third UK female solo artist to achieve this, following Petula Clark and Lulu, she became one of the most successful British female performers of the 1980s. A six-time Grammy nominee in the U. S. Easton is a two-time Grammy Award winner, winning Best New Artist in 1982 and Best Mexican-American Performance in 1985, for her duet with Luis Miguel on the song "Me Gustas Tal Como Eres", she has received five U. S. Gold albums and one U.
S. Platinum album, she has recorded 16 studio albums, released 45 singles total worldwide, had 20 consecutive US singles, including 15 U. S. Top 40 singles, seven U. S. top tens and one U. S. No.1 on the Billboard Hot 100 between 1981 and 1991. She had 25 top 40 hits in international territories around the world. In Canada, Easton scored two platinum albums, she has singles worldwide. Easton became the first artist in history to have a Top 5 hit on each of Billboard's primary singles charts, with "Morning Train", "We've Got Tonight" with Kenny Rogers and "Sugar Walls". Easton's other hits include the James Bond theme "For Your Eyes Only", "Strut", "U Got the Look" and "The Arms of Orion" with Prince, "The Lover in Me" and "What Comes Naturally", she has worked with prominent vocalists and producers, such as Prince, Christopher Neil, Kenny Rogers, David Foster, Luis Miguel, L. A. Reid & Babyface, Patrice Rushen and Nile Rodgers. Sheena Shirley Orr was born on 27 April 1959, in the Scottish town of Bellshill, the youngest of six children of Annie and steel mill labourer Alex Orr.
She has two brothers. Her earliest known public performance as a singer was in 1964 at the age of five, when she sang "Early One Morning" for her uncle and aunt and various relatives at the couple's 25th wedding anniversary celebration. Easton's father died in 1969 and her mother had to support the family. According to Easton's website, despite her mother's heavy workload she was always available for her children: "Sheena always speaks highly of her mum and the wonderful job she did in bringing up her and her siblings, including teaching them all to read at home before they were enrolled in school."Easton did not consider a singing career until she saw the movie The Way We Were, with Barbra Streisand. Streisand's singing over the opening credits "overtook" the young girl and convinced her that what she wanted most was to be a singer and to have the same effect on others, her top grades in school earned her a scholarship to attend the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama in Glasgow, where she trained from 1975 to 1979 as a speech and drama teacher by day, while singing with a band called "Something Else" by night at local clubs.
She chose to study teaching rather than performing, because it was a course of study that would let her perfect her craft as a singer. In 1979, she married the first of her four husbands, they divorced after eight months, Sheena decided to keep the surname Easton. That year, one of her tutors coaxed her into auditioning for Esther Rantzen, producer of the BBC programme The Big Time. Rantzen was planning a documentary film to chronicle a relative unknown's rise to pop-music stardom. Easton was selected as the subject for the programme, where she met and sang with Dusty Springfield and Lulu, whose manager Marion Massey told her that she was unlikely to make the big time. Within a year of the programme airing, Sheena Easton proved Massey wrong as EMI executives awarded her a contract, Christopher Neil was assigned as her recording producer. Deke Arlon became her first manager, Easton spent much of 1980 being followed by camera crews, who filmed her throughout the process of making her first EMI single, "Modern Girl".
The encounter with Massey, at which Lulu was present, was filmed and included in a revised and extended version of episode 12 of The Big Time, broadcast in 1981. Easton's first single, the disco-tinged soft-synth-pop tune, "Modern Girl", was released in the UK before The Big Time aired, reached number 56 and was certified a Silver single. At the end of the show, Easton was still unsure of her future as a singer; the question was resolved soon after the show aired, when her second single, "9 to 5", reached number 3 on the UK Singles Chart and was certified a Gold single in 1980. "Modern Girl" re-entered the chart subsequently and climbed into the top 10, Easton found herself with two songs in the UK top 10 simultaneously. During 1980, Easton was voted "Best British Female Singer" by the Daily Mirror Pop & Rock Awards, "Best Newcomer" by Capital Radio, "Best Female Singer" by the TV Times Readers Awards."9 to 5" was Easton's first single release in the United States, although it was renamed "Morning Train" for its release in the US and Canada to avoid confusion with Dolly Parton's hit movie title song "9 to 5".
"Morning Train" became Easton's first and only number 1 hit in the US and topped both the Billboard Hot 100 and A