Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation. It was founded by Sime Silverman in New York in 1905 as a weekly newspaper reporting on theater and vaudeville. In 1933 it added Daily Variety, based in Los Angeles. Variety.com features breaking entertainment news, box office results, cover stories, photo galleries and more, plus a credits database, production charts and calendar, with archive content dating back to 1905. Variety has been published since December 16, 1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering theater and vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City. Sime was fired by The Morning Telegraph in 1905 for panning an act which had taken out an advert for $50, said that it looked like he would have to start his own paper in order to be able to tell the truth. With a loan of $1,500 from his father-in-law, he launched Variety as editor. In addition to Sime's former employer The Morning Telegraph, other major competitors on launch were The New York Clipper and the New York Dramatic Mirror.
The original cover design, similar to the current design, was sketched by Edgar M. Miller, a scenic painter, who refused payment; the front cover contained pictures of the original editorial staff, who were Alfred Greason, Epes W Sargeant and Joshua Lowe, as well as Sime. The first issue contained a review by Sime's son Sidne known as Skigie, claimed to be the youngest critic in the world at seven years old. In 1922, Sime acquired The New York Clipper, reporting on the stage and other entertainment since 1853 and folded it two years merging some of its features into Variety. In 1922, Sime launched the Times Square Daily, which he referred to as "the world's worst daily" and soon scrapped. During that period, Variety staffers worked on all three papers. After the launch of The Hollywood Reporter in 1930, which Variety sued for alleged plagiarism in 1932, Sime launched Daily Variety in 1933, based in Hollywood, with Arthur Ungar as the editor, it replaced Variety Bulletin, issued in Hollywood on Fridays.
Daily Variety was published every day other than Sunday but on Monday to Friday. Ungar was editor until 1950, followed by Joe Schoenfeld and Thomas M. Pryor, succeeded by his son Pete; the Daily and the Weekly were run as independent newspapers, with the Daily concentrating on Hollywood news and the Weekly on U. S. and International coverage. Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931. Green remained as editor from 1931 until his death in 1973. Sime's son Sidne succeeded him as publisher of both publications. Following his death from tuberculosis in 1950, his only son Syd Silverman, was the sole heir to what was Variety Inc. Young Syd's legal guardian Harold Erichs oversaw Variety Inc. until 1956. After that date Syd Silverman managed the company as publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to Cahners Publishing for $64 million, he remained as publisher until 1990 when he was succeeded on Weekly Variety by Gerard A. Byrne and on Daily Variety by Sime's great grandson, Michael Silverman.
Syd became chairman of both publications. In 1953, Army Archerd's "Just for Variety" column appeared on page two of Daily Variety and swiftly became popular in Hollywood. Archerd broke countless exclusive stories, reporting from film sets, announcing pending deals, giving news of star-related hospitalizations and births; the column appeared daily for 52 years until September 1, 2005. On December 7, 1988, the editor, Roger Watkins and oversaw the transition to four-color print. Upon its launch, the new-look Variety measured one inch shorter with a washed-out color on the front; the old front-page box advertisement was replaced by a strip advertisement, along with the first photos published in Variety since Sime gave up using them in the old format in 1920: they depicted Sime and Syd. For twenty years from 1989 its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman running the Daily in Hollywood. Bart had worked at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times.
In April 2009, Bart moved to the position of "vice president and editorial director", characterized online as "Boffo No More: Bart Up and Out at Variety". From mid 2009 to 2013, Timothy M. Gray oversaw the publication as Editor-in-Chief, after over 30 years of various reporter and editor positions in the newsroom. In October 2012, Reed Business Information, the periodical's owner, sold the publication to Penske Media Corporation. PMC is the owner of Deadline Hollywood, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Variety's largest competitor in online showbiz news. In October 2012, Jay Penske, Chairman and CEO of PMC, announced that the website's paywall would come down, the print publication would stay, he would invest more into Variety's digital platform in a townhall. In March 2013, Variety owner Jay Penske appointed three co-editors to oversee different parts of the publication's industry coverage; the decision was made to stop printing Daily Variety with the last printed edition published on March 19, 2013 with the headline "Variety A
Sir Ian Murray McKellen is an English actor. He is the recipient of six Laurence Olivier Awards, a Tony Award, a Golden Globe Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a BIF Award, two Saturn Awards, four Drama Desk Awards, two Critics' Choice Awards, he has received two Oscar nominations, four BAFTA nominations and five Emmy Award nominations. McKellen's career spans genres ranging from Shakespearean and modern theatre to popular fantasy and science fiction; the BBC states that his "performances have guaranteed him a place in the canon of English stage and film actors". A recipient of every major theatrical award in the UK, McKellen is regarded as a British cultural icon, he started his professional career in 1961 at the Belgrade Theatre as a member of their regarded repertory company. In 1965, McKellen made his first West End appearance. In 1969, he was invited to join the Prospect Theatre Company to play the lead parts in Shakespeare's Richard II and Marlowe's Edward II, he established himself as one of the country's foremost classical actors.
In the 1970s, McKellen became a stalwart of the Royal Shakespeare Company and the National Theatre of Great Britain. He achieved worldwide fame for his film roles, including the titular King in Richard III, James Whale in Gods and Monsters, Magneto in the X-Men films, Gandalf in The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit trilogies. McKellen was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1979 Birthday Honours, was knighted in the 1991 New Year Honours for services to the performing arts, made a Companion of Honour for services to drama and to equality in the 2008 New Year Honours, he has been gay since 1988, continues to be a champion for LGBT social movements worldwide. He was awarded Freedom of the City of London in October 2014. McKellen was born on 25 May 1939 in Burnley, the son of Margery Lois and Denis Murray McKellen, a civil engineer, he was their second child, with a sister, five years his senior. Shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, his family moved to Wigan.
They lived there until Ian was twelve years old, before relocating to Bolton in 1951, after his father had been promoted. The experience of living through the war as a young child had a lasting impact on him, he said that "only after peace resumed... did I realise that war wasn't normal." When an interviewer remarked that he seemed quite calm in the aftermath of 11 September attacks, McKellen said: "Well, you forget—I slept under a steel plate until I was four years old.". McKellen's father was a civil engineer and lay preacher, was of Protestant Irish and Scottish descent. Both of McKellen's grandfathers were preachers, his great-great-grandfather, James McKellen, was a "strict, evangelical Protestant minister" in Ballymena, County Antrim, his home environment was Christian, but non-orthodox. "My upbringing was of low nonconformist Christians who felt that you led the Christian life in part by behaving in a Christian manner to everybody you met." When he was 12, his mother died of breast cancer.
After his coming out as gay to his stepmother, Gladys McKellen, a member of the Religious Society of Friends, he said, "Not only was she not fazed, but as a member of a society which declared its indifference to people's sexuality years back, I think she was just glad for my sake that I wasn't lying anymore." His great-great-grandfather Robert J. Lowes was an activist and campaigner in the successful campaign for a Saturday half-holiday in Manchester, the forerunner to the modern five-day work week, thus making Lowes a "grandfather of the modern weekend". McKellen attended Bolton School, of which he is still a supporter, attending to talk to pupils. McKellen's acting career started at Bolton Little Theatre. An early fascination with the theatre was encouraged by his parents, who took him on a family outing to Peter Pan at the Opera House in Manchester when he was three; when he was nine, his main Christmas present was a fold-away wood and bakelite Victorian theatre from Pollocks Toy Theatres, with cardboard scenery and wires to push on the cut-outs of Cinderella and of Laurence Olivier's Hamlet.
His sister took him to his first Shakespeare play, Twelfth Night, by the amateurs of Wigan's Little Theatre, shortly followed by their Macbeth and Wigan High School for Girls' production of A Midsummer Night's Dream, with music by Mendelssohn, with the role of Bottom played by Jean McKellen, who continued to act and produce amateur theatre until her death. In 1958, McKellen, at the age of 18, won a scholarship to St Catharine's College, where he read English literature, he has since been made an Honorary Fellow of the College. While at Cambridge, McKellen was a member of the Marlowe Society, where he appeared in 23 plays over the course of 3 years. At that young age he was giving performances that have since become legendary such as his Justice Shallow in Henry IV alongside Trevor Nunn and Derek Jacobi and Doctor Faustus. During this period McKellen had been directed by Peter Hall, John Barton and Dadie Rylands, all of whom would have a huge impact on McKellen's future career. McKellen made his first professional appearance in 1961 at the Belgrade Theatre, as Roper in A Man for All Seasons, although an audio recording of the Marlowe Society's Cymbeline had gone on commercial sale as part of the Argo Shakespeare series.
After four years in regional repertory theatres he made his first West End appearance, in A Scent of Flowers, regarded as a "notable success". In 1965 he was a member of Laurence Ol
Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman was an American actor and producer. Best known for his distinctive supporting and character roles – lowlifes, eccentrics and misfits – Hoffman acted in many films from the early 1990s until his death in 2014. Drawn to theater as a teenager, Hoffman studied acting at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, he began his screen career in a 1991 episode of Law & Order and started to appear in films in 1992. He gained recognition for his supporting work, notably in Scent of a Woman, Boogie Nights, Patch Adams, The Big Lebowski, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Almost Famous, Punch-Drunk Love, Along Came Polly, he began to play leading roles, for his portrayal of the author Truman Capote in Capote, won multiple accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Actor. Hoffman's profile continued to grow, he received three more Oscar nominations for his supporting work as a brutally frank CIA officer in Charlie Wilson's War, a priest accused of pedophilia in Doubt, the charismatic leader of a Scientology-type movement in The Master.
While he worked in independent films, including The Savages and Synecdoche, New York, Hoffman appeared in Flawless, Hollywood blockbusters such as Twister and Mission: Impossible III, in one of his final roles, as Plutarch Heavensbee in the Hunger Games series. The feature Jack Goes Boating marked his debut as a filmmaker. Hoffman was an accomplished theater actor and director, he joined the off-Broadway LAByrinth Theater Company in 1995, where he directed and appeared in numerous stage productions. His performances in three Broadway plays – True West in 2000, Long Day's Journey into Night in 2003, Death of a Salesman in 2012 – all led to Tony Award nominations. Hoffman struggled with drug addiction as a young adult and relapsed in 2013 after many years of abstinence. In February 2014, he died of combined drug intoxication. Remembered for his fearlessness in playing reprehensible characters, for bringing depth and humanity to such roles, Hoffman was described in his New York Times obituary as "perhaps the most ambitious and admired American actor of his generation".
Hoffman was born on July 1967, in the Rochester suburb of Fairport, New York. His mother, Marilyn O'Connor, came from nearby Waterloo and worked as an elementary school teacher before becoming a lawyer and a family court judge, his father, Gordon Stowell Hoffman, of German descent, was a native of Geneva, New York, worked for the Xerox Corporation. Along with one brother, Hoffman has two sisters and Emily. Hoffman was baptized a Roman Catholic and attended Mass as a child, but did not have a religious upbringing, his parents divorced when he was nine, the children were raised by their mother. Hoffman's childhood passion was sports wrestling and baseball, but at age 12, he saw a stage production of Arthur Miller's All My Sons and was transfixed, he recalled. It was like a miracle to me". Hoffman developed a love for the theater, proceeded to attend with his mother, a lifelong enthusiast, he remembered that productions of Quilters and Alms for the Middle Class, the latter starring a teenaged Robert Downey, Jr. were particularly inspirational.
At the age of 14, Hoffman suffered a neck injury that ended his sporting activity, he began to consider acting. Encouraged by his mother, he joined a drama club, committed to it because he was attracted to a female member. Acting became a passion for Hoffman: "I loved the camaraderie of it, the people, that's when I decided it was what I wanted to do." At the age of 17, he was selected to attend the 1984 New York State Summer School of the Arts in Saratoga Springs, where he met his future collaborators Bennett Miller and Dan Futterman. Miller commented on Hoffman's popularity at the time: "We were attracted to the fact that he was genuinely serious about what he was doing, he was passionate." Hoffman applied for several drama degree programs and was accepted to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. Between starting on the program and graduating from Fairport High School, he continued his training at the Circle in the Square Theatre's summer program. Hoffman had positive memories of his time at NYU.
With friends, he co-founded the Bullstoi Ensemble acting troupe. He received a drama degree in 1989. After graduating, Hoffman worked in off-Broadway theater and made additional money with customer service jobs, he made his screen debut in 1991, in a Law & Order episode called "The Violence of Summer", playing a man accused of rape. His first cinema role came the following year, when he was credited as "Phil Hoffman" in the independent film Triple Bogey on a Par Five Hole. After this, he adopted Seymour, to avoid confusion with another actor. More film roles promptly followed, with appearances in the studio production My New Gun, a small role in the comedy Leap of Faith, starring Steve Martin. Following these roles, he gained attention playing a spoiled student in the Oscar-winning Al Pacino film Scent of a Woman. Hoffman auditioned five times for his role, which The Guardian journalist Ryan Gilbey says gave him an early opportunity "to indulge his skill for making unctuousness compelling"; the film was the first to get Hoffman noticed.
Reflecting on Scent of a Woman, Hoffman late
The Ga-Adangme, Gã-Adaŋbɛ, Ga-Dangme, or GaDangme are an ethnic group in Ghana and Togo. The Ga and Adangbe people are grouped as part of the Ga–Dangme ethnolinguistic group; the Ga-Dangmes are one ethnic group that lives in the Greater Accra of Ghana. Ethinic Ga family names such as Lartey,Nortey,Aryee,Poku,Lamptey,Tetteh,Ankrah,Tetteyfio,Laryea,Ayitey,Okine,Bortey,Quaye,Quaynor,Ashong,Kotei Under their great leader King Ayi Kushi they were led from the east in several states before reaching their destination in Accra; this leader is the Moses of the Ga-Dangme tribe, with his seven puritan laws he gave them and that has formed the basis and philosophy of the state, making the state a friendly state recognised by all in respect to making Greater Accra Region the capital of the Gold Coast in 1877. The Ga peoples were organized into six independent towns; each town had a stool, which served as the central object of war magic. Accra is now the heartbeat and capital of Ghana; the Ga people were farmers, but today fishing and trading in imported goods are the principal occupations.
Trading is in the hands of women, a husband has no control over his wife’s money. Succession to most offices held by women and inheritance of women’s property are by matrilineal descent. Inheritance of other property and succession to male-held public offices are by patrilineal descent. Men of the lineage live together in a men’s compound, while women after marriage, live with their mothers and children in a women’s compound; each Ga town has a number of different cults and many gods, there are a number of annual town festivals. The Dangme people occupy the coastal area of Ghana from Kpone to Ada, on the Volta River and South Atlantic Ocean along the Gulf of Guinea and inland along the Volta River; the Dangme People include the Ada, Krobo, Osudoku and Shai, all speaking Dangbe of the Kwa branch of the Niger-Congo family of languages. The Dangme People have the largest Population among the two related Ga-Dangme People. About 70% of the Greater Accra Regional Land is owned by the Dangmes located in Dangme East and Dangme West Districts of Ghana.
In the Eastern Region and Volta Region of Ghana, about 15% of lands belong to the Dangme People. These are in the Manya Krobo and Yilo Krobo Districts of the Eastern Region. In the Agotime Area of Volta Region and the Dangme Area in the Southern part of Togo. Dangme occupations are fishing and farming, based on the huza system. In this system a tract of land is acquired by a group of people members of an extended family. Negotiations with the seller are carried out by an elected huzatse, who acts as the huza leader and representative. Millet was the staple food, but more common crops now include cassava, corn, plantain and palm oil. Lineage members return to the traditional lineage home from the huza farms several times a year to participate in the festivals of their lineage gods. There are many annual festivals; the Ga-Dangme are organized into clans based on patrilineal descent. Linguistically, the Ga-Adangbe are a patrilineal people. Adangme is closer to the original Ga–Dangme languages than the Ga language.
The Ga people celebrate the Homowo festival, which means "hooting at hunger." This festival originated several centuries ago. It is celebrated in remembrance of a great famine, it is a food festival which celebrates the passing of that terrible period in Ga history. It is celebrated by all the Ga clans; the Adangbe people from Ada celebrate the Asafotu festival, called'Asafotufiam', an annual warrior's festival celebrated by Ada people from the last Thursday of July to the first weekend of August. It commemorates the victories of the warriors in battle and is a memorial for those who fell on the battlefield. To re-enact these historic events, the warriors dress in traditional battle dress and stage a mock battle; this is a time for male rites of passage, when young men are introduced to warfare. The festival coincides with the harvest cycle, when these special customs and ceremonies are performed; these include purification ceremonies. The celebration reaches its climax with a durbar of chiefs, a colourful procession of the Chiefs in palanquins with their retinue.
They are accompanied by traditional military groups called'Asafo Companies' amidst drumming and dancing through the streets and on the durbar grounds. At the durbar, greetings are exchanged between the chiefs, libations are poured and declarations of allegiance are made; the Adangbe people from Odumase - Krobo Celebrate the festival, An Annual Harvest festival to Celebrate the bounty harvest of their farmers is celebrated by the Krobo people throughout the last week of October with a visit to their famous Ancestral home, the Krobo Mountains on the last Friday of October with a climax on the Saturday with a grand Durbar of Chiefs and People of the Krobo Traditional Area. The, the Paramount Chief sits in state as the overlord together with his sub-chiefs, Government officials, other traditional Authorities and Invited guests; the Ga-Adangbe music include
72nd Venice International Film Festival
The 72nd annual Venice International Film Festival took place from 2 to 12 September 2015. Alfonso Cuarón served as the President of the Jury for the main competition. A restored version of Federico Fellini's film Amarcord was shown at the festival; the Venezuelan film From Afar by Lorenzo Vigas won the Golden Lion award. Everest was selected as the festival's opening night film, while Guan Hu's drama film Mr. Six served as the closing night film. Actress and director Elisa Sednaoui hosted the closing ceremonies of the festival; the festival poster featured Nastassja Kinski in front as reminiscent of Wim Wenders's Paris, while in background it featured the character of Antoine Doinel portrayed by Jean-Pierre Léaud from François Truffaut's 1959 drama film The 400 Blows, which appeared in 71st Venice International Film Festival poster. The festival honoured Brian De Palma with Glory to the Filmmaker Award and a documentary film titled De Palma by Noah Baumbach and Jake Paltrow screened at the festival.
Jonathan Demme received the Persol Tribute to Visionary Talent Award, who served as the President of Horizons section jury. The following people formed the 2015 juries:Main competition Alfonso Cuarón, Mexican director Elizabeth Banks, American actress and director Diane Kruger, German actress Emmanuel Carrère, French author and director Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Turkish director Pawel Pawlikowski, Polish director Francesco Munzi, Italian director Hou Hsiao-hsien, Taiwanese director Lynne Ramsay, Scottish director and screenwriterHorizons Jonathan Demme, American director Alix Delaporte, French director and screenwriter Paz Vega, Spanish actress Fruit Chan, Hong Kong director Anita Caprioli, Italian actressOpera Prima Saverio Costanzo, Italian director Roger Garcia, Hong Kong producer Natacha Laurent, French film critic and historian Charles Burnett, American director Charles Burnett Daniela Michel, Mexican journalist The following films were selected for the main competition: Highlighted title indicates the Golden Lion winner.
The following films were selected to be screened out of competition: The following feature films were selected for the Horizons section: Highlighted title indicate the Orizzonti Awards for Best Feature Film and Best Short Film respectively. The following selection of restored classic films and documentaries on cinema were screened for this section: Highlighted titles indicate the Best Restored Film and Best Documentary on Cinema official awards respectively; the following films were screened for the "Biennale College - Cinema" section, a higher education training workshop for micro-budget feature films: The following films were screened for the "Final Cut in Venice" section, a workshop to support the post-production of films from Africa: The following feature films were selected for the Il Cinema nel Giardino section: The following films were selected for the 29th Venice International Film Critics' Week: The following films were selected for the 12th edition of the Venice Days section: Highlighted title indicates the official Venice Days Award winner.
The following Official Awards were presented at the 72nd edition:In Competition Golden Lion: From Afar by Lorenzo Vigas Silver Lion for Best Director: Pablo Trapero for The Clan Grand Jury Prize: Anomalisa by Charlie Kaufman and Duke Johnson Volpi Cup for Best Actor: Fabrice Luchini for Courted Volpi Cup for Best Actress: Valeria Golino for Per amor vostro Marcello Mastroianni Award: Abraham Attah for Beasts of No Nation Best Screenplay Award: Christian Vincent for Courted Special Jury Prize: Frenzy by Emin AlperHorizons Best Film: Free in Deed by Jake Mahaffy Best Director: Brady Corbet for The Childhood of a Leader Special Jury Prize: Neon Bull by Gabriel Mascaro Special Prize For Best Actor or Actress: Dominique Leborne for Tempête Horizons Prize for Best Short: Belladonna by Dubravka TuricLion of the Future Luigi De Laurentiis Award for a Debut Film: The Childhood of a Leader by Brady Corbet Venice Classics Awards Best Documentary on Cinema: The 1000 Eyes of Dr. Maddin by Yves Montmayeur Best Restored Film: Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom by Pier Paolo PasoliniSpecial Awards Golden Lion For Lifetime Achievement: Bertrand Tavernier Jaeger-LeCoultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award: Brian De Palma Persol Tribute To Visionary Talent Award: Jonathan Demme L'Oréal Paris per il Cinema Award: Valentina Corti The following official and collateral awards were conferred to films of the autonomous sections:30th Venice International Critics' Week Audience Award Pietro Barzisa: Tanna by Bentley Dean and Martin Butler Fedeora Awards: Best Film: The Black Hen by Min Bahadur Bham Best Cinematography: Bentley Dean for TannaVenice Days Venice Days Award: Early Winter by Michael Rowe BNL People's Choice Award: As I Open My Eyes by Leyla Bouzid Europa Cinemas Label Award for Best European Film: As I Open My Eyes by Leyla Bouzid Laguna Sud Award: Best Film: Lolo directed by Julie Delpy Best Italian Discovery: Arianna directed by Carlo Lavagna Francesco Pasinetti Award - Special mentions: First Light by Vincenzo Marra Vincenzo Marra and Riccardo Scamarcio for'First Light Fedeora Awards: Best Film: Underground Fragrance directed by Pengfei Best Director of a Debut Film: Ruchika Oberoi for Island City Best Actress in a Debut Film: Ondina Quadri for Arianna The following collateral awards were conferred to films of the official selection: FIPRESCI AwardsBest Film: Blood of My Blood by Marco Bellocchio Best Film: Wednesday, 9 May by Vahid JalilvandSpecial mention
Jeffrey Leon Bridges is an American actor and producer. He comes from a prominent acting family and appeared on the television series Sea Hunt, with his father, Lloyd Bridges and brother, Beau Bridges, he won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Otis "Bad" Blake in the 2009 film Crazy Heart, earned Academy Award nominations for his roles in The Last Picture Show and Lightfoot, The Contender, True Grit, Hell or High Water. His other films include Tron, Jagged Edge, The Fabulous Baker Boys, The Fisher King, The Big Lebowski, Iron Man, Tron: Legacy, The Giver. Jeffrey Leon Bridges was born on December 1949, in Los Angeles, California, he is actress and writer Dorothy Bridges. His older brother Beau Bridges is an actor, he has a younger sister Lucinda, had another brother named Garrett who died of sudden infant death syndrome in 1948. His maternal grandfather was an immigrant from Liverpool in England. Bridges and his siblings were raised in the Holmby Hills section of Los Angeles, he shared a close relationship with his brother Beau, who acted as a surrogate father when their father was working.
He graduated from University High School in 1967. At age 17, he toured with his father in a stage production of Anniversary Waltz moved to New York City where he studied acting at the Herbert Berghof Studio, he served seven years in the United States Coast Guard Reserve. Bridges made his first screen appearance at the age of two years in The Company She Keeps in 1951. In his youth and brother Beau made occasional appearances on their father's show Sea Hunt and the CBS anthology series, The Lloyd Bridges Show. In 1969, he played Cal Baker, a Jobs Corps crew member, in the TV series Lassie episode "Success Story". In 1971, he played the lead role Mike in the TV movie In Search of America, his first major role came in the 1971 film The Last Picture Show, for which he garnered a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. He co-starred in the 1972 critically acclaimed neo-noir boxing film Fat City, directed by John Huston. In 1973 he starred as Junior Jackson in the film The Last American Hero based on the true story of NASCAR driver Junior Johnson.
He was nominated again for Best Supporting Actor for his performance opposite Clint Eastwood in the 1974 film Thunderbolt and Lightfoot. In 1976, he starred as the protagonist Jack Prescott in the first remake of King Kong, opposite Jessica Lange; this film was a commercial success, earning $90 million worldwide, more than triple its $23 million budget, winning an Academy Award for special effects. One of his better-known roles was in the 1982 science fiction film Tron, in which he played Kevin Flynn, a video game programmer; the same year, he starred in Kiss Me Goodbye, an American romantic comedy film directed by Robert Mulligan that starred Sally Field. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for playing the alien in Starman, he was acclaimed for his roles in the thriller Against All Odds and the crime drama Jagged Edge. His role in Fearless is thought by some critics to be one of his best performances. One critic dubbed it a masterpiece. In 1994, he starred as Lt. Jimmy Dove in the action film Blown Away, opposite Tommy Lee Jones and Forest Whitaker.
His real life father Lloyd Bridges featured in the film, playing the uncle of Bridges' character. The film managed to recoup $30 million of its $50 million budget at the box office, it was up against another explosive-themed film, released a few weeks before Bridges' film. On July 11, 1994, Bridges received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the motion picture industry; the star is located at 7065 Hollywood Boulevard. In 1998, he starred as what is arguably his most famous role, The Dude, in the Coen brothers' film The Big Lebowski. In 2000, he received his fourth Academy Award nomination, for his role in The Contender, he starred in the 2005 Terry Gilliam film Tideland, his second with the director. He shaved his trademark mane of hair to play the role of Obadiah Stane in the 2008 Marvel comic book adaptation Iron Man. In July 2008, at the San Diego Comic-Con International, he appeared in a teaser for Tron: Legacy, shot as concept footage for director Joseph Kosinski.
Bridges is one of the youngest actors to be nominated for an Academy Award, one of the oldest to win. Crazy Heart won him the Golden Globe for Best Actor in a Drama, the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role. Bridges received his sixth Academy Award nomination for his role in True Grit, a collaboration with the Coen brothers in which he starred alongside Matt Damon, Josh Brolin, Barry Pepper, Hailee Steinfeld. Both the film and Bridges' performance as Rooster Cogburn, were critically praised. Bridges lost to Colin Firth, whom he had beaten for the Oscar in the same category the previous year. In 2016, Bridges appeared in the film Hell or High Water, for which he received his seventh Academy Award nomination. Referring to his career as an actor and his passion for music, Bridges says, "I d
Michael John Douglas, known professionally as Michael Keaton, is an American actor and director. He first rose to fame for his roles on the CBS sitcoms All's Fair and The Mary Tyler Moore Hour and his comedic film roles in Night Shift, Mr. Mom, Johnny Dangerously, Beetlejuice, he earned further acclaim for his dramatic portrayal of the title character in Tim Burton's Batman and Batman Returns. Since he has appeared in a variety of films ranging from dramas and romantic comedies to thriller and action films, such as Clean and Sober, The Dream Team, Pacific Heights, Much Ado About Nothing, My Life, The Paper, Jackie Brown, Herbie: Fully Loaded, The Other Guys, Need for Speed, The Founder, Spider-Man: Homecoming, has provided voices for characters in animated films such as Cars, Toy Story 3, Minions. Keaton's lead performance in Birdman or earned him a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy, the Critics' Choice Award for Best Actor and Best Actor in a Comedy, nominations for the Screen Actors Guild Award, British Academy Film Award, Academy Award for Best Actor.
He received a Golden Globe Award nomination for his performance in Live from Baghdad and a Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for The Company. Keaton was awarded a Career Achievement Award from the Hollywood Film Festival. On January 18, 2016, he was named Officer of Order of Letters in France, he is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Mellon University. Michael John Douglas, the youngest of seven children, was born at Ohio Valley Hospital in Kennedy Township, Pennsylvania, on September 5, 1951, he was raised between Pennsylvania. His father, George A. Douglas, worked as a civil engineer and surveyor, his mother, Leona Elizabeth, a homemaker, came from McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania. Keaton was raised in a Roman Catholic family, is of half Irish descent through his mother, his father was of English, German and Scotch-Irish descent and was from a Protestant family. He attended Montour High School in Robinson Township and studied speech for two years at Kent State University, where he appeared in plays, before dropping out and returning to Pennsylvania.
Keaton first appeared on TV in the Pittsburgh public television programs Where the Heart Is and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood. For Mister Rogers he played one of the "Flying Zookeeni Brothers" and served as a full-time production assistant. Keaton worked as an actor in Pittsburgh theatre, he performed stand-up comedy during his early years in order to supplement his income. Keaton moved to Los Angeles to begin auditioning for various TV parts, he popped up in various popular TV shows including The Mary Tyler Moore Hour. He decided to use a stage name to satisfy SAG rules, as there was an actor and daytime host with the same or similar names; the claim that Keaton selected his new surname due to an attraction to actress Diane Keaton is incorrect. Keaton's film debut came in a small non-speaking role in the Joan Rivers film Rabbit Test, his next break was working alongside Jim Belushi in the short-lived comedy series Working Stiffs, which showcased his comedic talent and led to a co-starring role in the comedy Night Shift directed by Ron Howard.
His role as the fast-talking schemer Bill "Blaze" Blazejowski earned Keaton some critical acclaim, he scored leads in the subsequent comedy hits Mr. Mom, Johnny Dangerously and Gung Ho, he played the title character in Tim Burton's 1988 horror-comedy Beetlejuice, earning Keaton widespread acclaim and boosting him to Hollywood's A list. He turned down the role reconsidered like most of the cast, he now considers Beetlejuice his favorite of his own films. That same year, he gave an acclaimed dramatic performance as a drug-addicted realtor in Clean and Sober. Keaton's career was given another major boost when he was again cast by Tim Burton, this time as the title comic book superhero of 1989's Batman. Warner Bros. received thousands of letters of complaint by fans who believed Keaton was the wrong choice to portray Batman. However, Keaton's performance in the role earned widespread acclaim from both critics and audiences, Batman became one of the most successful films of 1989. According to Les Daniels's reference book Batman: The Complete History, Keaton was not surprised when he was first considered as Batman as he believed the film would be similar to the 1960s television series starring Adam West.
It was only after he was introduced to Frank Miller's comic book miniseries, The Dark Knight Returns, that Keaton understood the dark and brooding side of Batman that he portrayed to much fan approval. Keaton reprised the role for the sequel Batman Returns, another critically acclaimed success, he was set to reprise the role again for a third Batman film going as far as to show up for costume fitting. However, when Burton was dropped as director of the film, Keaton left the franchise as well, he was dissatisfied with the screenplay approved by the new director, Joel Schu