Pet Shop Boys
Pet Shop Boys are an English synth-pop duo, formed in London in 1981 and consisting of Neil Tennant and Chris Lowe. Pet Shop Boys have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, are listed as the most successful duo in UK music history by The Guinness Book of Records. Three-time Brit Award winners and six-time Grammy nominees, since 1985 they have achieved 42 Top 30 singles, 22 of them Top 10 hits in the UK Singles Chart, including four UK number ones: "West End Girls", "It's a Sin", an acclaimed cover of "Always on My Mind", "Heart". Other hit songs include a cover of "Go West", "Opportunities" and "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" in a duet with Dusty Springfield. At the 2009 Brit Awards in London, Pet Shop Boys received an award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. In 2016, Billboard magazine named Pet Shop Boys the number one dance duo/group over the 40 years since the chart's inception in 1976. In 2017 the duo received NME's Godlike Genius Award. Neil Tennant and Chris Lowe met in a hi-fi shop on King's Road in Chelsea, London, in 1981.
Tennant had purchased a Korg MS-10 synthesizer which sparked a conversation with Lowe, working in the shop at time. Discovering that they had a mutual interest in dance and electronic music, they began to work together on material, first in Tennant's flat in Chelsea from 1982, in a small studio in Camden Town, they claim their band name was taken from friends who worked in a pet shop in Ealing, were known as the "pet shop boys". In August 1983, Tennant, an assistant editor at Smash Hits, went to New York to interview Sting. While there he arranged to meet Hi-NRG producer Bobby Orlando, gave him a demo tape containing "It's a Sin" and "Opportunities". From 1983–84, Orlando recorded 11 tracks with Tennant and Lowe including "West End Girls", "Opportunities", "It's A Sin", "I Want A Lover", "I Get Excited", "Two Divided By Zero", "Rent", "Later Tonight", "Pet Shop Boys", "A Man Could Get Arrested" and "One More Chance". In April 1984, the Orlando-produced "West End Girls" was released, becoming a club hit in Los Angeles and San Francisco.
On 2 November, it was voted "Screamer of the Week" by listeners of Long Island, New York, radio station WLIR. It was a minor dance hit in Belgium and France, but was only available in the United Kingdom as a 12" import. In March 1985, after long negotiations, Pet Shop Boys cut their contractual ties with Bobby O, with a settlement giving Bobby O significant royalties for future sales. Hiring manager Tom Watkins, they signed with the London-based Parlophone label. In April, Tennant left Smash Hits magazine - where he had progressed to the position of deputy editor - and in July, a new single, "Opportunities", was released, reaching number 116 in the UK; the B-side to this single, "In the Night" resurfaced, in a longer remixed version, as the opening track to the duo's first remix album, Disco, in 1986. This version was used as the theme for the UK television series The Clothes Show. Unperturbed by the low chart position, the band returned to the studio in August to re-record "West End Girls" with producer Stephen Hague.
Released in October 1985, this new version entered the charts at a low position, but began a slow rise so that, by January 1986, it achieved the top spot. It was subsequently number one in the United States, Finland, Hong Kong, Israel, New Zealand and Norway and sold an estimated 1.5 million copies worldwide. It remains the most-heard Pet Shop Boys song to date. After the success of "West End Girls", Pet Shop Boys released a follow-up single, "Love Comes Quickly", on 24 February 1986; the single reached number 19 in the UK Singles Chart and was followed by their debut album, Please, on 24 March. In June 1986, the band announced a European tour. Please started Pet Shop Boys' penchant for choosing one-word album titles, which Neil Tennant has since stated is now a Pet Shop Boys "signature thing", akin to e.e. cummings' use of lower case letters. New versions of their second single, "Opportunities", the album track "Suburbia" were released in 1986, followed by a remix album, Disco. In September 1986, Pet Shop Boys performed "Love Comes Quickly" and "West End Girls" at the 1986 MTV Video Music Awards in Los Angeles.
1987 started with Pet Shop Boys receiving both a BRIT Award and Ivor Novello Award for "West End Girls". On 15 June, they released what became their second number one single, "It's a Sin"; the single caused some controversy: Tennant's school, St. Cuthbert's Grammar School, in Newcastle upon Tyne, chastised him in the press, while Jonathan King accused them of plagiarising the Cat Stevens song "Wild World". Pet Shop Boys sued King and won damages, which were donated to charity; the video to "It's a Sin" saw their first collaboration with director Derek Jarman. The continued success of "It's a Sin" was followed by the release of "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" on 10 August. Co-written with Allee Willis and featuring Dusty Springfield on vocals, the single reached number two on the UK Singles Chart and the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart. Although the duo had wanted to release this track on their debut album, they had been unable to track down Springfield and were reluctant to record it with any other female singer, despite their record company's suggestions.
Springfield's manager contacted them in 1986, following the release of Please, towards the end of that year, she travelled to London to record "What Have I Done to Deserve This?" with them. It was the fi
Dave Berry (presenter)
David Robert "Dave" Berry is a British TV and radio presenter. Berry presented The Capital Breakfast Show alongside Lilah Parsons, it was announced in February 2017 that he would be joining Absolute Radio from 2 October 2017 to host a new weekday show. Berry began work i n'The a South London vintage clothes shop, he joined a modelling agency where he participated in campaigns for Ted Baker, French Connection, Toni & Guy and Burton. In 2009 he co-founded'October House', a tailoring brand making bespoke suits from British fabrics. Clients include David Gandy, Scott Parker, Miles Kane, Mark Cavendish, Jamie Scallion and Johnny Harris. Berry wore a three piece suit while presenting the Capital Breakfast Show. From 2008 until 2014, Berry presented episodes of The Hot Desk on ITV2, he co-presented the 2012 series Beat TV on ITV2 alongside Darren McMullen. Since 2013, Berry has been a regular panellist on Keith Lemon's Through the Keyhole on ITV, he has been a regular reporter on Holly Willoughby's Surprise Surprise.
Berry presented Soccer Aid: Extra Time in 2010 and again in 2012. He presented the show Takeaway My Takeaway on Channel 4, he has been nominated for Broadcast Award and a BAFTA award. Berry's radio career began on Capital Radio in 2007. Soon after, he was employed by alternative indie rock station XFM whose previous presenters include Ricky Gervais, Stephen Merchant, Simon Pegg, Jimmy Carr and Russell Brand, he hosted the Dave Berry Saturday Show for 12 weeks, the drivetime show for two years, the XFM Breakfast Show which achieved some of XFM's highest RAJAR figures. On 15 April 2011 he left XFM to present the weekend breakfast show on Capital Radio. On 25 December 2011, he presented his final weekend Capital London, after the announcement that he would replace Johnny Vaughan on Capital Breakfast on 3 January 2012, he hosted the Capital Breakfast show every weekday morning from 6am - 10am with a national broadcast across the Capital network on Saturdays. Berry has won the Radio Academy Gold Award for Breakfast Show of the Year and is a two-time winner of the TRIC Award for Best Radio/ Digital Radio Programme.
In April 2017 Berry subsequently has been replaced on the Capital Breakfast show. He began presenting 4-7pm on Absolute Radio from 2 October 2017 with his co-host Matt Dyson. Berry presented a 7-10pm show on Absolute Radio's sister station Absolute Radio 90s every Monday-Thursday. In March 2018, it was confirmed that Berry would replace Christian O'Connell as the host of the Absolute Radio Breakfast Show. Berry began presenting the Absolute Radio Breakfast Show on 4 June 2018 where he was joined by Dyson and the show's newsreaders Glenn Moore and Emma Jones. Berry contributes to The Guardian, to online men's lifestyle magazine Blokely and began blogging for the news website Huffington Post UK in July 2012, he has contributed to The Daily Telegraph. Berry married charity Communications and Marketing Consultant Sarah-Jane Davies in March 2018, he was engaged to Sugababes singer Heidi Range. In 2012 he was appointed ambassador for the Charlton Athletic Community Trust, he is ambassador for YouCan Youth Cancer Support which operates in London and the south east, Balls To Cancer - a Midland's based charity raising awareness for male cancer.
He stated in The Guardian that a disastrous, bleeding tattoo at 17 was a'moment that changed me'. On 28 August 2018, Berry announced on his Absolute Radio breakfast show that he and Davies were expecting their first child. Berry's daughter Evangeline was born in December 2018. Dave Berry on IMDb
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time. It is referred to as temporal frequency, which emphasizes the contrast to spatial frequency and angular frequency; the period is the duration of time of one cycle in a repeating event, so the period is the reciprocal of the frequency. For example: if a newborn baby's heart beats at a frequency of 120 times a minute, its period—the time interval between beats—is half a second. Frequency is an important parameter used in science and engineering to specify the rate of oscillatory and vibratory phenomena, such as mechanical vibrations, audio signals, radio waves, light. For cyclical processes, such as rotation, oscillations, or waves, frequency is defined as a number of cycles per unit time. In physics and engineering disciplines, such as optics and radio, frequency is denoted by a Latin letter f or by the Greek letter ν or ν; the relation between the frequency and the period T of a repeating event or oscillation is given by f = 1 T.
The SI derived unit of frequency is the hertz, named after the German physicist Heinrich Hertz. One hertz means. If a TV has a refresh rate of 1 hertz the TV's screen will change its picture once a second. A previous name for this unit was cycles per second; the SI unit for period is the second. A traditional unit of measure used with rotating mechanical devices is revolutions per minute, abbreviated r/min or rpm. 60 rpm equals one hertz. As a matter of convenience and slower waves, such as ocean surface waves, tend to be described by wave period rather than frequency. Short and fast waves, like audio and radio, are described by their frequency instead of period; these used conversions are listed below: Angular frequency denoted by the Greek letter ω, is defined as the rate of change of angular displacement, θ, or the rate of change of the phase of a sinusoidal waveform, or as the rate of change of the argument to the sine function: y = sin = sin = sin d θ d t = ω = 2 π f Angular frequency is measured in radians per second but, for discrete-time signals, can be expressed as radians per sampling interval, a dimensionless quantity.
Angular frequency is larger than regular frequency by a factor of 2π. Spatial frequency is analogous to temporal frequency, but the time axis is replaced by one or more spatial displacement axes. E.g.: y = sin = sin d θ d x = k Wavenumber, k, is the spatial frequency analogue of angular temporal frequency and is measured in radians per meter. In the case of more than one spatial dimension, wavenumber is a vector quantity. For periodic waves in nondispersive media, frequency has an inverse relationship to the wavelength, λ. In dispersive media, the frequency f of a sinusoidal wave is equal to the phase velocity v of the wave divided by the wavelength λ of the wave: f = v λ. In the special case of electromagnetic waves moving through a vacuum v = c, where c is the speed of light in a vacuum, this expression becomes: f = c λ; when waves from a monochrome source travel from one medium to another, their frequency remains the same—only their wavelength and speed change. Measurement of frequency can done in the following ways, Calculating the frequency of a repeating event is accomplished by counting the number of times that event occurs within a specific time period dividing the count by the length of the time period.
For example, if 71 events occur within 15 seconds the frequency is: f = 71 15 s ≈ 4.73 Hz If the number of counts is not large, it is more accurate to measure the time interval for a predetermined number of occurrences, rather than the number of occurrences within a specified time. The latter method introduces a random error into the count of between zero and one count, so on average half a count; this is called gating error and causes an average error in the calculated frequency of Δ f = 1 2 T
Jason John Manford is an English comedian, television presenter and radio presenter. He was a team captain on the Channel 4 panel show 8 Out of 10 Cats from 2007 until 2010, has presented numerous television shows for the BBC and ITV including Comedy Rocks, The One Show, Show Me the Funny, A Question of Sport: Super Saturday and Bigheads. Manford was born in Greater Manchester, his mother, Sharon, is of Irish Catholic extraction, her mother, having been born in Dublin. His father, Ian Manford, is a courtroom stenographer. Jason and his four siblings grew up in a terraced house in what is known as the "Triangle of Death" area of south Manchester notorious for its gang activity and high crime rate, he attended Chorlton High School when it was known as Oakwood High School and formed a band with two of his school friends and Neil. His mother said that this was what got him into singing; when Manford was seventeen, after part time work as a wringer outer for a one armed window cleaner, he got a job as a glass collector at a local pub.
While working there, Manford became interested in comedy after watching the likes of Peter Kay, Eddie Izzard and Johnny Vegas perform at the local comedy club. Kay recommended him to do the Higher National Diploma in media and performance at the University of Salford. Despite not having the required A Level grades, he was accepted into the programme and upgraded to a full degree. Manford's brother, Colin, a University of Salford graduate, followed him into performing and is a stand-up comedian, based in Manchester. From June to November 2007, Manford was on Ideal, where he had a small part as Jack, dumped and cheated on by his girlfriend with'little Darren','big Darren' and'flu-strength Darren', he made another appearance in episode five of that series. He hosted a breakfast show on Xfm Manchester until May 2008. From June to November 2007, Manford was writer. In June 2007, he took over from Dave Spikey as a team captain on 8 Out of 10 Cats, he presented his own show, which aired every weekday from 1 to 22 August 2008 and appeared as a celebrity supporter for inventor Kin Kam in a special charity edition of BBC Two's Dragons' Den for Sport Relief.
In March 2010, Manford was announced as host of a new comedy show called Comedy Rocks, featuring stand up comedians and musical performances. A pilot was shown on ITV on 26 March 2010 and a full series began on the channel on 14 January 2011. On 26 May 2010, Manford was announced as the new presenter of BBC One's The One Show from July 2010, he resigned from the programme in November 2010 following allegations surrounding his private life. He made up one half of the Home Team with Peter Andre on the ITV game show Odd One In. In July 2011, Manford presented Show Me The Funny, a reality show on ITV involving 10 comedians in which one is voted off each week. In 2013, Manford hosted three pilots: Good News, Bad News and Oh! What a Week for ITV, You and Whose Army? for Sky1. None of them have yet been commissioned for a full series, he wrote and presented A Funny Old Year, broadcast on ITV on New Year's Eve in 2012, 2013 and 2014. The show saw. Since 21 June 2014, Manford has hosted a BBC One show called A Question of Sport: Super Saturday, a spin-off from BBC panel show A Question of Sport.
On 21 September 2014, Manford guest hosted an episode of Sunday Night at the Palladium. He returned to present another show on 24 May 2015. Manford played the role of Marty in the 2015 BBC Drama Ordinary Lies. In 2015, he hosted The Money Pit for Dave and It's a Funny Old Week for ITV. In 2016, Manford joined Absolute Radio as their new Sunday morning show presenter. In April 2017, Manford guest presented five episodes of The Nightly Show, he presented the 2017 Laurence Olivier Awards for ITV. In 2017, he presented. In 2018, he fronted What Would Your Kid Do?, a new series for ITV. After a successful first UK tour and high sales of the following DVD, filmed live at the Manchester Apollo, he started his "Turning Into My Dad" tour on 14 July 2010. In March 2010, Manford took part in Channel 4's Comedy Gala, a benefit show held in aid of Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital, filmed live at the O2 Arena in London on 30 March, he toured the UK with "First World Problems", between June and December 2013 and produced a DVD of the same name.
His latest tour "Muddle Class" is touring across the UK, continuing until the end of 2018. In late 2013, Manford starred in the plusnet adverts and was the voiceover artist for Jet2.com.and for the Churchill Insurance adverts and is one of the voices in the BBC comedy sketch show Walk on the Wild Side. He appeared in series four of Channel 4's Shameless as a security guard, seduced by Karen Maguire. In July 2012, Manford took over the role of Pirelli for a month in the London revival of musical Sweeney Todd at the Adelphi Theatre opposite Michael Ball and Imelda Staunton. Manford has a minor voice role in the Xbox 360 video game Fable III, playing "Jammy" who teaches the player how to use mortars. Pvt. Jammy dies early in the game, he starred in an episode of BBC One's Moving On. In 2015, Manford played the role of Marty in the BBC One drama series Ordinary Lies, starring alongside Michelle Keegan, Max Beesley and Sally Lindsay, he played the medium Alexander Le Cheyne in Episode 3 of Series 3 of Ripper Street.
In 2015, Manford starred in his second musical as Leo Bloom in the 2015 UK tour of Mel Brooks' The Producers opposite Louie Spence, Phill Jupitus and
Erasure are an English synthpop duo, consisting of singer and songwriter Andy Bell and songwriter and keyboardist Vince Clarke. They formed in London in 1985 as part of the club scene, their debut single was "Who Needs Love Like That". With their fourth single, "Sometimes", the duo established themselves on the UK Singles Chart, becoming one of the most successful artists of the late 1980s to mid-1990s, their highest charting US single was their 1988 single "Chains of Love". They had Top 20 US hits with the songs "A Little Respect", "Always". From 1986 to 2007, Erasure achieved 24 consecutive Top 40 hits in the UK. By 2009, 34 of their 37 chart-eligible singles and EPs had made the UK Top 40, with 17 climbing into the Top 10. At the 1989 Brit Awards, Erasure won the Brit Award for Best British Group; the duo are most popular in their native UK and mainland Europe and in South America. The band is popular within the LGBT community, for whom the gay Bell has become a gay icon. Erasure have sold over 25 million albums worldwide.
As a teenager, Vince Clarke was inspired to make electronic music after hearing Wirral synth band Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark. He became a founding member of Depeche Mode and the sole writer of their first three singles, including the breakthrough Top 10 hit "Just Can't Get Enough". After leaving the band in late 1981, Clarke forged a notable career with the duo Yazoo. After two hit albums in as many years, he split with Yazoo partner Alison Moyet and formed the short-lived project The Assembly with producer Eric Radcliffe; the project spawned. Clarke released another single with vocalist Paul Quinn, "One Day", it flopped, leading Clarke to place an advertisement in Melody Maker looking for a vocalist for a new musical project. Peterborough-born Andy Bell got a call back a few days later. Bell practiced for the audition listening to Alison Moyet and the Banshees and the Communards, it went well, he was chosen. Clarke had been his hero. Erasure's first three singles were commercial failures in the UK, although the third, "Oh L'amour", charted well in Australia and a few European countries.
Their debut album, was recorded in 1985 and released in June 1986. Although it only made the UK Top 75, it made a sizeable mark in Germany, making the Top 20, it was with the release of their fourth single, "Sometimes", that Erasure received recognition in the UK in late 1986. The song peaked at number 2 in the UK and Germany and spent many weeks in the UK Top 40, marking the beginning of a long string of major hits for the duo; the single's parent album, The Circus, was released in March 1987 and reached number 6 and turned platinum in the UK with three additional hit singles: "It Doesn't Have To Be", "Victim of Love" and "The Circus". The album remained on the charts for over a year. Erasure's third album, The Innocents, was released in April 1988. Preceded by the Top 10 single "Ship of Fools", the album hit number 1 in the UK on its initial release and returned to the summit a year eventually going double platinum, it turned platinum in the U. S. generating two Top 20 hits in "Chains of Love" and "A Little Respect".
The Innocents was the first of five consecutive number 1 albums for Erasure in the UK, including the greatest hits compilation Pop! The First 20 Hits. In November 1988, the Crackers International EP, led by the song "Stop!", hit number 2 in the UK singles chart. The albums Wild! and Chorus both contained four Top 20 singles and were major sellers. Crackers International was bettered in 1992 by another EP, Abba-esque, covering four ABBA hits, which became Erasure's first number 1 in the UK Singles Chart, it featured a video of the duo dressed in ABBA outfits, was one of the principal drivers of the ABBA revival scene in the 1990s. In 1990, Erasure contributed the song "Too Darn Hot" to the Cole Porter tribute album Red Hot + Blue produced by the Red Hot Organization. In 1992, a singles compilation, Pop! - the First 20 Hits hit number 1 and went triple platinum, featuring all the band's singles released from 1985 to 1992. In 1994, Erasure released I Say I Say I Say, their fifth consecutive number 1 in the UK Albums Chart.
Its first single, "Always", became the band's third Top 20 hit in the United States, next its second single, "Run to the Sun" was released in July and became their final UK Top 10 hit until 2003. Its third and final single, "I Love Saturday" was released in November; the October 1995 release of the album Erasure marked a determined shift away from Erasure's signature three-minute synthpop to a more introspective and experimental sound. It made the UK Top 15 and spawned two UK Top 20 singles, "Stay with Me" and "Fingers & Thumbs". A remixed version of "Rock Me Gently" was released only in Germany and the Czech Republic as the third single. In spite of a return to three-minute pop songs, the 1997 album Cowboy did not restore the success of their 1986–1994 era. Cowboy enjoyed a short-lived success, peaking at number 10 in the UK but lasting only two weeks in the UK Top 40. In the U. S. Billboard charts though, it was one of their most successful records; the first single "In My Arms" reached number 13 in the UK and entered the Top 2 in the U.
S. Dance chart; the second single "Don't Say Your Love Is Killing Me" made number 23 in th
Madness are an English ska band from Camden Town, north London, who formed in 1976. One of the most prominent bands of the late-1970s and early-1980s two-tone ska revival, they continue to perform with six of the seven members of their classic line-up. Madness achieved most of their success in the early to mid-1980s. Both Madness and UB40 spent 214 weeks on the UK singles charts over the course of the decade, holding the record for most weeks spent by a group in the 1980s UK singles charts. However, Madness did so in a shorter time period. Madness have had 15 singles reach the UK top ten, which include "One Step Beyond", "Baggy Trousers" and "It Must Be Love", one UK number one single and two number ones in Ireland, "House of Fun" and "Wings of a Dove". "Our House" was their biggest. In 2000 the band received the Ivor Novello Award from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors for Outstanding Song Collection; the core of the band formed as The North London Invaders in 1976, included Mike Barson on keyboards and vocals, Chris Foreman on guitar and Lee Thompson on saxophone and vocals.
They recruited John Hasler on drums and Cathal Smyth on bass guitar. In the year, they were joined by lead vocalist Dikron Tulane; this six-piece line-up lasted until part way through 1977, when Graham McPherson took over the lead vocals after seeing the band perform in a friend's garden. Tulane went on to be an actor under the name Dikran Tulaine. Smyth, who left after an argument with Barson, was replaced by Gavin Rodgers, Barson's girlfriend's brother. McPherson was kicked out of the band for too choosing to watch Chelsea instead of rehearsing. Thompson left the band. By 1978, the band had allowed McPherson to return, after filling in temporarily for Hasler. Thompson returned after patching things up with Barson. Drummer Dan Woodgate and bass player Mark Bedford joined the band, replacing Garry Dovey and Rodgers, respectively. After changing their name to Morris and the Minors, the band renamed itself as Madness in 1979, paying homage to one of their favourite songs by ska/reggae artist Prince Buster.
The band remained a sextet until late 1979, when Chas Smash rejoined and became the seventh member of Madness as a backing vocalist and dancer. During 1979, the band began to attract a live following in London, being regulars at the Dublin Castle in Camden Town; the band's first commercial recording was the Lee Thompson composition "The Prince". The song, like the band's name, paid homage to Prince Buster; the song was released through the label of The Specials founder Jerry Dammers. The song was a surprise hit, peaking in the UK music charts at number 16. A performance of "The Prince" on popular UK music show Top of the Pops helped Madness gain public recognition. Madness toured with fellow 2 Tone bands The Specials and The Selecter, before recording their debut album; that debut album, One Step Beyond... was released by Stiff Records. The album included a re-recording of "The Prince" and its B-side "Madness", the band's second and third singles: "One Step Beyond" and "My Girl"; the title song was a cover of the B-side of the 1960s Prince Buster hit "Al Capone".
One Step Beyond... stayed in the British charts for 78 weeks, peaking at number 2. After the release of "My Girl", the band felt that they had exhausted the material from One Step Beyond... and did not want to release any more singles from the album. However, Dave Robinson, head of Stiff Records, disagreed. A compromise was made, the band decided to release an EP featuring one album track and three new tracks; the result was the Work Rest and Play EP, headlined by the song "Night Boat to Cairo", from the One Step Beyond album. The EP reached number 6 in the UK singles chart. Live recordings of Madness performances as well as those by other 2 Tone bands were used in the documentary film and soundtrack album Dance Craze. In 1980, the band's second album, Absolutely reached number 2 in the UK album charts. Spawned some of the band's biggest hits, most notably "Baggy Trousers", which peaked at number 3 in the UK singles chart. "Embarrassment" reached number 4 in the charts, the instrumental song "The Return of the Los Palmas 7" climbed to number 7.
Although the album reviews were less enthusiastic than those of One Step Beyond... they were positive. Robert Christgau gave the album a favourable B- grade, but Rolling Stone awarded the album just one out of five stars. Rolling Stone was scathing of the ska revival in general, stating that "The Specials wasn't good" and Madness were "the Blues Brothers with English accents". A drama-documentary film entitled Take It or Leave It was released in 1981, featuring the band members playing themselves in a re-creation of their early days to the then-current period. In 1981, the band's third studio album, 7, reached number 5 in the UK album charts and contained three hit singles: "Grey Day", "Shut Up", "Cardiac Arrest". In an article in 1979, Chris Foreman explained that the band's music would move with the times, change styles as time goes on; this was shown to be the case, as unlike the two ska-filled, fast-paced albums that preceded it, 7 was something of a change in direction. Suggs' vocal performance changed and his strong accent from the previous albums had been watered down.
The album strayed from the ska-influenced sound of One Step Beyond... and Absolutely, moved towards a pop sound.