Abu Mansur al-Baghdadi

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'Abd al-Qahir al-Baghdadi
Bornc. 980
Baghdad[1]
Died1037 (429 AH)[1]
(aged c. 56–57)
Isfarain[1]
OccupationMathematician
ReligionIslam
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceShafi'i[1]
CreedAsh'ari[2][3]

Abū Manṣūr ʿAbd al-Qāhir ibn Ṭāhir bin Muḥammad bin ʿAbd Allāh al-Tamīmī al-Shāfiʿī al-Baghdādī (Arabic: أبو منصور عبدالقاهر ابن طاهر بن محمد بن عبدالله التميمي الشافعي البغدادي‎) was an Arab[4] Shafi'i scholar, Imam in fundamentals of Islam (Usul), heresiologist and mathematician.

Early life and education[edit]

'Abd al-Qahir al-Baghdadi was born and raised in Baghdad.[5] He was a member of the Arab tribe of Banu Tamim.[6] He received his education in Nishabur and subsequently taught 17 subjects, including law, usul, arithmetic, law of inheritance and theology.[1] Most of the scholars of Khurasan were his pupils.[1] Ibn 'Asakir writes that Abu Mansur met the companions of the companions of Imam al-Ashari and acquired knowledge from them.[7]

Works[edit]

'Abd al-Qahir al-Baghdadi wrote several books including Usul al-Din, a systematic treatise, beginning with the nature of knowledge, creation, how the Creator is known, His attributes, etc.... and al-Farq bayn al-Firaq which takes each sect separately, judges all from the standpoint of orthodoxy and condemns all which deviate from the straight path.[1] Both books were major works on the beliefs of Ahl al-Sunna.[5]

He also wrote the treatise al-Takmila fi'l-Hisab which contains results in number theory, and comments on works by al-Khwarizmi which are now lost.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Gibb, H. A. R.; Kramers, J. H.; Lévi-Provençal, E.; Schacht, J.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch., eds. (1960). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 909. ISBN 90-04-08114-3.
  2. ^ Anthony, Sean (2011). The Caliph and the Heretic: Ibn Sabaʾ and the Origins of Shīʿism. Brill. p. 72. ISBN 9004216065.
  3. ^ Adang, Camilla; Fierro, Maribel; Schmidtke, Sabine (2012). Ibn Hazm of Cordoba: The Life and Works of a Controversial Thinker (Handbook of Oriental Studies) (Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 1; The Near and Middle East). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers. p. 387. ISBN 978-90-04-23424-6.
  4. ^ "Al-Baghdadi biography". www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk.
  5. ^ a b Keller, Nuh Ha Mim (1997). Reliance of the Traveller. A classic manual of Islamic Sacred Law. Beltsville, Maryland: Amana Publications. p. 1021. ISBN 0915957728.
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference Al-Baghdadi biography was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ McCarthy, Richard J. (1953). The Theology of Al-Ashari. Imprimerie Catholique. p. 179.

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