Jean-François de La Rocque de Roberval was a French nobleman and adventurer who, through his friendship with King Francis, became the first Lieutenant General of New France. As a corsair he attacked towns and shipping from Cuba to Colombia, he died in Paris as one of the first Huguenot martyrs. Roberval was born in Carcassonne, southern France, he was associated with Roberval, Oise, in the north of the country. As a young nobleman, Roberval joined the French army in the Italian campaigns, he developed a lifelong friendship with the future King Francis, in addition to soldiering together, they hunted on the Roberval estates. On return from the wars, he led the expensive life of a courtier, borrowed on his estates; this was a debt. On 15 January 1541, Francis I of France gave Roberval a commission to settle the province of Canada and provide for the spread of the "Holy Catholic faith"; the King provided some funds for this expedition and three ships, the Valentine, the Anne and the Lechefraye. Jacques Cartier, to whom the King had first given this commission on the basis of his previous two voyages to Canada, was hired as Chief Navigator.
Roberval gave permission for Cartier to proceed to New France. Cartier did so in May 1541, with 500 colonists, built a fortified colony, Charlesbourg-Royal, near the Iroquois settlement of Stadacona. In order to raise additional funds, Roberval went pirating with Bidoux de Lartigue, taking several English merchant ships. Despite his pleasure at tweaking the English, Francis I diplomatically kept the peace and rebuked de Roberval. Roberval with his three ships and 200 colonists set sail in April 1542, arriving June 8. Cartier, impatient to show the king the "gold and diamonds" he had found, was on his way home from Charlesbourg-Royal; the ships met off the coast of Newfoundland and, despite Roberval's wishes, Cartier promptly left for France with his military detachment and some discouraged colonists. Having some good maps from Cartier, the Roberval team sailed up the Saint Lawrence River, to Charlesbourg-Royal, which Roberval renamed France-Roy. En route, he abandoned his near-relative Marguerite de La Rocque with her lover on the "Isle of Demons", off the coast of Quebec, as punishment for their affair.
The young man, their servant and baby died, but Marguerite survived to be rescued by fishermen and returned to France. The settlement lasted less than two years due to the severe winter and attacks by the St. Lawrence Iroquoians, displeased with the French in the recent past, not least because of Cartier's treatment of the chief Donnacona. In 1543 a relief expedition arrived from France and Roberval decided to repatriate his little colony to France. Taking his disappointment at the failed Canadian venture and his ships, Roberval again went pirating, this time in the Caribbean against Spanish ships and towns, since France and Spain were at war. Known to the Spanish as Roberto Baal, in 1543 he attacked Rancherias and Santa Marta, followed by an attack in 1544 on Cartagena de Indias. In 1546 ships under his command attacked Havana. In 1547 he retired from pirating, subsequently King Henry II appointed Roberval as the Royal Superintendent of Mines. Despite all of these ventures and royal favor he did not manage to reconstitute his fortune.
By 1555, his goods were mortgaged and the Château de Roberval was threatened with seizure. Roberval was an early convert to Calvinism, that is, a French Protestant or Huguenot, as such risked persecution from the Catholic Church. In 1535 he escaped hanging as a Protestant only by the intervention of the King. In his management of the Canadian expedition he showed a Calvinistic severity, he was assassinated in 1560 in Paris along with fellow Protestants after leaving a Calvinist meeting near the Cimetière des Innocents. Rabelais spoke of him as Robert Valbringue, his marooning of Marguerite de la Roque de Roberval, his young relative, her rescue, is recounted in novella 67 of the Heptaméron by Queen Marguerite of Navarre. André Thevet wrote on Jean-François de Roberval, including two versions of the legend of Marguerite de Roberval in Cosmographie universelle and Le Grand Insulaire et pilotage. Court poets Clément Marot and Michel d'Amboise dedicated works to him. A Protestant poem in Latin, "Robervalensis Epitaphium", is part of an anonymous collection of poems at the National Library in Paris.
According to the dedication to Henry of Navarre by François Desprez, some of the costume woodcuts in Richard Breton's Recueil des Habits derive from Roberval's sketches. The city of Roberval, Quebec is named after him. Académie de Roberval This article is based in part on material from the French Wikipedia. Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online.
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire and New York. It shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by its second-largest administrative division, it is and politically considered to be part of Central Canada. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario, it is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, Gaspé regions.
The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. In central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace and communication technologies and the pharmaceutical industry play leading roles.
These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows" referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. Early variations in the spelling of the name included Kébec. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France; the province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province". The Province of Quebec was founded in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 after the Treaty of Paris formally transferred the French colony of Canada to Britain after the Seven Years' War; the proclamation restricted the province to an area along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the province to include the Great Lakes and the Ohio River Valley and south of Rupert's Land, more or less restoring the borders existing under French rule before the Conquest of 1760.
The Treaty of Paris ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada and Upper Canada, with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada; this territory was redivided into the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario at Confederation in 1867. Each became one of the first four provinces. In 1870, Canada purchased Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and over the next few decades the Parliament of Canada transferred to Quebec portions of this territory that would more than triple the size of the province. In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples; this was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.
In 1927, the border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was established by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Quebec disputes this boundary. Located in the eastern part of Canada, part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of, sparsely populated, its topography is different from one region to another due to the varying composition of the ground, the climate, the proximity to water. The Saint Lawrence Lowland and the Appalachians are the two main topographic regions in southern Quebec, while the Canadian Shield occupies most of central and northern Quebec. Quebec has one of the world's largest reserves of fresh water, occupying 12% of its surface, it has 3 % of the world's renewable fresh water. Mor
Lester B. Pearson School Board
The Lester B. Pearson School Board is one of the largest school boards on the island of Montreal and one of the nine English school boards in the province of Quebec, it is headquartered in Quebec. The LBPSB is responsible for English public schools from Verdun, through the West Island and Ile Perrot and "mainland" territories stretching west to the Ontario border, it is named after Lester B. Pearson, Canada's 14th Prime Minister; as of 2017 Michael Chechile is the Director General of the school board and the Chairman of the Board is Noel Burke. The Lester B. Pearson School Board is the only school board in Canada to have an official consultative group of students to its Council; the group, entitled the'Central Students' Committee' produces formal responses to the consultations proposed by the Council of Commissioners. This school board oversees 37 elementary schools, 13 secondary schools, 4 adult education centres and 6 vocational training centres, in which more than 20,000 students are enrolled.
Elementary School: Dorset Elementary School Vocational Education: Gordon Robertson CentreAdult Education: Place Cartier Adult CentreHigh school: Beaconsfield High SchoolElementary School: Beacon Hill Elementary School Christmas Park Elementary School Sherbrooke Academy Sr. St. Edmund Elementary School Sherbrooke Academy Jr. Elementary School: Springdale Elementary School Sunshine Academy Westpark Elementary School Wilder Penfield Elementary School Elementary School: Dorval Elementary School High school: Westwood High School - Senior CampusElementary School: Mount Pleasant Elementary School Elementary School: Margaret Manson Elementary School Vocational Education: Pearson Electrotechnology CentreHigh school: Lakeside AcademyElementary School: Maple Grove Elementary School Vocational Education: P. A. C. C Vocational TrainingAdult Education: P. A. C. C. High schools: LaSalle Community Comprehensive High SchoolElementary School: Children's World Academy Allion Elementary School St. Lawrence Academy St. Lawrence Academy LaSalle Elementary School Vocational Education: West Island Career CentreHigh schools: Pierrefonds Comprehensive High School Riverdale High SchoolElementary School: Beachwood Elementary School Greendale Elementary School St. Anthony Elementary School St. Charles Elementary School Terry Fox Elementary School Elementary School: Edgewater Elementary School St. Patrick Elementary School High schools: Horizon High School John Rennie High School Lindsay Place High School St. Thomas High SchoolElementary School: Clearpoint Elementary School St. John Fisher Elementary School St. John Fisher Elementary School Elementary School: Soulanges Elementary School High schools: Westwood High School - Junior CampusElementary School: Evergreen Elementary School Forest Hill Elementary School Forest Hill Elementary School Birchwood Elementary School High schools: Macdonald High School Elementary School: Pierre Elliott Trudeau Elementary School High schools: Beurling AcademyElementary Schools: Verdun Elementary School Angrignon Elementary School.
Riverview Elementary School Official website
Fabre station is a Montreal Metro station in Montreal, Canada. It serves the Blue Line, it is located on the Villeray neighborhood. It is a normal side platform station with two entrances: one on rue Fabre and another on avenue Papineau; the brightly coloured murals and continuous handrail were designed by artist Jean-Noël Poliquin. Fabre is named for the nearby rue Fabre; the street name honours Montreal's first archbishop. Hôpital Jean-Talon Fabre station on STM website Montreal by Metro, metrodemontreal.com 2011 STM System Map Metro Map
Lakeside Academy (Lachine)
Lakeside Academy is a public secondary school in the Montreal, Canada borough of Lachine. It is part of the Lester B. Pearson School Board; the school was created in 2001 when two former high schools, Lachine High School and Bishop Whelan High School, were amalgamated. Lakeside has offered the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Program since 2001 to the Enriched students and to all its students since 2010, it served as the set for the 2009 film The Trotsky; the communities that have the majority of students include the Montreal boroughs of Lachine, LaSalle, Verdun. It offers many extra curricular sports - volleyball, touch football, flag football, basketball, indoor soccer, badminton and field and swimming; every year the school puts on a variety show and a music concert. It has senior FRC robotics team and a junior Lego robotics team, In 2016 the school incorporated robotics into its Sec 1 curriculum. In 2012, the school hosted a fundraiser with The Montreal Jubilation Gospel Choir; the school was slated with closure on the 30 June 2016.
However, community groups joined together to convince Lester B Pearson school board to change this decision. On the 26 January 2016 the school won a reprieve to stay open for an extra 12 months. In June 2016 the decision was overturned and in September 2016 the school started the school year knowing it was safe from closure. Lakeside was featured in a humorous anecdote by Matt Kowalewski of the Best Friends Zaibatsu during a Let's Play of Sonic Adventure. In the anecdote, Kowalewski asks his classmates if they "are ready" for an unspecified event."Spindash Let's Plays - Sonic Adventure". Lakeside Home Page LBPSB Info Page https://web.archive.org/web/20131016124035/http://westislandgazette.com/news/story/2012/10/23/lakeside-academy-students-to-perform-with-montreal-jubilation-gospel-choir/
LaurenHill Academy ) is an English-language public school in Saint-Laurent, Canada. It opened in the fall of 1992, after the closure of St. Laurent High School and Sir Winston Churchill High School, built in 1961. Part of the Protestant School Board of Greater Montreal, the school has been part of the English Montreal School Board since the 1998–99 school year. At the beginning of the 21st century, the neighbouring Father MacDonald High School was closed, LaurenHill Academy took over the location and divided itself into Junior and Senior Campuses. Laurenhill Academy was the first school in the EMSB to use a progressive block scheduling system. In recognition of this innovation, LaurenHill achieved Lead School status and was invited to join the MEQ Implementation Design Committee's Lead School Network. Both its male and female sports teams compete as the Laurenhill Lynx. Enrollment was below 1500 students in Secondary I, II, III, IV and V in the 2009-10 academic year. Ms. Donna Manos is the current principal of LaurenHill Academy for both campuses.
LaurenHill Academy has a multicultural population of students with a wide variety of abilities. Its basketball teams and the LaurenHill Jazz Band have won several awards in recent years. In 2012 its science students won 3 bronze medals and 1 gold medal at the Montreal Regional science Fair. LHA's academic ranking is 10th among Montreal public high schools, according to Fraser Institute ratings from 2006. LaurenHill Academy
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is