The Academy Award for Best Costume Design is one of the Academy Awards presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for achievement in film costume design. The award was first given in 1949, for films made in 1948. Separate award categories were established for black-and-white films and color films. Since the merger of the two categories in 1967, the Academy has traditionally avoided giving out the award to films with a contemporary setting; the Academy Award for Best Costume Design is given out annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences for the best achievement of film costume design of the previous year. Films that are eligible for the award must meet a series of criteria, including the requirement that the costumes must have been "conceived" by a costume designer. For this particular criteria, each submission is reviewed by the costume designer members of the Art Directors Branch prior to the ballot process. Further rules include that the nominee be only the principal costume designer, that the five films that receive the highest number of votes will become the ceremony's nominations for final voting, that the final voting will only be undertaken by active and life members of the Academy.
The Academy Award for Best Costume Design was first given out at the 21st Academy Awards, held on March 24, 1949. The award had one for films in black and white and one for films in color. At the 30th Academy Awards, held on March 26, 1958, these two subcategories were merged into one, the result of the Academy reducing the number of competitive categories from 30 to 24; the 32nd Academy Awards saw the category again be split into two for recognition of both black and white and color film. Eight years the Academy Award for Best Costume Design, along with two other awards, were each combined into their own single category recognizing achievement in film. From 1949 to 1966, most Academy Awards for Best Costume Design in Black and White were given to a contemporary movie. On the other hand, epics and musicals dominated the color category. Since the merger into one singular category for color films in 1967, films set in modern times have won only three times; the three contemporary-set winners have been Travels with My Aunt, All That Jazz, The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert.
All other winners during this period have been set in the past or in a science-fictional or fantasy setting. Edith Head been nominated 35 times in all, both the most in history. Milena Canonero and Colleen Atwood are the most honored living designers, with four awards each; the following 85 designers have received multiple nominations for the Academy Award for Best Costume Design. This list is sorted by the number of total awards. BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Costume Design Saturn Award for Best Costume Design Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences official site
Nariman Darabsha Marshall was an Indian cricketer who played first-class cricket from 1928 to 1938. Nariman Marshall was a lower middle-order batsman and occasional opener, as well as occasional slow-medium bowler and wicket-keeper. After doing well in the trial matches in 1931-32 he was selected to tour England with India's first Test touring team in 1932. However, he was unable to make the most of his infrequent opportunities on tour and did not play in the Test match; the highlight of his tour was an unbeaten 102 batting at number nine to save the match against Warwickshire, when he added 217 for the eighth wicket in 140 minutes with C. K. Nayudu, his highest first-class score was 120 in one of the trial matches in 1931-32. A month earlier he had taken his best bowling figures of 3 for 17 to help Freelooters win the Moin-ud-Dowlah Gold Cup Tournament, he umpired several Ranji Trophy matches between 1937 and 1940, including two in the 1937-38 competition, when he played for Nawanagar in the final.
John Weedon Verrall was an American composer of contemporary classical music. Prior to his University studies, Verrall studied composition with Donald Ferguson, followed by studies with R. O. Morris in London and Zoltán Kodály in Budapest, he obtained a B. M. degree from the Minneapolis School of Music in 1929, a B. A. from the University of Minnesota in 1934. In the early 1930s he spent several summers at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, where he studied composition with Aaron Copland, Roy Harris, Frederick Jacobi, he taught at Hamline University from 1934–1942 and Mount Holyoke College from 1942–1946, during which time he served in the U. S. Army during World War II. While teaching at Mount Holyoke College, Verall worked as a music editor for G. Schirmer. In 1946 he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship. In 1948 he joined the music faculty at the University of Washington, where he taught composition and music theory until he retired as professor emeritus in 1973. Several of Verrall's students have gone on to have successful careers, including William Bolcom, Alan Stout, Gloria Wilson Swisher.
See: List of music students by teacher: T to Z#John Verrall. Verrall wrote numerous symphonic works and chamber music pieces including four symphonies, seven string quartets, a violin concerto, a viola concerto, among many other works, he wrote several vocal art songs, choral works, three operas. His wife was named Margaret, he died of congestive heart failure at his home in Laurelhurst, Washington, at the age of 92. The John Verrall Papers are held by the Special Collections department of the University of Washington Libraries. Richard Swift; the New Grove Dictionary of Opera, edited by Stanley Sadie. ISBN 0-333-73432-7 and ISBN 1-56159-228-5 John Verrall obituary John Verrall page Interview with John Verrall, March 12, 1988