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Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature

The Academy Award for Documentary Feature is an award for documentary films. In 1941, the first awards for feature-length documentaries were bestowed as Special Awards to Kukan and Target for Tonight, they have since been bestowed competitively each year, with the exception of 1946. Following the Academy's practice, films are listed below by the award year. In practice, due to the limited nature of documentary distribution, a film may be released in different years in different venues, sometimes years after production is complete. For this Academy Award category, the following superlatives emerge: Most awards: Walt Disney – 3 awards Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11, at the time the highest-grossing documentary film in movie history, was ruled ineligible because Moore had opted to have it played on television prior to the 2004 election; the 1982 winner Just Another Missing Kid had been broadcast in Canada and won that country's ACTRA award for excellence in television at the time of its nomination.

The controversy over Hoop Dreams' exclusion was enough to have the Academy Awards begin the process to change its documentary voting system. Roger Ebert, who had declared it to be the best 1994 movie of any kind, looked into its failure to receive a nomination: "We learned, through reliable sources, that the members of the committee had a system, they carried little flashlights. When one gave up on a film, he waved a light on the screen; when a majority of flashlights had voted, the film was switched off. Hoop Dreams was stopped after 15 minutes."The Academy's executive director, Bruce Davis, took the unprecedented step of asking accounting firm Price Waterhouse to turn over the complete results of that year's voting, in which members of the committee had rated each of the 63 eligible documentaries on a scale of six to ten. "What I found," said Davis, "is that a small group of members gave zeros to every single film except the five they wanted to see nominated. And they gave tens to those five, which skewed the voting.

There was one film that received more scores of ten than any other. It got zeros from those few voters, and, enough to push it to sixth place."In 2000, Arthur Cohn, the producer of the winning One Day in September boasted "I won this without showing it in a single theater!" Cohn had hit upon the tactic of showing his Oscar entries at invitation-only screenings, to as few other people as possible. Oscar bylaws at the time required voters to have seen all five nominated documentaries. Following protests by many documentarians, the nominating system subsequently was changed. Hoop Dreams director Steve James said "With so few people looking at any given film, it only takes one to dislike a film and its chances for making the short list are diminished greatly. So they've got to do something, I think, to make the process more sane for deciding the shortlist." Among other rule changes taking effect in 2013, the Academy began requiring a documentary to have been reviewed by either The New York Times or Los Angeles Times, be commercially released for at least one week in both of those cities.

Advocating for the rule change, Michael Moore said "When people get the award for best documentary and they go on stage and thank the Academy, it's not the Academy, is it? It's 5% of the Academy."The awards process has been criticized for emphasizing a documentary's subject matter over its style or quality. In 2009, Entertainment Weekly's Owen Gleiberman wrote about the documentary branch members' penchant for choosing "movies that the selection committee deemed good because they're good for you... a kind of self-defeating aesthetic of granola documentary correctness."In 2014, following the announcement of the shortlist of eligible feature documentary nominees, Sony Pictures Classics co-president Tom Bernard publicly criticized Academy documentary voters after they excluded SPC's Red Army from the shortlist. "It's a sign of some old people in the documentary area of the Academy. There's a lot of people who are up in their years. It's shocking to me that that film didn't get in," Bernard said.

Additionally, in his reporting of the Oscar documentary shortlist exclusions that year, The Hollywood Reporter′s Scott Feinberg reacted to Red Army's omission: " matter which 15 titles the doc branch selected, plenty of other great ones would be left on the outside. That is the case, most egregiously, with Gabe Polsky's Red Army, a masterful look at the role of sports in society and Russian-American relations". In 2017, following the win of the eight-hour O. J.: Made in America in this category, the Academy announced that multi-part and limited series would be ineligible for the award in the future if they are not broadcast after their Oscar-qualifying release. Grey Gardens Shoah The Thin Blue Line Roger & Me Paris Is Burning Crumb Hoop Dreams The Celluloid Closet Life Itself Won't You Be My Neighbor Though the Academy's rules don't expressly preclude documentaries from being nominated in other competitive categories, documentaries are considered ineligible for categories that presume the work is fictitious, such as Best Costume Design, Best Production Design, Best Makeup and Hairstyling, or one of the acting ones.

Although there should be little to no doubt as to their eligibility in other categories, no documentaries have yet been nominated f

Sir Thomas Butler, 3rd Baronet

Sir Thomas Butler, 3rd Baronet of Cloughgrenan, was an Irish baronet and politician. He was daughter of Bernard Hyde. By 1650, he succeeded his father as baronet. In 1670 and again in 1691, Butler was High Sheriff of Carlow. From 1692 until his death, he sat for Carlow County in the Irish House of Commons. Butler married firstly Jane Boyle, daughter of the Right Reverend Richard Boyle, Bishop of Leighlin and Ferns, secondly Jane Pottinger, daughter of Captain Edward Pottinger and widow of John Reynolds, in July 1700. By his first wife, he had two sons. Pierce, the oldest of them, was a Member of Parliament for the same constituency his father had represented and succeeded to the baronetcy. Butler dynasty

Brogo River

Brogo River, a perennial river, part of the Bega River catchment, is located in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. Brogo River rises below the Wadbilliga Range, part of the Great Dividing Range, within the Wadbilliga National Park, 15 kilometres west of Cobargo and flows southeast, joined by eight minor tributaries, before reaching its confluence with the Bega River near Bega; the river descends 600 metres over its 80 kilometres course. At an elevation of 112 metres AHD , Brogo River is impounded by Brogo Dam to form Brogo Reservoir, a reservoir with a capacity of 8,980 megalitres, used for environmental flows, hydro-power generation and water supply. West of Mumbulla Mountain and within Brogo Pass, the Princess Highway crosses the Brogo River. Delta Electricity Rivers of New South Wales List of rivers of New South Wales List of rivers of Australia "Bega River catchment". Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales